Journal of
Soil Science and Environmental Management

  • Abbreviation: J. Soil Sci. Environ. Manage.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2141-2391
  • DOI: 10.5897/JSSEM
  • Start Year: 2010
  • Published Articles: 314


Impacts of soil and water conservation on crop yield, soil properties, water resources, and carbon sequestration: A review

Abebe Bezu
  • Abebe Bezu
  • Melkassa Agricultural Research Center, P. O. Box 436, Melkassa, Ethiopia.
  • Google Scholar
Ketema Tezera
  • Ketema Tezera
  • Melkassa Agricultural Research Center, P. O. Box 436, Melkassa, Ethiopia.
  • Google Scholar

  •  Accepted: 28 September 2018
  •  Published: 30 September 2019


Ademola K, Braimoh, Paul LG (2008). Impact of land use on soil resources. Springer P 254.


Adgo E, Teshome A (2010). Effects of long-term soil and water conservation on agricultural productivity: A case study of Anjeni watershed, Ethiopia. IMAWESA Working Paper 17.


Anissa G, Shinji S, Fumio W (2011). Soil erosion assessment using USLE in East Shewa, Ethiopia. Journal of agricultural science, Tokyo University of Agriculture 56(1):1-8.


Asefa DT, Oba G, Weladji RB, Colman JE (2003). An assessment of restoration of biodiversity in degraded high mountain grazing lands in northern Ethiopia. Land Degradation and Development 14(1):25-38.


Asnake M, Andreas H, Gete T, Hurni H (2018). Factors influencing the adoption of physical SWC practices in the Ethiopian highlands. International Soil and Water Conservation Research 6:23-30.


Badege B (2009). Deforestation and land degradation in the Ethiopian highlands: a strategy for physical recovery: Ethiopian e-Journal for Research and Innovation Foresight 1:4-15.


Bakker MM, Govers G, Kosmas C, Vanacker V, Van Oost K, Rounsevell MDA (2005). Soil erosion as a driver of land-use change. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment 105:467-481.


Belay A (2016). Effect of soil and water conservation measures on soil macronutrient and moisture status in Guba-Lafto woreda, North Wollo, Ethiopia. MSc Thesis Submitted to the Center of Environmental Science, Addis Ababa University.


Berhe A, Kleber M (2013) Erosion, deposition and the persistence of soil organic matter: mechanistic considerations and problems with terminology. Earth Surf Process Land 38:908-912.


Beshah T (2003). Understanding farmers explaining soil and water conservation in Konso, Wolaita and Wello, Ethiopia. PhD thesis, Wageningen University Research Center ISBN 90-6754-691-7.


Bewket W, Teferi E (2009). Assessment of soil erosion hazard and prioritization for treatment at the watershed level: A case study in the Chemoga watershed, Blue Nile Basin, Ethiopia. Land Degradation and Development 20:609-622.


Bhan C (1988). Spatial analysis of potential soil erosion risks in Welo Region, Ethiopia: a geomorphological evaluation. Mountain Research and Development 8:139-144.


Blanco H, Lal R (2008). Principles of Soil Conservation and Management. Springer, New York.


Byiringiro R (1996). Farm productivity in Rwanda: effects of farm size, erosion, and soil conservation investments.


Ciampalinia R, Billi P, Ferrari G (2012) Soil erosion induced by land use changes as determined by plow marks and field evidence in the Aksum area (Ethiopia). Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment 146:197-208.


Environmental Protection Authority (EPA) (2004). National Action Programme to Combat Desertification: Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia Environmental Protection Authority, Addis Ababa.


Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) (2003). Food and agriculture for poorest countries. URL. 


Getache WE, Getachew F, Mulatie M, Assefa M (2016). Evaluation of technical standards of physical SWC practices and their role in soil loss reduction: The Case of Debre Mewi Watershed, North-west Ethiopia. Landscape Dynamics, Soils and Hydrological Processes in Varied Climates, Springer Geography.


Guoce Xu, Kexin Lu, Zhanbin Li, Peng Li, Tian W, Yuanyuan Y (2015). Impact of soil and water conservation on soil organic carbon content in a catchment of the middle Han River, China. Environmental Earth Sciences 74:6503-6510.


Haregeweyn N, Atsushi T, Jan N, Jean P, Mitsuru T, Tsegaye D, Adgo E, Tegegne F (2015). Soil erosion and conservation in Ethiopia: A review Progress in Physical Geography 1-25.


Haregeweyn N, Berhe A, Tsunekawa A (2012a) Integrated watershed management, an effective approach to curb land degradation: A case study of the Enabered watershed, northern Ethiopia. Journal of Environmental Management 50: 1219-1233.


Herweg K (1993). Problems of acceptance and adoption of soil conservation in Ethiopia. Tropics Applied Resource Management 3:391-411.


