The research was conducted in Banja District, Awi Zone, Amhara Notational Regional state of Ethiopia with aim of assessing and documenting the indigenous knowledge and skills on high land bamboo (HLB) and its management Practices. Five Kebeles were selected based on its potentials and significance to the community. A formal survey was carried out developing questionnaires and a total of 120 households were selected for the interview using simple random sampling techniques. Descriptive statistical tools were used to analyze the variables. Result of the study indicated that HLB growers were used for cash income (100%), soil erosion control (100%), house construction (100%), fencing (100%), environment amenity (100%), furniture (100%), Stream and river side protection (94.2%), fodder (99.48%), soil fertility maintenance (95 %), gully rehabilitation (91.75%) and fuel wood (90.8%). The offsetting propagation techniques (91.6%) of HLB was the most preferred but more than half (54.2%) farmers no skill and knowledge silvicultural management techniques. In addition, locally, farmers were classified HLB, based on their morphology into red, black and strip. Farmers classification of HLB weather correct or not scientifically should be verified.
Keywords: Ethiopia, highland bamboo, indigenous knowledge, management, varietal