Accelerating Discovery

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Latest Published Articles

Review on effect of population density and tuber size on yield components and yield of potato (Solanum tuberosum L.)

December 2018 - Vol 12 Num. 12

Population density and seed tuber is an important agronomic management practices in the production of potato (Solanum tuberosum L.). However, potato farmers in Ethiopia often use random population density and tuber sizes, which contribute to the low yield of the crop. Thus the objective of this study is to review effect...

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Effect of genotype and environment on grain quality of sorghum (Sorghum bicolor L. Moench) lines evaluated in Kenya

December 2018 - Vol 12 Num. 12

Grain sorghum (Sorghum bicolor) has a great potential for use as food and beverage in developing countries. However, information regarding the effect of the agro-ecological environments on the grain quality attributes of selected sorghum lines desirable for malting and brewing and for baking in Kenya, is lacking. The...

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Nitrogen release dynamics of Erythrina abyssinica and Erythrina brucei litters as influenced by their biochemical composition

December 2018 - Vol 12 Num. 12

Litter mineralization is a crucial process in providing nutrients through decomposition to plants, which also depends in the biochemical composition of the litter and soil properties as well. Decomposition rate of Erythrina abyssinica and Erythrina brucei in Luvisol was investigated in relation to their nutrient release...

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Effects of waterlogging on growth, biomass and antioxidant enzymes on upper ground and roots of two peony cultivars

December 2018 - Vol 12 Num. 12

Tree peony (Paeonia suffruticosa Andr.) is a perennial deciduous shrub with ornamental and medicinal value. Waterlogging stress is an agricultural problem for peony in Jiangnan of China. This study investigated the growth, biomass, cell membrane permeability and antioxidant enzymes of two P. suffruticosa cultivars...

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Effect of Electrocultre on seed germination and growth of Raphanus sativus (L)

December 2018 - Vol 12 Num. 12

Experiments were carried out to study the effect of electricity on the seed germination and growth of the Raphanus sativus. For the experiment, twelve pots were grouped into four sets, each containing three pots. In each pot, 20 seeds were sowed. While keeping all the parameters constant 3V, 6V and 9V electricity was...

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Evaluating the impact of small-scale irrigation practice on household income in Abay Chomen District of Oromia National Regional State, Ethiopia

December 2018 - Vol 10 Num. 12

Being the backbone of the Ethiopian economy, agricultural practice has been traditionally dominated for centuries by small-scale farmers. Even though small-scale irrigation is practiced in the study area, its impact on household income is not analyzed systematically for further policy action. This study was conducted to...

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Factors affecting performance of youth and women’s agricultural cooperatives: A case of some selected cooperative societies in Eastern Cape, South Africa

December 2018 - Vol 10 Num. 12

Rural youth and women are the major victims of poverty caused by deprivation. As a group, they lack access to land, financial capital and participation in decision processes in the family and community levels. One way of overcoming this challenge is through the formation of cooperative societies. As cooperative societies...

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Determinants of food insecurity among rural households of South Western Ethiopia

December 2018 - Vol 10 Num. 12

This study seeks to determine households’ determinants of food insecurity among rural households in Woliso district, South Western Ethiopia. The main objective of this study is to identify factors influencing food insecurity in the study area. The study used household-level survey data collected from 122 sample...

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Corruption and fiscal federalism in Nigeria: Analysis of the federal budgetary process, 1999 – 2016

December 2018 - Vol 12 Num. 10

Corruption is perhaps the biggest challenge to Nigeria’s development and the integrity of the country’s fiscal monetary system. Since independence in 1960, corruption has been a destabilizing factor in the country’s progress. It however gained pronounced ascendancy during the Second Republic, forcing a...

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The ‘Significance of Elections’ in Africa: 2015 elections and democratic consolidation in Nigeria

December 2018 - Vol 12 Num. 10

 While it can be argued that elections are not enough for the consolidation of democracy, elections are fast emerging as a significant component of democratization. Not least, because their regularity has enhanced freedom and liberalization, but also because they have been the cause and/or effect of democratic...

