Scientific Research and Essays

  • Abbreviation: Sci. Res. Essays
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1992-2248
  • DOI: 10.5897/SRE
  • Start Year: 2006
  • Published Articles: 2758


Innovations in public sector-led agricultural extension

Directorate of Water Management (ICAR), Bhubaneswar- 751023, Odisha, India.
Directorate of Water Management (ICAR), Bhubaneswar- 751023, Odisha, India.
Email: [email protected]

  •  Accepted: 11 December 2012
  •  Published: 17 December 2012


This paper briefly analyse the genesis, development and change in public sector-led extension approaches in India showing its temporal pattern, emerging innovations in extension approaches and the way forward. It discusses decentralized, community based, pluralistic extension approaches and their opportunities as well as limitations in changing agricultural and natural resources scenario. The paper gives emphasis on the public sector-led agricultural extension approaches being tried in India and the lessons learnt which may have relevance in planning and implementing future agricultural extension initiatives in other developing and underdeveloped countries.


Key words: Extension reforms, extension approach, public funding, public delivery.