Journal of
Parasitology and Vector Biology

  • Abbreviation: J. Parasitol. Vector Biol.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2141-2510
  • DOI: 10.5897/JPVB
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 161

Full Length Research Paper

Prevalence and risk factors associated with faecal shedding of cryptosporidium oocysts in piglets, Kaduna, Nigeria

B. V. Maikai1*, J. U. Umoh1, J. K. P. Kwaga1, V. A. Maikai2 and S. C. Egege1
1Department of Veterinary Public Health and Preventive Medicine, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria. 2College of Agriculture and Animal Science, Ahmadu Bello University, Mando Road, Kaduna.
Email: [email protected]

  • Article Number - 281FC4F752
  • Vol.1(1), pp. 1-4, July 2009
  •  Accepted: 27 April 2009
  •  Published: 31 July 2009

Abstract

Cryptosporidiosis is predominant in piglets and other young farm animals and the infection can be severe resulting in financial loss to producers. Faecal samples from one hundred and thirty-two piglets were examined for Cryptosporidiumoocysts using formol-ether concentration method and modified Ziehl-Neelsen staining technique. Cryptosporidium oocysts were found in 18(13.6%) of the faecal samples and the prevalence were higher among males (20.0%) than females (5.3%), younger (19.0%) than older (8.7%) piglets, piglets raised under intensive (16.7%) than from under semi-intensive/extensive systems (0%), piglets with loose faeces (28.6%) than from well formed faeces(10.8%) and piglets that drank bore hole water (13.8%) than from those that drank well water (13.3%). There were associations between prevalence of Cryptosporidium oocysts and sex of piglets (OR = 0.22; 95% CI on OR: 0.05 < OR < 0.88), faecal consistencies (OR = 3.30; 95% CI on OR: 0.93 < OR < 11.47) and management systems (P < 0.05). On the other hand, there was no association between prevalence of Cryptosporidiumoocysts and type of water and age of the piglets (P > 0.05). This study shows that sex, faecal consistencies and management systems influence the prevalence ofCryptosporidium oocysts in faeces of piglets in Kaduna metropolis.

 

Key words: Cryptosporidium, piglets, faeces.

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