Journal of
Soil Science and Environmental Management

  • Abbreviation: J. Soil Sci. Environ. Manage.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2141-2391
  • DOI: 10.5897/JSSEM
  • Start Year: 2010
  • Published Articles: 269

Full Length Research Paper

Characterization and agricultural potentials of some pedons derived from sand stone parent rock near Abeokuta, Southwestern Nigeria

Orimoloye J. R.
  • Orimoloye J. R.
  • Department of Agronomy, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Oyo State, Nigeria.
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Amadi-Rapheal K. A. S.
  • Amadi-Rapheal K. A. S.
  • Department of Soil Science, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Port Harcourt, Rivers State, Nigeria.
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Akinbola G. E.
  • Akinbola G. E.
  • Department of Agronomy, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Oyo State, Nigeria.
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  •  Received: 19 December 2018
  •  Accepted: 22 February 2019
  •  Published: 31 August 2019

Abstract

Successful crop production requires the knowledge of soil variation and the evaluation of the agricultural potentials of the land. Detailed land resource survey of approximately 100 ha land in Abeokuta North Local Government Area of Ogun State was carried out. Identified soil mapping units were examined in modal profiles. The soils were classified using the USDA Soil Taxonomy, FAO/IUSS World Reference Base (WRB) system and local soil series methods. Five soil mapping units were identified and were classified as Ilaro Series (Kanhaplic Haplustalf), Ibeshe (Typic Kandiustalf), Kulfo (Udic Kandiustalf), Molo (Rhodic Kandiustalf) and Otteyi Series (Lithic Haplustept). The soils were classified as Alfisols (71.56%) and Inceptisols (28.44%). Land Capability Classification (LCC) revealed that Ilaro, Ibeshe and Molo series belong to Capability Class II while Kulfo series was Class III but Otteyi series is of non-arable Class VI. Otteyyi Series had severe limitations of very shallow soil depth, high slope gradient and high gravel content. The area has good potential for crop production if soil fertility can be managed with appropriate fertilizer application and seasonal water deficit ameliorated by supplemental irrigation. Otteyi Series that is non-arable could be used for farm buildings and other physical infrastructures or animal grazing.

Key words: Land evaluation, fertility capability class, soil series, limitations, arable cropping.