Journal of
Public Health and Epidemiology

  • Abbreviation: J. Public Health Epidemiol.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2141-2316
  • DOI: 10.5897/JPHE
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 612

Full Length Research Paper

Prevalence of japanese encephalitis and its modulation by weather variables

Srinivasa Rao Mutheneni
  • Srinivasa Rao Mutheneni
  • Biology Division, CSIR-Indian Institute of Chemical Technology, Hyderabad-500 607, Andhra Pradesh, India.
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Suryanarayana Murty Upadhyayula
  • Suryanarayana Murty Upadhyayula
  • Biology Division, CSIR-Indian Institute of Chemical Technology, Hyderabad-500 607, Andhra Pradesh, India.
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Arunachalam Natarajan
  • Arunachalam Natarajan
  • Centre for Research in Medical Entomology (ICMR), Madurai- 625002, India.
  • Google Scholar

  •  Accepted: 04 December 2013
  •  Published: 31 January 2014


Arunachalam N, Murty USN, Narahari D, Balasubramanian A, Philip Samuel P, Thenmozhi V, Paramasivan R, Rajendran R, Tyagi BK (2009). Longitudinal Studies of Japanese Encephalitis Virus Infection in Vector Mosquitoes in Kurnool District, Andhra Pradesh, South India. J. Med. Entomol. 46:633-639.
Bi P, Tong S, Donald K, Parton KA, Ni J (2003). Climate variability and Transmission of Japanese Encephalitis in Eastern China. Vector-Borne and Zoonotic Diseases 3: 111-115.
Fischer M, Hills S, Staples E, Johnson B, Yaich M and Solomon T (2008). Japanese encephalitis prevention and control: advances, challenges, and new initiatives. In: Scheld WM, Hammer SM, Hughes JM. Emerging infections, ASM Press., Washington DC, pp 93–124.
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Githeko AK, Lindsay SW, Confalonieri UE, Patz JA (2000). Climate change and vector-borne diseases a regional analysis. Bulletin of the World Health Organization 78:1136-1147.
PMid:11019462 PMCid:PMC2560843
Kabilan L, Rajendran R, Arunachalam N, Ramesh S, Srinivasan S, Philip Samuel P, Dash AP (2004). Japanese encephalitis in India: an overview. Indian J. Paediatrics 71:609-615.
Karuanaratnae SHPP, Hemingway J (2000). Insecticide resistance spectra and resistance mechanisms in populations of Japanese encephalitis vector mosquitoes, Culex tritaeniorhynchus and Cx. gelidus in Sri Lanka. Med. Veterinary Entomol. 14:430-436.
Khan SA, Narain K, Handigue R, Dutta P, Mahanta J, Satyanarayana K, Srivastava VK (1996). Role of some environmental factors in modulating seasonal abundance of potential Japanese encephalitis vectors in Assam, India. Southeast Asian J. Trop. Med. Public Health 27:382-91.
Kanojia PC, Shetty PS, Geevarghese G (2003). A long-term study on vector abundance & seasonal prevalence in relation to the occurrence of Japanese encephalitis in Gorakhpur district, Uttar Pradesh. Indian J. Med. Res. 117:104-110.
Murty US, Rao MS, Arunachalam N (2010). The effects of climatic factors on the distribution and abundance of Japanese encephalitis vectors in Kurnool district of Andhra Pradesh, India. J. Vector Borne Dis. 47:26-32.
Samuel PP, Arunachalam N, Rajendran R, Leo SV, Ayanar K, Balasubramaniam R, Tyagi BK (2010). Temporal variation in the susceptibility of Culex tritaeniorhynchus (Diptera: Culicidae) to Japanese encephalitis virus in an endemic area of Tamil Nadu, South India. Vector Borne and Zoonotic Dis. 10:1003-8.
Sarkar A, Taraphdar D, Mukhopadhyay SK, Chakrabarti S, Chatterjee S (2012). Serological and molecular diagnosis of Japanese encephalitis reveals an increasing public health problem in the state of West Bengal, India. Transact. Roy. Soc. Trop. Med. Hygiene 106:15-19.
Saxena V, Dhole TN (2008). Preventive strategies for frequent outbreaks of Japanese encephalitis in Northern India. J. Biosci. 33:505-14.
Srivastava VK, Sinha NK, Singh A, Chandra R (2003). Japanese encephalitis situation in Gorakhpur division, Uttar Pradesh. J. Communicable Dis. 35:56–58.
Solomon T (2006). Control of Japanese encephalitis-within our grasp? New England j. Med. 355:869-871.
Swami R, Ratho RK, Mishra B, Singh MP (2008). Usefulness of RT-PCR for the diagnosis of Japanese encephalitis in clinical samples. Scandinavian J. Infect. Dis. 40:815–820.
Thammapalo S, Chongsuwiwatwong V, McNeil D, Geater A (2005). The climatic factors influencing the occurrence of dengue hemorrhagic fever in Thailand. Southeast Asian J. Trop. Med. Public Health 36:191-6.
Upadhyayula SM, Rao MS, Nayanoori HK, Natarajan A, Goswami P (2012). Impact of weather variables on mosquitoes infected with Japanese encephalitis virus in Kurnool district, Andhra Pradesh. Asian Pacific J. Trop. Med. 5:412-420.
World Health Organization (2006). Out break encephalitis 2005: cases of Japanese encephalitis: Gorakhpur, Uttar Pradesh, India. 2005. Core Programme Clusters. Communicable Disease Surveillance. World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland.