Accelerating Discovery

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Latest Published Articles

Toxin and toxin-binders affecting the performance, organs, haematology and histological characteristics of broilers fed with infected diets

February 2019 - Vol 10 Num. 2

The potency of four varieties of toxin binders (labeled A, B, C and D) on the physiological status of broiler birds fed with diets infected with aflatoxin was investigated. Six experimental diets were formulated: Diet 1 was infected with aflatoxin without binders, Diets 2 to 5 were infected but binders A, B, C or D were...

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Effects of snail offal meal on performance of broiler chickens

February 2019 - Vol 10 Num. 2

The study investigated the effects of inclusion of various levels of snail offal meal (SOM) on the performance of broiler chickens. The study was carried out in the animal farm of the Department of Animal Science, Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Awka Anambra State. The experiment was designed on a 4×3 Completely...

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Major causes of chicken mortality in and around Hawassa City, Sidama Zone, Southern Ethiopia

February 2019 - Vol 10 Num. 2

A cross sectional study was conducted from November 2017 to March 2018, to assess major causes of chicken mortality and identifying parasite types in and around Hawassa city, Southern Ethiopia. One hundred sixty respondents were selected using multistage sampling technique. Questionnaire and laboratory data were analyzed...

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Effects of sources of dietary protein supplemented to oat-vetch hay mixture on milk yield and milk composition of crossbred dairy cows

February 2019 - Vol 10 Num. 2

The experiment was conducted in Debre Zeit Agricultural Research Center with the objective of evaluating the effects of sources of dietary protein supplemented to oat-vetch mixture hay on milk yield, milk composition and profitability in lactating crossbred dairy cows. Four high grade cross bred (Holstein Friesian ×...

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Urban poultry production systems and constraints of local and exotic chickens reared in Yirgalem and Hawassa Towns, Ethiopia

February 2019 - Vol 10 Num. 2

Rearing of chicken plays important roles on both the rural and urban economy of Ethiopia. This study was conducted to assess urban poultry production system and productive performance of local and exotic chickens reared at Yirgalem and Hawassa towns of Southern Ethiopia. Stepwise purposive sampling method followed by...

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Water quality problems, related challenges and their impacts on Ethiopian fishery

February 2019 - Vol 13 Num. 2

The purpose of this review article is to explore the drivers of the water quality problems and associated impacts and mitigation schemes of the fishes and fisheries in Ethiopia. Data were obtained from both published and unpublished online documents as well as from different Ethiopian universities and institutions. The...

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Modelling and simulation of atmospheric conditions impact on photovoltaic production in Saint Louis area

February 2019 - Vol 13 Num. 2

In this study, we worked on the modelling and the simulation of atmospheric conditions impact on photovoltaic production in Saint Louis area. Using Ineichen's model based on the disorder factor of Link, an assessment of sunshine in the study area was made. A characterization of the irradiation is elaborated by...

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Conditions of available sources of water for domestic use in selected communities in Ado-Ekiti, Ekiti State, Nigeria

February 2019 - Vol 13 Num. 2

The challenges of high quality water for domestic use and particularly for potability must be overcome in its entire ramification for health and ecological environment. The aim of this study is to identify the conditions of domestic water sources in Ado-Ekiti. One water sample was drawn from the two different sources of...

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Waves-waves collide induced by different wind directions caused high exchanged in the water level at the open area Shallow Lake, China

February 2019 - Vol 13 Num. 2

Wind from different directions induce waves-waves to collid at the central zone of Taihu Lake. It causes exchange in water bodies and release of internal nutrients which increases algal bloom. This study aims to analyz the impact of the interactions between waves-waves collision from different directions and different...

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Review on gendered perspective of household’s participation in agricultural activities in Ethiopia

January 2019 - Vol 11 Num. 1

Gender is a crosscutting issue that attracts the attention of development professionals, policy makers and politicians. It is due to the fact that in any development, interventions involvement of women has become compulsory. To this end, considering the roles of men and women is very important, and gender roles vary...

