Articles

 

Page 1 of 1227, showing 50 records out of 61329 total, starting on record 1, ending on 50

Journal of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Health
Using participatory epidemiology tools to determine perceived risk factors for foot-and-mouth disease occurrence in selected sub-counties of Isingiro district in Uganda

October-December 2021

Preliminary steps of the progressive control pathway for foot-and-mouth disease (PCP-FMD), underscores information on risk areas and risk factors for FMD circulation, as essential in development and implementation of appropriate control and elimination strategies. Isingiro district in Uganda, suffers annual FMD outbreaks despite controls implemented by the Government. Using participatory epidemiology (PE) approaches, we...

Author(s): Kerfua Susan D., Nantima Noelina, Ademun Rose Ayebazibwe Chrisostom, Okuthe Sam, Sserugga Joseph, Ejobi Francis, Atim Stella and Lumu Paul

African Journal of Medical and Health Sciences
Correlation of body mass index (BMI) with hematological indices and procoagulants among people with obesity in Sapele, Southern Nigeria

October 2021

Obesity occurs when Body Mass Index (BMI) of an individual is above 30.0 with several effects on hematological indices and procoagulants hence, this study aims to evaluate correlation of BMI with hematological indices and procoagulants among people with obesity. This was a cross sectional and descriptive study carried out at Central Hospital, Sapele, General Hospital, Oghara and Biomed Diagnostic Centre, Sapele in...

Author(s): Kingsley Chukwuka Amaihunwa, Emmanuel Asuquo Etim, Everista Odaburhine Osime and Zacchaeus Awortu Jeremiah

African Journal of Biotechnology
Antioxidant effects of ginger, garlic and onion aqueous extracts on 2-thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (2-TBARS) and total volatile basic nitrogen (TVB-N) content in chevon and pork during frozen storage

October 2021

The study investigated the effect of 10% aqueous extracts of ginger, garlic and onion on the quality and shelf life of frozen chevon and pork as reflected by changes in values of 2-thiobartituric acid reactive substances (2-TBARS) and total volatile basic nitrogen (TVB-N) over a 14 day storage under frozen conditions.  The pH, 2-TBARS and TVB-N of chevon and pork were measured from frozen storage at -20°C after...

Author(s): Lesten Eliez Chisomo Chatepa, Kingsley George Masamba and Jonathan Tanganyika

African Journal of Biotechnology
Antioxidative and anti-aging activities of Abeliophyllum distichum Nakai extracts fermented with lactobacillus plantarum and lactobacillus brevis

October 2021

Abeliophyllum distichum Nakai is a deciduous shrub that belongs to Oleaceae Abeliophyllum and grows only in Korea. In this study, the antioxidative activity, cytotoxicity, anti-aging activity, and levels of acteoside and isoacteoside were compared between non-fermented and fermented (using Lactobacillus plantarum and Lactobacillus brevis) extracts of A. distichum Nakai. The cytotoxicity of these extracts, along with...

Author(s): KiBeom Lee, Ju Hyun Park and Yun Sung Kim  

Journal of Stored Products and Postharvest Research
Compared efficiency of a commercial Neem oil (TopBio) and synthetic insecticide (Antouka Super®) in the management of Dinoderus porcellus Lesne (Coleoptera: Bostrichidae) infesting yam chips

July-December 2021

Dinoderus porcellus Lesne is the main pest of stored yam chips in West Africa. Despite their negative impact on the environment and human health, synthetic chemical pesticides are the main control method used by farmers for yam chips protection. This study aims to evaluate the biological effects of different doses (2.5 and 5%) of a commercial Neem oil (TopBio) and the chemical insecticide, Antouka Super® (Permethrin...

