Accelerating Discovery

Academic Journals accelerates the dissemination of knowledge through the publication of high quality research articles using the open access model.

Latest Published Articles

Information sources, methods and challenges: perspective of first year undergraduate students of University of Cape Coast, Ghana

January-June 2024 - Vol 16 Num. 1

For the University of Cape Coast first-year students, research is an important step in determining the knowledge that best suits their needs. This study investigated the purpose of searching for information, major sources of information, information search strategies, and the challenges in information search, using the...

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The magnitude of systemic arterial oxygen saturation improvement achievable by a Blalock-Taussig-Thomas shunt: A systematic review

February 2024 - Vol 16 Num. 1

This study was carried out to determine the magnitude of systemic arterial oxygen saturation (SaO2) improvement caused by a Blalock-Taussig-Thomas shunt (BTTS). PUBMED (PM) and Google Scholar (GS) were searched between 1st January, 1966 and 31st March, 2023. Search terms included: Blalock, Taussig, shunt, pulmonary artery...

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Bacterial contamination and surface hygiene in the microbrewery environment

January-June 2024 - Vol 13 Num. 1

Bacterial spoilage has a negative impact on the quality, stability and consumer acceptance of beer. The present study was conducted to determine bacterial surface and product contamination in the microbrewery environment. HybriScan™ D Beer rapid molecular testing kits for bacterial cell counts were used to evaluate...

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An in-depth review of the two most common feedback forms in English undergraduate programs: The connection of their consequential academic damages to students’ perceptions of their teachers, and how video-recorded feedback can combat these effects

January-March 2024 - Vol 15 Num. 1

This review, built upon the criticism receiver’s harmony theory and incorporating the voices of the majority of English undergraduate students and English department professors at California State University, Northridge, and North Central University as its primary foundation, explores the two most prominent types of...

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Exploring the biodiesel potentials of waste avocado fruit oil

January-June, 2024 - Vol 14 Num. 1

The biodiesel potential of waste avocado fruit was investigated. This study is essential for utilizing the enormous waste generated from avocado cultivation in Nigeria. Biodiesel was produced using a two-step acid-base catalyzed transesterification process. The acid catalyzed esterification step was required to convert...

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Effect of conditions in the production of highly soluble powder from tomatoes using microbial enzyme preparation

January-March 2024 - Vol 18 Num. 1

This study develops functional food ingredients made from tomatoes. In particular, the cellulose contained in tomatoes was saccharified using microbial enzyme preparations, and the possibility of producing highly soluble tomato powder was investigated. First, the study investigated the conditions for saccharification of...

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Hyperhomocysteinemia in a population of type 2 diabetics in Senegal

January-March 2024 - Vol 18 Num. 1

The objective of this study is to estimate the prevalence of hyperhomocysteinemia in a population of type 2 diabetics and to study the relationship between serum homocysteine ??levels and sociodemographic, clinical and biological characteristics in this population. This is a cross-sectional study involving 100 type 2...

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Reusing polyethylene terephthalate bottles (PETBs) for sealing panels manufacturing: The influence of bottle types on their thermal performance

February 2024 - Vol 18 Num. 2

This study aims to investigate the influence of PET bottle type used during PET panel manufacturing on their thermal performance. Used PETBs are an increasing threat to the environment. Plastic wastes cause air pollution, and water and soil contamination. Nowadays, vast amounts of such waste are unsafely disposed of in...

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Evaluation of field performance of compact coffee variety under selected propagation methods and soil fertility amendment practices in the Northern Zone, Tanzania

February, 2024 - Vol 20 Num. 2

This study compares the field performance of three types of seedlings propagules (cuttings, grafting and seed) when combined with 75 g NPK (20:10:10) tree-1, 37.5 g NPK + (10 and 20 Kg Farmyard manure) tree-1. Two split plot experiments laid out in a Randomized Complete Block design (RCBD) with three replications were...

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Production and profitability of maize and soybean grown in rotation in the North-Western Free State, South Africa

February, 2024 - Vol 20 Num. 2

The production and profitability of maize in the North-Western Free State is important for the livelihood of South Africa’s population. Most of the country’s maize is produced in the area despite its sandy soils and semi-arid climate. Crop rotation has been identified as a management practice which has...

