Journal of
Veterinary Medicine and Animal Health

  • Abbreviation: J. Vet. Med. Anim. Health
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2141-2529
  • DOI: 10.5897/JVMAH
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 360

Full Length Research Paper

The neglected welfare statue of working donkeys in Ethiopia: The case of Dale district in Southern Ethiopia

Bereket Molla Tanga
  • Bereket Molla Tanga
  • Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Hawassa University, Hawassa, Ethiopia.
  • Google Scholar
Addis Kassahun Gebremeskel
  • Addis Kassahun Gebremeskel
  • Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Hawassa University, Hawassa, Ethiopia.
  • Google Scholar

  •  Received: 29 August 2018
  •  Accepted: 22 November 2018
  •  Published: 31 January 2019


Biffa D, Woldemeskel M (2006). Causes and factors associated with occurrence of external injuries in working equines in Ethiopia. International Journal of Applied Research in Veterinary Medicine 4(1):1.


Birhan G, Chanie M, Tesfaye T, Kassa A, Mekonnen B, Wagaw N (2014). Incidence of wound and associated risk factors in working donkeys in Yilmana Densa District. Global Veterinaria 13(1):133-140.


Bobobee EY (2007). Performance analysis of draught animal-implement system to improve productivity and welfare 2007(70).


Burn CC, Pritchard JC, Whay HR (2009). Observer reliability for working equine welfare assessment: problems with high prevalence of certain results. Animal Welfare 18(2):177-187.


Curran MM, Feseha G, Smith DG (2005). The impact of access to animal health services on donkey health and livelihoods in Ethiopia. Tropical animal health and production 37(1):47-65.


Dale district agricultural Office (2017). Annual report of the livestock and livestock products report, Dale, Ethiopia.


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Galindo F, de Aluja A, Cagigas R, Huerta LA, Tadich TA (2018). Application of the Hands-On Donkey Tool for Assessing the Welfare of Working Equids at Tuliman, Mexico. Journal of Applied Animal Welfare Science 21(1):93-100.


Herago T, Megersa M, Niguse A, Fayera T (2015). Assessment on Working Donkey Welfare Issue in Wolaita Soddo Zuria District, Southern Ethiopia. Global Veterinaria 14(6):867-875.


Hovell GR (1998). Welfare considerations when attaching animals to vehicles. Applied Animal Behaviour Science 59(1-3):1-17.


Kumar N, Fisseha KK, Shishay N, Hagos Y (2014). Welfare assessment of working donkeys in Mekelle city, Ethiopia. Global Veterinaria 12(3):314-319.


Pearson RA, Alemayehu M, Tesfaye A, Allan EF, Smith DG, Asfaw M (2001). Use and management of donkeys in peri-urban areas of Ethiopia. Report of Phase One of the CTVM/EARO Collaborative Project (Ethiopia).


Pearson RA, Simalenga TE, Krecek RC (2003). Harnessing and hitching donkeys, mules and horses for work. Centre for Tropical Veterinary Medicine, University of Edinburgh.


Sameeh M, Dirar M, Zain H, Sarah F (2014). Equine rd diseases and welfare in Jordan retrospective study (1261 cases). Jordan Journal of Agricultural Sciences 10(3): 21-24.


Sells PD, Pinchbeck G, Mezzane H, Ibourki J, Crane M (2010). Pack wounds of donkeys and mules in the Northern High Atlas and lowlands of Morocco. Equine veterinary journal 42(3):219-226.


The Donkey Sanctuary (2017). Care of your donkey through the winter. 



Thrusfield M (2007). Describing disease occurrence. Veterinary epidemiology. 3rd edition. Blackwell Publishing pp. 46-74.


Wemelsfelder F, Millard F, De Rosa G, Napolitano F (2009). Qualitative behaviour assessment. Assessment of animal welfare measures for layers and broilers. Welfare Quality reports (9):113-119.


Wilson RT (2007). Specific welfare problems associated with working horses. In The welfare of horses. Springer, Dordrecht. pp. 203-218.