Author(s): Joelle Toffa, Yeyinou Laura Estelle Loko, Elie Ayitondji Dannon, Karim Zanzana, Josky Adikpeto, Noel Bada and Appolinaire Adandonon  

Journal of Agricultural Extension and Rural Development
Extrapolating technology from research plots to commercial scale and challenges involved: Case study of plantain macro-propagation technique

October-December 2021

Commercialization of research technologies and innovations by research institutes is being intensified due to declining government funding for research and dwindling donor inflows. Lack of quality planting materials continues to be a major challenge in the production of plantains. CSIR-Crops Research Institute signed a three-year contract with a private company to supply quality plantain plantlets using the...

Author(s): Adjei A. E., Tetteh E. N., Darkey S., Dzomeku B. M., Mintah P. and Anti M.

International Journal of Psychology and Counselling
Coming-out in Body Integrity Dysphoria

October-December 2021

The term body integrity dysphoria (BID) describes a discrepancy between the actual anatomical body constitution and the mentally represented body of a physically impaired person, which is often experienced as chronically dysphoric as well as the resulting desire of the affected person to have a (permanent) physical impairment (amputation, paralysis, etc.) in order to complement their own “true” identity. In...

Author(s): Maya Berger, Aglaja Stirn and Erich Kasten  

Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health Sciences
Evaluation of practices favoring the development of mycotoxigenic molds in rice sold in the retail markets of Abidjan, Côte d'Ivoire

July-December 2021

Mycotoxins constitute a real problem of public health because of their highly toxic effects for the populations. This study aims to evaluate the practices that favor aflatoxins and ochratoxin A development in rice sold on the markets of Abidjan (Cote d’Ivoire). A food consumption survey was conducted among 45 traders and 135 consumers of rice in three markets in Abobo and Cocody communes. A simple, open-ended...

Author(s): Ahou Léticia LOUKOU, Aholia Jean-Baptiste ADEPO, Atsé N&#;sa Romaric ALLOH and Kouakou BROU  

African Journal of Business Management
Ownership structure, financing constraints and inefficient investment: empirical analyses of Chinese data

October 2021

Using the data of A-share listed companies in Shanghai and Shenzhen stock exchanges from 2008 to 2017, this paper empirically tests the moderating role of ownership structure between financing constraints and inefficient investment. The study found that rational use of the moderating effect of ownership structure is of great significance to improve the investment efficiency of enterprises. When there are financing...

Author(s): Hong-xing Tu  

Journal of Petroleum and Gas Engineering
Pipe irregularities mapping using tomographic instrumentation system

July-December, 2021

Formation of irregularities on the inner surface of pipes is a common phenomenon that leads to corrosion and affects the functionality in the processing industries. Ultrasonic is known as one of the non-destructive means to address the formation of irregularities inside pipes. In this study, an ultrasonic measurement system is developed to detect the presence of internal irregularities in a pipe. An ultrasonic sensor...

Author(s): Z. Zakaria, M. Idroas, M. K. N. Ramli, H. Abu Bakar, A. Samsuri and I. Ismail  

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Response of plant spacing on the morphology and yield of five hot pepper lines

October, 2021

This study aimed to determine the effects of plant spacing on some morphological traits and yields of 5 hot pepper lines. The trial was laid out in a 5 × 3 factorial in randomized complete block design with 4 replications. Five pepper lines (ICPN16#3, ICPN16#4, ICPN16#6, ICPN16#7, and ICPN16#9) and 3 plant spacing (70 cm × 30 cm, 70 cm × 40 cm and 70 cm × 50 cm) were used. The results revealed...

Author(s): Boateng E., Adjei E. A., Osei M. K., Offei K. O. and Olympio N. S.

UNIZIK Journal of Educational Research and Policy Studies
Effect of gender on Basic Science students’ academic achievement in secondary schools in Enugu Education Zone, Enugu State, Nigeria

July-December, 2021

Junior secondary schools’ achievement in Basic Science continues to fall below expectations, despite several interventions by multiple stakeholders. Hence, there is need to research more on gender effects on the delivery of Basic Science curricula content. This study, therefore, examined the effect of gender on Basic Science students’ academic achievement in secondary school. A pre-test, post-test,...

