Scientific Research and Essays

  • Abbreviation: Sci. Res. Essays
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1992-2248
  • DOI: 10.5897/SRE
  • Start Year: 2006
  • Published Articles: 2755


Ecological governance in rural areas: Finnish approaches and practices

Li Jiang
  • Li Jiang
  • Ecological Construction Research Group, Faculty of Marxism, Hubei University, Wuhan 430062, P.R. China, Faculty of Technology, University of Vaasa, FI-65101 Vaasa, Finland
  • Google Scholar
Xianglin He
  • Xianglin He
  • Ecological Construction Research Group, Faculty of Marxism, Hubei University, Wuhan 430062, P.R. China.
  • Google Scholar
Erkki Hiltunen
  • Erkki Hiltunen
  • Vaasa Energy Institute, FI-65101 Vaasa, Finland.
  • Google Scholar

  •  Received: 16 June 2014
  •  Accepted: 24 July 2014
  •  Published: 15 August 2014



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Cai T, Zhao C, Xu Q (2012). Energy network dispatch optimization under emergency of local energy shortage. Energy 42(1):132-145.
Evans LS (2010). Ecological knowledge interactions in marine governance in Kenya.Ocean Coast.Manag. 53(4):180-191.
Finnish Environment Institute (2010).Wastes and waste management.
Kellomäki S, Strandman H, Nuutinen T, Peltola H, Korhonen KT, Väisänen H (2005). Adaptation of forest ecosystems, forests and forestry to climate change. FINADAPT Working Paper 4, Finnish Environment Institute Mimeographs 334, Helsinki, 44 pp.
Kettle CJ (2012). Seeding ecological restoration of tropical forests: Priority setting under REDD. Biol.Conserv. 154:34-41.
Kivinen K, Puhakka J, Kaunonen A (2006). Rural Finland 2015: The future operating environment of rural development work. Publications of the Rural Policy Committee.
Leung TF, Ko FW, Wong G (2006). Roles of pollution in the prevalence and exacerbations of allergic diseases in Asia. J. Allergy Clin. Immunol. 129(1):42-47.
Lier M, Parviainen J (2013).Integration of Nature Protection in Forest Policy in Finland. INTEGRATE Country Report. EFICENT-OEF, Freiburg.
Long H, Liu Y, Wu X, Dong G (2009).Spatio-temporal dynamic patterns of farmland and rural settlements in Su–Xi–Chang region: Implications for building a new countryside in coastal China. Land Use Policy. 26(2):322-333.
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Matikka V (2013). Rural Wastewater Treatment in Finland.Publication of Savonia University of Applied Sciences, Finland. Available at:
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Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry (2013). Finland's Rural Development Strategy for 2007 – 2013. National strategy plan pursuant to Council Regulation.Available at:
Ministry of Environment (2006). Competitiveness, welfare and eco-efficiency: Perspectives for spatial structure and land use in Finland. The Finnish Environment 31, Helsinki, Finland.
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Muilu T (2010). Needs for rural research in the northern Finland context.J.Rural Stud. 26(1):73-80.
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Parkes MW, Morrison KE, Bunch MJ, Hallström LK, Neudoerffer RC, Venema HD, Waltner-Toews D (2010). Towards integrated governance for water, health and social–ecological systems: The watershed governance prism. Glob. Environ.Chang. 20(4):693-704.
Piippo S (2013). Municipal Solid Waste Management in Finland.Greensettle project, University of Oulu, Finland.
Pincetl S, Jonas AE, Sullivan J (2011). Political ecology and habitat conservation for endangered species planning in Southern California: Region, places, and ecological governance. Geoforum 42(4):427-438.
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Robertson PJ, Choi T (2010). Ecological governance: Organizing principles for an emerging era. Public Adm. Rev. 70(s1):s89-s99.
Ruokojärvi A (2007). Lakepromo Summary: Rural wastewater treatment in Finland, the United Kingdom and Hungary. Savonia University of Applied Sciences, Series D 5/2007, KuopionkaupunkiPainatuskeskusPringting House, Kuopio, Finalnd.
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Sivrikaya F, Cakir G, Akay AE (2011). Factors of land use/cover change: A case study from Turkey. Sci. Res. Essays 6(17):3684-3696.
Tang CP, Tang SY (2014). Managing incentive dynamics for collaborative governance in land and ecological conservation.Public Adm. Rev. 74(2):220-231.
Tuukkanen M (2006). Jätevesiasetus "lyhyesti". Leaflet. Available at: (In Finnish).
Xie H, Liu Q, Liu G (2014). Evolution characteristics and driving forces of wetland changes in the Poyang Lake eco-economic zone of China.Sci. Res. Essays. 9(2):24-34.
Yu X (2014). Is environment 'a city thing' in China? Rural – urban differences in environmental attitudes. J. Environ. Psychol. 38:39-48.
Zhu L, Ketola T (2012). Microalgae production as a biofuel feedstock: risks and challenges. Int. J. Sustain.Dev. World Ecol. 19(3):268-274.
Zhu L, Li Z, Ketola T (2011). Biomass accumulations and nutrient uptake of plants cultivated on artificial floating beds in China's rural area. Ecol. Eng. 37(10):1460-1466.
Zhu L, Takala J, Hiltunen E, Li Z, Kristianto Y (2013). Comparison of vertical-flow constructed wetlands with and without supplementary aeration treating decentralized domestic wastewater. Environ. Technol. 34(1):53-60.
Zuo S, Mei H, Ye L, Li M (2011). Effect of eutrophication on cyanobacteria inhibition by Alternantheraphiloxeroides. Sci. Res. Essays. 6(31):6584-6593.