Journal of
Veterinary Medicine and Animal Health

  • Abbreviation: J. Vet. Med. Anim. Health
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2141-2529
  • DOI: 10.5897/JVMAH
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 395

Full Length Research Paper

Prevalence, cyst viability, organ distributions and financial losses due to hydatidosis in cattle slaughtered at Nekemte municipal abattoir, Western Ethiopia

Nebyou Moje*
  • Nebyou Moje*
  • Hawassa University School of Veterinary Medicine, P.O. Box- 05, Hawassa, Ethiopia.
  • Google Scholar
Adugna Degefa
  • Adugna Degefa
  • Hawassa University School of Veterinary Medicine, P.O. Box- 05, Hawassa, Ethiopia.
  • Google Scholar

  •  Received: 18 July 2014
  •  Accepted: 21 October 2014
  •  Published: 30 November 2014



Abunna F, Ayala D, Regassa A, Bekele J, Debela E (2011). Major Metacestodes in Cattle Slaughtered at Nekemte Municipal Abattoir, Western Ethiopia: Prevalence, Cyst Viability, Organ Distribution and Socio-economic Implications. BIOMIRROR 2(10):1-7.
Ahmadi N, Meshkehkar M (2011): An abattoir based study on the prevalence and economic losses due to cystic echinococcosis in slaughtered herbivores in Ahwaz, Southwestern Iran. J. Helminthol. 85(1):33-39.
Anwar A, Shamim H, Rana H, Khan M, Qudoos A (2000): Prevalence of Hydatidosis and biometrical studies in cattle. Pak. J. Agric. Sci. 37:1-2.
Arene F (1995): Prevalence of hydatidosis in domestic livestock in the Niger Delta. Trop. Anim. Health Prod. 17:3-4.
Assefa A, Tesfay H (2012): Hydatidosis in Cattle Slaughtered at Adigrat Municipal Abattoir, Ethiopia. Vet. World 6(10):734-738.
Azlaf R, Dakkak A (2006): Epidemiological study of the cystic echinococcosis in Morocco. Vet. Parasitol. 137(1-2):83-93.
Battelli G (1997). Evaluation of the economic costs of Echinococcosis. Int. Arch Hydatid 32:337.
Bekele J, Butako B (2011). Occurrence and financial loss assessment of cystic echinococcosis (hydatidosis) in cattle slaughtered at Wolayita Sodo municipal abattoir, Southern Ethiopia. Trop. Anim. Health Prod. 43(1):221-228.
Berhe G (2009). Abattoir survey on cattle hydatidosis in Tigray Region of Ethiopia. Trop. Anim. Prod. 41:1347-1352.
Bizuwork A, Nigatu K, Tariku T, Getachew T, Tesfu K (2013). Occurrences and Financial significance of bovine cystic echinococcosis in Southern Wollo, Northeastern Ethiopia. J. Vet. Med. Anim. Health. 5(2):51-56.
Craig PS, McManus DP, Lightowlers MW, Chabalgoity J, Garcia H, Gavidia C, Gilman R, Gonzalez A, Lorca M, Naquira C, Nieto A, Schantz PM (2007). Prevention and control of cystic echinococcosis. Lancet Infect. Dis. 7:385-394.
Cringoli G, Rinaldi L, Musella V, Veneziano V, Maurelli MP, DiPietro F, Frisiello M, Di Pietro S (2007). Geo-referencing livestock farms as tool for studying cystic echinococcosis epidemiology in cattle and water buffalooes from southern Italy. Geospat Health 2(1):105-111.
CSA (Central Statistical Agency) (2011). The Federal democratic re-public of Ethiopia central statistical agency, agriculture in figure key findings of the 2008/09-2010/11 agricultural sample surveys for all sectors and seasons country summary. FDRECSA Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. pp. 14-18.
Dalimi A, Motamedi G, Hosseini M, Mohammadian B, Malaki H, Ghamari Z, Ghaffari FF (2002). Echinococcosis/Hydatidosis in Western Iraq. Vet. Parasitol. 105:161-171.
Dechassa T, Kibrusfaw K, Desta B, Anteneh W (2012). Prevalence and financial loss estimation of hydatidosis of cattle slaughtered at Addis Ababa abattoirs enterprise. J. Vet. Med. Anim. Health. 4(3):42-47.
