Batwa people are among the most vulnerable people worldwide and have limited access to key social determinants of health including health care, education, clean-water, employment and adequate clothing, nutrition, and security. The study aimed at investigating the living conditions in the Shingiro sector, Musanze district in the forest fringed communities near the Volcanoes National Park in the North-West of Rwanda. The cross-sectional study was conducted on the sample of 156 who surrounded Volcanoes National Park (VNP). Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS version 21) was performed to describe the participants. The results confirmed that the family size of each family was 3.3 children. They revealed that the majority of the population was still young in the range of age 20-54 years old at 64.10% (M=36.9, SD = 10.6). The results revealed that demography of Historical Marginalized People (HMP) had high rate of illiteracy at 57.07%. These people faced the various public health issues that required potential supports to develop social mobilization programs and enable them to acquire enough knowledge on the demographic threats in the area. Their education, hygiene, sanitation and the sexual reproductive health mostly needed to be reinforced for promoting the public health through the appropriate programs.