In the recent past, access graphs have been applied as a space syntax technique to analyze the spatial configuration of buildings in correlation with the social concepts. The aim of this study is to show the deficiencies in the use of the space syntax method in the examining of spatial relation in traditional houses in Iran. Traditional Iranian houses consider climate and privacy as very important factors for generating a sound social relationship between individual house and its occupants. It examined these factors in the cities of Masouleh, Gilan, Yazd and Shiraz using access graphs. In order to understand the two factors namely; cultural and climatic factors affecting the spatial relations in Iranian traditional houses during the varied seasons, the findings in this study are shown in three graphs rather than just the one as in a usual space syntax approach. This study also shows the necessity for the application of two graphs to represent the winter and summer use of interior spaces, and the use of an overall triple graph to demonstrate the entire house based on the use of Iranian home culture with respect to distinguishing the various functions of the rooms.
Key words: Spatial configuration, access graph, social relation, privacy, seasonal movement.
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