Accelerating Discovery

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Latest Published Articles

Different levels of irradiance and plant regulators modify the leaf structure and essential oil production of Lippia origanoides H.B.K (Verbenaceae)

January 2023 - Vol 17 Num. 1

The quality and quantity of secondary metabolites produced by plants can be influenced by biotic and abiotic factors, since the biochemical and physiological processes that coordinate the synthesis of these compounds are influenced by these. Plant regulators can also interfere with plant growth and terpene biosynthesis in...

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Arbitrary color usage in interface design and impact on intuitive use

January-June, 2023 - Vol 7 Num. 1

As the usage of computer systems is on the rise and role of user interfaces in usage space cannot be undermined, there has been tremendous research into interaction design schemes and interface design methodologies. However, research that directly addresses visual design approaches, which is the interplay between User...

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Notes on the order of convergence, consistency and stability properties of newly derived schemes

January-June, 2023 - Vol 16 Num. 1

In this paper, two numerical integration methods for solving Initial Value Problems (IVPs) in Ordinary Differential Equations (ODEs), namely “Third Order One Step Scheme (TOOSS) and Second Order One Step Scheme (SOOSS)” have been considered. The order of convergence, consistency and the stability properties of...

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The path to investment in water infrastructure in low income and least developed countries: Obstacles and possibilities

January-March, 2023 - Vol 15 Num. 1

Rural communities in low-income countries rely on intermittent water supply, defined as access to water for less than 24 h a day. The path to continuous water supply requires electricity as well as water infrastructures, which in turn requires the necessary finance for investment. We show that a sample of 16 Least...

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Analysis of agency banking and customer satisfaction in Rwanda: A case of Bank of Kigali

January 2023 - Vol 17 Num. 1

This paper used quantitative and qualitative methods to analyze agency banking and customer satisfaction in Rwanda and it considered the Bank of Kigali as a case study. The research adopted a descriptive research design in nature. Data were collected from a sample size of 208 respondents who were selected from the...

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The influence of the college environment on the development of entrepreneurial intentions

January 2023 - Vol 17 Num. 1

This study aimed to assess the factors that influence the formation of entrepreneurial intentions (EIs) among college students in Zambia. The research was built on the theory of planned behaviour (TPB) by Ajzne, to identify how the constructs of the same theory are manipulated by the factors that influence...

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Contribution of cytogenetic and molecular biology in disorders of sex development diagnosis: About 55 cases

January-June 2023 - Vol 15 Num. 1

Disorders of sex development (DSD) when diagnosed early is important as it pose a real public health problem in Senegal. Among the supporting tools, molecular ones, which are not available everywhere are very useful. In this context, cytogenetic and molecular analyses were implemented in cytology laboratory at the...

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China-Cameroon: A win-lose relationship in the Mining sector?

January-March 2023 - Vol 17 Num. 1

As one of the key drivers of the African international political economy of the last two decades, China growing economic involvement on the continent has sparked mixed responses. Is Beijing South-South Cooperation model just a rebranded version of the old North-South relationship or China is actually contributing to...

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Potentials of botanicals, solar radiation, and muslin cloth for the management of cowpea bruchid (Callosobruchus maculatus F.) on stored cowpea (Vigna unguiculata L.)

January-June 2023 - Vol 14 Num. 1

Callosobruchus maculatus is the major field-to-store insect pest of stored cowpea in the tropics and sub-tropics. Despite the serious hazards to humans, livestock, and the environment, fumigants and residual insecticides are the main control methods used by farmers for cowpea protection. This study aims at evaluating the...

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Anti-viral compounds from Jatropha curcas seed extract with anti-HIV-1 and anti-SARS-CoV-2 action

January, 2023 - Vol 17 Num. 1

Many studies have dealt with the medicinal properties of Jatropha curcas; however, there are limited studies on the scope of its antiviral potential. This is a fact associated with the current challenges posed by HIV-AIDS and COVID-19, which has reinforced the need to expand the knowledge about its antiviral resource....

