Background: Although, significant number of Long Lasting Insecticide Treated Nets (LLINs) had been distributed in the previous years, the prevalence of malaria is a growing concern in Ethiopia. Thus, this study assessed the utilization of LLINs and associated factors among households in the Ziway Dugda district, Ethiopia.
Methods: A cross-sectional study design on 728 households (HHs) was done. Epi-data Version 3.1 and SPSS version 20 were used to enter data and analysis respectively. Adjusted Odds Ratio (AOR) with 95% CI was calculated, P < 0.05 was considered as associated factor of LLINs utilization.
Result: Out of 684 HHs participated in the study, males were 595 (87%) and the median age was 35-yrs. At least one LLIN was utilized by 508 (74.3%) of households the night prior to the study. Average household income of 100-299 Ethiopian Birr (ETB) (AOR = 0.42, 95% CI, 0.22-0.78), presence of at least one child in the household (AOR = 1.49, 95% CI, 1.001-2.218) and knowledge of respondent on malaria transmission and prevention (AOR = 1.64, 95% CI, 1.02-2.62) were associated with household’s LLIN utilization.
Conclusion: As compared to WHO roll back malaria target, LLIN utilization was low. Presence of at least one child and having good knowledge were positively associated while low average monthly income was negatively associated with LLIN use.
Keywords: Ethiopia, households, LLIN utilization, Ziway Dugda district