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Morphological diversity of taro genus Xanthosoma collected in four geographical areas in Côte d’Ivoire based on qualitative traits

February, 2024 - Vol 20 Num. 2

This study is part of the context of the development and sustainable management of neglected plant genetic resources in Côte d'Ivoire, including taro. The objective is to characterize the morphological diversity within taro accessions of the genus Xanthosoma from four geographical areas of Côte...

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Major soil fertility and management gaps in sorghum production in Lesotho

February, 2024 - Vol 20 Num. 2

Sorghum is an important staple crop in Lesotho, following maize and wheat. The objective of this study was to assess soil fertility and management gaps in the country and their impact on sorghum production. In July 2022, an interview involving 320 Basotho farmers was carried out in 8 districts across Lesotho. The survey...

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Evaluation of Brazilian irrigated agriculture: what to expect?

February, 2024 - Vol 20 Num. 2

Ensuring food security is a significant challenge facing our society today. The goal of irrigation management is to enhance food production within the existing agricultural areas while considering environmental sustainability. In Brazil, the high demand for irrigation, coupled with various technologies employed in food...

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Resistance to aflatoxin contamination and genotypic colonization of Aspergillus flavus and Aspergillus parasiticus in groundnuts (Arachis hypogaea)

February, 2024 - Vol 20 Num. 2

Groundnut (Arachis hypogaea) is an important income-generating crop in sub-Saharan Africa. Biotic factors affecting production include fungal infections caused by Aspergillus flavus and Aspergillus parasiticus leading to aflatoxin contamination. Resistant cultivars can be a potential cost-effective strategy and a feasible...

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Effect of the fertilizer application rates on the performance of the winter triticale on podzolic soil

February, 2024 - Vol 20 Num. 2

The aim of this work was to assess the effect of different application rates of NPK fertilizer on the productivity of winter triticale varieties in podzolic soils. In this particular study, 3 varieties of winter triticale: Guera, Nemchinovskaya 56, and Nina were evaluated in 2020-2022 on the experimental fields of FIC...

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Impact of nutritional sovereignty of red meat on water consumption in the agricultural sector

February, 2024 - Vol 20 Num. 2

Given the dependency of red meat production on water-depleting fodder crops, this research aimed to measure the impact of the nutritional sovereignty of red meat on water consumption in the agricultural sector. The most important findings of this study reveal that the total water used in the production of red meat...

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Effect of basalt on the mechanical and thermal behavior of a lightweight concrete based on Typha australis

January-March, 2024 - Vol 19 Num. 1

This article examines the impact of integrating basalt aggregates into concrete based on Typha australis for housing applications. We conducted an experimental study focusing on mechanical and thermal characterization to analyze the influence of basalt aggregates compared to the results of previous work on T. australis...

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Mapping of geological structures controlling mineralization in parts of the Lower Benue Trough, Nigeria, using high resolution aeromagnetic data

January-March, 2024 - Vol 19 Num. 1

Nine Regional Aeromagnetic data sheets from the Lower Benue Trough, Nigeria have been interpreted using the centroid and forward modelling technique of spectral analysis with the aim of delineating structures that can possibly control mineralization within the trough. The residual magnetic map was analyzed using the...

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Multi-resistance to carbapenems by the production of Imipenemase (IMP)-types carbapenemases in Gram-negative bacilli in Burkina Faso

February 2024 - Vol 23 Num. 2

The growing prevalence of Imipenemase (IMP) metallo-beta-lactamases (MBL) producing strains of Gram-negative bacilli (GNB) pathogens is a real concern for clinicians in the light of therapeutic impasses driven. However, resistance genes encoding these enzymes are hardly documented in Burkina Faso. This study aims to show...

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Establishment of an efficient regeneration protocol of six different varieties of wheat (Triticum aestivum L.)

February 2024 - Vol 23 Num. 2

An efficient callogenesis and regeneration protocol was optimized for six different wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) varieties including Chakwal-50, Galaxy-01, NARC-09, Pakistan-13, Millat-11, and Borlog-14. For callogenesis, mature seeds of each variety were used as explant, surface sterilization, and culturing were carried...

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