Author(s): Ani I. Mercy, Obodo C. Abigail, Ikwueze C. Chikodiri and Festus I. Tafi  

Educational Research and Reviews
Analysis of the activities used in English textbooks regarding the multiple intelligences theory in Jordan

October 2021

This study analyzes the activities used in the English series of Action Pack textbooks in accordance with multiple intelligences theory. This series is used in teaching the English language for grades nine, ten and twelve in Jordan. The researcher analyzed 608 activities to decide which type of multiple intelligences is more common in the targeted activities. The results indicate that the linguistic and spatial...

Author(s): Hamza Mohammad Ali Al Maharma

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Screening of rice endophytic natives biofertilizers with plant growth-promoting characteristics

October, 2021

In Mali, rice cultivation is faced with declining yields due to insufficient soil nutrients and diseases with yield losses of up to 80%. The use of endophytic bacteria and fungi is a more ecological and effective alternative compared to chemicals. This study aims to select at least one endophytic rice bacterium in combination with mycorrhizal fungi to improve the rice production in Mali and effectively control the...

Author(s): Amadou Hamadoun Dicko, Djeneba Nantoume, Djeneba Ouattara, Adounigna Kassogue, Rokiatou Fane, Ibrahima Malle, Bakaye Doumbia, Amadou Hamadoun Babana and Linda L. Kinkel  

Journal of African Studies and Development
Examining the fragments and causes of increasing out-of-school children in Nigeria

October-December 2021

In spite of various policy initiatives and institutional frameworks, a good number of school-age children roam the streets of Nigeria. Nigeria unduly tops the rank in the total number of out-of-school children in the global scene. Now, about 16 million Out-Of-School Children (OOSC) live in Nigeria, and this means that about one out of five OOSC in the world relate to Nigeria. The number has increased from 8.7 million in...

Author(s): Mohammed Manzuma-Ndaaba Ndanusa, Quadri Kolapo Abayomi and Yoshifumi Harada

African Journal of Microbiology Research
Q fever in Tunisia, an underestimated infection

October 2021

Q fever is a common zoonosis with almost a worldwide distribution caused by Coxiella burnetii. Farm animals and pets are the main reservoirs of infection and transmission to humans is usually via inhalation of contaminated aerosols. Infection in humans is often asymptomatic, but it can manifest as an acute disease (usually a self-limited flu-like illness, pneumonia or hepatitis) or as a chronic form (mainly...

Author(s): Naoufel Kaabia and Abdelkarim Bahloul

Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health Sciences
Black carbon accumulation in extrapulmonary human tissues

July-December 2021

Black carbon is a product of incomplete combustion and is associated with a number of adverse health outcomes in epidemiologic studies. To date, anatomic studies investigating the pathogenic mechanisms of black carbon in humans have confirmed black carbon particles accumulate in the lung and in the placenta of pregnant women, and are excreted in urine. In this feasibility study, the presence of black carbon particles...

Author(s): Rebecca Florsheim, Joseph P. Bressler, Gwendolyn Tsai and Natalia Drichko  

International Journal of Psychology and Counselling
Cross-cultural adaptation of an intimate partner violence screening tool (WAST) for the Mozambican context; implications for more effective HIV prevention and treatment counseling

October-December 2021

This article aims to translate and implement the cross-cultural adaptation of the WAST - Woman Abuse Screening Tool, designed in English and used to track violence by an intimate partner. For adaptation, the conceptual equivalence of terms and semantics between the original version in English and the version translated into Portuguese was evaluated, the result of two translations and back-translation, discussion by a...

