Accelerating Discovery

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Latest Published Articles

Sensory evaluation and consumer acceptability of orange-fleshed sweet potato by lactating women and their children (<2 years old) in Kaffrine, Central Groundnut Basin, Senegal

November 2018 - Vol 12 Num. 11

This study evaluated the sensory properties and consumer acceptance of boiled, fried, and mashed orange-fleshed sweet potato (OFSP), by rural lactating women (n=80) and their children <2 years old (n=77). Sensory evaluation and acceptability were performed using a 7-point hedonic scale. Intake parameters (food intake...

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Sensory evaluation of improved and local recipes for children aged 6 to 23 months in Bukoba, Tanzania

November 2018 - Vol 12 Num. 11

Complementary foods are foods other than breast milk or infant formula (liquids, semisolids, and solids) introduced to an infant to provide nutrients as well as energy. To ensure sustainable consumption of the improved recipes, sensory evaluation is important to assess acceptability of the modified recipes among the...

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Effects of germination and defatting of the soybean and sesame on the mineral bioavailability and absorption of sweet potato based complementary diets

November 2018 - Vol 12 Num. 11

The effect of germination of soybean and sesame seeds on the bioavailability of minerals of complementary foods was investigated using rats. Formulations of complementary diets 1 to 4 were produced from sweet potato, soybean and sesame flours at a ratio of 60:30:10, respectively. Formulated diets were significantly higher...

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Oxalate, phytate and nitrate content in African nightshade, spider plant and amaranths at different stages of maturity

November 2018 - Vol 12 Num. 11

African indigenous green leafy vegetables play important role in income generation and subsistence; they are the cheapest and most readily available sources of important minerals and vitamins. On the other hand, they contain anti-nutritional factors that reduce availability of vital nutrients. This study was conducted to...

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Dietary practices, habits and physical activity levels of the Swahili community, Kenya in relation to obesity and chronic diseases of lifestyle

November 2018 - Vol 12 Num. 11

Chronic diseases of lifestyle like diabetes mellitus and hypertension appear at greater rates in populations which consumed high fat, high calorie diets and engaged in low or no physical activity. Physical inactivity and unhealthy diets are major contributors of overweight and obesity which are risk factors for lifestyle...

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Microbiology, heterocyclic amines and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons profiles of some grilled, roasted and smoked foods in Lagos and Ogun States, Nigeria

November 2018 - Vol 12 Num. 11

Dietary intake of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH) and heterocyclic amines (HCA) has posted a great health risk as they have been identified as a most potent human carcinogen. Microbial quality of food is also of concern as they contribute to food poisoning and infection. Sixty food samples comprising roasted yam,...

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Assessment of factors affecting adoption of exotic chicken breed production in North Western Zone of Tigray, Ethiopia

November 2018 - Vol 9 Num. 11

Exotic chicken breeds were promoted and disseminated in the rural and peri-urban parts of Ethiopia, to improve the productivity of the poultry to increase the income of farmers. The study was conducted to explore the factors affecting adoption of exotic chicken breed in Tselemti and Tahtay Koraro districts of North...

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Assessment on consumption and marketing system of chickens in Gena Bossa district, south Ethiopia

November 2018 - Vol 9 Num. 11

This study was conducted in Gena Bossa district on assessment of consumption and marketing of chickens with the objectives of assessing chicken meat and egg consumption and marketing system of chickens. Random sampling method was used to select 138 households for interview. About 55.1% of chickens were owned by wife and...

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Perceived socio economic barriers to maternal health seeking behavior among rural women: The case of Raya-Alamata District, Southern Tigray, Ethiopia

October 2018 - Vol 10 Num. 10

Maternal health care service utilization is one of the components of the reproductive and child health interventions package with the aim of improving both maternal and child health. It is the health of the women during pregnancy, childbirth and postpartum period. Thus, the overall objective of this study is to...

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Comparative performance of farming practices in terms of carbon sequestration potential of mulberry and soil organic carbon stock

October 2018 - Vol 9 Num. 10

Experimentation under the study at Central Sericultural Research and Training Institute, Berhampore (West Bengal, India) was laid out in RBD comprising of seven treatments replicated thrice. The treatments consist of six different farming practices along with a fallow. Mulberry variety, S 1635, spaced at 60 x 60 cm was...

