Journal of
Toxicology and Environmental Health Sciences

  • Abbreviation: J. Toxicol. Environ. Health Sci.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2006-9820
  • DOI: 10.5897/JTEHS
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 208

Full Length Research Paper

Occurrence and health implications of high concentrations of Cadmium and Arsenic in drinking water sources in selected towns of Ogun State, South West, Nigeria

Abolanle Azeez A. Kayode1*, Joshua Olajiire Babayemi2, Esther Omugha Abam1 and Omowumi Titilola Kayode1
1Department of Chemical Sciences, Biochemistry Unit, Bells University of Technology, Ota, Ogun State, Nigeria. 2Department of Chemical Sciences, Industrial Chemistry Unit, Bells University of Technology, Ota, Ogun State, Nigeria.
Email: [email protected]

  •  Accepted: 10 November 2011
  •  Published: 31 December 2011

Abstract

Selected biomakers, Cholinesterase (ChE) and phagocytic activities have been investigated with the exposed green mussel Perna viridis in Indonesian coastal waters. An operative effect-based monitoring on two polluted sites and one reference area were investigated for aquaculture enterprises and human health aspects. Between two heavily polluted sites, green mussels from Cilincing indicated a lower level of the ChE activity than those from Kamal Muara. The phagocytic activity of green mussels from the polluted sites demonstrated significant higher activity than that of green mussels from the pristine site, Pangkep. However, there were no significant differences of phagocytic activities between the polluted sites. This might indicate that the existing pollutants in Jakarta Bay were more neurotoxic rather than immonotoxic substances. The results showed clearly that both selected biomarkers were potential valuable tools for effect-based monitoring and pollution impacts in coastal zones of Indonesia.

 

Key words: Green mussel, biomarkers, coastal zone management, Indonesia.