A cross sectional study was conducted on serum from 39 counties in Kenya in order to determine the prevalence of foot and mouth disease in bovine species. The study utilized serum samples at Foot-and-Mouth Disease (FMD) laboratory including Somali Ecosystem Rinderpest Eradication Coordination Unit (SERECU) project collected in the year 2010. From the serology results, the national prevalence of foot and mouth disease in bovines was 52.5% (CI = 95). Of the 3709 samples subjected toNonstructural protein (NSP) enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) screening test, 1,947 of those were interpreted as positive representing 52.5% (1947/3709) while the other 1,762 samples turned negative representing 47.5% (n = 1,762). There was significant association between seropositivity and age groups (p = 0.002) and vaccination status (p = 0.048) but no association between the seropositivity and sex (p = 0.063).
Key words: Cattle, foot and mouth disease (FMD), Kenya, seroprevalence.
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