Accelerating Discovery

Academic Journals accelerates the dissemination of knowledge through the publication of high quality research articles using the open access model.

Latest Published Articles

Strategies for improving local content development in Nigeria oil and gas industry

November 2021 - Vol 15 Num. 11

Local content development is a strategic management issue for multinational extractive companies in Africa with significant business implications. As local content statutory regulators aim to increase the average local content value in the Nigeria oil and gas industry from 26% in 2017 to 70% in 2027, supply chain managers...

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TRNSYS 16: A veritable solar modelling and programming simulation tool used in the design of a continuous solar powered adsorption refrigeration system

July-December 2021 - Vol 12 Num. 2

Project feasibility gave rise to the need for simulation. Simulation of a project leads to reduction in production cost, which ensures the success of the proposed project. Also, it provides initial design data for the experimental project. Thus, the design analysis and variables used for project simulation must be...

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Evaluation of rapid beta-lactam antibiotic residues detection kits for raw milk

November 2021 - Vol 15 Num. 11

Platform tests are usually simple and rapid quality control tests which serve as a basis for accepting, setting aside or rejecting raw milk. Some of the rapid antibiotic residues test kits available in the Kenyan market include: Delvo test Fast BL, Delvo Sulphadiazine Penicillin No Tablet (SPNT), Mtusbio Beta-lactam BLQ...

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Investigation on the possibilities for ex vivo- and in vitro-derivation of initial myeloid and lymphoid precursors from hematopoietic and non-hematopoietic stem/progenitor cells

November, 2021 - Vol 15 Num. 11

Initial myeloid and lymphoid differentiation of hematopoietic and non-hematopoietic stem/progenitor cells by appropriate ex vivo- and in vitro-incubation was evaluated. So, hematopoietic stem/progenitor cells from mouse spleen were ex vivo-incubated in the presence of different interleukins, as well as of various...

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The analysis of picture storybooks aimed at pre-school children in terms of child rights violations

November 2021 - Vol 16 Num. 11

Books introduce children to social life and provide them with the opportunity to expand their imaginary worlds. Pre-school children are influenced by books more than adults. Children can identify themselves with the heroes in the books and choose to act like them. Therefore, the features of the heroes in children’s...

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Genetic diversity analysis of sorghum [Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench] races in Ethiopia using simple sequence repeats (SSR) markers

November 2021 - Vol 20 Num. 11

Sorghum [Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench], is believed to be originated in Ethiopia and Sudan. Although, many morphological and molecular diversity studies reveal the existence of genetic variations with sorghum populations, their distribution within basic races were not considered. Hence, the present study aimed to analyze...

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Advances on the application of non-coding RNA in crop improvement

November 2021 - Vol 20 Num. 11

Thanks to committed plant breeding researchers over the few decades, many problems associated with food supply and qualities have been improved. Food security is an exceptionally serious worldwide issue via world climate change, the increase in human population, and the use of plants for bioethanol production in current...

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Statistical modeling of effective doses in hormetic dose-response relationships by reparameterization of a bilogistic model for inverted U-shaped curves

November 2021 - Vol 20 Num. 11

Hormesis is a biphasic dose (concentration)-response phenomenon characterized by low dose stimulatory and high dose inhibitory effects exerted by stressors on living organisms. Recently, there has been increased interest in the phenomenon and statistical models for its exploration in toxicological studies. The bilogistic...

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Variables that may affect the traditional signs of perinatal asphyxia

October-December 2021 - Vol 13 Num. 4

The objective of this study was to prove if certain variables related to labour affect the traditional signs of perinatal asphyxia (cardiotocography records, Apgar score and the umbilical artery pH). This is an observational, multicentric, longitudinal, analytical, cohort study in pregnant women at term admitted to the...

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Soil fertility status, fertilizer application and nutrient balance in SNNPR, southern Ethiopia in contrasting agro-ecological zones of Ethiopia

November, 2021 - Vol 17 Num. 11

Soil fertility status evolution is a decision making tool for the sustainable soil nutrient management. To evaluate its status, about 29 research data were collected and meta data analysis were made using SPSS for the selected soil chemical parameters. The soil was moderately acidic and salt free, 93.2% of Zinc (Zn), 100%...

