Journal of
Stored Products and Postharvest Research

  • Abbreviation: J. Stored Prod. Postharvest Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2141-6567
  • DOI: 10.5897/JSPPR
  • Start Year: 2010
  • Published Articles: 147

Full Length Research Paper

Effects of different treatments for the control of Callosobruchus chinensis L. on proximate composition of Chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.), in Meskan district, Ethiopia

Kebebush Tessema
  • Kebebush Tessema
  • College of Agriculture, School of Nutrition, Food Science and Technology Hawassa University, P. O. Box:05, Hawassa, Ethiopia.
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Fikre Teferra Tadesse
  • Fikre Teferra Tadesse
  • College of Agriculture, School of Nutrition, Food Science and Technology Hawassa University, P. O. Box:05, Hawassa, Ethiopia.
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Henok Kurabachew
  • Henok Kurabachew
  • College of Agriculture, School of Nutrition, Food Science and Technology Hawassa University, P. O. Box:05, Hawassa, Ethiopia.
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  •  Received: 18 June 2015
  •  Accepted: 04 November 2015
  •  Published: 31 December 2015

Abstract

Chickpea, Cicer arietinum L. is one of the major pulses grown in Ethiopia and provides an important source of food and nutritional security for the rural poor. However; chickpea seeds are heavily damage by bruchids and suffer heavy loss in quantity and quality. This study was conducted to determine the effects of different storage treatments on proximate properties of stored improved and local chickpea varieties over six months of storage. Seeds of local varieties (desi) and improved habru variety (kabuli) chickpeas were treated with cow dung ash, leaf powders of basil, leaf powder of neem, and Malathion dust to control the bruchid. Levels of the proximate compositions of the seeds were evaluated at the initial and the end of storage. The storage treatments significantly (p<0.05) influenced the proximate composition over the six months of storage. Crude fat, seed moisture and carbohydrate of chickpea decreased over six months of storage. The levels of crude protein, ash and crude fiber on the other hand increased over the storage period. The eco-friendly storage treatments (herbal powders and the cow dung ash) maintained the nutrient composition of the chickepea cultivars in addition to controlling the bruchids.

Key words: Basil leaf powder, bruchid beetle, cow dung ash, bruchids management, neem leaf powder, malathion dust.