Author(s): Joaquim S. Matavel, Khátia Munguambe, Debra Rose Wilson, Osvaldo Loquiha and James G. Linn,

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Impacts on access to factors of production among smallholder farmers in central Uganda during COVID-19 lockdown

October, 2021

Author(s): Beatrice Wamuyu Mbugua, Samuel Apori Obeng, Marius Murongo, Williams Opoku-Agyemang, Emmanuel Hanyabui and Abdoulaye Fofana Fall

African Journal of Agricultural Research
On-farm phenotypic characterization of indigenous Tswana sheep population in selected Districts of Southern Botswana

October, 2021

This study aimed to phenotypically characterize indigenous Tswana sheep under its natural environment and develop prediction equations for body weight using linear body measurements in Kgatleng, Kweneng, Southern and South-East districts of Botswana. Multistage purposive sampling was used for selection of districts. Data on qualitative characters and quantitative measurements were made on 665 sheep stratified by...

Author(s): Monosi Andries Bolowe, Ketshephaone Thutwa, Patrick Monametsi Kgwatalala, Phetogo Ineeleng Monau and Cosmos Malejane  

African Journal of Environmental Science and Technology
Analysis of the influence of precipitation patterns on wetland sizes in South-Eastern Zimbabwe

October 2021

In this paper, the hypothesis that rainfall variability has an impact on wetland loss is tested. There is limited research in Zimbabwe that recognises the influence of rainfall variability on wetland loss. The purpose of this research is to determine the influence of rainfall variability on wetland size over time. Topographical maps, for the period 1972 to 2008, provided data on wetland locations and their changes in...

Author(s): Fidelis Makarati, Ruhiiga T. M. and Palamuleni L. G.

African Journal of Business Management
Local economic development in Nelson Mandela Bay and Buffalo City Metropolitan Municipalities: An empirical investigation

October 2021

Albeit in its infancy, South Africa’s LED practice is a benchmark of a large number of African countries in general and southern African countries in particular. The practice stand out for its massive and growing LED budgets, robust legal and a variety of  LED governance structures, amongst others. This study seeks to answer three critical questions: What LED facets (particular aspects) are available in...

Author(s): Mativenga Ngatiane, Noluntu. S. Dyubhele and Hendrik Lloyd

African Journal of Biotechnology
Assessment of water requirement for rice crop at Cyabayaga wetland in Nyagatare District, Eastern Province, Rwanda

October 2021

The overall objective of this present research is assessment of rice-water requirement in Cyabayaga wetland of Nyagatare District in Rwanda. Specific objectives of this research project were to collect and analyze weather parameters, of soil physical properties, crop-water requirements and to recommend efficient water management of the study area. Research design, data collection and field observations were made during...

Author(s): Valens Nkundabashaka, Sylvestre Habimana, Rose Niyonkuru, Claude Kayijuka, Antoine Karangwa, Saidi  Rumanzi Mbaraka, Fabrice Rwalinda Musana, Eularie Mutamuliza and Marie Chantal Mutimawurugo

Scientific Research and Essays
Total electron content response to two moderate geomagnetic storms in July 2003 at Niamey Station in Niger

October-December, 2021

The present paper reviews CODG TEC response to the moderate storm of July 26, 2003 and that of July 29 at Niamey station in West African equatorial station (Geo Lat 13° 28'45.3 "N; Geo long: 02° 10'59.5" E) in Niger. These two moderate geomagnetic storms are of solar wind origin. The study showed an increase in CODG TEC values during the initial phase of the storm and a decrease in CODG TEC...

Author(s): Zoundi Christian, Dama Stéphane, Kadidia Nonlo Drabo and Ouattara Frédéric

Journal of Philosophy and Culture
The African state today and the democracy ideal: A case for a critical return

July-December 2021

Undoubtedly, many modern nation-states seek to achieve a better form of democratic governance. The African nation-state is not an exception. However, the attempt by African nation-states to achieve the ideal form of democratic governance has been especially problematic. The real problem, as we see it, is that because of the forces of colonization and neo-colonization, Africa especially has scarcely had the opportunity...