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Economic efficiency of cricket production reared under improvised cage system for improved food production

November, 2021 - Vol 17 Num. 11

In the recent past, cricket production has attracted a myriad of interests in the Global Food Sector. However, low production, limited input resources and rearing systems constrain the utilization of crickets. Scanty information exists on sundry input resources for upscaling of cricket production and how such inputs can...

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Food-fodder performance of food and malt barley cultivars in Ethiopian highlands

November, 2021 - Vol 17 Num. 11

In Ethiopia, barley selection has focused on grain yield traits. Limited information is available on straw yield and its nutritive value. The aim of this study was to screen cultivars for grain and straw yield and nutritive value using forty cultivars of food and malt barley types at two locations in Ethiopia (Bekoji and...

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Impact of small-scale irrigation schemes on household food security in the context of persisting droughts: Comparative quasi-experimental analysis of irrigation water users and non-users in Southwest Ethiopia

November, 2021 - Vol 17 Num. 11

A comparative quasi-experimental analysis was made on the impact of small-scale irrigation interventions on household food security, taking irrigation water and farm extension users and non-users in persisting drought contexts in South West Ethiopia. A cross-sectional survey was employed to collect data from randomly...

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Optimization of fertilizer recommendation for bread wheat production at Adiyo District of Kaffa Zone, Southwestern Ethiopia

November, 2021 - Vol 17 Num. 11

An experiment was conducted on farmer's fields during the main cropping season of 2016/2017 in Adiyo district, Southwestern Ethiopia to optimize fertilizer rate recommendation for major cereal production systems by using bread wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) as test crop. Experiment was laid out in a randomized complete...

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Determination of proximate composition, amino acids, and some phytochemical properties of sesame seed capsule (Sesamum indicum L.) in semi-arid Zone of North-Eastern Nigeria

November, 2021 - Vol 17 Num. 11

The study was conducted to determine sesame seed capsules' proximate composition, amino acid, and phytochemical properties as a potential feed resource. Homogeneous triplicate representative samples were analyzed following scientific protocols. The results indicated that the sesame seed capsule contained 75.41%...

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Soil fertility status for potato production in the central highlands of Malawi

November, 2021 - Vol 17 Num. 11

The potato is one of the most important food and cash crops in Malawi, but current yields are low and the fertilizer recommendations rely on outdated soil fertility information. To understand the influence of soil factors in limiting current potato production, the mineralogical and physicochemical soil characteristics of...

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A case study analysis of extension service provision in Malawi

November, 2021 - Vol 17 Num. 11

Evidence suggests that a lack of extension agents impedes the effective delivery of agricultural extension services in Malawi and many other developing nations. The purpose of this study was to examine the initiatives taken by the Malawi Forum for Agricultural Advisory Services Delivery (MaFAAS) to address the extension...

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Water and nutrient balances under selected soil and water conservation practices in semi-arid Ruzizi plain, Eastern Democratic Republic of Congo

November, 2021 - Vol 17 Num. 11

Soil water deficit is a major production-limiting factor in the predominantly rainfed agriculture of the Ruzizi plain, eastern Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC). Appropriate soil and water conservation (SWC) practices would be a valuable option for maximizing water uptake by plants in the context of water demand and...

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Evaluation of the effect of the use of anti-insect nets on vegetable production in southern Benin

November, 2021 - Vol 17 Num. 11

The objective of this research is to assess the effects of the use of insect nets in vegetable production. To achieve this goal, data were collected in four departments of southern Benin (Mono, Couffo, Ouémé and Plateau) using an interview guide and a structured questionnaire. A total of 223 producers chosen...

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Characterization of Alternaria brassicicola isolated from tomato in Burkina Faso, and use of two essential oils for its control in vitro

November, 2021 - Vol 17 Num. 11

Alternaria brassicicola is considered a weak pathogen of tomato in the field, but with a high potential for mycotoxin production in fruit. However, this species belongs to a diverse and closely related group of species (Alternaria with small spores), which often makes their morphological identification and control...

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