Accelerating Discovery

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Latest Published Articles

Health service in Brazilian private and public hospitals: Budgetary participation, feedback and performance from clinical managers’ perception

November 2020 - Vol 14 Num. 11

Budgetary control is pointed as a managerial mechanism suitable for cost reduction and control as well as performance evaluation of institutions. In health organizations, budget is used for funds allocation, coordination, control and communication of the institutions’ strategies.  In this context, the research...

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Sunday consumer behavior: A case study in retail marketing

November 2020 - Vol 14 Num. 11

The Sunday opening of shops is a very debated topic on both international and national levels. On a European level, the regulation of Sunday work is varied, with most Member States that, like Italy, do not impose restrictions on openings and working hours. The present work aims to analyze the European reference framework...

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Phytochemical screening and antimicrobial activity of methanol extract of Garcinia Kola Heckle fruit mesocarp

November, 2020 - Vol 14 Num. 11

The phytochemical screening and antimicrobial activities of the methanol extract of Garcinia kola fruit mesocarp were investigated against four bacteria and two fungi in the study. The extract was investigated for the presence of phytochemicals using standard phytochemical screening methods. The results revealed the...

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Inhibitory effects of Anadenanthera colubrina (Vell.) Brenan stem bark extract on α-glucosidase activity and oxidative stress

November, 2020 - Vol 14 Num. 11

In this study, we investigated the promising potential of Anadenanthera colubrina bark extract (BEAc) as a product to combat diabetes mellitus (DM). We evaluated the inhibitory effects of BEAc on α-glucosidase and the oxidation of biomolecules, as well as its main phytoconstituents. In terms of free radical...

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Lavandula angustifolia aqueous extract ameliorates anxiety and depressive-like behaviors in chronic mild stress-treated male rats

November, 2020 - Vol 14 Num. 11

The study aims to show the possible anxiolytic and antidepressant-like properties of an oral lavender’s flower aqueous extract (LAE) in chronic mild stress (CMS) model of rats. Test and control rats received LAE (200 or 400 mg/ kg) and distilled water respectively. Tests of Sucrose preference (SP), elevated plus...

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Pesticide residues in locally produced grape wine in Tanzania: a case study of Dodoma urban and Bahi districts

November 2020 - Vol 14 Num. 10

The aim of this study was to assess the level of pesticide residues in locally produced grape wine in Tanzania. Fifty samples of grape wine from different locations in Dodoma urban and Bahi district were analyzed to determine the presence of 49 pesticides using the quick, easy, cheap, effective, rugged and safe (QuEChERS)...

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Biochemical composition of Saba senegalensis fruits from Burkina Faso

November 2020 - Vol 14 Num. 10

The aim of this study was to determine the biochemical characteristics of the fresh pulp and the dried hulls of Saba senegalensis fruits collected in seven localities of Burkina Faso. The biochemical composition of the samples was determined using standards methods. Results showed that the pulp presented mean values of...

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Changes in physicochemical properties and bioactive compounds of tomato pulp submitted to different processing techniques

November 2020 - Vol 14 Num. 10

Tomato is a vegetable/fruit highly consumed all other the world. This study was to assess the effect of some postharvest processing such as thermal treatment, microwave, ultrasound and ultrasound combined with heat treatment on some physicochemical characteristics as well as nutrients content of tomato pulp during storage...

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Conceptualization and designing of a beef quality determination framework based on beef supply chain in Tanzania

November 2020 - Vol 14 Num. 10

A framework for determining the quality of beef was developed based on the assessment of Beef Supply Chain (BSC) between the slaughter and retail points. In this respect, slaughtering, distribution, retailing and consumer preferences models were developed for assessing the beef processing designed features (BPDFs) across...

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Assessment of the heavy metal - levels in the incinerators bottom-ash from different hospitals in Dares Salaam

November 2020 - Vol 14 Num. 11

Understanding content of bottom ashes from incinerator especially toxic heavy metals is an important step towards ash utilization. The aim of this paper was to evaluate heavy metals levels of in bottom-ash from hospital waste incinerators in four different hospitals in Dar es Salaam city (Muhimbili National Hospital and...

