Scientific Research and Essays

  • Abbreviation: Sci. Res. Essays
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1992-2248
  • DOI: 10.5897/SRE
  • Start Year: 2006
  • Published Articles: 2739

Full Length Research Paper

Posttraumatic stress symptoms among college students in Sichuan compared to those in Shanghai 18 Months after 2008 Sichuan 8.0 earthquake

  Xingyuan Liu1, Yayuan Zheng2, Jiangmin Zhao3, Mingmin Wang2, Qin Zhan4, Qianyi Wang2, Mingxu Fu2, Yan Cheng5* and Junjie Xiao2,6
    1Department of Pediatrics, Tongji Hospital, Tongji University School of Medicine, Shanghai 200065, China. 2Tongji University School of Medicine, Shanghai 200092, China. 3Department of Radiology, Shanghai East Hospital, Tongji University School of Medicine, Shanghai 200120, China. 4Department of Neurology, Tongji Hospital, Tongji University School of Medicine, Shanghai 200065, China. 5Department of Psychiatry, Tongji Hospital, Tongji University School of Medicine, Shanghai 200065, China. 6Institute of Medical Genetics, Tongji University, 200092 Shanghai, China.  
Email: [email protected]

  •  Accepted: 15 November 2010
  •  Published: 31 December 2010

Abstract

 

 

The youth in less developed countries are more likely to be affected by an earthquake. However, no data on predictors of stress symptoms among college students after an earthquake in less developed countries was available. This study aims to compare the posttraumatic stress symptoms among college students in Sichuan to those in Shanghai 18 months after the Sichuan 8.0 earthquake and then evaluate the predictors. The PTSD Checklist-Civilian Version (PCL-C) was used to evaluate the posttraumatic stress symptoms among college students in Sichuan (n = 203) and Shanghai (n = 212) 18 months after the 2008 Sichuan 8.0 earthquake. Then, the predictors were analyzed. The PCL-C total score of college students in Sichuan was significantly higher than that in Shanghai (P < 0.01). There was a significant relationship between the PCL-C total score and experiencing earthquake, degree of the seism aesthesia, injured in the earthquake and having family, friends or others known died in the earthquake (P < 0.01). Having family members, friends, or others known died in the earthquake was a significant predictor of stress symptoms (P < 0.01). This finding will help build a knowledge base for public health practitioners to plan resources and strategies for post-disaster mental health recovery programs.

 

Key words: Earthquake, posttraumatic stress symptoms, PCL-C, college students.