Science constitutes the theoretical foundation of technological innovation. And science develops on the basis of specific philosophical thoughts and cultural gene. The differences between Chinese and western philosophies and cultures determine the differences of their sciences. Some inspirations are offered based on profound analysis of the differences and the root cause of the development of Chinese and Western sciences. The way is proposed to China to authentically overtake western science and then create new knowledge out. It plays a very important role in whether it can catch up with the western developed countries in scientific and technological innovations or not.
Key words: The eastern and western sciences, philosophy, cultural gene, innovation.
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