Scientific Research and Essays

  • Abbreviation: Sci. Res. Essays
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1992-2248
  • DOI: 10.5897/SRE
  • Start Year: 2006
  • Published Articles: 2754

Full Length Research Paper

Isolation, characterization and outdoor cultivation of green microalgae Botryococcus sp.

C. Dayananda, A. Kumudha, R. Sarada and G. A. Ravishankar*
Department of Plant Cell Biotechnology, Central Food Technological Research Institute [Constituent laboratory of CSIR (Council of Scientific and Industrial Research)], Mysore- 570 020, India.
Email: [email protected]

  •  Accepted: 02 July 2010
  •  Published: 04 September 2010

Abstract

Samples of the green, colonial, unicellular microalgae Botryococcus spwere collected from freshwater ponds in Mahabalipuram, Tamil Nadu, India. Specimens were isolated and examined for morphological features using microscopic and scanning electron microscopic images and was found to be Botryococcus sp. The hydrocarbon analysis of its hexane extracts showed hexadecane (10.15%), heptadecane (17.82%) and pentacosane (18.74%) as its major hydrocarbons.  Further, the 18S rRNA sequence (GU182893.1) analysis has confirmed its taxonomical relationship to the order Trebouxiophyceae and has shown similarities with the reported species of the genus Botryococcus and in particular toBotryococcus braunii. Based on morphological features and 18S rRNA sequence analysis, the Indian isolate was designated as Botryococcus mahabali. Biomass analysis of B. mahabali showed 19% proteins, 18% carbohydrates and 14% lipid. It was found that its oil comprised mainly of hexadecadienoic acid (16:2), oleic (18:1), linoleic (18:2), and linolenic acids (18:3) as its major fatty acids.  Oleic acid is recognized to be the major fatty acid in most of the reported species of the genusBotryococcus and thus it can serve as another significant chemical signature for the Indian isolate.  Its pigment profile exhibited lutein (41.57%) and β-carotene (37.96%) as major carotenoids.  In view of its chemical profile, the algae was scaled up in open air raceway ponds in batch mode and the biomass yields were found to be 2 g/L (w/w) up on two weeks growth in outdoor raceway ponds. In conclusion, the results of the study reveal that an Indian isolate B. mahabali can be of relevance for its prospective applications from food to biodiesel feed stock.

 

Key words: Carotenoids, fatty acids, hydrocarbons, lipids, lutein, mass cultivation, raceway pond.