Scientific Research and Essays

  • Abbreviation: Sci. Res. Essays
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1992-2248
  • DOI: 10.5897/SRE
  • Start Year: 2006
  • Published Articles: 2759

Full Length Research Paper

Use of urea-formaldehyde in the production of diatomite-based lightweight building components

M. Vehbi Gökçe1* and Ä°lhan Koç2
1Department of Architecture, Faculty of Architecture, NiÄŸde University, NiÄŸde,Turkey. 2Department of Architecture, Faculty of Engineering and Architecture, Selçuk University, Konya, Turkey.
Email: [email protected], [email protected]

  •  Accepted: 20 June 2012
  •  Published: 31 October 2012


This research, being the first research in the literature, investigates use of urea-formaldehyde, a widely used polymer, as a binder in producing diatomite-based lightweight building elements. Urea-formaldehyde and ground diatomite of granular size under 500 microns were blended at ratios of 10, 15, 20, 25, 30, 35, 40, 45, and 50% by volume and fired at temperatures ranging from 80 to 140°C  to obtain test samples. Compressive strengths and unit weights of samples were taken as basic evaluation criteria. Unit weights of the samples ranged from 0.43 to 0.74 g/cm3 and compressive strengths did from 0.1 to 4.3 N/mm2. The optimum values were obtained for the samples with 40% ratio being 0.7 g/cmfor the unit weight and 3.7 N/mmfor the compressive strength.


Key words: Diatomite, lightweight building element, binder, urea-formaldehyde, aggregate.