Risky sexual behavior remains the major public health concern commonly affecting youths and make them vulnerable for ample of unintended health outcomes, including STIs, unplanned pregnancy and abortion for female. To intervene these negative consequences of risky sexual behavior the contributing factors must be identified. However there is limited studies that have been conducted on sexual behavior of school going adolescent particulary in the study area. So the current study was aimed to assess risky sexual behavior and associated factors among preparatory school students in Arsi Negelle Town. school-based cross-sectional study was conducted among 300 preparatory school students in Arsi Negelle town. A structured and pre-tested questionnaire was used to collect data. Descriptive statistics were used to present pertinent findings of respondents. Bivariate and multivariable analysis were done to identify the association between the independent and outcome variable. Odds ratio with its 95% confidence interval and p-value was used to declare statistical significance and strength of association in the final mode. Model fitness was checked by Hosmer and Lemeshow goodness of fit test with the enter method.
Out of 300 respondents, 115(38.3%) were sexually active and have intercourse in the last 12 months prior to the survey. Overall, 35.7% (95% CI: 30.7,41.0) of respondents have at least one risky sexual behavior. The odds of risky sexual behavior was higher among male student (AOR:2.14 ;95% CI:1.18,3.85), student’s whose mother’s have no formal education (AOR:2.89; 95%CI: 1.16,4.53), absence of parent-teen conversation on SRH (AOR: 3.59; 95% CI: 1.64,7.86), those given pocket money (AOR: 0.34; 95%CI: 0.18,0.65) and have peer pressure (AOR: 0.32; 95% CI; 0.15,0.68). It is noted that 35.7% of all students have at least one risky sexual behavior. Risky sexual behavior thrives among male students, those who lacks discussion on sexual and reproductive issues, student’s whose mother’s have no education, those given pocket money and encounter peer influence. The finding of this study emphasizes the need to strengthen sexual and reproductive health as a component of school health program and awareness creation basically focusing on male students.
Keywords: Risky Sexual Behavior; Preparatory School; Arsi Negelle