Accelerating Discovery

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Latest Published Articles

Stability of concentrated extracts of Hibiscus sabdarifa L. calyx during storage at different temperatures

December 2018 - Vol 12 Num. 12

Hibiscus sabdariffa L. (Malvaceae) calyx is a valuable food resource in Africa. This herb is rich in phenolic compounds and a good source of natural antioxidants. Concentrated extract prepared with Hibiscus sabdariffa L. calyx is commonly used in traditional African and Asian diets and medicines. However, the organoleptic...

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Effect of pretreatments on the microbial and sensory quality of weaning food produced from blends of sorghum and soybean

December 2018 - Vol 12 Num. 12

This study investigated the effect of pre-treatment on the microbial and sensory quality of weaning foods produced from blends of sorghum and soybean. Sorghum and soybean were fermented, roasted and fermented/roasted, then milled into flours. Untreated sorghum and soybean flours were also produced separately and serve as...

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Production and functional property of maize-millet based complementary food blended with soybean

December 2018 - Vol 12 Num. 12

Traditional complementary foods are mainly based on cereal grains which when cooked get gelatinized and swollen thereby making the diet viscous and bulky for infants and young children. This study was carried out to investigate the effect of fermentation, germination, and roasting methods on the functional properties of...

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Freeze and spray drying of Scaptotrigona bipunctata (Lepeletier, 1836) pollen - development and physicochemical characterization

December 2018 - Vol 12 Num. 12

This study was carried out to evaluate human consumption of the pollen of Scaptotrigona bipunctata colonies stored in pots; it was lyophilized and spray-dried in arrays of arabic gum and hydrolyzed collagen which have been widely applied to get products with best technological features and highest  biological...

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Enhancement of eritadenine production using three carbon sources, immobilization and surfactants in submerged culture with shiitake mushroom (Lentinula edodes) (Berk.) Singer)

December 2018 - Vol 12 Num. 12

In this study, the effect of three carbon sources (mannitol, minced potato and sucrose), two immobilization substrates (alginate and wood cylinders), and three surfactants (Tween 20, Tween 40 and Tween 80), were evaluated on eritadenine production using shiitake (Lentinula edodes) mycelium under submerged cultivation, in...

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Ethnobotanical study of indigenous knowledge on medicinal plants used to treat diseases in selected districts of Amhara Regional State, Ethiopia

December 2018 - Vol 12 Num. 29

This study was conducted in four districts of Amhara Region, Ethiopia. The aim of the study was to assess medicinal plants found in Menz gera, Siyadebirna Wayu, Antsokiya gemza and Bugna districts, Amhara region, Ethiopia. The ethnobotanical surveys were carried out from September 2017 to June 2018 using a semi-structured...

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Augmentation of docetaxel-induced tumor suppression in human ovarian cancer using selenium-enriched polysaccharides from Pyracantha fortuneana (Se-PFPs)

December 2018 - Vol 12 Num. 29

Pyracantha fortuneana (Maxim.) contains many healthy ingredients, including selenium-enriched polysaccharides. Selenium-enriched polysaccharides from P. fortuneana (Se-PFPs) have anti-mutation and anti-oxidation activities, along with anti-tumor activity in ovarian cancer and breast cancer cells. Docetaxel (DTX) is widely...

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Comparative analysis of capsaicin in twenty nine varieties of unexplored Capsicum and its antimicrobial activity against bacterial and fungal pathogens

December 2018 - Vol 12 Num. 29

In this study, the capsaicin content of chile pepper extracts from 29 unexplored varieties of Capsicum (twenty five varieties of Capsicum chinense and five of Capsicum annuum) was quantified and correlated with the antimicrobial potential against bacterial and fungal pathogens. The capsaicin content and bactericidal...

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Care of postpartum women following complicated labour and delivery at the University Teaching Hospital, Lusaka, Zambia: Self- reported practices by midwives

November 2018 - Vol 10 Num. 11

Although childbirth is considered to be a normal physiological process, complications leading to postpartum maternal mortality and morbidity may arise in 20% of the cases; it can affect the mother, foetus or both and may be long or short term. The aim of the study was to assess practices of midwives on the care of...

