Journal of
Pharmacognosy and Phytotherapy

  • Abbreviation: J. Pharmacognosy Phytother.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2141-2502
  • DOI: 10.5897/JPP
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 223

Full Length Research Paper

Petiveria alliacea: New alternative for the treatment of sensitive and multi-resistant Mycobacterium tuberculosis

Y. Mulyani1,2*, E. Y. Sukandar1,  I. K. Adnyana1 and Elfahmi1
1School of Pharmacy, Bandung Institute of Technology, Ganesa 10 Bandung, Indonesia. 2School of Pharmacy, Bandung, Soekarno Hatta 754 Bandung, Indonesia.
Email: [email protected]; [email protected]

  •  Accepted: 30 November 2012
  •  Published: 31 December 2012

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to determine the activity of Petiviera alliacea extracts against drug-sensitive and resistant strains of Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Palliaceawas extracted with ethanol using the maceration method. The proportional method was used to test the anti-mycobacterial activity in ethanol extract against drug-sensitive and resistant strains of Mtuberculosis. Drug-sensitive and resistant H37Rv strains of M.tuberculosis were resistant to ethambutol and isoniazide (EH) and resistant to streptomycin and rifampicin (SR). Tests were conducted in vitro on Lowenstein Jensen (LJ) medium that was mixed with various concentrations of extracts, inoculated with bacterial suspensions, and incubated at 37°C. Microbial growth was observed every week starting from Week 4 to Week 8 after inoculation to rule out possibility of delayed suppressed growth. Standard drugs were used for comparison. The ethanol extract of P.alliacea was found to be active against Mtuberculosis at concentrations of 1280 and 2560 µg/mlit was concluded that the activity of Palliacea inhibits the growth of M.tuberculosis better than standard drugs. Further testing is needed to identify its beneficial components.

                                                                                                      

Key words: Petiveria alliacea, anti-mycobacterial, Mycobacterium tuberculosis.