Author(s): Nancy Oppongwaa Myles and Paa Kweku Quansah

Journal of Public Health and Epidemiology
Prevalence and factors associated with psychoactive drugs use among employees in 2019 in two companies in Cotonou, Benin

October-December 2021

The use of psychoactive drugs remains a public health and social issue in Benin and impacts health, medical and social life at working place. The study aims to determine the prevalence and the factors associated with psychoactive drugs use in 2019 in two companies based in Cotonou, Benin. A cross-sectional survey was carried out from 09 to 31 December 2019. The study involved 455 workers aged 22 to 60 in two companies,...

Author(s): Badirou Aguemon, Barikissou Georgia Damien, Vikkey Hinson, Alex Zonsiga and Paul Ayelo

Journal of Agricultural Extension and Rural Development
Factors influencing smallholder farmers to participate in farmer-led research of agro-ecological practices in selected areas, Tanzania

October-December 2021

Declining crop productivity is a great challenge facing smallholder farmers in Tanzania. Agro-ecological practices can improve crop productivity in a sustainable way and produce healthy food among smallholder farmers. Initiation of “Farmer-Led Research of Agro-Ecological Practices” (FLRAG) may enhance farmers’ capacities for innovation and co-develop suitable agro-ecological practices. This study aimed...

Author(s): Luambano Kihoma, Ayubu J. Churi, Camilius A. Sanga and Eugenio Tisselli  

International Journal of Biodiversity and Conservation
Diversity, structure and health of a cocoa based agroforest system in the Humid dense forest, East Cameroon

October-December 2021

Cocoa is a major cash crop in Cameroon, where its production and export contributes significantly to the national economy and in poverty alleviation. Cocoa-based agroforestry systems (cAFS) have been recognised as a fair strategy for natural resource management, combining both the agricultural and conservation objectives. This study aims to (1) assess the diversity, (2) analyses the floristic and structural...

Author(s): Essomba Henry Seraphin, Betti Jean Lagarde, Priso Richard, Ngueguim Jules and Njimbam Oumar Farrick

Journal of Accounting and Taxation
Fair value accounting: Perspective on stewardship function

October-December 2021

This paper reviews the existing and emerging perspectives on fair value accounting (FVA) in the context of the stewardship function of financial reporting. This study draws on diverse research threads and theoretical notions to advance a comprehensive assessment of existing FVA research in the context of the trade-off between decision-usefulness and the stewardship objective. By conducting a narrative literature review,...

Author(s): Dusan Andrejcik, Gurcharan Singh and Anwar Halari

Journal of Accounting and Taxation
Corporate governance and voluntary disclosure: The case of listed firms on the Athens Stock Exchange

October-December 2021

This paper explores the effect of corporate governance on voluntary disclosure. The investigation of the research question was based on hand-collected data from annual reports for a sample of 93 non-financial listed firms on the Athens Stock Exchange for 2017. Using several items to create a voluntary disclosure index, the authors investigate the arguments that ownership structure, board of directors (board) and audit...

Author(s): Christina Vadasi, Stergios Tasios and Michalis Bekiaris

African Journal of Environmental Science and Technology
Food waste produced lactic acid for pathogen inactivation, urea stabilization and odor control in feces

October 2021

Source separated human feces can be used as a valuable source of nutrients if it is properly sanitized and its nutrient is conserved. In this study, the efficiency of fresh cabbage waste produced lactic acid treatment of human feces as a pretreatment to evaluate the sanitizing effect, urea stabilizing, and odor removal was investigated for 33 days. Four reactors were used for the treatment process containing different...

Author(s): Zerihun Getaneh, Agizew Nigussie, Adey Desta and Nancy G. Love

Journal of Geography and Regional Planning
Exploring challenges of engaging in socio-economic activities due to traffic congestion in Takoradi

October-December, 2021

Undoubtedly traffic congestion continues to be a challenge that negatively impacts socio-economic activities in most cities in the world. It does not only hinder the smooth movement of people but also freight and services. Admittedly, there have been a number of studies that have examined the causes and effects of traffic congestion in Ghanaian cities; nonetheless, these studies have largely concentrated on the larger...

