Accelerating Discovery

Academic Journals accelerates the dissemination of knowledge through the publication of high quality research articles using the open access model.

Latest Published Articles

DNA methylation as the most important content of epigenetics in traditional Chinese herbal medicine

September, 2019 - Vol 13 Num. 16

Traditional Chinese medicine is commonly used in China and so many other Asian and western Countries. Epigenetics relates to heritable alternations in chromatin architecture that do not involve changes in the underlying DNA sequence but profoundly affect gene expression and impact cellular function. Epigenetic regulation...

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Ethnobotanical studies of medicinal plants used in traditional treatment of malaria by some herbalists in Ghana

September, 2019 - Vol 13 Num. 16

The use of medicinal plants for the treatment of diseases including malaria is a common practice in Ghanaian traditional medicine. The objective of this study is to document indigenous knowledge of medicinal plants used for the treatment of malaria through ethno-botanical studies to facilitate the discovery of new sources...

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Estimation of folate content of cultivated and uncultivated traditional green leafy vegetables in Nigeria

September 2019 - Vol 13 Num. 9

The aim of the study was to quantify the folate content of eight samples (seven raw and boiled traditional leafy vegetables and one fruit vegetable). The analysis of folate in the raw and cooked vegetable samples followed the process of extraction, deconjugation using chicken pancreas deconjugase, and derivatization....

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Enhancement of nutritional quality of rice flour with mucuna beans (Mucuna pruriens)

September 2019 - Vol 13 Num. 9

The effect of fermentation on the proximate and anti-nutritional properties of rice flour enriched with mucuna beans was investigated in this study. The rice-mucuna beans flour blends were formulated in various ratios and fermented for 72 h. The predominant moulds isolated during the fermentation were Aspergillus flavus,...

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Mode of transmission of HIV infection among orphans and vulnerable children in some selected States in Nigeria

September 2019 - Vol 11 Num. 7

Nigeria has high rate of pediatric HIV but there is a dearth of empirical data on the mode of HIV transmission. Association for Reproductive and Family Health (ARFH), with the support of USAID, is implementing a project to mitigate the impact of HIV on Orphans and Vulnerable Children (OVC) affected/infected with HIV/AIDS...

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Molecular identification of acetic acid bacteria isolated from fermented mango juices of Burkina Faso: 16S rRNA gene sequencing

September 2019 - Vol 18 Num. 29

Acetic acid bacteria are known for their ability to oxidize ethanol to acetic acid. This study investigated to identify dominant strain acetic acid bacteria involving in fermented juice of mango and capable to produce Vinegar, total of 4 bacteria (CRSBAN-BVA1, CRSBAN-BVK1, CRSBAN-BVK2, CRSBAN-BVI1) bacteria strains were...

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Phylogenetic analysis of bluetongue virus serotype16 based on genome segment 5 (encoding NS1)

September 2019 - Vol 18 Num. 29

Bluetongue virus (BTV) is the ‘type’ species of the genus Orbivirus within the family Reoviridae. The BTV genome is composed of ten linear segments of double-stranded RNA (dsRNA), each of which codes for at least one of ten distinct viral proteins. Phylogenetic analysis based on VP2, VP3, VP5, VP7 and NS3 gene...

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Cytogenetic and molecular assessment of some nanoparticles using Allium sativum assay

September 2019 - Vol 18 Num. 29

One of the primary objectives in agriculture is providing high-quality crops to consumers. Multiple techniques and methods are utilized to achieve this objective, including nanotechnology that depends on the use of very small materials, which will help in decreasing the amounts usually used with similar effects....

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Biotechnological tools for detection, identification and management of plant diseases

September 2019 - Vol 18 Num. 29

Detection and identification of plant pathogens is one of the most important strategies for sustainable plant diseases management. For this reason, the availability of fast, sensitive and accurate methods for detection and identification of plant pathogens is increasingly necessary to improve disease control decision...

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Biopreservation of meat using the essential oil from Hyptis suaveolens Poit. (Lamiaceae) in Burkina Faso

September 2019 - Vol 18 Num. 29

Essential oils are natural substances which can be used as natural conservators for foods. The present work aimed to evaluate biological properties of essential oil of Hyptis suaveolens and its effect on shelf-life of beef. The extraction was carried out by hydro-distillation. Antioxidant activity was determined by method...

