Articles

 

Page 1 of 1196, showing 50 records out of 59765 total, starting on record 1, ending on 50

Journal of Medicinal Plants Research
Anticonvulsant activities of friedelan-3-one and n-dotriacontane both isolated from Harungana madagascariensis Lam (Hypericaceae) seeds extracts

October, 2020

Chemical investigation of the crude methanol/methylene chloride (1:1) extract of the seeds of Harungana madagascariensis resulted in the isolation of two known compounds namely n-dotriacontane and friedelan-3-one. The structures of the isolated compounds were determined on the basis of 1D NMR spectroscopy and comparison with literature data. The crude extract and the two compounds were evaluated for their anticonvulsant...

Author(s): Jordan Kache Signe, Godfred Ayimele Aponglen, James Mbah Ajeck and Germain Sotoing Taiwe

Journal of Medicinal Plants Research
Hypoglycaemic effects of Salvia officinalis extracts on alloxan-induced diabetic Swiss albino mice

October, 2020

Diabetes mellitus is the fourth killer disease globally. The available management strategies are quite expensive and sometimes unsafe. This necessitates the need for bio-active drugs from medicinal plants. Although Salvia officinalis (sage) is used in herbal medicine, the scientific validation for anti-diabetic effects of various extracts has been elusive. The present study aimed to determine and compare the...

Author(s): Kanana Faith Mbiti, Maina Charles Mwendia, Kibet Joseph Mutai and Clement Josphat Matasyoh  

Journal of Medicinal Plants Research
Eerdun Wurile protects neuron and promotes neurite outgrowth through regulation of apoptotic gene expression in PC-12 cells

October, 2020

Eerdun Wurile (EW) is one of the most widely used traditional Mongolian medicines for stroke recovery. Previous studies revealed that EW regulates brain gene expression in a rat model of middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO). However, the fraction of active components and the specific genes regulated by such fractions have not been elucidated clearly. The study shows that the extracts of EW regulate the expression of...

Author(s): Chu La, Tsogzolmaa Ganbold, Saren Gaowa, Qiburi Qiburi, Temuqile Temuqile and Huricha Baigude  

International Journal of Psychology and Counselling
Classification of posttraumatic stress disorder and its evolution in Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM) criteria

October-December 2020

The purpose of this review is to provide an historical understanding of post- traumatic stress disorder. The concept of trauma is changing drastically in every publication or revision of Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders. The underlying dimensions of trauma are also under constant consideration. Thus, the paper would provide some historical background of trauma nomenclature. This will enable the...

Author(s): Bulut Sefa  

African Journal of Biochemistry Research
Antimalarial pyronaridine resistance may be associated with elevated MDR-1 gene expression profiles but not point mutation in Plasmodium berghei ANKA isolates

October-December 2020

The selection of resistance is inevitable whenever chemotherapy is necessary for pathogen control. Notably, Plasmodium falciparum has developed multifaceted means to overcome the toxicity of nearly all antimalarial medicines. To bypass this challenge, not only should novel drugs be developed, but the resistance mechanisms to new and existing drugs need should be fully explored. Pyronaridine is a companion drug in...

Author(s): Shadrack Kanyonji Kimani, and Jacob Manyiwa Shume,  

Journal of Medicinal Plants Research
Larvicide and repellent activity of Hypenia irregularis (Benth.) Harley in the alternative control of mosquito Aedes aegypti

October, 2020

Dengue is an emerging epidemic disease and among those transmitted by the Aedes aegypti mosquito, it is the one with the highest number of cases and cases with death. With the wide dissemination of the beneficial effects of medicinal plants and the use in agriculture as a pesticide, studies on the prospection of plants with toxic activity have been increasing, highlighting extracts and essential oils. The objective of...

Author(s): Richard Dias Possel, Talita Pereira de Souza Ferreira, Douglas Martins de Oliveira Bessa, Marcela Oliveira Ferreira, Diego Patrick Nusrala Dias, Gleys Kellen Aquino Moraes, Luana Fernandes Ferraz, Taciano Peres Ferreira, Ana Claudia Fernandes, Julcemar Didonet, Gil Rodrigues dos Santos, Bruna Letícia Dias, and Raimundo Wagner de Souza Aguiar    

Journal of Medicinal Plants Research
Future molecular medicine from white frangipani (Plumeria alba L.): A review

October, 2020

White frangipani (Plumeria alba L.) is tropical and subtropical plants, have been familiar used in many traditional medication as well as aromatherapy, especially for the flower part. Scientific study, but was not so many, reporting some pharmacological and toxicological effects of this plant which lead to more depth study at molecular level. This review describes the pharmacological and toxicological effect of the...

