Accelerating Discovery

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Latest Published Articles

Modeling of the adsorption isotherm of Pleurotus ostreatus using Guggenheim-Anderson-de Boer (GAB) equation

July 2019 - Vol 11 Num. 4

Moisture sorption isotherms of Pleurotus ostreatus were determined at three different temperatures (10, 30 and 40) and relative humidity (6 to 88%), using standard static gravimetric method. The samples were used to determine the equilibrium moisture content and the data fitted to the Guggenheim-Anderson-de Boer (GAB)...

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Testing vertical distance and growth medium for vertically farming bush beans (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) and tomatoes (Solanum lycopersicum L.) in urban agriculture

July 2019 - Vol 13 Num. 7

Vertical farming implies growing crops in superimposed growth beds. This study assessed the effects of vertical distance between growth beds and growth medium on beans and tomatoes. Three levels of vertical spacing and three levels of growth medium were studied in a split plot design and three replicates. The vertical...

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Influence of GA3 on seed multiplication of CMS lines used for hybrid rice development

July 2019 - Vol 13 Num. 7

In Pakistan, the F1 seed production ranks very low in the three-line system. One of the reasons is poor panicle exertion and less out crossing rate in the female lines. Gibbrillic Acid (GA3) increase the seed and improve panicle exertion as well as outcrossing. This study was designed to identify the suitable doses of GA3...

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Anatomical adaptations in species of Poaceae growing in Al-Ha'ir region of Riyadh, Saudi Arabia

July 2019 - Vol 13 Num. 7

The aim of this work was to determine the anatomical adaptations of leaves and stems of four species of Poaceae (Cynodon dactylon L. Pers., Chloris barbata SW. (Chloridoideae), Setaria verticillata L. P. Beauv., and Panicum coloratum L. (Panicoideae)) growing naturally at Al-Ha'ir region near Riyadh, Saudi Arabia....

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Pit latrine faecal sludge solid waste quantification and characterization to inform the design of treatment facilities in peri-urban areas: A case study of Kanyama

July 2019 - Vol 13 Num. 7

The purpose of the study was to quantify waste content in faecal sludge using an appropriate method and characterise the solid wastes inherent with the faecal sludge into categories. A total of eight (8) domestic pit-latrines were analysed in the peri-urban area of Kanyama settlement in Lusaka from July to October, 2018....

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Reported driving factors of land-use/cover changes and its mounting consequences in Ethiopia: A Review

July 2019 - Vol 13 Num. 7

Obviously, there is land-use/cover change with multifaceted driving factors and associated adverse impacts out there in different parts of Ethiopia. Evidence from published journals justifies this fact but not yet compiled in a manner to convey information on the trend of change and its criticality with the aim to handle...

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Balancing land management under livestock keeping regimes: A case study of Ruvu and Zigi catchments in Tanzania

July 2019 - Vol 13 Num. 7

Land degradation has become a global concern that requires countries to take prompt actions. The objective of the study was to assess land management in respect to activities of livestock keeping in the Ruvu and Zigi river basins in Eastern Tanzania. The two basins attract a huge number of livestock from nearby and...

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Residues of the transformation of halieutics products: An alternative substrate for energy valorization of wastes by methanisation for a local sustainable development (preliminary results)

July 2019 - Vol 13 Num. 7

The purpose of this study is to evaluate the biogas productivity potential of residues of the transformation of halieutics products. Experiments were conducted in two digesters of PUXIN model of 20 m3, where the temperature is 35°C. Multirae analyser was used to know the composition of biogas produced. A gas counter...

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Provision of down market urban housing in Kenya through strategic application of public private partnerships

June 2019 - Vol 12 Num. 2

Article 43 1 (b) of the constitution of Kenya (2010), alongside other international treaties which the country is party to, obligates the state to provide housing for all Kenyans. These instruments place a greater emphasis on the slums and informal settlements upgrading and development, key among which is down market...

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Determination of appropriate packaging materials for cowpea seed storage

June 2019 - Vol 10 Num. 4

Quality seed is an important resource for any seed-propagated crop. Cowpea (Vigna unguiculata) seed is prone to cowpea weevil (Callosobruchus maculatus) infestation during storage. This can result in 100% seed loss when stored without treatment. Smallholder farmers in Kenya use traditional methods of storage and...

