Turkey is divided into nine agro-ecological regions with mountainous terrain in the periphery, a relatively flat central plateau and a narrow coastal strip. This country has diverse environment with mountains, valleys, plains and numerous rivers and lakes. Over a quarter of the country is covered with forests and woodlands. This results in marked variations in climate and vegetation around the country. Turkey and Iran (Iran Plateau) are centers of origin and diversity of many fruit species, such as apple, pear, cherry, rose, walnut, cornelian cherry, almond and more. Stone fruits comprise 20.0% of the total fruit production in Turkey, and apricot ranks first among stone fruits. Apricot can be grown in all regions of Turkey, except in the Eastern Black Sea Region and in the high plateaus of the East Anatolian Region. Turkey is a leading producer in both in fresh and dried apricots in the world. Although the percentage share of the fresh apricot trade is not significant, Turkey can enlarge this potential in the near future.
Key words: Apricot, Turkey, genetic resources, production.
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