Accelerating Discovery

Academic Journals accelerates the dissemination of knowledge through the publication of high quality research articles using the open access model.

Latest Published Articles

Management of world energy resources (Renewable energy): Choices for the future?

January 2020 - Vol 14 Num. 1

Energy enables technical innovations, and progress in health, agriculture and transportation. Socio-economic development and energy production are linked, although some energy-rich countries are poor. Developed countries are the biggest consumers. Energy consumption increases with increase in world population. Fossil...

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Understanding internal control environment in view of curbing fraud in public healthcare unit

December 2019 - Vol 13 Num. 18

This study extends on the phenomena of control environment of Intensive Care Unit (ICU) in Brazil through narratives of physicians, nurses and auditors and also analyzes the results with interpretative discourse analysis.  The structuration theory based on Giddens and discourse analysis toeing Laclau and Laclau and...

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The role of market learning in the market integration of African smallholders

December 2019 - Vol 13 Num. 18

The integration of smallholders with the market is essential to provide enough food for the growing populations in most African countries. The existing literature emphasizes in that respect the role of transaction costs. This paper offers a complementary view, namely individual-level market learning, which is conceptually...

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Comparative migration studies of Burmese, Cambodian and Laotian migrants in Thailand: Multivariate approach

October-December 2019 - Vol 11 Num. 7

The paper outlines main economics factors determining migrant workers to Thailand, and the comparative studies between migrants, that are Myanmar, Cambodia and Laos. This research is quantitative in nature using logistic regression analysis. The results indicate demand on migration of Burmese migrants’ relevance to...

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Uganda and the refugee problem: challenges and opportunities

October-December 2019 - Vol 13 Num. 5

Uganda is one of the top refugee hosting countries in Africa and the world. It has been praised as a generous country with progressive refugee policies and laws that reflect the country’s national, regional and international obligations. However, a number of challenges ranging from increasing refugee numbers,...

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Logistic regression analysis on factors influencing income-poverty among smallholder French bean farmers in Kirinyaga County, Kenya

December 2019 - Vol 11 Num. 12

The study determined factors affecting income-poverty among French bean farmers in Kirinyaga County, Kenya. Results show that 72.6% of French bean farmers were poor. Relative to the poor households, non-poor had the highest net French bean income per acre (KES. 24,133), total net crop income (KES. 150,608), total net...

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Molecular characterization of some brinjal genotypes (Solanum melongena L) using simple sequence repeat (SSR) markers

December, 2019 - Vol 14 Num. 35

To analyze genetic variability of 48 brinjal genotypes by Simple Sequence Repeat (SSR) markers, four primers named smSSR01, smSSR03, smSSR11 and smSSR14 were selected for analyze the data. Four primers generated clear bands and a total of 44 alleles were detected among the 48 brinjal genotypes (9.0 to 14.0 alleles per...

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Milk production, marketing practices and qualities along milk supply chains of Haramaya District, Ethiopia

December, 2019 - Vol 14 Num. 35

A study was conducted with the aim of evaluating the physicochemical properties and microbial qualities of raw cow’s milk along the milk supply chain in Haramaya district. A total of 123 smallholder dairy producers, one dairy cooperative, 3 milk collectors, 6 milk retailers, 8 selling points and 18 consumers were...

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Evaluation of cocoa mirid (Distantiella theobroma Dist. and Sahlbergella singularis Hagl.) control practices in Côte d’Ivoire

December, 2019 - Vol 14 Num. 35

Rapid pod damage evaluations were performed in four cocoa producing regions in Côte d’Ivoire to assess the severity and regional variability of the mirid pest problem. We further tested the impact of three insecticide products at two different dosages, applied at two different periods on cocoa pod production...

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Appropriate fertilizer (NPK) rates for cassava (Manihot esculenta Crantz) production in the humid forest agro-ecological zone of Cameroon

December, 2019 - Vol 14 Num. 35

The objective of this study was to test for appropriate quantity of fertilizer (NPK 12-11-18) required to boost the production of cassava (variety TME 419) in the forest zone of Cameroon. The trial was conducted at the experimental farm of the Institute of Agricultural Research for Development (IRAD) in Mbalmayo. The...