Author(s): Barry Anggoro, Enade Istyastono and Maywan Hariono  

African Journal of Biochemistry Research
Sub-acute and protective effect of Cymbopogon citratus against carbon tetrachloride-induced liver damage

October-December 2020

The study evaluates the sub-acute toxicity and antioxidant potential of ethanolic leaf extract of Cymbopogon citratus against CCl4-induced toxicity in Sprague Dawley rats. The ethanolic leaf extract of C. citratus was prepared by solvent maceration method. The phytochemicals present in the extract were determined using standard methods. The potential sub-acute toxicities were evaluated using OECD procedure. The...

Author(s): Momoh Johnson Oshiobugie, Aderele Oluwaseun Raphael and Rasaq Adekunle Kareem

African Journal of Environmental Science and Technology
Bamboo diversity and carbon stocks of dominant species in different agro-ecological zones in Cameroon

October 2020

Bamboo is of ecological and socio-economic importance in the world. However, knowledge on its potential in climate change mitigation remains superficial in Cameroon. The present study identified bamboo diversity and estimated carbon stocks of the dominant species in Cameroon. Ground truth method and local informants were used for a bamboo species survey in five Agro-ecological zones (AEZs). Twenty-two circular plots of...

Author(s): Barnabas Neba Nfornkah, Kaam Rene, Zapfack Louis, Tchamba Martin and Chimi Djomo Cedric

Journal of Medicinal Plants Research
Evaluation of antioxidant and protective effect against genotoxic damage of two extracts of chaya leaves (Cnidoscolus aconitifolius)

October, 2020

Stress, excessive consumption of processed foods, pollutants and many other factors of today's life have caused oxidative stress in our body and damage to genetic material in our cells, leading to diseases such as diabetes, hypertension, cancer, metabolic syndrome, among others. Medicine has returned to take up traditional remedies mainly in plants. Chaya (Cnidoscolus aconitifolius) has been studied in this regard,...

Author(s): Eduardo Lozano Guzmán, Christian Tadeo Badillo Castañeda, Lourdes Garza Ocañas, María Guadalupe Nieto Pescador, Francisco Javier Moreno Cruz and José Luis  Ríos Bañuelos  

International Journal of Biodiversity and Conservation
Community dependency and perceptions of a protected area in a threatened ecoregion of Myanmar

October-December 2020

Local communities living adjacent to protected areas (PA) play a vital role in biodiversity conservation. Understanding communities’ use and perceptions of a PA will increase its conservation effectiveness through reducing anthropogenic pressures and improving park-people relationship. This study assessed local communities’ dependency on the PA and perceptions of benefits and costs accrued from the PA. Using...

Author(s): Thazin Htay,  and  Eivin Røskaft  

Journal of Medicinal Plants Research
Protective effect of piperine from Piper chaba fruits on LPS-induced inflammation in human intestinal cell line

September, 2020

Piper chaba is a flowering vine in the family of piperaceae. It is a spicy plant widely used as food and herbal medicine in the South and Southeast Asian countries. The study evaluated anti-inflammatory and immunomodulatory activities of a major alkaloid extract, piperine, from P. chaba fruits on human colonic epithelial cells. The effects of piperine extract on cell viability, pro-inflammatory cytokine inhibition, and...

Author(s): Anyanee Buagaew and Natwadee Poomipark  

Journal of Medicinal Plants Research
Larvicidal activity of Juniperus procera extract against anopheles mosquito in in vitro, North Western Ethiopia

September, 2020

Mosquitoes are the major health threat as they transmit plasmodium parasites that cause malaria. Since mosquitoes developed resistances towards insecticides, investigators are searching for alternative control measures. Bioactive plant chemicals have been identified to serve as a defense mechanism against insects’ larvae. Therefore, the aim of the study was to evaluate larvicidal activities of Juniperus procera...

