Journal of
Pharmacognosy and Phytotherapy

  • Abbreviation: J. Pharmacognosy Phytother.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2141-2502
  • DOI: 10.5897/JPP
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 223


Systematic pharmacognostical, phytochemical and pharmacological review on an ethno medicinal plant, Basella alba L.

Shankul Kumar1, A. K. Prasad1, S. V. Iyer1 and S. K. Vaidya2
1Department of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry, GHB Pharmacy College, Aniyad (Gujarat), India. 2Department of Pharmacology, C. U. Shah College of Pharmacy, Wadhawan city, India.
Email: [email protected]

  •  Accepted: 20 February 2013
  •  Published: 30 April 2013


The ethno medicinal plant Basella alba belongs to the family Basellaceae, and commonly known as malabar spinach, indian spinach, ceylon spinach and vine spinach. Although it has been reported in ancient systems of medicine, it did not gain much importance and has always remained controversial. It has been found to be a good source of calcium, iron, vitamin A and vitamin C. In the Indian system of medicine, the plant has immense potential in androgenic activity, antiulcer activity, antioxidant, cytotoxic and antibacterial activity, anti-inflammatory activity, central nervous system (CNS) depressant activity, nephroprotective and wound healing properties etc. The present is therefore, an effort to give a detailed survey of literature on pharmacognostical, phytochemical, ethnopharmacology as well as the pharmacological activities of the plant.


Key words: Nephroprotective, cytotoxic, androgenic, antiulcer activity, antioxidant, spinach.