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Study of the reactivity of Casamance vegetable and agricultural waste char gasification with steam and CO2

December 2018 - Vol 12 Num. 12

The increasing energy demand coupled with the need to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and the threat of exhaustion of oil reserves make us consider a possible recourse to the use of biomass waste as a source of renewable energy. Nowadays, gasification is not yet economically and operationally attractive for the power...

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Valorization of water resources in Senegal for economic, social and sustainable development

December 2018 - Vol 12 Num. 12

Senegal has a rich and diversified hydrological potential. The bulk of surface water reserves are located in the basin's rivers Senegal and Gambia, whose waters originate from the Fouta Djallon massif. Alongside these large rivers, there are smaller rivers (Casamance and Kayanga) and...

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Comparative experimental study of performance degradation of amorphous silicon and crystalline silicon in outdoor exposed in Cologne

December 2018 - Vol 12 Num. 12

The photovoltaic (PV) lifetime and the return-on-investment for local PV system installation rely on long-term device performance. Understanding the efficient degradation behavior under a given set of environmental conditions is, therefore, a primary goal for experimental research and economic analysis. The modules were...

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Modeling ensemble streamflow: Application to the Senegal River upper the Manantali Dam

December 2018 - Vol 12 Num. 12

This study presents an ensemble stream flow simulation with probability of occurrence accounting for errors of the GR4J turned to the Senegal River upper the Manantali dam. Through this approach, probability is associated to simulation at each time, with step and reliability of issues depending on probability scores....

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Physicochemical and mechanical properties of biomass coal briquettes produced by artisanal method

December 2018 - Vol 12 Num. 12

In this study, carbonized peanut shells, cashew shells and millet stalks were used as raw materials to produce coal briquettes. Clay and arabic gum were applied as binders during briquetting by use of manual press. Physicochemical and mechanical tests of the obtained briquettes were conducted. The results show that the...

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A numerical modeling study of the Southern Senegal upwelling shelf: Circulation and upwelling source waters

December 2018 - Vol 12 Num. 12

The regional ocean circulation along the Southern Senegal shelf is studied using a numerical model for varying forcing fields during the upwelling season (November-May). The main objective is to study the shelf circulation of the marine environment in the Southern Senegal Upwelling Shelf (SSUS), the Lagrangian pathways by...

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Assessment of satellite rainfall products for stream flow simulation in Gambia watershed

December 2018 - Vol 12 Num. 12

Satellite rainfall estimates (SRE) with high spatial and temporal resolution and large areal coverage provide a potential alternative source to force hydrological models within regions where ground-based measurements are not readily available. The Gambia Basin in West Africa provides a good example of a case where the use...

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Variability and predictability of bush fire in Guinea on inter-annual and multi-year timescales based on NDVI-MODIS datasets analysis

December 2018 - Vol 12 Num. 12

This study investigates the variability and the predictability of bush fire on inter-annual and multi-year timescales in Guinea (latitudes 7° 05 and 12° 51 N and longitudes 7° 30 and 15° 10 W). Using Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) with a spatial resolution of 231 m × 231 m...

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The changing nature of “News Reporting, Story Development and Editing”

December 2018 - Vol 10 Num. 11

With advancements in technology in this age of globalization and digital media, the nature of News Reporting, Story Development and Editing across the United States have been constantly evolving. Through a systematic secondary research, the current research would examine various factors which led to the evolutionary...

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Does mobile technology increase the diversity of news? A content analysis of news notifications on mobile phones

December 2018 - Vol 10 Num. 11

Through conducting a content analysis of news notifications on the mobile media platform, the current study mainly finds that 1) no agenda correlation exists among legacy media outlets; 2) an agenda correlation is found between non-legacy media outlets and legacy media outlets; 3) in terms of news pushing frequencies,...

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