Author(s): Wondimu Ersino, Hirpasa Teressa and Tadele Alemayo  

Journal of Medicinal Plants Research
Screening open source traditional Chinese medicine extracts for growth-inhibiting properties towards Acinetobacter baumannii

September, 2020

Infections caused by Acinetobacter baumannii and other pathogenic bacteria are a worldwide concern due to their increasingly prevalent multidrug resistance. World leaders and health organizations across the globe have voiced their concerns over antibiotic resistance and the critical need for the development of novel antibiotics. Although the number of new antibiotic drugs entering the marketplace in recent years has...

Author(s): Lucas Poon, Thomas J. Langowski, Mozna H. Khraiwesh, Malik J. Raynor, Jesse P. Deluca, Jeffrey R. Livezey, Thomas G. Oliver, Susan Ensel, Tanja Grkovic, Barry R. O’Keefe, and Patricia J. Lee  

Journal of Medicinal Plants Research
Antibacterial, total phenols, antioxidant, and fatty acids of the lyophilized body fat of Podocnemis expansa (Schweigger, 1812) from farm in Acre State, Brazil

September, 2020

Podocnemis expansa (Podocnemididae) is a chelonian of suborder Pleurodira and is popularly known as Amazon turtle. The animal’s body fat was removed from the farm in Xapuri city in Acre State, Brazil. The fat was lyophilized and the oil was extracted by the Soxhlet method using hexane, as a solvent. The fatty acids majority, identified and quantified by gas chromatography-flame ionization detector, were:...

Author(s): Brazil M. V. da S., Souza M. de B., Ferraz V. P., Martins B. A., De Carvalho Neto M. F., De Melo A. C. G. R., Ribeiro P. R. E. and De Melo-Filho A. A.

Journal of Medicinal Plants Research
Ethnobotanical survey of medicinal plants commonly used in snakebites in North Western Nigeria

September, 2020

The incidence of snake bite in rural West Africa is reportedly high with an 11–17% mortality rate. Nigeria has one third of the cases for snake bite cases in this region.Thus, most tribes in North-western part of Nigeria depend on medicinal plants for snakebites. However, it appears that a gap exists on documentation of these plants especially tropical flora used in the management of snake bite. This led to...

Author(s): Ibrahim-Maigandi Hassan, Aishatu Shehu, Abdulkadir Umar Zezi, Mohammed Garba Magaji and Jamilu Ya’u  

Journal of Medicinal Plants Research
In vitro antibacterial activity of Psidium guajava (Guava) leaves extract on carbapenem-resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae causing multi-drug resistant systemic infections

September, 2020

Systemic bacterial infections affect almost all part of the human body systems leading to infections such as urinary tract infections, septicemia, meningitis, pneumonia, peritonitis and gastritis. Carbapenems have been used as drug of choice in the treatment of systemic infections. Studies have indicated that Enterobacteriaceae are producing enzymes such as carbapenemases, which inactivate carbapenems.  There ...

Author(s): Henry Kwadwo Hackman, Reuben Essel Arhin, Bright Kojo Azumah, David Boateng, Blessing Nwosu and Mark Apenteng  

African Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology
Development and validation of UV- Spectrophotometric and RP-HPLC method for the analysis of raw material and formulations of Aceclofenac

September, 2020

The purpose of the study is to develop and validate method for assay of Aceclofenac in tablet dosage forms using ultra violet spectrophotometry (UV) and high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) techniques. A method was developed and validated for analysis of Aceclofenac using UV technique with methanol and phosphate buffer 7.4 as solvent. The HPLC analysis was conducted using two mobile phases, that is,...

Author(s): Tahir Jamshaid, Syed Saeed ul Hassan, Hammad Ahmed, and Muhammad Khalil ur Rehman

African Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology
Cytotoxic, antimicrobial and antioxidant activities and phytochemical analysis of Artemisia judaica and A. sieberi in Saudi Arabia

September, 2020

Cancer and microbial infectious diseases are considered a global threat. Plants have been investigated across the world to exploit their potential anticancer and antimicrobial effective agents. In this study, two medicinal plant species native to Saudi Arabia, namely; Artemisia judaica and Artemisia sieberi were screened to assess their antioxidant, anticancer and antimicrobial potential activities as well as...

