Journal of
Public Health and Epidemiology

  • Abbreviation: J. Public Health Epidemiol.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2141-2316
  • DOI: 10.5897/JPHE
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 581

Full Length Research Paper

Integrated approach in the control of neglected tropical diseases with cutaneous manifestations in four municipalities in Benin: A cross-sectional study

Parfait DJOSSOU
  • Parfait DJOSSOU
  • Centre Interfacultaire de Formation et de Recherche en Environnement pour le Développement Durable, Université d’Abomey-Calavi, Bénin.
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Ghislain Emmanuel SOPOH
  • Ghislain Emmanuel SOPOH
  • Institut Régional de Santé Publique-Comlan Alfred QUENUM, Ouidah, Université d’Abomey-Calavi, Bénin.
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Ronald Sètondji GNIMAVO
  • Ronald Sètondji GNIMAVO
  • Institut Régional de Santé Publique-Comlan Alfred QUENUM, Ouidah, Université d’Abomey-Calavi, Bénin.
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Esaï Gimatal ANAGONOU
  • Esaï Gimatal ANAGONOU
  • Programme National de Lutte contre la Lèpre et l’Ulcère de Buruli, Ministère de la Santé, Bénin.
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Zoulkifl Salou BACHIROU
  • Zoulkifl Salou BACHIROU
  • Centre Interfacultaire de Formation et de Recherche en Environnement pour le Développement Durable, Université d’Abomey-Calavi, Bénin.
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Franck Zinsou Maurille MIGNANWANDE
  • Franck Zinsou Maurille MIGNANWANDE
  • Centre Interfacultaire de Formation et de Recherche en Environnement pour le Développement Durable, Université d’Abomey-Calavi, Bénin.
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Horace DEGNONVI
  • Horace DEGNONVI
  • Centre Interfacultaire de Formation et de Recherche en Environnement pour le Développement Durable, Université d’Abomey-Calavi, Bénin.
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Flora Sylvie HOUNDJREBO
  • Flora Sylvie HOUNDJREBO
  • Laboratoire d’Anthropologie Médicale Appliquée, Université d’Abomey-Calavi, Bénin.
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Jean Gabin HOUEZO
  • Jean Gabin HOUEZO
  • Programme National de Lutte contre la Lèpre et l’Ulcère de Buruli, Ministère de la Santé, Bénin.
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Akpéédjé Carolle WADAGNI
  • Akpéédjé Carolle WADAGNI
  • Programme National de Lutte contre la Lèpre et l’Ulcère de Buruli, Ministère de la Santé, Bénin.
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Yves Thierry BAROGUI
  • Yves Thierry BAROGUI
  • Programme National de Lutte contre la Lèpre et l’Ulcère de Buruli, Ministère de la Santé, Bénin.
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Roch Christian JOHNSON
  • Roch Christian JOHNSON
  • Centre Interfacultaire de Formation et de Recherche en Environnement pour le Développement Durable, Université d’Abomey-Calavi, Bénin.
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  •  Received: 24 May 2021
  •  Accepted: 19 July 2021
  •  Published: 31 July 2021

Abstract

The integrated approach is the new recommendation of the World Health Organization (WHO) for the control of neglected tropical diseases. The goal of this cross-sectional study was to implement this approach in 4 municipalities with a high prevalence of leprosy in Benin from September 2019 to August 2020. Mobile medical consultations were organized in these municipalities following the mobilization and sensitization of the populations. In the 4 municipalities, 6416 people were examined. The mean age was (27.3 ±19.8) years. Women represented 52.7% of people examined. Among the 6416 people examined, 1230 (19.2%) had skin conditions. The most common skin conditions were pityriasis versicolor (421 cases; 34.2%); eczema (203 cases; 16.5%); ringworm (159 cases; 12.9%); pruritus sine materia (81 cases; 6.6%); acne (62 cases; 5.0%); epidermophytia (37 cases; 3.0%); achromic nevus (35 cases; 2.8%); keloids (28 cases; 2.3%); chronic ulcers (27 cases; 2.2%) and depigmentation stigmata (24 cases; 2.0%). 8 new leprosy cases (0.7%) were detected. This study proves the efficiency of the integrated approach in the control of neglected tropical diseases (NTDs) with cutaneous manifestations in Benin.

Key words: Neglected tropical disease, leprosy, skin disease, integration, disease control, Benin.