Journal of
Veterinary Medicine and Animal Health

  • Abbreviation: J. Vet. Med. Anim. Health
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2141-2529
  • DOI: 10.5897/JVMAH
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 387

Full Length Research Paper

Foot and mouth disease sero-prevalence in cattle in Kenya

Kibore, B.
  • Kibore, B.
  • The University of Nairobi, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, P.O. Box 30197, Nairobi, Kenya.
  • Google Scholar
Gitao, C. G.
  • Gitao, C. G.
  • The University of Nairobi, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, P.O. Box 30197, Nairobi, Kenya.
  • Google Scholar
Sangula, A.
  • Sangula, A.
  • Foot-and-Mouth Disease Laboratory, Ministry of Livestock Development, P.O. Box 18021, Embakasi, Nairobi, Kenya.
  • Google Scholar
Kitala, P.
  • Kitala, P.
  • The University of Nairobi, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, P.O. Box 30197, Nairobi, Kenya.
  • Google Scholar


  •  Accepted: 16 July 2013
  •  Published: 30 September 2013

Abstract

A cross sectional study was conducted on serum from 39 counties in Kenya in order to determine the prevalence of foot and mouth disease in bovine species. The study utilized serum samples at Foot-and-Mouth Disease (FMD) laboratory including Somali Ecosystem Rinderpest Eradication Coordination Unit (SERECU) project collected in the year 2010. From the serology results, the national prevalence of foot and mouth disease in bovines was 52.5% (CI = 95). Of the 3709 samples subjected toNonstructural protein (NSP) enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA)  screening test, 1,947 of those were interpreted as positive representing 52.5% (1947/3709) while the other 1,762 samples turned negative representing 47.5% (n = 1,762). There was significant association between seropositivity and age groups (p = 0.002) and vaccination status (p = 0.048) but no association between the seropositivity and sex (p = 0.063).

 

Key words: Cattle, foot and mouth disease (FMD), Kenya, seroprevalence.