Scientific Research and Essays

  • Abbreviation: Sci. Res. Essays
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1992-2248
  • DOI: 10.5897/SRE
  • Start Year: 2006
  • Published Articles: 2754

Full Length Research Paper

Numerical investigation on reinforcement requirement for piles embedded in clay

Firas A. Salman1*, Mohammed Y. Fattah2, Mohammed M. Mohammed1 and Roslan Hashim1
1Department of Civil Engineering, University of Malaya, 50603 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. 2Building and Construction Engineering Department, University of Technology, Baghdad, Iraq.
Email: [email protected]

  •  Accepted: 02 September 2010
  •  Published: 18 September 2010


In this study the necessity of reinforcement in concrete pile (bored or driven) is assessed. The soil was assumed to be unsaturated and homogeneous clayey soil. Throughout the study, a finite element computer program was developed and the pile was modeled as a beam-on-elastic foundation. The soil is represented by discrete spring. The stiffness of each spring is considered to be linearly variable with depth. The moment loading, lateral loading, pile length, pile diameter, in addition to the angle of internal friction; soil density and soil cohesion were taken as parameter to study their effect on the extent of reinforcement along the pile shaft. It is concluded that for piles embedded in clay, a length of reinforcement not less than one-half the pile length is needed.


Key words: Clay, reinforcement requirements, bored piles, driven piles, pile reinforcement.