Author(s): Emmanuel Panin Acheampong, Louis Kusi Frimpong and & Jacob Doku Tetteh

African Journal of Political Science and International Relations
From the end of history to the end of neo-liberalism: From Fukuyama to Fukuyama

October-December 2021

The emergence of neo-liberalism as a hegemonic ideological doctrine followed both the awkwardness of social democracy and the demise of communism, during the 1970s and 1990s. The main objective of neo-liberalism was to achieve socioeconomic development and political stability; using its unique instruments of liberalization, deregulation and privatization policies. To achieve these objectives, ideological indoctrination...

Author(s): Sibuh Gebeyaw Tareke

International Journal of Biotechnology and Molecular Biology Research
Rilpivirine and Etravirine resistance among HIV-1 infected patients failing first generation non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NNRTIs) in Busia, Western Kenya

July-December 2021

Rilpivirine (RPV) and Etravirine (ETR) are second-generation non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NNRTIs) that are not used for HIV-1 treatment in Kenya. In this cross-sectional study, we sequenced and analyzed the reverse transcriptase and pol regions of HIV-1 genome from 140 HIV infected individuals from Busia County Referral Hospital, Western Kenya, who were on anti-HIV treatment with confirmed virologic...

Author(s): James Munyao Kingoo, Anne WT Muigai, Viviene Matiru and Samoel A. Khamadi

Journal of Accounting and Taxation
Factors affecting the internal audit effectiveness in local government institutions in Ghana

October-December 2021

The paper examines the factors that affect the effectiveness of internal auditing in local government institutions in Ghana. Questionnaires were administered to the Internal Audit staff and Audit Committee members of the Accra Metropolitan Assembly in the Greater Accra region. Factor analyses were used to answer the closed-ended questions whilst the open-ended type was analysed based on recurring themes. It was found...

Author(s): Daniel Kofi Quampah, Hussein Salia, Karim Fusheini and Nicholas Adoboe-Mensah

African Journal of Biochemistry Research
Association of hyperuricemia and metabolic syndrome in type 2 diabetes mellitus patients in Dakar

October-December 2021

The association between hyperuricemia and metabolic syndrome (MS) has been reported in many studies. The authors performed this cross-sectional study to determine the association between hyperuricemia and the MS among diabetic patients in Dakar. Type 2 diabetic patients received as part of their follow-up at the Marc Sankalé Center of Abass Ndao Hospital in Dakar were enrolled. For each patient, blood samples and...

Author(s): Nènè Oumou Kesso Barry, Moustapha Djite, Pape Matar Kandji, El Hadji Malick Ndour, Michel Assane Ndour, Demba Diedhiou, Gueye-Tall Fatou, Alix Palanga Koboyo, Ndeye Marieme Thioune, Najah Fatou Coly, Dominique Doupa, Maimouna Ndour Mbaye, Aynina Cisse, Pape Amadou Diop, Philomène Lopez Sall, Papa Madieye Gueye,

Journal of African Studies and Development
Urbanization in Africa: Integrating multiculturalism in urban development in Uganda

October-December 2021

This paper demonstrates the need to integrate multiculturalism in urban development in Uganda with some policy proposals on how multiculturalism can be integrated into urban development. Through a qualitative research in Arua city in Uganda, findings showed that the city like other cities in Uganda is a culturally diverse city and minority ethnic groups or tribes are at the risk of exclusion if multiculturalism is not...

Author(s): Paul Ogwang Tulibaleka, Keneth Tumwesigye and Lillian Ssunga Nakayima

Journal of Soil Science and Environmental Management
Sewage sludge and NPK Application to enhance growth, yield and quality of kale and spinach crops

October-December, 2021

Sewage sludge is considered as a valuable supplement because of its high organic matter, macro and micro nutrients. Its application has been studied in combination with recommended fertilizer dose (NPK is combination of N, P and K) for crops, viz. Kale and Spinach. The experiment comprised nine treatments (T1=0%SS+0%NPK as Control, T2=25%SS+0%NPK, T3=50%SS+0%NPK, T4=75%SS+0%NPK, T5=100%SS+0%NPK, T6=25%SS+75%NPK,...