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Estimation of Mg, Cd, and Ni levels in urban waterfront using one-dimensional transport model

October-December, 2020 - Vol 12 Num. 4

Accurate quantification of heavy metals is essential for optimizing remedial efforts at polluted waterfronts. Although surface water quality models can be helpful tools for rapid quantification of heavy metals in streams, they cannot be extrapolated to other water bodies. This study estimated Mg, Cd, and Ni levels in one...

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The effect of critical thinking education on the critical thinking skills and the critical thinking dispositions of preservice teachers

October 2020 - Vol 15 Num. 10

The aim of this study is to identify the dispositions and opinions of prospective teachers towards critical thinking and to develop primarily their critical thinking dispositions. Pretest-posttest research design was implemented in this study without a control group. The study group was formed with the purposive sampling...

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Antiviral activities of ellagitannins against bovine herpesvirus-1, suid alphaherpesvirus-1 and caprine herpesvirus-1

October-December 2020 - Vol 12 Num. 4

In vitro antiviral activity of three ellagitannins - castalagin, vescalagin and grandinin was investigated against replication of three of the most common herpes viruses infecting animals, namely bovine herpesvirus-1 (BoHV-1), suid alphaherpesvirus-1 (SuHV-1), and caprine herpesvirus-1 (CapHV-1). The cytopathic effect...

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Public open spaces in Crisis: Appraisal and observation from metropolitan Kathmandu, Nepal

October-December 2020 - Vol 13 Num. 4

There is an emerging debate in the literature of urbanism that public open space is in crisis in the cities of developing countries due to the increasing trends of urbanization and in-migration. With the significant growth of the urban population and rapid expansion of the city, the land demand for housing and other...

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Hypoglycemic and antihyperglycemic activities of the aqueous ethanolic extracts of Gymnema sylvestre (RETZ) R. Br. Ex SCHULT and Sclerocarya birrea (A RICH) HOCHST

October, 2020 - Vol 14 Num. 9

Gymnema sylvestre (Retz.) R. Br. ex Schult (Asclepiadaceae) and Sclerocarya birrea (A. Rich) Hochst (Anacardiaceae) are two plants used in Burkina Faso in traditional medicine and in the form of phytomedicine in the treatment of diabetes. This study evaluated the effect of aqueous ethanolic extracts of leaves of Gymnema...

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A review for selecting medicinal plants commonly used for malaria in Uganda

October, 2020 - Vol 14 Num. 9

The menace of current cases of parasite resistance to antimalarial drugs, non- availability and accessibility, and the high costs of pharmaceutical products contribute to the high rate of medicinal plants consumption in the treatment of malaria in Uganda. Different ethnobotanical surveys on medicinal plants with...

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Numerical and laboratory investigation of effect of soil reinforcement on settlement of strip foundations

October-December, 2020 - Vol 12 Num. 4

Reinforcement of loose soils with geosynthetics in order to achieve a strengthened soil-reinforcement system, with enhanced tensile strength and reduced settlement is an important subject in the field of geotechnical engineering. In this study, a soil reinforcement system was used to increase the bearing capacity of sandy...

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Source predictions of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAHs) concentration in water, sediment, and biota (FISHES) from Ethiope River, Delta State, Southern Nigeria

October-December 2020 - Vol 12 Num. 4

This study was carried out to predict the source of the sixteen priority polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH) compounds in water, sediment, and biota samples from River Ethiope, Delta State, Southern Nigeria. The samples were extracted using soxhlet extraction and analysed with GC/FID. Results obtained for total...

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Trends in livelihoods options over a five year period: A case of Murewa smallholder farmers

October-December 2020 - Vol 14 Num. 4

Inter and intra seasonal trends in livelihoods options have been reported at country and rarely at ward level in Zimbabwe. Evidence based on local level trends in livelihoods options is rare. This study thus   reviewed data on livelihoods activities based on the Agriculture Food Security Monitoring System...

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Effects of furrow dimensions on water productivity and yield of onion at small scale Irrigation Ilu Gelan district West Shoa Ethiopia

October-December 2020 - Vol 12 Num. 4

This study was conducted at the Ilu Gelan district Western Shewa zone of Oromia Regional State to evaluate the impacts of furrow dimensions on yield and water productivity of onion. The experiment was laid out in a randomized complete block design with three treatments replicated four times. The experimental treatments...

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