Scientific Research and Essays

  • Abbreviation: Sci. Res. Essays
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1992-2248
  • DOI: 10.5897/SRE
  • Start Year: 2006
  • Published Articles: 2748

Full Length Research Paper

Probability of dry and wet spells over West Africa during the summer monsoon season

Jules Basse
  • Jules Basse
  • Laboratoire d’Océanographie des Sciences de l’Environnement et du Climat (LOSEC) Université Assane Seck de Ziguinchor Senegal.
  • Google Scholar
Moctar Camara
  • Moctar Camara
  • Laboratoire d’Océanographie des Sciences de l’Environnement et du Climat (LOSEC) Université Assane Seck de Ziguinchor Senegal.
  • Google Scholar
Ibrahima Diba
  • Ibrahima Diba
  • Laboratoire d’Océanographie des Sciences de l’Environnement et du Climat (LOSEC) Université Assane Seck de Ziguinchor Senegal.
  • Google Scholar
Arona Diedhiou
  • Arona Diedhiou
  • Université Grenoble Alpes IRD CNRS Grenoble INP IGE F-38000 Grenoble France.
  • Google Scholar


  •  Received: 08 March 2021
  •  Accepted: 10 June 2021
  •  Published: 31 July 2021

References

Afouda A Adisso P (1997). Etude stochastique des structures de séquences sèches au Bénin. Sustainability of Water Resources under Increasing Uncertainly (Proceedings of the Rabat Symposium S1) IAHS Publication 240 Rabat Maroc.

 

Arnaud M (1985). Contribution à l'étude stochastique markovienne des précipitations dans le bassin Adour-Garonne. Thèse présentée pour obtenir le titre de Docteur de l'Institut national polytechnique de Toulouse.

 
 

Ayanlade A Radeny M Morton JF Muchaba T (2018). Rainfall variability and drought characteristics in two agro-climatic zones: An assessment of climate change challenges in Africa. Science of the Total Environment 630:728-737.
Crossref

 
 

Besag J Mondal D (2013). Exact goodness-of-fit tests for Markov chains. Biometrics 69(2):488-496.
Crossref

 
 

Biao EI Alamou EA (2018). Stochastic Modelling of Daily Rainfall for Decision Making in Water Management in Benin (West Africa). Research journal of Advance Environmental Science 1: 12-21.
Crossref

 
 

Bichet A Diedhiou A (2018a). West African Sahel has become wetter during the last 30 years but dry spells are shorter and more frequent. Climate Research 75(2):155-162.
Crossref

 
 

Bichet A Diedhiou A (2018b). Less frequent and more intense rainfall along the coast of the Gulf of Guinea in West and Central Africa (1981-2014). Climate Research 76(3):191-201.
Crossref

 
 

Dabral P Purkayastha K Aram M (2014). Dry and wet spell probability by Markov chain model- a case study of North Lakhimpur (Assam) India. International Journal of Agricultural and Biological Engineering 7(6):8-13. 

 
 

Didi SRM Ly M Kouadio K Bichet A Diedhiou A Coulibaly HSJ Kouadio KKA Coulibaly TJH Obahoundje S and Savané I (2020). Using the CHIRPS Dataset to Investigate Historical Changes in Precipitation Extremes in West Africa. Climate 8(7):1b-1b.

 
 

Diedhiou A Janicot S Viltard A P de Felice (1998). Evidence of two regimes of easterly waves over West Africa and the tropical Atlantic. Geophysical Research Letters 25(15):2805-2808.
Crossref

 
 

Doto CV Niang D Zorom M Yacouba H (2020). Statistical Study of Dry Spells and Their Impact on Rainfed Corn in the Burkinabe Sahel. American Journal of Water Resources 8(1):31-37. 

 
 

Fatichi S Caporali E (2009). A comprehensive analysis of changes in precipitation regime in Tuscany. International Journal of Climatology 29(13):1883-1893. 
Crossref

 
 

Froidurot S Diedhiou A (2017). Characteristics of wet and dry spells in the West African monsoon system. Atmospheric Science Letters 18(3):125-131.
Crossref

 
 

Funk CC Peterson PJ Landsfeld MF Pedreros DH Verdin JP Rowland JD Romero BE Husak GJ Michaelsen JC Verdin AP (2014). A quasi-global precipitation time series for drought monitoring. U.S. Geological Survey 832(4). 
Crossref

 
 

Gabriel KR Newman J (1962). A Markov chain model for daily rainfall occurrence at Tel Aviv. Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society 88(375):90-95.
Crossref

 
 

Halder D Panda RK Srivastava RK Kheroar S Singh SP (2016). Stochastic analysis of rainfall and its application in appropriate planning and management for Eastern India agriculture. Water Policy 18(5):1155-1173. 
Crossref

 
 

Huffman GJ Adler RF Morrissey MM Bolvin DT Curtis S Joyce R McGavock B Susskind J (2001). Global precipitation at one-degree daily resolution from multisatellite observations. Journal of hydrometeorology 2(1):36-50.
Crossref

 
 

Huffman GJ Adler RF Rudolf B Schneider U Keehn PR (2007). The TRMM Multisatellite Precipitation Analysis (TMPA): Quasi-global multiyear combined-sensor precipitation estimates at fine scales. Journal of Hydrometeorology 8(1):38-55.
Crossref

 
 

Katz RW (1977). Precipitation as a chain-dependent process. Journal of Applied Meteorology 16(7):671-676.
Crossref

 
 

Kendall MG (1975). Rank Correlation Methods 4th edition. Charles Griffin London U.K

 
 

Kouadio K Bastin S Konare A Ajayi VO (2018). Does convection-permitting simulate better rainfall distribution and extreme over Guinean coast and surroundings? Climate Dynamics 55(1):153-174.
Crossref