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Acute toxicity and laxative effect of the aqueous extract of the leaves Crossopteryx febrifuga (Benth) in rats

January, 2023 - Vol 17 Num. 1

The leaves of Crossepteryx febrifuga (Euphorbiaceae) are commonly used in the Republic of Congo in traditional medicine as a laxative. The present study aims to justify the traditional use of C. febrifuga in the treatment of constipation. The acute toxicity of the aqueous extract was evaluated at the doses of 2000 and...

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The quest of democratic governance for sustainable peace in Ethiopia: the case of Oromo Protest of 2014-2018

January-June 2023 - Vol 14 Num. 1

This article examines the inexorableness of democratic governance in multinational states for sustainable peace by considering the essential questions of the Oromo Protests in Ethiopia from 2014 to 2018. Ethiopia adopted the policy of a 'democratic developmental state' in post-2000, which aimed to realize...

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The national peace building policy of Somaliland: Undoing what has worked?

January-June 2023 - Vol 14 Num. 1

Part of the foundation of Somaliland’s stability over the last three decades has been its localized customary, clan-based peacebuilding mechanism. This may now be at risk. The ongoing institutionalization of Somaliland's peacebuilding structures through the National Peacebuilding Policy (NPP) reflects many...

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Evaluation of diagnostic tests for plague in Madagascar

January 2023 - Vol 17 Num. 1

Madagascar is the country that reports the most cases of plague in the world. This is an evaluation study of plague diagnosis over a 2-year period from January 2017 to December 2018. For all suspected plague cases, peripheral RDT (performed locally), central RDT (performed in the laboratory) and PCR were performed....

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Bacterial communities associated with the surfaces of the fresh fruits sold around Dhaka Medical College and Hospital and their anti-microbial profiles

January 2023 - Vol 17 Num. 1

Fresh fruits are popular sources of healthy diets with low energy density. Since they are consumed raw, it may act as a source of foodborne disease and a reservoir for antibiotic-resistant organisms. This study aimed to determine microbial prevalence among the fruits sold around hospital along with antimicrobial profiles....

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Diversity and microbiological quality of fruit juices produced in southern Benin

January 2023 - Vol 17 Num. 1

The fruit juice production sector is growing rapidly in Benin's major urban centers and appears to have enormous hygienic insufficiencies. This study aimed to identify and evaluate the microbiological quality of the different fruit juices produced in southern Benin. The methodological approach to the first objective...

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Molecular characterization of multiple antibiotic-resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa isolated from selected hospital fomites and hands of health care workers in Ondo, Nigeria

January 2023 - Vol 17 Num. 1

The study reported the molecular characterization, antibiotic susceptibility profile and the nature of resistance genes in the multiple antibiotic resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa isolated from selected hospital fomites and hands of health care workers in Ondo, Nigeria. Various fomites and hands of health care workers...

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Changes in marijuana use and associated attitudes and health behaviors among patients in HIV care in the U.S. in the post-legalization era: a qualitative study

January-June 2023 - Vol 15 Num. 1

We sought to understand the impact that state-level marijuana policy changes had on marijuana use behaviors among people with HIV (PWH), including patterns of use (e.g., frequency, modality), access, goals for use, use of other substances, and perceived health effects. We conducted 1:1 interviews at 3 U.S. HIV clinics...

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Cross-border trade and economic growth: An application to Côte d'Ivoire, Ghana, Morocco, and Nigeria

January-March 2023 - Vol 15 Num. 1

The objective of this paper is two-fold. On one hand, it seeks to measure the direct effect of cross-border trade on the dynamism of the economies of countries such as Ghana, Côte d'Ivoire, Morocco and Nigeria from 1971 to 2020. On the other hand, it aims to verify the possibility of establishing a link between...

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Training program on knowledge and attitude of students regarding premenstrual syndromes and the effects on absenteeism

January 2023 - Vol 18 Num. 1

The study aimed to assess the consequences of an academic educational program on the scholars' knowledge and attitude regarding premenstrual syndromes and, its effect on the absenteeism of scholars in Sabya University College. A quasi-experimental study of 0.97 students recruited study group; data were collected...

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