Journal of
Public Health and Epidemiology

  • Abbreviation: J. Public Health Epidemiol.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2141-2316
  • DOI: 10.5897/JPHE
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 517

Full Length Research Paper

Hypertension and associated factors in Atlantic region of Benin in 2015: A community-based study

Akoklannou Albert Houssou
  • Akoklannou Albert Houssou
  • Ministry of Health, Benin.
  • Google Scholar
Pauline Kiswendsida Yanogo
  • Pauline Kiswendsida Yanogo
  • West Africa Field Epidemiology Training Program, University Joseph Ki-Zerbo, Burkina Faso.
  • Google Scholar
Jean Kaboré
  • Jean Kaboré
  • Institute of Research in Health Sciences (IRSS), National Center for Scientific and Technological Research (CNRST), Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso.
  • Google Scholar
Alexis Bokossa
  • Alexis Bokossa
  • Ministry of Health, Benin.
  • Google Scholar
Bernard Sawadogo
  • Bernard Sawadogo
  • West Africa Field Epidemiology Training Program, University Joseph Ki-Zerbo, Burkina Faso.
  • Google Scholar
Simon Antara
  • Simon Antara
  • West Africa Field Epidemiology Training Program, University Joseph Ki-Zerbo, Burkina Faso.
  • Google Scholar
Dismand Houinato
  • Dismand Houinato
  • Ministry of Health, Benin.
  • Google Scholar
Nicolas Meda
  • Nicolas Meda
  • West Africa Field Epidemiology Training Program, University Joseph Ki-Zerbo, Burkina Faso.
  • Google Scholar


  •  Received: 15 August 2019
  •  Accepted: 14 November 2019
  •  Published: 31 January 2020

Abstract

Hypertension is a major public health problem that does not spare Sub-Saharan Africa and especially Benin. There is scarce data on the factors associated with this condition in areas of high population pressure in Benin. We investigated factors associated with hypertension in Atlantic region. We conducted a cross-sectional survey in Benin in the Atlantic region for people aged 18 and over. This was an analysis of data collected during the STEPS Chronic Disease Risk Factor Surveillance Survey during the last quarter of 2015. We estimated the overall prevalence of hypertension and determined associated factors using a logistic regression model including factors with a p-value less than 0.20 in the univariate analysis. The overall prevalence of hypertension was 33.2% [95% CI (29.8-36.7)]. Age was associated with hypertension (global p-value ≤ 0.001). In addition, obesity and high salt intake were independently associated with hypertension AOR; 95%CI were 4.89 (2.74 - 8.73) and 1.54 (1.07 - 2.21), respectively. In the Atlantic region of Benin, factors associated with hypertension were age of at least 35 years, obesity and high salt consumption. Strategies that promote physical activity, reducing salt intake and fat could decrease the burden of the disease.

Key words: Hypertension, associated factors, age, obesity, salt, Benin.