Accelerating Discovery

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Latest Published Articles

Suboptimum reproductive performance among dairy herds in Uganda

April 2019 - Vol 10 Num. 4

Suboptimum reproductive performance affects the overall profitability of dairy herds. In order to manage this condition, there is need to clearly understand the different forms in which it presents, as well as its possible risk factors under the Ugandan context. This review study was conducted to highlight the different...

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Factors influencing success of artificial insemination of pigs using extended fresh semen in rural smallholder pig farms of Rwanda

April 2019 - Vol 10 Num. 4

The present study was conducted to analyse the factors influencing the success of artificial insemination (AI) in pigs using extended fresh semen in rural smallholder pig farms. One hundred female pigs from Rulindo and Gicumbi districts in Northern Region of Rwanda were artificially inseminated using locally collected and...

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Carcass and meat quality characteristics of two hair type breed lambs fed tef (Eragrostistef) straw ensiled with effective micro-organisms and supplemented with concentrates

April 2019 - Vol 10 Num. 4

The experiment was conducted with the objective of studying the carcass characteristics and meat quality of Arsi-Bale lambs (AB) and Afar lambs (Af) fed on tef straw (TS) ensiled with effective microorganisms and supplemented with concentrate. The experimental design was complete randomized block with two factors having 7...

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Factors associated with non-adherence of HIV/AIDS patients to HAART regimen in a healthcare facility in Ikot Ekpene, Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria

March 2019 - Vol 11 Num. 3

Adherence to highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) regimen, of at least 95%, is necessary for effective therapeutic response among people living with human immunodeficiency virus (PLWHIV). This study determined the factors associated with non-adherence of PLWHIV to HAART regimen among patients attending a...

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Effect of traditional and hermetic bag storage structures on fungus contamination of stored maize Grain (Zea mays L.) in Bako, Western Shoa, Ethiopia

March 2019 - Vol 13 Num. 3

The experiment was conducted between December 2017 and May 2018 at Bako, Ethiopia to study the effectiveness of traditional (Gombisa, Sack) and Hermetic bag storage structures and storage periods on fungal contamination of stored maize grain on agar plate method. The incidence and frequency of storage fungi was determined...

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Status of commercial maize milling industry and flour fortification in Kenya

March 2019 - Vol 13 Num. 3

Maize is the most widely consumed staple food by the Kenyan population. Its wide consumption and centralized processing make it an appropriate fortification vehicle to supply essential micronutrients to the population. The legislation was enacted in 2012 that makes it mandatory for all commercial maize mills in Kenya to...

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‘‘We Did Not Come as Mercenaries…!’: Linking the Origin, Ethnic Identity and Settlement of the Nubis in Uganda

March 2019 - Vol 11 Num. 3

Focusing on the period 1894 to 1995 and drawing on both written and oral sources, this article explores the origin, ethnic identity and settlement of the Nubians since their advent in Uganda. Ugandan Nubians abandoned some aspects of their former African traditional customs and adopted new ones borrowed from the Arabic...

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Firm specific determinants of financial distress: Empirical evidence from Nigeria

March 2019 - Vol 11 Num. 3

This paper in an attempt in answering the basic research question on what actually determines financial distress of firms in the manufacturing sector in the country employed the fully modified ordinary least square (FMOLS) on annual time series data of eighteen listed manufacturing firms on the Nigeria stock exchange...

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Spatial variability in autumnal equatorial upwelling intensity within the Gulf of Guinea as inferred from in situ measurements

March 2019 - Vol 10 Num. 1

In attempt to study the spatial differences in autumnal equatorial upwelling intensity relative to bio-productivity in the eastern equatorial Atlantic, oceanographic in situ data along regions 10°W, 0°E, 2.5°E and 6°E, collected in the Gulf of Guinea during autumn cruise carried out in September 2007 were...

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Determinants of neonatal sepsis among neonates admitted in a neonatal intensive care unit at Jinka General Hospital, Southern Ethiopia

March 2019 - Vol 11 Num. 3

In the face of recent improvements in neonatal care, the influences of neonatal sepsis remain a public health problem in developing countries. Thus, identifying the determinants of neonatal sepsis is an indispensable matter of enhancing neonatal care. Therefore, this study intends to identify the determinants of neonatal...