Author(s): Sabia Zafar, Sameer Farooq, Insha Khursheed, Khalid Hussain, Hilal Ahmad Qazi, Tasadoq Hussain Jaweed, Farooq Ahmad Lone

African Journal of Business Management
Consumers’ purchase attitudes toward Shanzhai products: An empirical study of Chinese consumers

October 2021

Shanzhai products have witnessed a huge growth China market. Although the shanzhai problem has been discussed in the literature, most of the studies are mainly literature review, practical report, or theoretical analysis. Empirical research remains scarce, especially the examination of underlying key purchase determinants of shanzhai purchase from consumer behavior perspective. This study embeds the shanzhai phenomenon...

Author(s): Xi Chen and Yun Wang

African Journal of Microbiology Research
Biosafety, bacteriological quality and strategy of biopreservative administration for controlling spoilage bacteria in Thai traditional dried seafood products

October 2021

Biosafety has currently become an important public health issue in seafood industry of Thailand. In order to enhance quality of seafood products, three phases of study were established. In the first phase, biosafety of traditional processed squid sold in Chon Buri province, Thailand compiled from literatures between 2002 and 2019 was evaluated. The squid products represented a health hazard due to 86.5% samples, having...

Author(s): Subuntith Nimrat, Pornpimon Soodsawaeng, Nanticha Rattanamangkalanon, Traimat Boonthai and Verapong Vuthiphandchai

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Nutritive value of common housefly (Musca domestica) prepupae reared on broiler by-products as source of animal feed

October, 2021

Common housefly (Musca domestica) is one of the insects that is found in almost all parts of the world, it is found in diverse habitats making its life cycle stages such as larvae and pupae readily available for foraging poultry on free range systems. Large commercial poultry farms world-wide are experiencing low supply of animal based proteins and excess organic wastes generated from the farms. Common housefly prepupae...

Author(s): O. P. Eddy, C. O. Olweny and W. R. Mukabana  

Journal of Accounting and Taxation
Corporate governance and economic sustainability reporting in Nigeria

October-December 2021

Economic sustainability reporting enhances the financial strength of the company by meeting the diverse needs of stakeholders. Whereas, financial performance covers about 25% of the economic sustainability performance indicators as indicated in the GRI-4. To this extent, the study helps to fill this gap by considering the effect of corporate governance on economic sustainability reporting in quoted companies on Nigerian...

Author(s): Olayinka, Olalekan Moses

African Journal of Food Science
A novel platform test to detect beta-lactam residues in raw milk

October 2021

The mastitis causing microorganisms resist beta-lactam antibiotics by releasing beta-lactamase and the enzyme can be traced in raw milk. This study was aimed at developing a novel platform test to detect beta-lactam antibiotics residues in raw milk based on the Hardy Diagnostic Beta-lactamase Test (HDBT) reagent. The HDBT ingredients modified were penicillin, sodium chloride, trisodium citric acid, trisodium phosphate...

Author(s): Teresiah W. Ndungu, Patrick S. Muliro and Mary Omwamba

African Journal of Biotechnology
Spatial and regional directory of wild Auricularia species found in the forest of Southwest Nigeria

October 2021

The African forest, which was and still is the heart of biodiversity, is fast losing its bio-components due to natural disasters and human encroachment. A catalogue of the bio-components of the African forest is imminent so that conservation programs can be established to safeguard rare germplasm(s) from extinction. The population density of wild Auricularia (Mushroom) of Southwestern Nigeria was the focus of this...

