Scientific Research and Essays

  • Abbreviation: Sci. Res. Essays
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1992-2248
  • DOI: 10.5897/SRE
  • Start Year: 2006
  • Published Articles: 2748

Full Length Research Paper

Front line demonstrations on need based plant protection in pulses for enhancing productivity and profitability under farmer’s condition

A. K. Tripathi
  • A. K. Tripathi
  • Krishi Vigyan Kendra (JNKVV), Sagar (M.P.) 470002, India.
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K. S. Yadav
  • K. S. Yadav
  • Krishi Vigyan Kendra (JNKVV), Sagar (M.P.) 470002, India.
  • Google Scholar
V. P. Srivastava
  • V. P. Srivastava
  • Krishi Vigyan Kendra, Chhatarpur (M.P.), India.
  • Google Scholar


  •  Received: 09 February 2015
  •  Accepted: 02 March 2015
  •  Published: 15 March 2015

Abstract

Pulses have high nutritional value and worldwide commercial importance because these are rich source of protein and fibers. The productivity of pulses is lower in comparison to potential yield due to several biotic and abiotic stress. To show the productivity potential and profitability of need based plant protection in pulse crops (Black gram, Pigeonpea, Gram, pea and Lentil) total 74 front line demonstrations (FLDs) were conducted in 08 villages of Chhatarpur and Sagar districts of Madhya Pradesh under rain fed and partially irrigated condition. The pod borer (Helicoverpa armigera) population in Pigeonpea decreased by 56.6% with increase in seed yield (17.26%), net return Rs. 27430 and B:C ratio 5.03 with improved technology (IT) while larval population of pod borer in chick pea reduced by 80 per cent (from 1.5 to 0.3 per plant) with increase in yield of 28.1%. Yellow mosaic disease incidence in blackgram decreased significantly by application of Improved Technology by 61.5% (32.8 to 12.3%) which ultimately gave 50.7% higher grain yield. Seed treatment and soil application of Trichoderma viride decreased incidence of wilt disease by 68.6% in lentil and 68.1% in Gram, which also increased seed yield by 20.7 and 37.3% respectively. The management practice also gave net return of Rs. 15,230 and B:C ratio 3.37 in lentil crop and Rs. 25,650 net return and B:C ratio 4.0 in Gram as compared to FP plots (Rs. 11520 net profit and B:C ratio 3.08 for lentil and Rs. 17300 net profit and 3.27 B:C ratio for chickpea ).
 
Key words: Pigeonpea, gram, blackgram, IPM, Trichoderma viride, demonstration.