Holden S, Shiferaw B, Pender J (2005). Policy Analysis for Sustainable Land Management and Food Security in Ethiopia. A Bioeconomic Model with Market Imperfections. Research Report 140. International Food Policy Research Institute: Washington DC.


Hong W, Jianen G, Xinghua Li, Hongjie W, Yuanxing Z (2014). Effects of SWC Measures on Groundwater Levels and Recharge. Water 6:3783-3806;


Hurni H (1993). Land degradation, famine, and land resource scenarios in Ethiopia, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge pp. 27-62.


Hurni H, Berhe WA, Chadhokar P, Daniel D, Gete T, Zeleke Grunder M, Kassaye G (2016). Soil and water conservation in Ethiopia: Guidelines for development agents, Bern, Switzerland: Centre for Development and Environment (CDE); Bern, Open Publishing (BOP) .URI: 



Jones T, Tengberg A (2000). The impact of indigenous soil and water conservation practices on soil productivity: Examples from Kenya, Tanzania, and Uganda. Land Degradation and Development 11:19-36.


Kaliba ARM, Rabele T (2004). Impact of adopting soil conservation practices on wheat yield in Lesotho. In Managing Nutrient Cycles to Sustain Soil Fertility in Sub-Saharan Africa, edited by A.


Bationo. Cali, Columbia: International Center for Tropical Agriculture (CIAT), Tropical Soil Biology and Fertility Institute.


Kassie M, Holden ST (2005). Parametric and non-parametric estimation of soil conservation adoption impact on yield and yield risk." Paper presented at the 6thInternational Conference of the European Society for Ecological Economics, Lisbon, Portugal. June 14-18, 2005.


Kebede W, Awdenegest M, Fantaw Y (2013). Farmers" perception of the effects of soil and water conservation structures on crop production: The case of Bokole watershed, Southern Ethiopia. African Journal of Environmental Science and Technology 7(11):990-1000.


Kirubel Mekonen K, Tesfahunegn GB (2011). Impact assessment of soil and water conservation measures at Medego watershed in Tigray, northern Ethiopia Maejo International Journal of Science and Technology 5(03):312-330.


Mansfield JE (1979). Land capability for annual rainfed arable crops in Northern Nigeria based on Physical limitations. In Lal R, Greenland DJ (Eds.), Soil physical properties and crop production in the tropics. New York pp. 407-426.


Masila T, Maurice O, James U (2015). The influence of soil water conservation technologies on household food security among small-scale farmers in Kyuso sub-county, Kitui county, Kenya. Academia Journal of Agricultural Research 3(2):023-028.


Mekuria W, Veldkamp E, Corre MD (2011). Restoration of ecosystem carbon stocks following exclosure establishment in communal grazing lands in Tigray, Ethiopia. Forest, Range and Wildland Soils 75(1):1-11.


Mekuria W, Veldkamp E, Haile M (2007). Effectiveness of exclosures to restore degraded soils as a result of overgrazing in Tigray, Ethiopia. Journal of Arid Environments 69:270-284.


Nyssen J, Clymans W, Descheemaeker K (2010). Impact of soil and water conservation on catchment hydrological response: A case in North Ethiopia. Hydrological Processes 24(13):1880-1895.


Nyssen J, Poesen J, Deckers J (2009c). Land degradation and soil water conservation in tropical highlands. Soil and Tillage Research 103(2):197-202.


Pe'rez-Cruzado C, Mansilla-Salinero P, Rodrı'guez-Soalleiro R, Merino A (2012). Influence of tree species on carbon sequestration in afforested pastures in a humid temperate region. Plant Soil 353(1/2):333-353


Poeplau C, Don A, Vesterdal L, Leifeld J, Van Wesemael B, Schumacher J, Gensior A (2011) Temporal dynamics of soil organic carbon after landuse change in the temperate zone-carbon response functions as a model approach. Global Change Biology 17(7):2415-2427.


Post WM, Peng T, Emanuel WR, King AW, Dale VH, DeAngelis DL (1990). The global carbon cycle. American Scientist 78:310-3.26.


Posthumus H, de Graaff J (2005). Cost-benefit analysis of bench terraces: A case study in Peru. Land Degradation. Develop, 16, 1-11. 


Ran LS, Lu XX, Xin ZB (2014). Erosion-induced massive organic carbon burial and carbon emission in the Yellow River basin, China. Biogeosciences 11:945-959.


Schlesinger WH (1990). Evidence from chronosequence studies for a low carbon-storage potential of soils. Nature 348:23:2-234


Schroeder P (1994). Carbon storage benefits of agroforestry systems. Agroforestry Systems 27:89-97.


Shively GE (1998a). Modeling impacts of soil conservation on productivity and yield variability: evidence from a Heteroskedastic Switching Regression. Paper presented at the American Agricultural Economics Association Annual Meeting, Salt Lake City, Utah, August 2-5, 1998.


