Coastal areas, because of its unique natural resources, in every period of history of civilization have created a focal point, in terms of placement and use of a social order has become important. Both in the world and in Turkey, coastal areas, where the settlement and social and economic activities have become intense, are facing some problems. In Turkey, varieties of the climate, topography and the characteristics of habitation in the coastal areas are showed. There are subsisting several problems in the applications related to coastal planning. First of all, there have been striking differences in the socio-cultural life on different coastal regions. Secondly, the distance between coast line and shore buffer zone is fixed and the same for different regions of the country. Thirdly, residential and architectural typology appropriated for the physical conditions of the country's coastal regions is not in place yet. Finally, there are ambiguities in the coastal areas. In this study, a pilot area is located in east coast of Trabzon have been chosen for experimental work. Addition to this, the relationships between landownership and shore border line are examined by using geographical information systems (GIS). Cadastre maps and town maps have been digitased and transferred in to arc/info environment in order to make topology. Then attribute database pertaining to the parcels have been established to make analysis and queries regarding the relationship between shore border line and landownership. As the result of this study, it has been found that, the coast have not been used for public benefit, which are due to violates of constitutional law. The violations on coastal areas are due to both citizens and public organizations.
Key words: Land ownership, shore border line, geographical information systems.
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