Scientific Research and Essays

  • Abbreviation: Sci. Res. Essays
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1992-2248
  • DOI: 10.5897/SRE
  • Start Year: 2006
  • Published Articles: 2768

Table of Content: 11 October, 2013; 8(38)

October 2013

Environmental challenges of Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) 4, 5 and 6: The roles of midwives in Nigeria

    With less than five years to the 2015 target set by the United Nations for the achievement of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), MDGs 4, 5 and 6 are still far from being achieved. Nigeria has the second highest maternal mortality and eighteenth highest child mortality in the world. Efforts to combat HIV and other diseases have recorded only marginal success. This paper identified...

Author(s): Akin-Otiko, Bridget Omowumi

October 2013

Research on truffles: Scientific journals analysis

  This analysis aims to provide an update in the recent truffle research through the chosen articles published in scientific journals. The journals were chosen based upon journal profiles and scientific prestige. Authors have considered publications from: Applied and Environmental Microbiology, Biochemical Journal, BMC Bioinformatics, BMC Genomics, Current Genetics, Environmental Microbiology, Eukaryotic Cell,...

Author(s): Małgorzata Gajos and Dorota Hilszczańska

October 2013

Development of genetic algorithm toolbox using MATLAB in cutting tool path optimization

  In this study, optimization of tool path is presented through simulation material removal using Finite Element Analysis (FEA) and control via Genetic Algorithm (GA). The computer code for GA is developed and is specifically designed using MATLAB programming. The developed GA toolbox was written in m-files script together with several built-in functions in order to import the text file generated by FEA...

Author(s): Nurhaniza Mohamad , M .K. A. Ariffin, Aidy Ali, F. Mustapha and I. M. Salleh

October 2013

Development of camera and GSM interfacing system for home security surveillance

  This project is developed with aims to improve home security systems available in current market. This project claims to produce a prototype camera and global system for mobile communication (GSM) interfacing system for home security surveillance. This system uses two sensors, namely ultrasonic and passive infrared receiver (PIR). The ultrasonic sensor is used to detect movement of objects and PIR...

Author(s): Mohammad Syuhaimi Ab-Rahman, , Aminatul Hidayah Asmir and Kasmiran Jumari,

October 2013

Prognostic influence of fatty infiltration on rotator cuff repair

  This study aimed to investigate the influence of preoperative supraspinatus and infraspinatus fatty infiltration on postoperative shoulder function recovery and analyze the relationship between preoperative supraspinatus and infraspinatus fatty infiltration and the retear rate after isolated supraspinatus full-thickness tear repair. Retrospective cohort study of 56 cases was carried out between 2005 and 2007...

Author(s): Shiqiu Chen, Shiyi Chen, Jiwu Chen, Yinghui Hua and Hongyun Li

October 2013

Study on the health-related quality of life after surgical treatment for lumbar stenosis

  Lumbar stenosis (LS) affected middle-aged people and may cause severe symptoms and functional impairment at lower limbs. We conducted a study in China to assess the HRQoL in patients operated on for LS, and investigate the possible determinants of HRQoL. From June 2008 to June 2010, 60 patients have been surgically treated for lunbar stenosis in our Hospital. The medical outcomes study short Form 36 (SF-36)...

Author(s): Yu FU, Zhenming HU, Hongjun HUO, Xuejun YANG, Yulong XIAO, Wenhua XING, Yan ZHAO and Feng LI

October 2013

Status of watersheds in southeast Nigeria

  The study assessed the status of watersheds in southeast, Nigeria. Participant observation, key informant interview and interview of heads of households were used for data collection. A total sample size of 412 respondents was involved in the study. The results of the study revealed a general decrease in various features in the watersheds. For instance, 99.5% of the respondents were of the opinion that forest...

Author(s): Enwelu, Innocent Achonam and Igbokwe, Edwin M.

October 2013

Modeling the performance of upflow anaerobic filter (UAF) reactors treating paper-mill wastewater using neural networks

  This study investigated the predictive ability of neural networks in the estimation of methane yield (MY) and effluent substrate (Se as mg/L COD) produced by two anaerobic filters, one mesophilic (35°C) and one thermophilic (55°C), which were operated to treat paper-mill wastewater at varying organic loadings. An artificial neural network (ANN) architecture was optimized to obtain a three-layer neural...

Author(s): Turan Yilmaz