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Protective effect of vitamin C against theobromine induced hepatorenal and cardio toxicity in male albino Wistar rats

March 2019 - Vol 11 Num. 2

The protective effect of vitamin C against theobromine induced toxicity in male albino Wistar rats was investigated. Twenty-five (25) male Wistar rats weighing between 140 – 160 g were divided into 5 groups with 5 rats in each group. Group 1 served as the control. Group 2 received 700 mg/kg body weight of...

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Utilization of valuations for secured lending in Abuja, the federal capital city of Nigeria

March 2019 - Vol 6 Num. 1

Utilization of secured lending valuations (SLV) by deposit money banks (DMBs) has not been sufficiently investigated in Abuja, Nigeria. Adequacy of the reports, factors influencing their use and how DMBs utilized them for loans were examined. Primary data collected from Estate Valuation (ESV) firms and DMBs were analyzed....

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Distribution of ABO and Rh (D) blood groups among students attending secondary and preparatory schools in Bote town, Oromia national regional state, Ethiopia

March 2019 - Vol 10 Num. 1

Knowledge of distribution of ABO and Rh blood groups is helpful for effective management of blood banks and safe blood transfusion services. The prevalence of these blood groups varies worldwide and may not be found in equal numbers even among ethnic groups. The aim of this study was to find out the distribution of ABO...

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Famers perceptions on effectiveness of extension delivery approaches to Mbororo female livestock farmers in North-West Region Cameroon

March 2019 - Vol 11 Num. 3

The purpose of the study is to determine farmers’ perception on agricultural extension delivery approaches on Mbororo female livestock farmers in North-West Cameroon. Primary data was collected using structured questionnaires established to Mbororo women. Interviews guides were used to get more information on the...

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Determinants of agriculture participation among tertiary institution youths in Ghana

March 2019 - Vol 11 Num. 3

The study was conducted to examine the determinants of agriculture participation among tertiary institutions youth in Ghana. The study first, examined what factors influences youth decision to participate in agriculture activities and second, the intensity of participation of those youths who are participating in...

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An overview of agricultural extension in Botswana and needed reforms

March 2019 - Vol 11 Num. 3

Crops and livestock sectors constitute agriculture in Botswana. The sectors are dominated by small-scale farmers engaged in traditional production systems. National Agriculture Policy calls for an effective extension service to ensure continued farmer capacity building, increased efficiency and production by the sectors....

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The role of Faidherbia albida tree species in parkland agroforestry and its management in Ethiopia

March 2019 - Vol 11 Num. 3

Agroforestry has been defined as a dynamic ecologically based natural resources management system that through the integration of trees on farms and in the agricultural landscape, diversifies and sustains production for increased social, economic and environmental benefits for land users at all levels. This paper...

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Evaluation of potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) varieties for yield and yield components

March 2019 - Vol 11 Num. 3

Lack of well adapted potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) varieties is a production problem accounting for low yield. Farmers grow local landraces. A field experiment was conducted to investigate the performance of potato varieties for yield and yield components from 2013 to 2015 under rain fed condition using improved varieties...

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Advances in carotenoid increments in storage parts of African staple crops

March 2019 - Vol 11 Num. 3

The importance of vitamin A and other carotenoids in controlling micronutrient based deficiencies in particular VAD has been emphasized in recent years. This has resulted into demands for availing these nutrients in forms that are easily accessible for most of the populations in micronutrient deficient areas. Specifically...

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Genetic Diversity Analysis of Ethiopian Elite Chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) Varieties Based on Agronomic Characters

March 2019 - Vol 11 Num. 3

This research aim to assess morphological diversity of the elite chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) varieties in Ethiopia. Nineteen elite varieties of chickpea in Ethiopia were used to analyze the means and components of variability (genetic, phenotypic and environmental), and interrelationships (genetic and phenotypic) for...

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