Accelerating Discovery

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Latest Published Articles

Solar wind and geomagnetic activity during two antagonist solar cycles: Comparative study between the solar cycles 23 and 24

October-December, 2022 - Vol 17 Num. 3

To better understand the geomagnetic conditions and the particularities of solar cycles 23 and 24, we present analysis from morphological variations of solar and geomagnetic activities parameters IMF-Bz, the interplanetary electric field (E), the proton density (N), Dst (disturbance storm time), Polar cap (PC) indices...

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Polycentric irrigation water governance: Irrigation water users associations service delivery in Ketar subbasin, Ethiopia

October, 2022 - Vol 18 Num. 10

Polycentric irrigation water governance allows community institutions to deliver better irrigation services. This study examined the Irrigation Water User Associations (IWUAs) service delivery performance in the Ketar subbasin, Ethiopia, focusing on four irrigation schemes. The irrigation water user associations in the...

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Effect of high hydrostatic pressure on the meat of collared peccaries (Tayassu tajacu) with different ages

September - Vol 16 Num. 9

This study aimed to assess the effect of high hydrostatic pressure (HHP) applied in the post-rigor period, on the physical and chemical parameters of the meat (Longissimus thoracis et lumborum) of peccary (Tayassu tajacu) obtained from animals of different ages. Pressures ranged from 100 to 400 MPa were applied to the...

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Interactive effect of moisture content and storage condition on biochemical seed quality of common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) in Ghana

July-December 2022 - Vol 13 Num. 2

Common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) is consumed by over 200 million people in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). CSIR-Crops Research Institute in 2016 officially released the first four commercial varieties. This research was undertaken to determine the interactive effect of moisture content and storage condition on the seed...

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Antioxidants and antigenotoxic properties of Rhizopus oligosporus fermented cassava (Manihot esculenta Crantz)

July-September - Vol 16 Num. 3

The antioxidant and antigenotoxic effects of solid state fermented cassava (Manihot esculenta Crantz) using Rhizopus oligosporus were investigated. Solid state fermentation was carried out for 72 h at room temperature under acidic and basic conditions. Total phenolic content was significantly (p<0.05) higher in...

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Ethnopharmacological investigation on Msindzano, a beauty mask used by Comorian women: What plants for what mixtures, for what applications?

September, 2022 - Vol 16 Num. 9

Although extensively used by Comorian women, limited information exists on Msindzano beauty masks. Thus an ethnopharmacological survey was conducted on two islands of the Comoros archipelago: Ndzuani and Ngazidja. An open-ended, semi-structured questionnaire was employed for data collection on the different plants used...

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Personality traits, personal motivations, and online news and social media commenting

July-September 2022 - Vol 14 Num. 3

Among the most popular online platforms for commenting following a news story are Facebook, Twitter and on the news website itself. Using personality characteristics, including from the Big-Five schema (extraversion, neuroticism, openness to experience, agreeableness and conscientiousness) and the Dark Tetrad frame...

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Empty hands and solitude: A grounded theory study of begging in Mashhad

July-September 2022 - Vol 14 Num. 3

The aim of this study is to identify the conditions which encourage some people to start begging using a grounded theory approach. As such, 23 beggars in a city called Mashhad were selected through theoretical sampling in 2020. The data collection techniques included participatory observation and in-depth interviews....

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The impacts of post plantation management practices on growth and survival rate of selected tree species in Mirab Abaya District, Southern Ethiopia: An experimental approach

July-September 2022 - Vol 14 Num. 3

The impacts of post-plantation management practices (urea, farm yard manure, and combinations of urea and farmyard manure) on the growth and survival rates of selected indigenous and exotic tree species Cordia africana, Olea europaea, Grevillea robusta, and Cupressus lusitanica at Sutte micro-watershed, Morode kebele in...

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Determinants of farmers’ sustainable land management practices implementation in Sekoru District, Jimma Zone, Oromia National Regional State, Southwest Ethiopia

July-December 2022 - Vol 9 Num. 2

The overall objective of the study is to assess the determinants of farmers’ implementation of sustainable land management practices. To achieve the objective of the study, cross sectional research design and mixed research approach were used. To answer research questions and attain those research objectives stated...