Author(s): Fahd A. Nasr, Omar M. Noman, Ramzi A. Mothana, Ali S. Alqahtani and Abdullah A. Al-Mishari  

African Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology
Cardioprotective effects of animal grade piperazine citrate on isoproterenol induced myocardial infarction in wistar rats: Biochemical and histopathological evaluation

September, 2020

The present study was designed to investigate the cardioprotective effect of animal grade piperazine citrate on isoproterenol-induced myocardial infarction in rats by studying cardiac marker enzymes and histopathological changes of the cardiac muscle. Isoproterenol administration showed significant (P<0.001) increase in the serum levels of cardiac injury markers (creatine kinase-MB and troponin-I), 358.98 ±...

Author(s): Ghasi, S. I., Umana, I. K., Ogbonna, A. O., Nwokike, M. O. and Ufelle, S.  

African Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology
Assessment of anti-hepatitis B virus activity of endemic medicinal plants from Socotra Island

September, 2020

Hepatitis B virus (HBV) is a leading cause of liver disease and a possible worldwide source of severe morbidity and mortality. The current standard therapy using interferons or antiviral agents is not successful in all cases and is associated with severe side effects. Consequently, the development of new medicines for the treatment of HBV is still relevant. This experimental study was therefore performed to assess the...

Author(s): Ramzi A. Mothana, Ahmed H. Arbab, Mohammad K. Parvez and Mohammed S. Al-Dosari  

Journal of Medicinal Plants Research
Medicinal plants used against malaria by traditional therapists in malaria endemic areas of the Ségou region, Mali

September, 2020

West Africa is one of the regions in Africa with the highest levels of malaria transmission a descriptive study was carried out to inventorise the medicinal plants traditionally used against malaria by traditional therapists in five malaria endemic areas of the Ségou region, in Mali. Sixty-five traditional therapists were randomly selected to be part of the study. Questions were posed using semi-structured...

Author(s): Jean Noël KEÏTA, Nouhoum DIARRA, Donatien KONE, Hassana TOUNKARA, Fousseyni DEMBELE, Moustapha COULIBALY  and Nah TRAORE

Journal of Medicinal Plants Research
Chemo preventive effect of methanol extract of Anacardium occidentale nut shell on ultra-violet radiation induced skin damage

September, 2020

Anacardium occidentale nut shell liquid has been used for decades especially by natives of South America, Asia and Africa in the treatment of topical skin diseases, abrasion and cancerous ulcers amongst others. Chronic exposure to sunlight can lead to skin damages including erythema, edema, hyperplasia, formation of sunburn cells, photo-aging, suppression of the immune system and skin cancer. This study was aimed at...

Author(s): Pepple N. M. , Ekoriko W. U., Idih F. M. and Chidozie V. O.  

Journal of Medicinal Plants Research
Ethnobotanical study of plants used against onchocerciasis in the far north region of Cameroon

September, 2020

Despite the multitude of studies which have shown the use of medicinal plants in the management of parasitic diseases, little data was available on the plants used against onchocerciasis. Ethnobotanical surveys were carried out among traditional healers in the Far North region of Cameroon. Studies were conducted from July 2017 to May 2018 through direct interviews using a semi-structured questionnaire taking into...

Author(s): Amina Mamat, Zambou Zebaze Leïla, Ndjib Rosette Christelle, Nguezeye Yvette, Kenne Meli Phalone, Okah-Nnane Ndode Herman, Bitja Nyom Roger Arnold and Ndjonka Dieudonne  

African Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology
Neuroprotective effects of methanol extract of Terminalia macroptera leaf in mice

September, 2020

The plant Terminalia macroptera has been reported to possess many pharmacological activities. The aim of the present study was to screen the effect of the methanol extract of T. macroptera against ketamine-induced mice model of psychosis and the apomorphine climbing test. The behavioural studies entailed an evaluation of locomotor activity, stereotypic behaviours in the open field and stereotypic climbing behaviour,...

Author(s): Lydia Doosuur Ior, Sunday Oritsetimenyin Otimenyin and John Stephen Gushit  

African Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology
Investigation of hemotoxicologic potential of an ayurvedic preparation “Kutajarista” used in Sprue syndrome after chronic administration to male Sprague-Dawley rats

September, 2020

The ayurvedic medicinal system is the world’s most primitive medical systems which were originated in India. For the treatment of Sprue syndrome, a very well-known ayurvedic preparation named Kutajarista (KTJ) is used in the south Asian region. This study aimed to detect the impact of chronic administration of KTJ on hematological parameters. The experimental animals were subdivided into two groups. A high dose...