Stallings JH (1964). Phosphorous and water pollution. Journal of Soil and Water Conservation 22(6):228-231.


Stocking M, Peake L (1996). Crop yield losses from the erosion of Alfisols, Tropical Agriculture, Trinidad 63:41-45.


Stoorvogel S (1990). Assessment of soil nutrient depletion in sub-Saharan Africa: 1983-2000, Vol. 1. Winand Staring Centre, Wageningen


Stroosnijder L, de Ridder N, Kiepe P (2001). Nutrient balances in sahelian villages. In "Agro- Silvo-Pastoral land use in sahelian villages". Advances in GeoEcology. Catena Verlag GMBH. Ch 4.3:213-235.


Schlesinger WH (1995). An overview of the carbon cycle. pp. 25:9-25. In: R. LaL J. Kimble. E. Levine and B.A. Stewart (eds.) Soils and Global Change. Advanced Soil Science. CRC Press. Boca Raton. FL.


Tadele A, Yihenew GS, Mitku H, Yamoh C (2011). Effect of soil and water conservation measures on selected soil physical and chemical properties and barley (Hordeum spp.) yield. Journal of Environmental Science and Engineering 11:1483-1495.


Tadele A, Yihenew G (2015). Conserving soils: Evidence-based soil conservation measures that improve soil physical and chemical properties and barley yield. In: Nicol, A., Langan, S., Victor, M. and Gonsalves, J. (eds), Water-smart agriculture in East Africa. Colombo, Sri Lanka: IWMI and CGIAR research program on WLE; Kampala, Uganda: GWI EA 74:231-236.


Taye G, Poesen J, Vanmaercke M (2015). Evolution of the effectiveness of stone bunds and trenches in reducing runoff and soil loss in the semi-arid Ethiopian highlands. Zeitschrift für Geomorphologie 59(4):477-493.


Teramaj B (2015). Effect of SWC Measures on Land Productivity and Crop Yield in Mirab Abaya Woreda of Southern Nations Nationalities and People"s Region, Ethiopia, M.Sc. Thesis Haramaya University.


Tilahun K (2006). Analysis of rainfall climate and evapo-transpiration in arid and semiarid regions of Ethiopia using data over the last half a century. Journal of Arid Environments 64(3):474-487.


Vagen TG (1996). Phosphorus status in soils from terraced and un-terraced land on highly eroded slopes in Tigray, Ethiopia. Master's thesis, Agricultural University of Norway, Norway.


Vancampenhout K, Jan N, Desta G, Jozef D, Jean P, Mitiku H, Jan (2006). Stone bunds for soil conservation in the northern Ethiopian highlands: Impacts on soil fertility and crop yield, Soil and Tillage Research 90:1-15.


Virgo KJ, Munro RN (1977). Soil and erosion features of the central plateau region of Tigrai, Ethiopia. Geoderma 20:131-157.


Wagayehu B (2003). Economics of Soil and Water Conservation: Theory and Empirical Application to Subsistence Farming in the Eastern Ethiopian Highlands. Doctoral thesis Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Uppsala. ISSN 1401-6249, ISBN 91576- 6433-1


Wilkinson BH, McElroy BJ (2007). The impact of humans on continental erosion and sedimentation. Geological Society of America Bulletin 119:140-156.


WLRC (2015). Generating and improving knowledge, management and decision support on water and land resources. Project Implementation Progress Report. URL


Woubet G, Alemu TA, Birru Y, Yihenew G, Bettina W, Hurni H (2013). Impacts of Soil and Water Conservation on Land Suitability to Crops: The Case of Anjeni Watershed, Northwest Ethiopia. Journal of Agricultural Science 5(2):95.


Xu GC, Li ZB, Li P, Lu KX, Wang Y (2013b). Spatial variability of soil organic carbon in a typical watershed in the source area of the middle Dan River, China. Soil Research 51:41-49.


Yeshambel M (2013). Indigenous knowledge practices in soil conservation at Konso people, South Western Ethiopia. Journal of Agriculture and Environmental Sciences 2(2):1-10.


Yibabe T, Kjell E, Tor-Gunnar V, Mitiku H (2002). Soil Conservation in Tigray, Ethiopia, Noragric Report No. 5.


Yihenew T (2012). Conserving soils: Evidence-based soil conservation measures that improve soil physical and chemical properties and barley yield. In: Nicol, A., Langan, S., Victor, M. and Gonsalves, J. (eds), Water-smart agriculture in East Africa. Colombo, Sri Lanka: IWMI and CGIAR research program on WLE; Kampala, Uganda: GWI EA. 74:231-236.


Yohannes GM (1989). Crop production and conservation methods in Andit Tid area, northern Shoa. Soil Conservation Research Project, Addis Ababa.