 
 

Lamien N (2012). West Africa Agricultural Productivity Program (WAAPP),CORAF/WECARD. http://www.coraf.org/documents/fiches_projets/West_Africa_Agricultural_Productivity_Program.pdf

 
 

Mann HB (1945). Nonparametric tests against trend. Econometrica 13:245-259.
Crossref

 
 

Mathoulthi M Lebdi F (2008). Assessment of the reliability of reservoir dam operation for dry events. Hydrological Sciences Journal 53(6):1194-1207.
Crossref

 
 

Mathoulthi M Lebdi F (2009). Analyse statistique des séquences sèches dans un bassin du nord de la Tunisie. Hydrological Sciences Journal 54(3):442-455.
Crossref

 
 

Mitchell TD Jones PD (2005). An improved method of constructing a database of monthly climate observations and associated high?resolution grids. International Journal of Climatology: A Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society 25(6):693-712.
Crossref

 
 

Moon SE Ryoo SB Kwon JG (1994). A markov chain model for daily precipitation occurrence in South Korea. International Journal of Climatology 14(9):1009-1016. Doi: 551.577.2 (519.5):519.217.
Crossref

 
 

Nicholson S (2005). On the question of the "recovery" of the rains in the West African Sahel. Journal of Arid Environments 63(3):615-641.
Crossref

 
 

Nuga OA, Adekola LO (2018). A Markov chain analysis of rainfall distributions in three south western cities of Nigeria. Research Journal of Physical Sciences 6(4):1-5.

 
 

Pandharinath N (1991). Markov chain model probability of dry and wet weeks during monsoon periods over Andhra Pradesh. Mausam 42(4):393-400.

 
 

Poméon B Jakisch T Diekkrüger D (2017). Evaluating the performance of remotely sensed and reanalysed precipitation data over West Africa using HBV light. Journal of Hydrology 547:222-235.
Crossref

 
 

Raheem MA Ezepue PO (2016). A Three-State Markov Model for Predicting Movements of Asset Returns of a Nigerian Bank. CBN Journal of Applied Statistics 7(2):77-99.

 
 

Raheem MA, Yahya WB, Obisesan KO (2015). A Markov chain approach on pattern of rainfall distribution. Journal of Environmental Statistics 7(1):1-13.

 
 

Sall SM Viltard A Sauvageot H (2007). Rainfall distribution over the Fouta Djallon- Guinea. Atmospheric Research 86(2):149-161.
Crossref

 
 

Sarr AB Camara M (2018). Simulation of the impact of climate change on peanut yield in Senegal. International Journal of Physical Sciences 13(5):79-89. 
Crossref

 
 

Schamm K Ziese M Becker A, Finger P, Meyer-Christo_er A, Schneider U, Schröder M, Stender P (2014). Global gridded precipitation over land: a description of the new GPCC First Guess Daily product. Earth System Science Data 6(1):49-60.
Crossref

 
 

Selvaraj RS, Selvi ST (2011). Stochastic modelling of daily rainfall at Aduthurai. Research Journal of Science and Technology 3(2):80-84.

 
 

Shahraki N Bakhtiari B Ahmadi MM (2013). Markov chain model for probability of dry wet days and statistical analysis of daily rainfall in some climatic zone of Iran. Aerul ?i Apa: Componente ale Mediului 2013:399-406.

 
 

Sifer K Yemenu F Kebede A Quarshi S (2016). Wet and dry spell analysis for decision making in agricultural water management in the eastern part of Ethiopia West Haraghe. International Journal of Water Resources and Environmental Engineering 8(7):92-96.
Crossref

 
 

Sivakumar MVK (1992). Empirical analysis of dry spells for agricultural applications in West Africa. Journal of Climate 5(5):532-539.
Crossref

 
 

Sonnadara DUJ Jayewardene DR (2015). A Markov chain probability model to describe wet and dry patterns of weather at Colombo. Theoretical and Applied Climatology 119(1):333-340 
Crossref

 
 

Stern RD Cooper PMJ (2011). Assessing climate risk and climate change using rainfall data: a case study from Zambia. Experimental Agriculture 47(2):241-266.
Crossref

 
 

Sultan B Janicot S Drobinski P (2007). Characterization of the diurnal cycle of the West African Monsoon around the Monsoon Onset. Journal of Climate 20(15):4014-4032.
Crossref

 
 

Taylor CM, Beluši? D, Guichard F, Parker DJ, Vischel T, Bock O, Harris PP, Janicot S, Klein C, Panthou G (2017). Frequency of extreme Sahelian storms tripled since 1982 in satellite observations. Nature 544(7651):475-478.
Crossref

 
 

Tettey M Oduro FT Adedia D Abaye DA (2017). Markov chain analysis of the rainfall patterns of five geographical locations in the south eastern coast of Ghana. Earth Perspectives 4(1):1-11.
Crossref

 
 

Thirriot C (1986). Simplicité et efficacité des chaînes de Markov comme modèle de la pluviométrie. Arch Hydrotherapy 23:1-2.

 
 

Todorovic P Woolhiser DA (1975). A Stochastic Model of n Day Precipitation. Journal of Applied Meteorology 14:17-24.
Crossref

 
 

Wu MLC Reale O Schubert SD (2013). A characterization of African easterly waves on 2.5-6 day and 6-9 day time scales. Journal of Climate 26(18):6750-6774.
Crossref

 
 

Yoo C, Lee J, Ro Y (2016). Markov Chain Decomposition of Monthly Rainfall into Daily Rainfall: Evaluation of Climate Change Impact. Advances in Meteorology, 
Crossref