DeLahunta A, Habel RE (1986). Teeth. Applied Veterinary Anatomy. WB Saunders Company, USA.
Eckert J, Deplazes P (2004). Biological, epidemiological and clinical aspects of echinococcosis a zoonosis of increasing concern. Clin. Microbiol. Rev. 17(1):107-135.
Endrias A, Yechale T, Assefa M (2010). Bovine hydatidosis in Ambo municipal abattoir, West Shoa, Ethiopia. Ethiop. Vet J. 14(1):1-14.
FAO (1994): Meat inspection manual for developing countries, Rome, Italy.
Fredrick B, King S, John B, Musso M, Hetron M (2012). A Cross-Sectional Study Investigating Cystic Hydatidosis in Slaughtered Cattle of Western Province in Zambia. ISRN Parasitology. pp. 1-9.
Gebretsadik B (2009). Abattoir survey on cattle hydatidosis in Tigray Region of Ethiopia. Trop. Anim. Health Prod. 41:1347-1352.
Gemmell MA, Roberts MG, Beard TC, Campano Diaz S, Lawson JR, Nonnemaker JM (2001). Control of Echinococcus granulosus. In: Eckert J, Gemmell MA, Meslin FX, Pawlowski ZS Eds. WHO/OIE Manual on Echinococcosis in Humans and Animals: A Public Health Problem of Global Concern. World Organisation for Animal Health, Paris. pp. 195-203.
Getaw A, Beyene D, Ayana D, Megersa B, Abunna F (2010). Hydatidosis: prevalence and its economic importance in ruminants slaughtered at Adama municipal abattoir, Central Oromia, Ethiopia. Acta Trop. 113:221-225.
Gracey JF (1986). Meat hygiene, 8th ed. London: Baillere Tindall. London Philadelphia.Toronto. pp. 239-89.
Gracey JF, Collins DS, Huey RJ (1999). Meat Hygiene, 3rd edition. W.B. Saunders Company Ltd. pp. 669–678.
Himonas C, Frydas S, Antoniadou S (1987). The fertility of hydatid cyst in food animals in Greece In: Geerts S, Kumar V, Brandt J (eds.), Helminth Zoonoses. Martinus Nijjhoff Publishers, Netherlands. pp. 1-21.
Islam MK, Basaka SC, Majumder S, Sarder SA, Islam, AW, Mondal DM (2003). Cystic echinococcosis in domestic ruminants in Cox's Bazar of Bangladesh. Pak. J. Sci. Ind. Res. 46:251-254.
Jemere B, Wosenyelesh K, Shishun S, Desie S (2013). Prevalence and Financial Loss Estimation of Cystic Echinococcosis in Cattle Slaughtered at Mizan Tefri and Teppi Municipal Abattoir, South-Western Ethiopia. Eur. J. Appl. Sci. 5(1):12-18.
Jobre Y, Labago F, Tiruneh R, Abebe G, Dorchies PH (1996). Hydatidosis in three selected regions of Ethiopia: An assessment trail on the prevalence, economic and public health importance. Rev. Med. Vet. 11(147):797-804.
Karimuribo ED (2009). A retrospective survey of hydatidosis in livestock in Arusha, Tanzania, based on abattoir data during 2005-2007. Trop. Anim. Health Prod. 41:1253-1257.
Kaufman J (1996). Parasitic infections of domestic animals: A Diagnosrtic Manual. Basel: Boston Berlin: Birkhauser. P 88.
Kebede N, Abuhay A, Tilahun G, Wossene A (2009a). Financial loss estimation, prevalence and characterization of hydatidosis of cattle slaughtered at Debre Markos municipality abattoir, Ethiopia. Trop. Anim. Health Prod. 41:1787-1789.
Kebede N, Mitiku A, Tilahun G. (2009c). Hydatidosis of slaughtered animals in Bahir Dar Abattoir, Northwestern Ethiopia. Trop. Anim. Health Prod. 41(1):43-50.
Kebede N, Mokonnen H, Wossene A, Tilahun G (2009b). Hydatidosis of slaughtered cattle in Wolayita Sodo abattoir southern Ethiopia. Trop. Anim. Health Prod. 41:629-633.
Kebede W, Hagos A, Girma Z, Labago F (2009d). Echinococcosis/hydatidosis: Its prevalence, economic and public health significance in Tigray region, North Ethiopia. Trop. Anim. Health Prod. 41(6):865-871.
