Background: Despite the higher risk of victimization for young women, literature documenting the prevalence of gender-based violence and its determinants among technical school students is sparse, particularly for students in African countries.
Objective: This study was undertaken to determine the prevalence and risk factors of sexual and physical violence among female technical school students in Dilla, South Nation Nationalities Peoples Region, Ethiopia in 2018.
Method and Materials: A cross sectional study was conducted institution based survey using self administered anonymous questionnaire was conducted among female students to select 167 randomly from each levels. Binary and multivariate logistic regression was used to identify associated between outcomes and independent variables at p-value less than 0.05 with 95% confidence intervals.
RESULT: Among participants those who had not sexual partner (Adjusted Odd Ratio )AOR = 3.61, 95%CI: 1.8-14.7), having parents not living together (AOR = 1.93, 95%CI: 1.54-3.26) and age group between 18-22 years( AOR=2.62, 95%CI: 1.05-6.81) were physically violated in this academic year and no family support (AOR = 2.75, 95%CI: 1.67-5.34) and no married (AOR= 3.32, 95%CI: 1.21-9.13) were sexually violated in this academic year included before they technical school students.
Conclusion: The findings indicate that sexual and physical violence are serious and prevalent problems among technical school female students of Dilla Town. Based on these findings it is recommended that sexual and physical violence deserve due attention and remedial action from policy makers, schools, parents, students and other concerned bodies. Programs aimed at preventing gender-based violence must address these identified determinants of violence against students.
Keywords: Physical and Sexual Violence, Associated Factors, Technical Students, Dilla Town.