Accelerating Discovery

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Latest Published Articles

Assessing future changes in extremes precipitations indices in Ouémé River basin at Bétérou (Benin, West Africa)

April-June, 2024 - Vol 16 Num. 1

Understanding changes in precipitation intensity and frequency indices plays an important role in flood risk mitigation and water resource management. The objective of this paper is to assess future changes in extreme precipitation indices in the Oueme River basin at Bétérou compared to the reference period....

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Infestation dynamics of mistletoes in urban and rural landscapes of semi-arid Botswana

May 2024 - Vol 18 Num. 2

The available information regarding mistletoes inadequately explains the dynamic facets of infestation in rural-urban gradients. This study was carried out to compare the abundance of mistletoe species on hosts between urban (Gaborone and Gakuto) and rural (Lentsweletau and Oodi) areas of Botswana. Four plots each...

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Gender diglossia and its maintenance among the Ubang

January-June 2024 - Vol 15 Num. 1

Ubang, a Bendi language spoken in Obudu, Nigeria, has gender-based language varieties whereby different terms are used for certain basic items in female and male speech forms. For instance, “okwakwe” and “abu” are respective female and male words for ‘dog’. There are also gendered...

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Modifications of growth, mineral uptake, chlorophyll content, osmolyte contents, antioxidant compounds and yield of three varieties of yam (Dioscorea rotundata L.) in saline conditions

June 2024 - Vol 23 Num. 6

A vast area of the world is negatively impacted by salinity which causes loss of crop yields. Modifications in the growth, mineral uptake, chlorophyll content, osmolyte contents, antioxidant compounds and yield of three varieties of yam (Dioscorea rotundata L.) were evaluated in saline conditions, in a greenhouse (0, 50,...

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Overview of climate-induced food insecurity in Nigeria

June 2024 - Vol 18 Num. 5

Food insecurity presents a formidable challenge in Nigeria, exacerbated by the interplay of climate change and conflicts. This study delves into the multifaceted nature of food insecurity in Nigeria and offers strategies for both mitigation and adaptation. Employing secondary data analysis and literature review, we shed...

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Genetic diversity assessment of lowland and upland rice varieties of Mali using microsatellite markers

January-June 2024 - Vol 16 Num. 1

Rice (Oryza sativa) is a crucial staple food globally, and understanding the genetic diversity of both lowland and upland local rice varieties is essential for their effective management, conservation, and efficient utilization in varietal improvement programs. In the present study, a total of 58 rice varieties,...

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Evolution of genetic diversity in HIV-1 among infected adult’s patients from Côte d'ivoire between 2019 and 2023

January-June 2024 - Vol 16 Num. 1

Previous studies of molecular epidemiology for HIV-1 have shown that the genetic diversity of circulating recombinant forms of the virus evolves over time, being influenced by the virus's high capacity for replication and genetic recombination, as well as by population mobility, which is responsible for the spread of...

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Assessment of the impact of socio- demographic status and maternal age on pregnancy outcomes: Cross sectional study in a major tertiary maternity hospital in Sudan over a two-year period

April-June 2024 - Vol 16 Num. 2

There is a relationship between adverse pregnancy outcome and low socio demographic status. However, maternal age alone is capable of affecting pregnancy outcome for both mothers and their newborn. The aim of this study is to assess the effect of socio- demographic status and maternal age on perinatal outcome in women who...

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Social media celebrities and materialism influence on compulsive buying behaviors

January-June 2024 - Vol 16 Num. 1

This study investigated the relationship between a consumer's celebrity worshiping and their values orientation for materialism and its role in shaping their tendency toward compulsive buying. The study sample of 336 consumers from different cities in Saudi Arabia was analyzed. Despite the significant research on the...

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Tolerance profile of therapeutics at the Abidjan Cardiology Institute (CÔTE D’IVOIRE)

June 2024 - Vol 18 Num. 5

Tolerance of treatments is an important factor in compliance and quality of care for various pathologies. The objective of our study was to evaluate the prevalence of adverse events observed in patients at the Abidjan Cardiology Institute (ACI).  This descriptive, observational, cross-sectional study involved 200...

