Scientific Research and Essays

  • Abbreviation: Sci. Res. Essays
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1992-2248
  • DOI: 10.5897/SRE
  • Start Year: 2006
  • Published Articles: 2753

Full Length Research Paper

Photosynthetic pigments, nitrogen status, and flower behavior in eggplant exposed to different sources and levels of potassium

Douglas José Marques
  • Douglas José Marques
  • Departamento de Ciência do Solo, Universidade Federal de Lavras, Lavras, Brazil.
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Fernando Broetto
  • Fernando Broetto
  • Departamento de Química e Bioquímica, Universidade Estadual Paulista, Botucatu, Brazil.
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Allan Klynger da Silva Lobato
  • Allan Klynger da Silva Lobato
  • Núcleo de Pesquisa Vegetal Básica e Aplicada, Universidade Federal Rural da Amazônia, Paragominas, Brazil.
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Ernani Clarete da Silva
  • Ernani Clarete da Silva
  • Universidade Federal de São João Del-Rei, Sete Lagoas, Brazil.
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Janice Guedes de Carvalho
  • Janice Guedes de Carvalho
  • Departamento de Ciência do Solo, Universidade Federal de Lavras, Lavras, Brazil.
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Fabrício William de Ávila
  • Fabrício William de Ávila
  • Departamento de Ciência do Solo, Universidade Federal de Lavras, Lavras, Brazil.
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Gustavo Antonio Ruffeil Alves
  • Gustavo Antonio Ruffeil Alves
  • Núcleo de Pesquisa Vegetal Básica e Aplicada, Universidade Federal Rural da Amazônia, Paragominas, Brazil.
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Izabelle Pereira Andrade
  • Izabelle Pereira Andrade
  • Núcleo de Pesquisa Vegetal Básica e Aplicada, Universidade Federal Rural da Amazônia, Paragominas, Brazil.
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  •  Accepted: 20 February 2012
  •  Published: 31 January 2013

Abstract

The aim of this study was to investigate (i) the influence of different sources and levels of potassium on photosynthetic pigments, (ii) measure nitrogen status in leaf, (iii) evaluate flower behavior in eggplant (Solanum melongena L.), and (iv) to identify a better potassium source to cultivation of this species. The experiment design used was in factorial scheme with randomized blocks, being composed by 2 potassium sources (KCl and K2SO4), combined with 4 levels of K2O (250, 500, 750 and 1000 kg ha-1). Nitrogen accumulation in leaf at 50 days after transplanting had a higher value with KCl compared with K2SO4. Results linked to aborted fruits presented similar effects to KCl and K2SO4. This study revealed that eggplant exposed to excess potassium did not have a negative effect on chlorophyll a and b, and nitrogen concentration in leaf was significantly modified due to increase in potassium level. In addition, greater levels of potassium produced negative consequences linked to flower and fruit abortion. Therefore, potassium source indicated for eggplant is potassium sulfate.

 

Key words: Solanum melongena L., potassium, flower, pigments, nutrition plant.