Koskei PK (1998). Prevalence and strain differentiation of Echinococcus granulosus in some selected sites of Ethiopia. Berlin and Ethiopia: Ferie Universitat and Addis Ababa University, M.Sc. thesis.
Manandhor S (2005). Occurrence of Echinococcosis/hydatidosis in slaughtered bufallos and E. granulosis in stray dogs in Kathmandu valley, Nepal. MSc Thesis Changmai University and Freie Universitat, Berlin.
McManus D (2006). Molecular discrimination of taeniid cestodes. Parasitol. Int. 55:31-37.
Melaku A, Lukas B, Bogale B (2012) Cyst Viability, Organ Distribution and Financial Losses due to Hydatidosis in Cattle Slaughtered at Dessie Municipal Abattoir, North-eastern Ethiopia. Vet. World 5(4):213-218.
Miheret M, Biruk M, Habtamu T, Ashwani K (2013). Bovine Hydatidosis in Eastern part of Ethiopia. MEJS 5(1):107-104.
Nicolson MJ, Butterworth MH (1986). A guide to condition scoring of Zebu cattle. International centre for Africa, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
Njoroge E, Mbithi P, Gathuma G, Wachira T, Gathura P, Magompo K, Zeyhle E (2002). A study of cystic echinococcusisin slaughtered animals in three selected areas of northern Turkana Kenya. Vet. Parasitol. 104(1):85-91.
Ogunrinade AF, Ogunrinade BI (1980). Economic importance of bovine fasciolosis in Nigeria. Trop. Anim. Health Prod. 12(3):155-160.
Oostburg BF, Vrede MA, Bergen AE (2000). The occurrence of polycystic echinococcosis in Suriname. Ann. Trop. Med. Parasitol. 94:247-252.
Parija SC (2004). Hydatid fluid as a clinical specimen for the etiological diagnosis of a suspected hydatid cyst. J. Parasit. Dis. 28(2):64-68.
Regassa A, Abunna F, Mulugeta A, Megersa B (2009). Major metacestodes in cattle slaughtered at Wolayita Sodo municipal abattoir, Southern Ethiopia: Prevalence, cyst viability, organ distribution and socioeconomic implications. Trop. Anim. Health Prod. 41(7):1495-15502.
Regassa F, Molla A, Bekele J (2010). Study on the prevalence of cystic hydatidosis and its economic significance in cattle slaughtered at Hawassa municipal abattoir. Trop. Anim. Health Prod. 42(5):977-984.
Sahar Adam M, Atif Elam A (2011): Study on hydatid cyst infection in Slaughterhouses in Khartoum state, Sudan. Arch. Appl. Sci. Res. 3(6):18-23.
Schaller KF, Kulus W (1972): Ethiopia, Ageomedical monograph. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, New York.
Shambesh MA, Craig PS, Macpherson CN, Rogan MT, Gusbi AM, Echtuish EF (1999). An extensive ultrasound and serologic study to investigate the prevalence of human cystic echinococcosis in Northern Libya. Am. J. Trop. Med. Hyg. 60:462-468.
Sisay MM, Uggla A, Waller PJ (2008). Prevalence and seasonal incidence of larval and adult cestode infections of sheep and goats in Eastern Ethiopia. Trop. Anim. Health Prod. 40:387-394.
Stata Corp (2001). Stata statistical software. Release 9.0 Lakeway drive, College station, Texas.
Thrusfield M (1995). Veterinary Epidemiology, 2nd Ed. Edinburgh, Blackwell science Ltd., UK. pp. 182-198.
Urquhart G, Armour J, Duncan J, Dunn AM, Jenning FW (1996). Vete-rinary Parasitology 2nd Ed. London: Blackwell Science. pp. 120-137.
Yitbarek D, Mulugeta T, Mihreteab B (2012). Prevalence of hydatidosis in ruminants Slaughtered at Abergelle Export abattoir, Mekelle, Northern Ethiopia. Glob. Vet. 9(4):490-496.
Zelalem F, Tadele T, Zelalem N, Chanda M, Nigatu K (2012). Prevalence and characterization of hydatidosis in animals slaughtered at Addis Ababa abattoir, Ethiopia. J. Parasitol. Vector Biol. 4(1):1-6.