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Developing necessary leadership characteristics indicators of Secondary Basic School Administrators in Thailand

June 2019 - Vol 11 Num. 4

This research aimed to develop the necessary leadership characteristics indicators of the secondary basic school administrators in Thailand. The samples were grouped into four including: (1) 10 specialists in the secondary educational administration, (2) 10 secondary school administrators of the educational quality...

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Umbilical cord torsion leading to intrauterine fetal death

June 2019 - Vol 11 Num. 2

The umbilical cord is the critical organ that links the placenta and fetus. The intrauterine conditions and fetal activity influences the umbilical cord length. The normal umbilical cord is spiraled. By ultrasound, the spiral nature of the umbilical cord can be demonstrated early in the first trimester. Most of the adverse...

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Temporal bone histopathology study on cochlear otosclerosis: A memoir for the cochlear implant surgeon

June 2019 - Vol 11 Num. 2

The aim of this study was to describe the pathologic changes in temporal bones with cochlear otosclerosis that may have implications for cochlear implantation. Fifteen human temporal bones with otosclerosis were used for this study. In each temporal bone was studied: (1) medial wall of the middle ear and in particular the...

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Evolution of the public private partnership (ppps) and its application in down market urban housing in Kenya

June 2019 - Vol 11 Num. 3

The State Department of Housing in Kenya puts the housing demand in the country at 250,000 housing units per year, while actual supply is 50,000 units p.a. This demand for housing has accumulated to 1.85 million units as at 2018. This has led to the growing proliferation of slums and informal settlements, with the...

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Comparison of unaged and barrel aged whiskies from the same Mash Bill using gas chromatography/mass spectrometry

June 2019 - Vol 8 Num. 1

This study provides qualitative data on sensory compounds present in barrel aged U.S. corn-based whiskies (primarily bourbon) and their unaged counterparts. Whisky samples of commercial brands by Heaven Hill, Buffalo Trace, Maker’s Mark, and Nelson’s Greenbrier Distillery were tested by direct injection gas...

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Demographic characteristics of clients up taking free counseling and testing services in Ibadan, Oyo State, Nigeria

June 2019 - Vol 11 Num. 4

Nigeria has high burden of HIV/AIDS; antiretroviral therapy (ART) availability, a blessing to HIV patients. Unfortunately, most people do not know their HIV status. Association for Reproductive and Family Health (ARFH), Nigeria introduced mobile free HIV Counseling and Testing (HCT) services to complement its clinic...

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Hypoglycemic activities and biochemical parameters modulation of herbal formulations of Allium cepa L. in alloxanized diabetic rats

June 2019 - Vol 14 Num. 10

The aim of this work was to formulate and evaluate the herbal tablets of Allium cepa L. for in vitro tablet properties, hypoglycemic effects and for their effects on some biochemical parameters in diabetic rats. Aqueous extract of A. cepa L. was obtained by cold maceration and freeze dried. A. cepa L. extract...

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Modeling of compressive strength of concrete using pulse velocity values from a non-destructive testing of concrete

June 2019 - Vol 10 Num. 2

In this research, ultrasonic pulse velocity (UPV) and crushing strength tests were carried out. Major factors which affect the strength of concrete such as concrete mix, aggregate size, and water-cement ratio were considered such that the model obtained could be used for the determination of strength of concrete elements...

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Economic burden of livestock disease and drought in Northern Tanzania

June 2019 - Vol 11 Num. 6

Livestock-dependent communities face considerable livestock disease and drought risk, which can impact herd value, income and consumption. This paper summarizes economic data collected from 404 households in Arusha and Manyara regions of Northern Tanzania in 2016. They provide estimates for (i) herd loss due to disease...

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Stress evaluation in dourado females (Salminus brasiliensis) submitted to two different methods of induced spawning

June 2019 - Vol 11 Num. 5

The goals of this study were to evaluate dourado female egg viability submitted to stress condition caused by two different reproductive induction methods, extruded and semi-natural. Sixteen females randomly chosen were induced with pituitary extract and allocated in two groups; the first, in which oocytes were manually...

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