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Effects of fungicide treatments against Anthracnose in Calabrian (southern Italy) Olive Orchards during 2014-2015

December, 2019 - Vol 14 Num. 35

In recent years, severe natural olive anthracnose infections have been observed in orchards of Southern and Central Italy, favoured by mild and rainy seasonal trends, making disease control with the sole use of copper fungicides difficult. Besides, European restrictions in the use of copper compounds for eco-toxicological...

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Perineo-genital injury secondary to sexual assault in a 3-month old female

December 2019 - Vol 18 Num. 5

Traumatic injuries to the perineum and external genitalia in children may be accidental, self-inflicted or the result of assault.  Sexual assaults account for majority of the injuries in developed countries while accidental injuries occur more in underdeveloped and developing countries. The injuries may be isolated...

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Anti-inflammatory and analgesic activities of extracts from Balanites aegyptiaca L. Delile (Balanitaceae) root bark: Plant used against liver diseases in Bukina Faso

December, 2019 - Vol 13 Num. 18

Balanites aegyptiaca (L.) Del has been used in various traditional medicines against inflammation and pain. The aim of this study was to evaluate the enzymatic, anti-oedmeatous and analgesic activities of ethanolic and aqueous extracts of Balanites aegyptiaca (L.) Del root bark in mice. The extracts were tested in vitro...

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Therapeutic effectiveness assessment of antiviral drugs used in chronic hepatitis treatment in three Ivorian university hospitals

December, 2019 - Vol 13 Num. 18

This work aims to evaluate the effectiveness of drugs used for the management of chronic viral hepatitis in the three major university hospitals in Abidjan. This is a retrospective cross-sectional descriptive study of 203 patients investigated for treatment protocols, patient parameters before and after treatment. It...

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Effect of coagulants on the physicochemical properties of fresh tofu

December 2019 - Vol 13 Num. 12

Soy flour from soybean was processed to produce fresh tofu using three coagulants namely lime, Epson salt and tamarind. The results obtained showed that the pH of the samples were 7.20 for Epson salt, 5.00 for lime and 5.50 for tamarind. There were significant differences (p< 0.05) in the weight increase of all the...

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The impact of household and similar solid wastes on Kara River quality due to their potential to release nitrogen

July-December 2019 - Vol 11 Num. 3

This study purpose to assess the real share of nitrogen the household and similar solid wastes can release in direct contact with water. The maximum amount of nitrogen could release was determined by a leaching test. The concentrations of total and organic nitrogen, ammonium and nitrates ions and the pH values were...

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Assessment of bacteriological quality of water sources from an agrarian settlement in South-East Nigeria

December 2019 - Vol 13 Num. 30

This study assessed the bacteriological quality of groundwater, rainwater and surface water sourced from an agrarian settlement in South-eastern Nigeria. Agamede, Amede, Ihenyi, Mgbuji and Umuhu communities in Eha-Amufu served as sampling locations. Samples were sourced from River Ebenyi, hand-dug wells and rooftop...

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Evaluation of lactic acid bacteria isolated from fermented mustards in lowering hypercholesterol by using bile salt hydrolase (BSH) activity and bile salt de-conjugation

December 2019 - Vol 13 Num. 30

This work evaluates lactic acid bacteria (LAB) obtained from fermented mustards for lowering cholesterol. The LAB strains’ ability to reduce cholesterol in vitro was determined using activity of bile salt hydrolase (BSH) and deconjugation of bile salt in vitro. The LAB strains were examined for their ability to...

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Foodborne toxinfections caused by virus: Characteristics of the main viruses, prevention, treatment and clinical method of laboratory diagnosis by RT-qPCR

December 2019 - Vol 13 Num. 30

Foodborne viruses were recognized among the top-rated food safety priorities and have become a greater concern to the food industry over the past few years. Food safety experts agreed that control measures for viruses throughout the food chain are required. This manuscript provides a description of foodborne viruses...

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Virulence characteristics and phylogenetic background of antibiotic-resistant Enterococcus faecalis from abattoir, poultry and clinical origin in Ado-Ekiti, Nigeria

December 2019 - Vol 13 Num. 30

Enterococcus faecalis is a major cause of nosocomial infection in human and severe extra-intestinal infections in animals. Enterococcus spp possesses the ability to acquire and spread genes linked with antimicrobial resistance which makes them an important nosocomial pathogen. This study aims to determine the distribution...

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