Journal of
Toxicology and Environmental Health Sciences

  • Abbreviation: J. Toxicol. Environ. Health Sci.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2006-9820
  • DOI: 10.5897/JTEHS
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 197

Full Length Research Paper

Fast food premium toys as a significant source of lead and chromium to the environment

Short D. B.
  • Short D. B.
  • Science Department, Robert Morris University, 6001 University Boulevard, Moon Township, PA 15108, United States.
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Badger P.
  • Badger P.
  • Science Department, Robert Morris University, 6001 University Boulevard, Moon Township, PA 15108, United States.
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Lorenzi A.
  • Lorenzi A.
  • Science Department, Robert Morris University, 6001 University Boulevard, Moon Township, PA 15108, United States.
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Mentzer B.
  • Mentzer B.
  • Science Department, Robert Morris University, 6001 University Boulevard, Moon Township, PA 15108, United States.
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Bearer H.
  • Bearer H.
  • Science Department, Robert Morris University, 6001 University Boulevard, Moon Township, PA 15108, United States.
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Graves P. S.
  • Graves P. S.
  • Science Department, Robert Morris University, 6001 University Boulevard, Moon Township, PA 15108, United States.
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Harris J. V.
  • Harris J. V.
  • Science Department, Robert Morris University, 6001 University Boulevard, Moon Township, PA 15108, United States.
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Mahoney K. E.
  • Mahoney K. E.
  • Science Department, Robert Morris University, 6001 University Boulevard, Moon Township, PA 15108, United States.
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Schwaderer A. M.
  • Schwaderer A. M.
  • Science Department, Robert Morris University, 6001 University Boulevard, Moon Township, PA 15108, United States.
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Shennan C. M.
  • Shennan C. M.
  • Science Department, Robert Morris University, 6001 University Boulevard, Moon Township, PA 15108, United States.
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Siters A.
  • Siters A.
  • Science Department, Robert Morris University, 6001 University Boulevard, Moon Township, PA 15108, United States.
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Warner C.
  • Warner C.
  • Science Department, Robert Morris University, 6001 University Boulevard, Moon Township, PA 15108, United States.
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  •  Received: 21 September 2016
  •  Accepted: 19 October 2016
  •  Published: 31 December 2016

Abstract

Electronic fast food premiums were investigated for their ability to leach toxic metals into the environment. Low levels of the metals barium, cadmium, chromium, and mercury were detected. Significant quantities of lead were found, up to 177 mg/L, over thirty five times the permissible levels.

Key words: Waste, management, toxic, metal, leachate, lead, toys.