Journal of
Veterinary Medicine and Animal Health

  • Abbreviation: J. Vet. Med. Anim. Health
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2141-2529
  • DOI: 10.5897/JVMAH
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 387

Full Length Research Paper

Isolation time of brooding chicks play an important role in the control of Marek’s disease

Okwor E. C.
  • Okwor E. C.
  • Department of Veterinary Pathology and Microbiology, University of Nigeria, Nsukka, Nigeria.
  • Google Scholar
Eze D. C.
  • Eze D. C.
  • Department of Veterinary Pathology and Microbiology, University of Nigeria, Nsukka, Nigeria.
  • Google Scholar
Agbo I. C.
  • Agbo I. C.
  • Department of Veterinary Pathology and Microbiology, University of Nigeria, Nsukka, Nigeria.
  • Google Scholar


  •  Accepted: 17 September 2013
  •  Published: 31 December 2013

Abstract

This work reported the use of a combination of measures for the control of an outbreak of Marek’s disease (MD). Post- introduction vaccinations of young chickens in a farm that had an outbreak over a period of six years did not yield good result. The disease was therefore controlled by brooding new birds in isolated pens far away from the other one, use of biosecurity measures and brooding birds during the rainy season when the environment was damp with minimal dust in the air. Result showed marked reduction of infection during the first one year of trial. By the second and third years of trial, no infection was detected in the birds. This study therefore recommends isolation brooding, biosecurity measures, brooding during the rainy period and completely avoiding brooding during the harmattan period as good methods of controlling cases of MD outbreaks in Nigeria.

Key words: Marek’s disease, isolation brooding, vaccination, biosecurity measures, young chickens, Nigeria.