Accelerating Discovery

Academic Journals accelerates the dissemination of knowledge through the publication of high quality research articles using the open access model.

Latest Published Articles

Detection and spatio-temporal variation of marine heatwaves in the Gulf of Guinea, Nigeria

July-December 2019 - Vol 10 Num. 2

Time series analyses spanning 30 years (1988 - 2017) on spatial and temporal variations in sea surface temperatures reveal the occurrence of marine heatwaves (MHWs) within the Nigerian segment of the Gulf of Guinea. For specific focus, three locations were also chosen along Nigeria’s coastal zone, namely Lagos...

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Performance management and health service delivery in the local governments of Uganda

October-December 2019 - Vol 11 Num. 6

Today, many African countries are faced with enormous challenges of health service delivery; one of the arguments advanced for the persistent health service delivery malaise is the inadequate management of the health sector human resource. It should therefore be noted that performance management in the health sector has...

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Selection of Lactobacillus strains newly isolated from Algerian camel and mare fermented milk for their in vitro probiotic and lipolytic potentials

October 2019 - Vol 18 Num. 30

The main objective of this study was the characterization of new lactobacilli probiotic strains belonging to lactic acid bacteria (LAB). Eighty-eight strains were isolated from different Algerian camel and mare fermented milks; three of them were pre-selected for their stability, fast growth and resistance to acidity and...

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Safety assessment of Cymbopogon shoenanthus (L.) Spreng. (Poaceae) essential oils: Oral toxicity, dermal and eye irritancy investigations

October-December 2019 - Vol 11 Num. 8

The side effects prediction is a regulatory requirement prior the effective use of a new product as drug or pesticide constituent is allowed. The handling hazards of Cymbopogon schoenanthus essential oils (CSEO) were determined by investigating their acute and subacute toxicities as well as irritancy potential for eye and...

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Exploring barriers affecting suppliers in the mines in Zambia

October, 2019 - Vol 13 Num. 16

The global value chain has become an important strategy to link local suppliers to the various commercial activities that are performed during the production of goods and services. The chain actors involved join together in distinctive processes to produce a product in a win-win situation. This means that even the...

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The determinants of the corporate effective tax rate of Italian private companies

October, 2019 - Vol 13 Num. 16

This study investigates the determinants of the corporate effective tax rate (ETR) of Italian private (unlisted) companies in 2016 and 2017. Although a large body of research has addressed the issue of the determinants of the ETR, both the Italian context and the private companies have been the object of scant attention...

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The impact of geographical location on inclusion of small and medium enterprises in the mining global value chain in Zambia: A case of selected small and medium enterprises (SMES) in the mining area

October, 2019 - Vol 13 Num. 16

The global value chain approach has become a useful strategy to reduce poverty in the mining area by forming linkages among various players. This approach gives an opportunity to all stakeholders to participate in any suitable activity along the value chain. Once small and medium enterprises (SMEs) enter the value chain,...

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e overlooked role of market knowledge in the market integration of Ethiopian pastoralists

October, 2019 - Vol 13 Num. 16

In response to rapid globalization, African countries have dedicated considerable efforts to transform rural producers into businesses and integrate them with global markets. Pastoralists are mostly isolated from the other livestock value chain members. This makes it difficult for them to acquire knowledge regarding how...

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Qualitative assessment of Uvaria chamae (bush banana) crude extracts against wound isolated strains of Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Proteus mirabilis alongside resistance and plasmid profiles determination of the isolates

October, 2019 - Vol 13 Num. 28

Uvaria chamae is a plant used traditionally in treatment of wounds and other ailments. This work was conducted on qualitative assessment of crude extracts of U. chamae against wound isolated strains of Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Proteus mirabilis, determining the resistance and plasmid profiles of the isolates. Standard...

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Effect of abattoir wastes on stream quality in the Bolgatanga municipality, Ghana-west Africa

October, 2019 - Vol 13 Num. 28

This research was undertaken to determine abattoir wastes effect on the stream quality along Kollaa stream in Sawaba area of Bolgatanga municipality. The study also determined the microbiological quality and some physicochemical parameters of the stream that takes delivery of untreated waste from the abattoir and the...

