Modifying the chaotic behavior in the quadrupole wiggler free-electron laser using ion-channel guiding
The principles of free-electron laser (FEL) are explained. The motion of an individual electron in a FEL in a field configuration consisting of a quadrupole wiggler magnetic field is investigated. The general formulation of the dynamical problem is given. The Hamiltonian and Hamilton's equations of motion are derived. The problem of integrability and the Hamiltonian chaos is discussed. Upon plotting the...
Analytical investigation of convective heat transfer of a longitudinal fin with temperature-dependent thermal conductivity, heat transfer coefficient and heat generation
In this article, the heat transfer through a longitudinal fin is studied. The heat transfer coefficient, thermal conductivity and heat generation are variables and supposed to be temperature-dependent. The temperature distribution in fin with longitudinal rectangular profile was carried out by using the differential transformation method (DTM) which is an analytical solution technique. For validation of the analytical...
Estimation of heavy metals contamination and silicate mineral distributions in suspended sediments of Subansiri River
Suspended sediments samples were collected from ten different locations through the Subansiri River to assess heavy metals contamination such as Fe, Al, Ti, Pb, Zn, Cu, Ni, Co, Mn and Cr. The enrichment factor (EF), contamination factor (CF), geo-accumulation index (Igeo) and pollution load index (PLI) were investigated for evaluate metal contamination in the sediments. The relative distribution of major minerals such...