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Enhancing sorghum yield through demonstration of improved sorghum varieties in Tanqua-Abergelle Wereda, Central Zone of Tigray, Ethiopia

January 2019 - Vol 11 Num. 1

With the aim of improving food security through enhanced production and productivity of sorghum a demonstration of two improved sorghum varieties (Chare and Melkam) was conducted in two selected Kebelle (Shekha-Tekhli and Agbe) of Tanqua-Abergelle Wereda. A total of 100 farming households (88 male and 12 female) who are...

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Effects of chemical modification on functional and physical properties of African star apple kernel (Chrysophyllum albidnum) starch

January 2019 - Vol 13 Num. 1

Starch isolated from Chrysophyllum albidnum (African star apple) was subjected to modification by acetylation, carboxymethylation and succinylation process. Chemical modifications effect on functional properties as well as physiochemical parameters of starch was analysed. The percentage yield of native starch was...

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Assessment of woody species in agroforestry systems around Jimma Town, Southwestern Ethiopia

January 2019 - Vol 11 Num. 1

Woody species are the major components of traditional agroforestry systems. These species vary across the different types of agroforestry practices in different parts of Ethiopia. This study was conducted to assess woody species across land use in three different sites around Jimma town, Southwest Ethiopia. A total of 100...

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The dynamics of medicinal plants utilization practice nexus its health and economic role in Ethiopia: A review paper

January 2019 - Vol 11 Num. 1

Medicinal plants play important roles in human and animals disease treatment. 1000 medicinal plant species are identified and reported in the Ethiopian Flora. They contribute and is more preferable for new drug development. Ethiopia has the potential to become an important source country, given the diversity of plants and...

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Impacts of human activities on wildlife: The case of Nile Lechwe (Kobus megaceros) Gambella National Park, Southwest Ethiopia

January 2019 - Vol 11 Num. 1

Assessing human-induced threatening factors to wildlife is the basis in determining and proposing appropriate conservation measures. The present study was conducted to assess impacts of human activities on wildlife in Gambella National Park, Southwest of Ethiopia, from October 2015 to March 2016, focusing on the case of...

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On farm diversity of barley landraces in North Western Ethiopia

January 2019 - Vol 11 Num. 1

Barley is one of the major cereal crops grown in Ethiopia. The diversity of barley landraces kept for generations in Ethiopia is nowadays subject to genetic erosion. This is true in North Gondar highlands of the country as well. This research was therefore initiated with the aim of studying the farm diversity status of...

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Ecological distribution, diversity and use of the genus Digitaria Haller (Poaceae) in Senegal

January 2019 - Vol 11 Num. 1

The genus Digitaria Haller is one of the most important of grass flora of Senegal by both its specific richness and the socio-economic value of its species. Despite this importance, no studies have been done specifically on these species. This study aims, therefore, to document the diversity, distribution, ecology and...

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Effect of particle size of selected composite spices on storability of fried meat

January 2019 - Vol 13 Num. 1

Meat is a good source of many nutrients and protein in the human diet. In this study, strips of marinated beef were deep fried in oil, packaged and stored under three storage conditions. The study was carried out to determine the proximate composition, oxidative and microbial stability of meat sample marinated with spices...

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Assessment of exposure to staphylococcal enterotoxins genes by consumption of ready to consume milk products in milk shop outlets in Mbeya, Tanzania

January 2019 - Vol 13 Num. 1

This study assessed the exposure of humans to Staphylococcus species expressing the Enterotoxins genes (SEs) through consumption of boiled-milk-served-hot and fermented milk in Mbeya, Tanzania. A survey involving 120 consumers revealed that 67.5% of the respondents were buying raw milk from milk shops for home...

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Effect of drying on the nutrient and anti- nutrient composition of Bombax buonopozense sepals

January 2019 - Vol 13 Num. 1

Bombax buonopozense is one of the underutilized plants in West African. Most of the parts of this plant are used by some populace in West Africa for medicinal and nutritional purposes while the sepals mostly go waste. The objective of this study is to evaluate the effect of different drying methods on some nutritional and...

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