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Prevalence and antibiotic susceptibility patterns of extended spectrum beta-Lactamase-producing Klebsiella oxytoca isolated from urine samples of patients visiting private laboratories in Abakaliki Metropolis

October, 2019 - Vol 13 Num. 28

Studies have shown that Klebsiella oxytoca is a major cause of infections in humans. This study was designed to determine the prevalence and antibiotic resistance pattern of extended spectrum beta-lactamase (ESBL)-producing K. oxytoca from urine samples of patients visiting private laboratories in Abakaliki, Ebonyi State....

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Planning: The town planners’ perspective

October-December, 2019 - Vol 12 Num. 4

The concept of planning has been a subject of territorial debates amidst various disciplines and at all conclusions; everyone is a planner in his/her own right. It is against this background of oversimplification that this study attempts to explore the various meaning and scope of planning both from the general percept...

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Structure and regeneration of Parkia biglobosa (Jacq.) R. Br Ex G Don in Mount Mandara, Cameroon

October-December 2019 - Vol 11 Num. 9

A study was carried out in the Mount Mandara area to assess the populations and renewal status of Parkia biglobosa, a multi-purpose species. The study was aimed at contributing to the sustainable management of this resource. Transect methods were used to count individuals of P. biglobosa in fields. Results showed that the...

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Pharmacognostic, physicochemical and phytochemical evaluation of the leaves of Fadogia cienkowski Schweinf (Rubiaceae)

October-December 2019 - Vol 11 Num. 3

Fadogia cienkowskii is a shrub used in folklore medicine. Evaluations of the leaves were carried out to determine the macroscopic, microscopic, chemomicroscopic, physicochemical and phytochemical profiles using standard methods. The macroscopic examination revealed fresh leaves are green, odourless with a bitter taste....

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Tea tree oil a new natural adjuvant for inhibiting glioblastoma growth

October-December 2019 - Vol 11 Num. 3

Tea Tree oil (TTO), the essential oil from the Australian native Melaleuca alternifolia has demonstrated a variety of beneficial efficacies including antimicrobial, antifungal, antiviral and anti-inflammatory. This report discusses data obtained on the in vitro activity of TTO on human glioblastoma cells U87MG. Cell...

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Assessing the impact of Trypanosoma spp. in cattle and its vector infestation in controlled and uncontrolled Kebeles in Kucha Wereda, Southern Ethiopia

October-December 2019 - Vol 11 Num. 6

This study was undertaken in Kucha Woreda to assess the impact of Trypanosoma spp. on cattle and its vector infestation rate using cross-sectional study design. The study was done from November 2016 to June 2017 on 384 local cattle using buffy coat method and tsetse fly density was seen in intervention area with...

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Development of hormonal profiles of Nubian bucks at puberty in Sudan

October-December 2019 - Vol 11 Num. 6

This study was designed to monitor the development of the hormonal profiles of the Nubian bucks at puberty. Thirty two (32) Nubain male kids between 1 day and 24 weeks having body weights of 2.3 to 13.5 kg were utilized in this study. All kids were injected with human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG). Blood samples were...

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Hypoglycemic activity of Antidesma bunius (L.) Spreng and Mollugo oppositifolia L. fresh and alcoholic extracts in the db/db diabetic mouse model

October 2019 - Vol 13 Num. 17

Antidesma bunius (L.) Spreng and Mollugo oppositifolia L., also known as “bignay” and “malagoso” respectively, are commonly used medicinal plants in the Philippines to treat diabetes. However, the hypoglycemic effect of A. bunius (L.) Spreng and M. oppositifolia L. has not been reported to date....

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Chromatography and bioautography of endophytic fungi extracts of Uncaria tomentosa (Willd.) DC with antibacterial activity

October 2019 - Vol 13 Num. 17

Endophytic fungi of different species have already proved their efficacy against a range of pathogenic bacteria. However, the separation of the compounds contained in these extracts that actually have an effective activity is not a constant, but it is essential for the scientific knowledge to formulate a new medication....

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Antifungal efficacy of crude extracts of Azadirachta indica and Vernonia amygdalina against pathogenic Aspergillus niger (ATCC 16404)

October 2019 - Vol 13 Num. 17

This research work was conducted to assess the potency of ethanolic and hot water extract of Azadirachta indica and Vernonia amygdalina against pathogenic Aspergillus niger (ATCC 16404). Potato Dextrose Agar was the medium under which the antimicrobial sensitivity test was carried out. Streptomycin solution was also added...

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