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Recombination fraction and genetic linkage among key disease resistance genes (Co-42/Phg-2 and Co-5/“P.ult”) in common bean

September 2019 - Vol 18 Num. 29

Anthracnose (Colletotrichum lindemuthianum), Angular leaf spot (Pseudocercospora griseola) and Pythium root rot are important pathogens affecting common bean production in the tropics. A promising strategy to manage these diseases consists of combining several resistance (R) genes into one cultivar. The aim of the study...

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Aqueous Extracts of Pericopsis angolensis and Swartzia madagascariensis with High Antimicrobial Activities against Escherichia coli O157, Shigella spp. and Salmonella enterica subsp. enterica (Serovar typhi)

September 2019 - Vol 18 Num. 29

This study determined the potential antidiarrhoeal potential of Pericopsis angolensis and Swartzia madagascariensis extracts against Escherichia coli O157, Shigella species and Salmonella Typhi. Extracts were obtained using the following methods: (i) hot water extraction (90°C) (LHWE), (ii) cold water extraction...

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Antimicrobial and antioxidant activities of endophytic fungi extracts isolated from Carissa carandas

September 2019 - Vol 13 Num. 27

This is the first report of endophytic fungi derived from Carissa carandas producing bioactive compounds in Thailand. The aims of this research were to evaluate the antimicrobial and antioxidant activities of extracts from endophytic fungi, identify the potential fungal isolates by phylogenetic analysis and analyze...

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Predisposing factors and cost Implications of pulmonary tuberculosis in patients attending federal medical centre Makurdi, Nigeria

September 2019 - Vol 13 Num. 27

The predisposing factors and the cost implications of pulmonary tuberculosis (TB) in patients attending Federal Medical Centre, Benue State, Makurdi, was investigated. Information on socio-economic and demographic characteristics of the patients was obtained using a structured questionnaire. The female had a higher...

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A study on the effect of 13 Reasons Why on young adults with low self-esteem

July-September 2019 - Vol 11 Num. 4

The study was designed to examine the effect of 13 Reasons Why on 216 young adults with low self-esteem. Survey method was used to obtain the responses from the samples, before and after watching 13 Reasons Why. The findings of the study revealed that, 13 Reasons Why improved self-esteem in the female samples alone. No...

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Satisfaction and retention strategies for Nigerian Generation Y customers

July-September 2019 - Vol 11 Num. 4

Firms in the service industry have experienced a 15 to 30% drop in customer satisfaction ratings estimated at $10 billion annually due to the unpredictable tendencies of Generation Y customers, also known as Millennials. Researchers project that the population size, spending power and inconsistent behavioral pattern of...

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Evaluation of biocontrol agent and wheat straw mulch on yield and yield components of groundnut (Arachis hypogaea L.) genotypes in Central Tigray, Northern Ethiopia

September, 2019 - Vol 14 Num. 32

Groundnut (Arachis hypogaea L.) is the 13 and 4th most important food and oil seed crops in the world. Groundnut is a source of vitamin E. However, due to low soil fertility, drought stress, fungal diseases and lack of appropriate management, production has been constrained qualitatively and quantitatively in the study...

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Performance of CIP and Dutch potato varieties under Rwanda climate conditions

September, 2019 - Vol 14 Num. 32

In attempt to develop new potato varieties with the current market lead traits, nine Dutch potato varieties namely Fabula, Panamela, Sagitta, Challenger, Sifra, Rosi, Memphis, Taurus and Derby, and International Potato Center (CIP) varieties Kinigi and Kirundo were evaluated in three Rwandan sites for two growing seasons...

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Inoculation with entomopathogenic fungi reduces seed contamination, improves seed germination and growth of chilli seedlings

September, 2019 - Vol 14 Num. 32

The use of entomopathogenic fungi is a common practice for integrated pest management. It has recently been observed that they also play a role as growth promoters and plant disease antagonism. In this study, the effect of inoculation with two strains of Beauveria bassiana [(Bals.-Criv.) Vuill. 1912] (strains BB42 and...

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Evaluation of the systemic action of neem (Azadirachta indica A. juss) seed products against the desert locust immature Schistocerca gregaria (Forskal) (Orthoptera: Acrididae)

September, 2019 - Vol 14 Num. 32

The current study was done to investigate the potential of the systemic growth regulatory effects of various neem seeds products against immature stages of desert locust infesting potted millet plants in Sudan. The tests also covered the stability of the systemic action of neem seed powder (NSP) under conditions of water...

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