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Impact of Artemisia annua and Moringa oleifera on Viral Load, T Cell Activation, and Exhaustion in Ugandan People Living with HIV/AIDS (PLWH)

June 2024 - Vol 18 Num. 5

Highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) effectively controls HIV replication in HIV-positive individuals, but chronic immune activation persists, leading to increased virus replication, T cell depletion, and exhaustion, necessitating lifelong HAART to prevent disease progression. This study explores the potential of...

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Effect of flavonol from chamomile (Matricaria recutita) flavonoids on memory disorders and determination of oxidative stress in Alzheimer's rats

June 2024 - Vol 18 Num. 5

Alzheimer's disease is one of the most common neurodegenerative diseases characterized by beta-amyloid plaques and neurofibrillary tangles. Alzheimer's is associated with various cellular changes including oxidative stress, neuronal inflammation, and mitochondrial disorders, ultimately leading to neuronal death....

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Lognormal distribution for social researchers: A probability classic

April-June 2024 - Vol 16 Num. 2

This academic article aims to present the lognormal distribution clearly, accompanied by an example applied to sexual behavior, facilitating understanding among social researchers. This distribution, characterized by positive skewness, thin shoulders, and heavy tails, serves as a robust probability model for various...

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Estimating and forecasting red meat consumption and production in Saudi Arabia during 2022-2030

June 2024 - Vol 20 Num. 6

The study aims to predict domestic consumption and the production of three meat species (cattle, goats, and sheep) between 2022 and 2030. All series data in addition income per capita as exogenous variable are stationary at the first difference. So vector autoregressive model with exogenous variables  was applied,...

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Evaluation of rhizobium and nitrogen fertilizer for the control of bacterial blight in green beans (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) varieties

June 2024 - Vol 20 Num. 6

Bacterial blight is a serious disease affecting green beans (Phaseolus vulgaris L.), impacting all growth and yield parameters and potentially causing a yield loss of about 40%. Inadequate information exists on the evaluation of nitrogen fertilizer potential on bacterial blight diseases in green bean cultivars. The aim of...

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Assessment of vertical hydroponic structures compared to planting in soil under different light conditions

June 2024 - Vol 20 Num. 6

The aim of this research was to evaluate the performance of small-scale vertical hydroponic structures compared to indoor planting in soil under different light conditions. Fordhook Giant Swiss chard (Spinacea oleracea) was grown for 2 cropping seasons. It was hypothesized that there would be no significant difference in...

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Morphometrics and carcass production of Nile crocodile (Crocodylus niloticus) under intensive production system

June 2024 - Vol 20 Num. 6

The aim of this study was to determine the carcass production and obtain linear models for the estimation of live weight of Nile crocodile (Crocodylus niloticus), reared under intensive system. Three-year-old crocodiles destined for slaughter were restrained, stunned and thereafter, the spinal cord severed instantly. The...

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Pollination by Xylocopa olivacea Fabricius 1871 (Hymenoptera: Apidae) and potential benefits on Vigna unguiculata (L.) Walp. 1843 (Fabaceae) production in Djoumassi (North Region, Cameroon)

June 2024 - Vol 20 Num. 6

The investigation aimed to assess the impact of Xylocopa olivacea on Vigna unguiculata yields, and its foraging and pollinating activities were studied at Djoumassi from October 30th to November 04th in 2018 and from 04 to 10th October in 2019. A total of 540 flowers were observed, divided into four treatments. Two...

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Ceramic art exhibition and digital remediation: Reflections on the Iwo Awolo project in the time of COVID-19

January-June 2024 - Vol 11 Num. 1

This paper examines the challenges and prospects encountered in transforming a planned physical exhibition, Iwo Awolo, into a digital one using photos and videos. The art exhibition was a solo event held at the peak of the COVID-19 lockdown protocols in South Africa, featuring mainly installations comprised of ceramics....

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Formulating efficient and affordable feeds for Clarias gariepinus (Burchell, 1822) based on locally available ingredients in Benin, West Africa

January-June 2024 - Vol 16 Num. 1

An affordable feed for the growth of African catfish (Clarias gariepinus) juveniles was developed in Benin as an alternative to high-cost imported feed. Initially, locally available fish feed ingredients were inventoried. Subsequently, six feed formulas (Feeds 1 to 6) were developed using linear algebra software, and the...

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