Author(s): Mohammad Tohidul Amin, Kaniz Fatema, Palash karmakar, Md. Abdur Rahman, Tazmel Haque and M. Shahabuddin Kabir Choudhuri  

Educational Research and Reviews
The impact of English language proficiency testing on the pronunciation performance of undergraduates in South-West, Nigeria

September 2020

This study investigated the impact of English Language proficiency testing on the pronunciation performance of undergraduates in South-west. Nigeria. The study was a descriptive survey research design. The target population size was 1243 (200-level) undergraduates drawn from eight tertiary institutions. The instruments used for data collection were the English Language Proficiency Test and Pronunciation Test. The...

Author(s): Oyinloye Comfort Adebola, Adeoye Ayodele, Fatimayin Foluke, Osikomaiya M. Olufunke, and Fatola Olugbenga Lasisi  

Educational Research and Reviews
Analysis of distance education activities conducted during COVID-19 pandemic

September 2020

It could be suggested that the covid-19 pandemic, which initially emerged in China and then affected the whole world, negatively affected several aspects of life since it halted life globally. One of these aspects is education. Education that usually takes place in various learning environments at schools had to be conducted from a distance after the pandemic. This requirement imposed certain responsibilities on...

Author(s): Erol Koçoğlu and Danyal Tekdal  

Educational Research and Reviews
Scientific research hypotheses understanding of the pre-service science teachers at Faculty of Education, Amran University, Yemen

September 2020

Preparing pre-service science teachers (PSSTs) with the scientific research skills (SRSs) is an ultimate aim of PSSTs' programs. This study aimed to explore PSSTs' understanding level of SRHs (SRHUL). To this end, an action research (AR) was adopted using a pre-post-test design. In doing so, a multiple choice test which consists of 15 items was developed and conducted on a random sample comprising 120 subjects....

Author(s): Abddulsalam Al-Hadabi and Mabrook Saleh Ali Al-soudi  

Educational Research and Reviews
The problems that Syrian refugee children, class teachers and Turkish children face in the school environment from the standpoint of trainee teachers

September 2020

The aim of this study is to indicate the problems that Syrian refugee children, class teachers and Turkish children face in their school environment. The data of this study were realized via case study design which is one of the qualitative investigative designs. Interviews were carried out using the observation notes of the prospective teachers as well as their semi-structured discussion forms. As a result of the...

Author(s): Zehra Kiliç Özmen  

African Journal of Business Management
Manifestation of emotional intelligence and Transformational leadership in virtual teams: Case study of Nairobi technology hub

September 2020

The dynamic nature of business and organizational operations in the 21st century as being influenced by tough economic times, globalization and need for higher effectiveness is forcing leaders to adopt more relevant approaches to management. One such adaptation is the use of virtual teams for international organization that have globally distributed offices and functions. This study provides insights into the role of...

Author(s): Lucas Ngigi Mburu  

African Journal of Business Management
Social media, business capabilities and performance: A review of literature

September 2020

Information communication technology has plenty of benefits to society. Social media being the product of information technology have become an essential tool for marketers at a very minimum investment. Social media have a positive impact on companies as well as customers. In today’s circumstances, customers judge companies based on their online presence, hence they can innovate and simultaneously create a strong...

Author(s): Mohammedhussen Mama Irbo and Abdulnasir Abdulmelike Mohammed  

International Journal of Livestock Production
An assessment of the role of proper health management in reducing goat mortality in Kraals: A case of Napak District in Eastern Uganda

July-September 2020

Poor animal health is reported as one of the major constraints of goat production leading to mortality in pastoral areas like Karamoja Sub-Region in Eastern Uganda. Based in Napak District, this study was aimed at gaining an understanding of the role of proper health management in reducing goat mortality in Kraals. Through convenience sampling, 312 pastoralists out of 388 who own animals in community kraals were...

Author(s): Godfrey Ochan and Dan Makosa,  

Journal of Cereals and Oilseeds
Understanding biodiversity in sorghums to support the development of high value bio-based products in sub-Saharan Africa

July-December 2020

Sorghum [Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench] is one of the most important cereals worldwide with great genetic diversity. Like most small grains it has good adaptation to drought prone and marginal areas were other cereals are not productive. Globally, sorghum has been underutilized compared to other cereal staple crops however, there is growing interest in sorghum and its related products due to its unique nutritional traits,...

