Journal of
Toxicology and Environmental Health Sciences

  • Abbreviation: J. Toxicol. Environ. Health Sci.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2006-9820
  • DOI: 10.5897/JTEHS
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 210

Full Length Research Paper

Coco peat - An alternative artificial soil ingredient for the earthworm toxicity testing

R. Shanmugasundaram
  • R. Shanmugasundaram
  • Department of Ecotoxicology, International Institute of Biotechnology and Toxicology (IIBAT) Padappai - 601 301, Kancheepuram District, Tamil Nadu, India
  • Google Scholar
T. Jeyalakshmi
  • T. Jeyalakshmi
  • Department of Ecotoxicology, International Institute of Biotechnology and Toxicology (IIBAT) Padappai - 601 301, Kancheepuram District, Tamil Nadu, India
  • Google Scholar
Sweatha S. Mohan
  • Sweatha S. Mohan
  • Department of Ecotoxicology, International Institute of Biotechnology and Toxicology (IIBAT) Padappai - 601 301, Kancheepuram District, Tamil Nadu, India
  • Google Scholar
M. Saravanan
  • M. Saravanan
  • Department of Ecotoxicology, International Institute of Biotechnology and Toxicology (IIBAT) Padappai - 601 301, Kancheepuram District, Tamil Nadu, India
  • Google Scholar
A. Goparaju
  • A. Goparaju
  • Department of Statistics, International Institute of Biotechnology and Toxicology (IIBAT) Padappai - 601 301, Kancheepuram District, Tamil Nadu, India
  • Google Scholar
Balakrishna Murthy
  • Balakrishna Murthy
  • Director of the Institution International Institute of Biotechnology and Toxicology (IIBAT) Padappai - 601 301, Kancheepuram District, Tamil Nadu, India
  • Google Scholar


  •  Accepted: 10 December 2013
  •  Published: 31 January 2014

References

Abbiramy KS, Ronald Ross P, Thenmozhi P, Muthulingam M, Paramanandham J, Manoharan V (2012). The validation of modified tropical artificial soil by ecotoxicological studies on Eisenia foetida. Int. J. Dev.Res.2(5):1051-1056.                                                                        

View

 

Alan W Meerow (1949). Coir Dust, A Viable Alternative to Peat Moss. TropicLine 7(3).        

View

 
Barkham JP (1993). For peat's sake: conservation or exploitation? Biodiversity Conservation. 2:556-566.
Crossref
 
Finney DJ (1977). "Probit Analysis", Third Edition, Cambridge University Press London.
 
Frolking S, Roulet NT, Moore TR, Richard PJH, Lavoie M, Muller SD (2001). Modeling northern peat-land decomposition and peat accumulation. Ecosystems. 4:479-498.
Crossref
 
Garcia M, Scheffczyk A, Garcia T, Rombke J (2011). The effects of the insecticide lambda-Cyhalothrin on the earthworm Eisenia fetida under experimental conditions of tropical and temperate regions. Environ. Pollut. 159:398 - 400.
Crossref
 
Gawlik BM, Lamberty A, Muntau H Pawels (2001). J. Euro-Soils – A set of CRMs for comparability of soil- measurements. Fresenius J. Anal. Chem. 370(2-3):220-3.
Crossref
 
Geoff C (2011). "coir dust a proven alternative to peat" cress well horticultural services 119 cabbage tree road grose vale NSW 2753.
 
Gonzalo A, Hernán G, Sébastien S, Alexander N (2009). Organic Matter Reduces Copper Toxicity for the Earthworm Eisenia fetida in Soils fromMining Areas in Central Chile. Chilean J. Agri. Research 69(2):252-259.
 
ISO (1994). Soil quality- Determination of pH, ISO 11465: International Organization for Standardization, Geneva, Switzerland.
 
ISO (2012) Soil quality- Effects of pollutants on earthworms (Eisenia fetida) – Part 1: Determination of acute toxicity using artificial soil substrate" ISO 11268-1. International Organization for Standardization, Geneva, Switzerland.
 
ISO (2012). Soil quality-effects of pollutants on earthworms (Eisenia fetida) part 2: Determination of effects on reproduction, ISO 11268-2. International Organization for Standardization, Geneva, Switzerland.
 
Jackson ML (1973). Collaborative International Pesticides Analytical Council (CIPAC) Soil Chemical analysis. Prentice Hall of India Private Limited, New Delhi MT 75.
 
Jackson ML (1973). Soil Chemical analysis. Prentice Hall of India Private Limited, New Delhi. J. Appl. Organic Anal. Chem. 39:419, 1956.
Crossref
 

Manuel A, Fernando F, Carolina C, Vicente N (2005). Physical properties of various coconut coir Dusts compared to peat. Hort. Sci. 40(7):2138-2144.

View

 

Meerow AW. (1994). "Growth of two subtropical ornamentals using coir (coconut mesocarp pith) as a peat substitute" Hort. Sci. 29:1484-1486.

View

 

Noguera P, Abad M, Noguera V, Puchades R, Maquieira A (2000). Coconut coir waste, a new and viable ecologically-friendly peat substitute. Acta. Hortic. 517:279-286.

View

 
OECD (1984). Guideline for testing of chemicals No 207. Earthworm Acute Toxicity Test Organization for Economic Co-Operation and Development. Paris. France.
Crossref
 
OECD (2004a). Guideline for testing of chemicals No 222. Earthworm Reproduction Test (Eisenia fetida/andrei). Organization for Economic Co-Operation and Development, Paris, France.
 
P Mangala CS De Silva, Cornelis AM, Van Gestel (2009). Development of an alternative artificial soil for earth worm toxicity testing in tropical countries. Appl. Soil Ecol. 43:170-174.
Crossref  
 

Puurtinen HM, Martikainen EAT (1997). Effect of Soil Moisture on Pesticide Toxicity to an Enchytraeid Worm, Enchytraeus sp. Earth Environ. Sci. 33(1):34-41.

View

 
Robertson A (1993). Peat, horticulture and environment. Biodiversity Conservation. 2:541- 47.
Crossref
 
Römbke J, Garcia MV, Scheffczyk A, ECT Oekotoxikologi (2007). Arch Environ Contam Toxicol. Effects of the fungicide benomyl on earthworms in laboratory tests under tropical and temperate conditions. 53(4):590-8.
Crossref
 
Sian R, Ellisa Mark E, Hodsona Philip Wegeb (2007). Eur. J. Soil Biol. 43(1):S239-S245.
 
Sundaram TK, Natrajan A, Chandrasekaran D, Mani K (2001). Determination of soil properties. Centre of advanced studies in Poultry science & Animal feed analytical and quality control laboratory Veterinary college and research institute, Namakkal Tamil Nadu Veterinary and Animal Science University. TOXSTAT version 3.5, (2003). Western Ecosystems Technology Inc., Central Avenue; WY 8 2001.
 
Van soest PJ, Robertson JB, Lewis BS (1975). Department of Animal Science and Division of Nutritional Sciences, Itaca, NY.