Author(s): Victor S. Ekun, Clementina O. Adenipekun, Omena B. Ojuederie and Peter M. Etaware

Biotechnology and Molecular Biology Reviews
A review on benefits of mass spectrometry for the small molecule drug discovery

July-December 2021

The drug discovery is a very much time consuming as well as costly procedure. The Mass Spectrometry (MS) technology offers the aptitude for characterization, identification, as well as quantification of a target entity in a complex matrix and has settled into a leading analytical tool in the field of medicinal chemistry and drug discovery. However, by using specific MS-based techniques including personalized sample...

Author(s): Iqra Bano, Usman Dawood Butt, Ali Hafiz Akbar, Syed Agha Hasnain Mohsan and Safia Arbab

African Journal of Political Science and International Relations
Secession and border disputes in Africa: The case of Sudan and South Sudan border

October-December 2021

Conflicts in Africa are increasingly becoming violent and endemic. Many of these conflicts are related to crises of identities, struggles for resources and power contestations. A few of these conflicts escalate to self-determination, separatist movements, and secession. These conflicts mostly transcend national borders and trigger the alteration and redesigning of national borders, which itself becomes a source of...

Author(s): Abubakar Mohammed and Yahaya T. Baba

African Journal of Microbiology Research
RAPD-based evaluation revealed genetically diverse populations of Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Staphylococcus aureus lytic bacteriophages isolated in urban sewage and Ebrie Lagoon, Côte d’Ivoire

October 2021

The application of bacteriophages biocontrol requires the formulation of genetically distinct bacteriophages in a phage cocktail. Random Amplified Polymorphic DNA (RAPD) - PCR is considered a cheap, reproducible, and readily applicable tool in detecting phage diversity compared to other molecular techniques such as whole-genome sequencing. We used in this study the RAPD-PCR technique to assess the genetic diversity of...

Author(s): Audrey A. Addablah, Solange Kakou-Ngazoa, Eric E. Akpa, Emmanuella Adioumani, Fred M’Bourou Ndombi, Serge Aoussi and Mireille Dosso

African Journal of Biochemistry Research
Profile of CA 15-3 and CEA during breast cancer chemotherapy at Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso

October-December 2021

Biomarkers are considered as an innovative tool in the diagnosis and follow-up of breast cancer. The aim of the study was to assess the profile of circulating tumour markers CA 15-3 and CEA in patients under chemotherapy for breast cancer in Ouagadougou. This is a prospective cross-sectional study with a descriptive and analytical aims which was done from July to November 2020. Patients with histologically confirmed...

Author(s): Fabienne Marie SOUDRE, Alice KIBA, Arnaud KOURAOGO, Raoul KARFO, Aboubacar BAMBARA, Arsène KAGAMBEGA, Elie KABRE, and Jean SAKANDE,

Journal of Philosophy and Culture
Of races: From social constructionism to biological realism

July-December 2021

Racial constructionists tend to make three claims about race: (1) races have their origin as social constructs-that races arise at a particular time in history; (2) races were either created with the purpose or have had the effect of creating hierarchies of power that require treating socially constructed groups in distinct ways; and (3) biological racial realism is false. These claims amount to the larger claim that...

Author(s): COREY Barnes

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Developing optimal irrigation scenario for onion (Allium cepa L.) in view of leaching requirement and drainable excess water at Werer Agricultural Center, Amibara, Middle Awash, Ethiopia

October, 2021

The field experiment were performed on the site of Werer Agricultural Research Center (Ethiopia)  to study optimal irrigation scenario by taking in to account the leaching requirement and drainable excess water for three successive years. Six irrigation treatments were evaluated at different growth stages of onion plant namely at initial growth stage four irrigation event  23 mm (T1), 16.2 mm (T2) 21.0 mm...

Author(s): Fikadu Robi, Kebede Nanesa, Jemal Mohammed and Wondimu Tolcha

Page 1 of 1227, showing 50 records out of 61329 total, starting on record 1, ending on 50