Author(s): Nyoni, N., Dube, M., Bhebhe, S., Sibanda, B., Maphosa, M. and Bombom, A.  

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Depletion of phosphate rock reserves and world food crisis: Reality or hoax?

September, 2020

Phosphate rock (PR) deposits are the major source of phosphate (P) fertilizers for soil fertility replenishment. The demand for P fertilizers in the year 2014 was 42,706,000 tons and was expected to reach 46,648,000 tons in 2018. Majority of PR deposits are found in only a few countries including Morocco, USA and China. There is however conflicting information on the extent of world PR reserves, therefore, complicating...

Author(s): Kisinyo Peter Oloo and Opala Peter Asbon  

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Growth performance of royal purple and white guinea fowl varieties and their crosses under an intensive management system

September, 2020

Commercialization of guinea fowl production in many countries is growing and the demand for their meat is high. The study evaluated the growth of crossbred royal purple x white variety relative to purebred royal purple and white varieties. Twenty pure-bred white, 20 purebred royal purple and 20 cross-bred keets were housed together in 4 houses resulting in 4 replications. The keets were fed broiler starter crumbs from...

Author(s): Patrick Kgwatalala, Freddy Manyeula and Candy Sefemo  

African Journal of Medical and Health Sciences
Levels of some reproductive hormones, cadmium and lead among fuel pump attendants in Benin City, Nigeria

September 2020

Infertility is a common public health challenge in Nigeria. The causes of infertility in both males and females are multifactorial, and the contributions of endocrine abnormalities had been reported from both the Northern and Southern regions of Nigeria. The effect of occupational exposure on endocrine levels among petrol pump attendants has not been sufficiently documented in our setting.  This study evaluated the...

Author(s): Mathias A. Emokpae and Fidelis O. Oyakhire  

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Pastoral farming system and its temporal shift: A case of Borana zone, Oromia National Regional State, Ethiopia

September, 2020

The study was conducted in Borana zone, which is located at about 570 km from Addis Ababa with the objective of understanding the farming system of Borana pastoral area. The primary data was collected using survey questionnaires from 160 households selected using multistage sampling design. The study confirmed that the farming system in Borana pastoral area has been increasingly diluted, unlike the earlier decades where...

Author(s): Dirriba Mengistu, Simbone Tefera and Bely Biru  

International Journal of Water Resources and Environmental Engineering
The need for integrated flood management approach from social, economic and environmental perspectives: The case of Upper Awash River Basin

July-September, 2020

Flooding has been a critical problem in our globe causing huge damage on human lives as well as socio-economic and environmental assets. The upper Awash river basin in Ethiopia, which is the target of this study, is one such region that is affected by recurrent flooding. Thus, there is a need to develop appropriate and sustainable management mechanisms to mitigate flood impacts. An integrated flood management approach...

Author(s): Addisalem Bitew Mitiku, Berhanu Woldyohanes, Sharew Anteneh Mekonnen, Kirubeal Mekonnen and Abel Tadesse  

African Journal of Medical and Health Sciences
Severity of coronary atherosclerosis in hypertensive: A postmortem study

September 2020

The development of coronary atherosclerosis and ischaemic heart disease had been attributed to risk factors that include but not limited to hypertension. These factors were determined without reference to data from autopsy studies. It is likely that there is no significant difference on the grades of coronary atherosclerosis in hypertensive’s when compared with the non-hypertensive’s. The aim of this study,...

Author(s): AZEKE, Akhator Terence and IMASOGIE, Dele Eradebamwen  

Journal of Stored Products and Postharvest Research
Effect of treatments with bunch bagging on production, fruit quality and damage by thrips of banana

July-December 2020

The effect of treatments of banana with blue polyethylene bag covering bunches on the production parameters at harvest, fruit quality during ripening and damage by thrips has been determined. Nine treatments with banana bunch blue polyethylene bags, including the control were evaluated. A complete randomized block design was used. Four replicates per treatment were used with five bunches each. Bunch weight, finger...