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Acceptance of prevention of mother to child transmission of HIV among pregnant women in Ogbomosho, Oyo State

November 2018 - Vol 10 Num. 11

Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) is a global public health crisis with sub Saharan Africa having a disproportionately high burden of the epidemic. Women and children in many settings experienced high rates of new infection, HIV related illnesses, and deaths. High rate of infection among women reflected directly on...

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Stress coping strategies used by the management staff of colleges of education in Nigeria

November 2018 - Vol 10 Num. 10

The study examined stress coping strategies used by the management staff of colleges of education in Nigeria. A descriptive research of the survey design was used for the study. The sample of the study consisted of 1500 respondents, comprising 294 principal officers, 294 deans of schools and 910 heads of departments....

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Effect and snags of provision of in-service education and training for teachers in basic schools for the deaf

November 2018 - Vol 10 Num. 10

Regular and effective provision of in-service training for teachers is a necessary practice for the educational development of any country. The provision of effective in-service training and education for special teachers is however bedeviled with many challenges. To appraise the effect and problems of in-service training...

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Shared governance: Determining faculty members’ current level of participation in institutional decision making in Shaqra University and TVTC

November 2018 - Vol 10 Num. 10

University shared governance refers to the control and administration of higher education institution in which faculty members, administrators, and trustees share equal responsibilities. Currently, shared governance between faculty members and administrators inside academic institutions is still an unending point of...

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Prevalence and socio-demographic factors associated with malaria infection among children under five years in Tanzania

November 2018 - Vol 10 Num. 11

Malaria is one among four main infectious diseases leading in death for the under-five children in Africa. This study aim to determine prevalence of malaria and social demographic factors related with children under-five in Tanzania. The study used cross section data extracted from Tanzania demographic health survey...

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Bacteriology of Opa River, Ile-Ife, Nigeria and its public health implication on selected bordering areas

November 2018 - Vol 10 Num. 11

This study determined the bacteriological quality of water from the Opa River and assessed the impact of human behaviour on the quality of water along the river course. Twenty five water samples were collected over a period of five weeks at five selected points based on population clusters along the river. A hundred...

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Assessment of the unmet needs of contraception among female undergraduate students in southern Nigeria

November 2018 - Vol 10 Num. 11

The proportion of women who have an unmet need for modern contraception is highest (24%) in Sub-Saharan Africa, which is double the world average of 12% in 2015. This unmet need leads to unintended pregnancies, unsafe abortions and limitation of women’s ability to achieve educational, employment and economic goals....

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Prevalence and intensity of urinary schistosomiasis in Ogun state, Southwest, Nigeria

November 2018 - Vol 10 Num. 11

Schistosomiasis is an environmentally-mediated disease that depend on the presence of suitable habitats for snails, which serve as intermediate hosts for the causative parasites. Research has shown that the disease is endemic in Osun state and remains unabated. Until now, there has never been any mapping of the disease in...

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Improving the quality of Alaska Native Village climate change planning

November 2018 - Vol 11 Num. 10

Alaska Native Villages (ANVs) are trying to adapt to some of the most extreme climate change in the nation; but the planning systems in place for these communities are not necessarily leading to adaptive actions. Based on reviews of existing plans as well as interviews and conversations with 153 people that live in ANVs...

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Spatial linkages of local market in Nepal: A case study of Panchkhal Kavrepalanchowk, Nepal

November 2018 - Vol 11 Num. 10

Market centers are the points of interactions for socio-economic functions and services. The relative importance of the market centers are largely dependent on the functional range and magnitude which includes both commercial and non-commercial functions offered by market centers. This study tries to analyze the spatial...

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Prospects for sustainable cocoa farming from the rainfall balance in the last thirty years at Lôh-Djiboua and Gôh post-pioneer regions, Côte d’Ivoire

November 2018 - Vol 9 Num. 11

The rainfall disturbances observed in the recent decades in Côte d'Ivoire constitute a constraint for sustainable cocoa production, the mainstay of the Ivorian economy. These disturbances constitute, in addition to the losses of production and those from the quality of the cocoa beans, one of the causes of the...

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