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Climate Change Effect and Adaptation Measures on Selected Soil Properties

October 2018 - Vol 9 Num. 10

Soil sustainability in climate changing trends is critical to address future food security and safety. This study investigated the effect of air and soil temperature on some selected soil properties. The impact of soil conditioning with composted organic wastes on the temperature effect was also assessed. Four different...

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Mapping soil terrain resources and descriptions of agro-ecological zone in Dawuro and Gamo Gofa zones in south-western Ethiopia

October 2018 - Vol 9 Num. 10

This study aims to identify and delineate land resources including soil, water and terrain resources, and major river basins, with demographic data and agro-ecological zone classification of general climatic conditions and vegetation characteristics of Gamo Gofa and Dawuro zones in South-western Ethiopia. Metadata source...

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“Ecology of soil seed banks: Implications for conservation and restoration of natural vegetation”: A review

October 2018 - Vol 10 Num. 10

Seed bank (henceforth referred to as SB) refers to viable seed which is present on or in soil and associated with litter/humus. Under different land use/land cover systems and climatic regions, density of seeds in the soil is variable both in space and time. SB density decreases with increasing depth and age of seeds in...

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Characteristics of macrophytes in the Lubigi Wetland in Uganda

October 2018 - Vol 10 Num. 10

The Lubigi wetland, which is located in the north-western part of Kampala, the capital city of Uganda has been severely strained from anthropogenic encroachment and activities. These activities include harvesting of Cyperus papyrus and other plants, land filling for reclamation, human settlements and disposal of...

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Resource partitioning among sympatric species of primates at Kakum Conservation Area, Ghana

October 2018 - Vol 10 Num. 10

We investigated how four primate species in Kakum Conservation Area (KCA) coexisted after logging shrunk their feeding resources. We used multivariate discriminant function analysis to determine whether feeding sites and food types could discriminate them. Results showed that lower canopy discriminated Cercopithecus mona...

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Spatial variation in diversity of woody vegetation species within Kwara State University Malete campus, Kwara, Nigeria

October 2018 - Vol 10 Num. 10

The roles of woody vegetations and Africa savanna in human development and survival as attracted interest in their conservation to prevent the depletion or loss of those resources. However, there is need for accurate data on species composition, distribution and conservation of woody species in many parts of Africa for...

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Butterfly species composition and diversity in a protected area of Karnataka, India

October 2018 - Vol 10 Num. 10

Field investigations were made to record the diversity of butterflies at six forest ranges in Nagarahole National Park (NNP), Karnataka during 2014 to 2015. 138 butterfly species were recorded from 94 genera, which belong to five families such as Hesperiidae, Lycaenidae, Nymphalidae, Papilionidae, and Pieridae. Species...

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Determinants of revegetation on landslide scars in an agro-based socio-ecological system in Bududa, Uganda

October 2018 - Vol 10 Num. 10

Landslides cause displacement or loss of plant cover, soil and other materials on slopes. Exposure of soil accelerates erosion processes thus contributing to stream sedimentation. Though playing a crucial role in stabilising scars there is limited understanding of the plant species colonisation process. This study aimed...

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Characterization of markers linked to resistance motifs against maize lethal necrosis in Tanzanian maize germplasm

October 2018 - Vol 12 Num. 10

Among the biological constraints facing maize production in Tanzania is a severe occurrence of maize lethal necrosis disease (MLN) raising an urgent need for application of new approaches. A pool of 22 maize genotypes with promising resistance and susceptibility to MLN infection were evaluated by Amplified fragment length...

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Agronomic performance of pro vitamin a cassava varieties in three locations in Nigeria

October 2018 - Vol 12 Num. 10

In an early yellow root cassava study in 2003 to 2004, we investigated agronomic performance of pro Vitamin A (yellow fleshed) cassava genotypes in three locations in Nigeria (Ibadan, Mokwa, and Onne). Twenty-two clones and three checks were evaluated. A randomized complete block design was used with four replications....

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