Background: Malaria is one of the leading causes of illness and death in the world. It is the major public important in Ethiopia and one of the top ten diseases in Raya Alamata district. Ongoing malaria surveillance data analysis is useful for assessing the incidence, monitoring trends and evaluating the effectiveness of malaria control programs. Therefore, the objective of this analysis was to describe malaria morbidity and mortality in the Raya Alamata district from the year 2011-2015.
Methods: A retrospective study design was used for analyzing secondary data on malaria indicators from Public Health Emergency Management (PHEM), 2011 to 2015 in Raya Alamata. All data reported were collected, cleaned and entered into a computer using Microsoft excel for analysis.
Results: Within the last five years (2011-2015), a total of 40,442 malaria cases and zero deaths were reported to Raya Alamata district. Among these, 34,960 (82.3%) were confirmed cases. Plasmodium falciparum and vivax accounted 51.1% and 48.9% respectively. There was a trend shift since 2011-2013, in which the incidence of P. Vivax was higher than the P. falciparum. About 13% of <5 years children, particularly males were more affected. The mean number of confirmed cases per year was 6430, ranging from 2407-11053 cases.The highest frequency was 126/1,000 in the year 2012 and the lowest incidence was 26.83/1,000 in 2015.
Conclusion: Morbidity and mortality of malaria were decreasing over the studied period, a 53% reduction in incidence. Plasmodium falciparum was more predominant. Children under 5 years and males were more affected. Malaria related mortality was consistence with the National Strategic Plan for malaria prevention, achieve near-zero malaria death in malaria endemic areas of the country by 2015.
Keywords: Malaria, descriptive, Raya Alamata, retrospective study