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Modified ultrafiltration does not improve outcome of pediatric cardiac surgery: A meta-analysis

September 2022 - Vol 14 Num. 4

Although it is generally accepted that modified ultrafiltration (MUF) improves operative outcomes in pediatric cardiac surgery, the evidence for this remains equivocal. Previous meta-analyses have been affected by significant patient and method heterogeneity. Google Scholar and PUBMED were searched between January 1st...

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Development of fish feeds for African catfish (Clarias gariepinus Burchell 1822) farming in Sierra Leone, West Africa

July-December 2022 - Vol 14 Num. 2

This preliminary study was carried out to formulate high quality least-cost feed for the farming of African catfish (Clarias gariepinus Burchell 1822) in Sierra Leone. Locally sourced feed ingredients with vitamin premixes, lysine and methionine were used to formulate a 45% crude protein feeds for the African catfish....

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Assessing the impact of a budget cage technology on Nile Tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) production in the Bontanga, Golinga and Libga reservoirs in Northern Ghana, Africa

July-December 2022 - Vol 14 Num. 2

The potential of irrigation reservoirs in northern Ghana to support Nile Tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) production in 1 m3 budget cages was assessed over six-months in three reservoirs (Bontanga, Golinga and Libga). Fingerlings with a mean weight of 17.0 ± 5.0 g were randomly stocked at 50, 100, 150, 200 and 250...

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Analysis of measles case-based surveillance data in Afar Regional State, Ethiopia, from 2013 to 2017

September 2022 - Vol 4 Num. 1

Measles is a highly contagious viral disease caused by morbillivirus, a member of the Paramyxoviridae family, of which humans are the only reservoirs. Person-to-person transmission occurs via aerosolized droplets and infected people's throat secretions. The aim of study is to identify major gaps and assess the trend...

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In vivo studies of the immunomodulatory effect of aqueous extract of Artemisia herba alba

September 2022 - Vol 16 Num. 9

Historically Artemisia herba alba (AHA) is widely used in traditional Moroccan medicine. Few studies have been carried out to confirm its traditional use, in particularly immunological studies and to the authors’ knowledge; no study has treated the in vivo immunomodulatory effect of AHA aqueous extracts. This work...

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Maternal-fetal repercussions of Angylocalyx oligophyllus leaves aqueous extract in pregnant rat

September 2022 - Vol 16 Num. 9

Angylocalyx oligophyllus (Fabaceae) is a shrub used traditionally to treat diabetes mellitus and intestinal parasites. Although it is also used by pregnant women, no scientific study has yet revealed its effects on pregnancy. This work aimed to assess the toxic effects of A. oligophyllus leaves aqueous extract on...

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Radio-Sensitivity of four selected rice (Oryza sativa L.) varieties in Kenya, as a pre-requisite for mutation breeding

September 2022 - Vol 16 Num. 8

Radio-sensitivity test informs the optimal irradiation dose for use in mutation breeding. In this study, four rice varieties (Basmati 217, Basmati 370, ITA310, and Komboka) were irradiated with gamma-ray doses ranging from 0 to 500 Gy, to examine their morphological responses at the seedling stage, and estimate their...

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Spatial variation in the micro-minerals and ß-carotene concentration in four varieties of plantain

September 2022 - Vol 16 Num. 8

Nutrition plays a vital role in growth, development and the prevention of possible nutrient-deficiency diseases that may cause permanent health risks in the later stages of life. Due to this, the concentrations of iron, zinc, copper, manganese and β-carotene in four varieties of plantain were investigated in this...

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Evaluation of maize germplasm for resistance to maize chlorotic mottle virus and sugarcane mosaic virus: The casual agents of maize lethal necrosis disease

September 2022 - Vol 16 Num. 8

In Kenya, at national policy level to the individual household level, food security is synonymous to maize productivity and availability. However, the productivity of maize is affected majorly by maize lethal necrosis disease (MLND) that was first reported in Kenya in 2011. MLND results from co-infection between maize...

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Comparison of modified Ziehl Neelsen staining technique with antigen detection using ELISA in the diagnosis of Cryptosporidiosis at a tertiary hospital in North-Western Nigeria

September 2022 - Vol 16 Num. 9

Cryptosporidiosis is a diarrhoeal disease caused by Cryptosporidium species. It has become a more recognised pathogen especially in immunocompromised patients. It is an important opportunistic infection responsible for significant morbidity and mortality in Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) and AIDS patients. The main...

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