Scientific Research and Essays

  • Abbreviation: Sci. Res. Essays
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1992-2248
  • DOI: 10.5897/SRE
  • Start Year: 2006
  • Published Articles: 2754

Full Length Research Paper

Seismic slope stability analysis: A case study of Gurpinar, Istanbul

Ferhat Ozcep1*, Engin Erol2, Fatih SaraçoÄŸlu3 and Mustafa HaliloÄŸlu4
1Department of Geophysical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Istanbul University, Istanbul, Turkey. 2Granit Jeofizik, Catalca, Istanbul, Turkey. 3SRC Geoteknik ve Deprem MühendisliÄŸi, Istanbul, Turkey. 4Jeoson Yeraltı AraÅŸtırma ve Ä°nÅŸaat Merkezi, Istanbul, Turkey.
Email: [email protected]

  •  Accepted: 17 February 2010
  •  Published: 04 July 2010

Abstract

Slope failures triggered by earthquakes are one of the most important soil problems.  In this study, dynamic (earthquake) slope stability analysis was carried out in Gurpınar area. For this aim, in situ tests (SPT) were carried out and laboratory samples were obtained from 6 boreholes (max. depth 50m) to determine soil classification and strength characteristics. Moreover, geophysical studies (seismic refraction and MASW) were also carried out in the area to estimate the structure and strength characteristics of the slope to 50 m. All data, obtained in the field and laboratory, were used to construct the mechanical and structural (geometrical) behaviors of the slope.  To solve slope stability problem, a tree soil slope model was considered for the area. In a dynamic state, to estimate earthquake acceleration, seismic hazard analysis was carried out in the region. At the end of the analysis, while there is no problem in static condition/loads, some slope stability problems appeared with increasing earthquake acceleration. A geotechnical slope improvement project was proposed for the study area.

 

Key words: Seismic slope stability, earthquakes, Gurpinar, Istanbul