Scientific Research and Essays

  • Abbreviation: Sci. Res. Essays
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1992-2248
  • DOI: 10.5897/SRE
  • Start Year: 2006
  • Published Articles: 2759

Full Length Research Paper

Development of regional gravimetric geoid model and comparison with EGM2008 gravity-field model over Korea

Suk-Bae Lee* and Chul-Young Kim
Department of Civil Engineering, Gyungnam National University of Science and Technology, Jinju 660-758, Korea.
Email: [email protected]

  •  Accepted: 23 December 2011
  •  Published: 23 January 2012


We constructed a regional geoid model and compared it with the EGM2008 global gravity-field model to evaluate the performance of EGM2008 for Korea. By using the Remove–Compute–Restore (RCR) technique, we developed an improved gravimetric geoid model JNUGEOID2010 on a 1 × 1′ grid by combining the EIGEN-GL04C global geopotential model (GGM), 8316 land-gravity data, an altimetry-derived marine gravity model DNSC08, and the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) digital elevation model (DEM). The computations were done using a two-dimensional four-band spherical fast Fourier transform (FFT) with 100% zero padding. In addition, we compared the Korean national gravimetric geoid model KGEOID98 to EGM2008. For the comparison, geometric geoid heights derived from 735 GPS-levelling stations were used. The smallest standard deviation of geoid height differences is ± 0.163 m for EGM2008 to degree and order 2190. Thus, we conclude that the new model EGM2008 is superior to the two regional gravimetric geoid models, JNUGEOID2010 and KGEOID98, for Korea.


Key words: Regional geoid model, EGM2008, Global geopotential models, GPS-levelling, geoid height, Korea.