Author(s): Pedro Antonio Moscoso-Ramírez and Augusto Peña-Peña  

African Journal of Biotechnology
Phenotypic and genetic characterization of selected Kenyan groundnut (Arachis hypongaea L.) varieties

September 2020

Groundnuts are among the principle economic oilseed largely cultivated in warm regions of Kenya and contribute to domestic food security and cash revenue. The study aimed at evaluating genetic diversity and phenotypic characterization of groundnut varieties grown in some parts of Kenya. Six varieties (ICG83708, ICGV99568, CG7, ICGV12991, RV and Chalimbana) obtained from KALRO (Kakamega) based on quality traits. Seeds...

Author(s): Michael Mumbe Wanjira, Mathew Piero Ngugi and Wilton Mbinda  

African Journal of Biotechnology
Evaluation of sugar beet monogerm O-type lines for salinity tolerance at vegetative stage

September 2020

Increased production of sugar beet under rainfed conditions on saline–sodic soils in the Iranian areas highlights the importance of salt tolerant varieties. Screening of genotypes for salinity tolerance is difficult in field due to heterogeneity of physical and chemical properties of soil. In order to evaluate the salinity tolerance of 21 sugar beet monogerm O-types lines, a pot experiment was conducted using a...

Author(s): Zahra Abbasi  

African Journal of Environmental Science and Technology
Irrigation water quality analysis of Mitheu Stream in Machakos Municipality, Kenya

September 2020

Water samples for physico-chemical, heavy metals and bacteriological analyses were collected from 4 selected points along Mitheu Stream flowing through Machakos Municipality once every month from June 2019 to September 2019. The samples were analyzed in Kenya Plant and Health Inspectorate Service and Water Resources Authority laboratories then data subjected to one-way analysis of variance to test significant...

Author(s): Linge Kitulu, Julius Kioko Nzeve, Fuchaka Waswa, Esther Kitur and Douglas Shitanda  

African Journal of Business Management
Co-operative and saving societies (SACCOS) and poverty reduction in Lango and Kigezi sub-regions of Uganda: A comparative empirical study

September 2020

The paper examines the contributions of co-operative and saving societies in poverty reduction in Lango and Kigezi sub-region. The study adopted a comparative and cross-sectional survey design where bivariate and multivariate data analyses were used to analyze the data. Specifically, correlation and regression analysis were done to determine the relationship between financial contribution by savings and credit...

Author(s): Marus Eton, Benon C. Basheka and Fabian Mwosi  

African Journal of Microbiology Research
Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic: What is the level of knowledge, attitude, and practice in Kandahar, Afghanistan?

September 2020

There is a rising concern for the rapid increase of COVID-19 confirmed cases in Kandahar province. From zero reported cases until 17th March 2020, then Kandahar saw a sudden rise in the cases by 16th May 2020. Decreased literacy rates, poor health education, lack of facilities, inconsistent government policies, and defying coronavirus safety advisory by the public have resulted in the rapid spread of COVID-19. The...

Author(s): Asmatullah Usmani, Abdul Qadeer Baseer, Bilal Ahmad Rahimi, Ajmal Jahid, Parwiz Niazi, Abdul Wahid Monib, and Wais Mohammad Lali  

Educational Research and Reviews
Affordances for connecting culture and Mathematics: Moving from curriculum to school textbooks

September 2020

Researchers have generally agreed that textbooks as a major conveyor of the curriculum play a dominant role in modern education scenes across different school subjects. The study analyzed a set of four learners’ textbooks and their corresponding teachers’ guides which are used as set books for teaching mathematics at Grade 9 level in South Africa. These textbooks were produced in response to the demands of...

Author(s): Sylvia Madusise  

African Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology
Hepatoprotective and free radical scavenging activities of methanol extract fractions of Capparis decidua Edgew (Forssk.) (Capparidaceae)

September, 2020

The main objective of the study is to evaluate the hepatoprotective and antioxidant activities of different extracts and fractions of a Sudanese traditionally used plant, Capparis decidua Edgwe (Forssk.) (Capparidaceae). Carbon tetrachloride (CCl4) induced hepatotoxicity in rats, and DPPH radical scavenging activity (RSA) were the methods used to evaluate the hepatoprotective and antioxidant activities of this plant...

Author(s): Mohamed Mirghani, Hassan S. Khalid, Mona S. Mohammed, Ahmed Babiker Mohamed, Amna Ali, Wadah Osman, Waleed A Alobaid and Ramzi A. Mothana  

Journal of Public Health and Epidemiology
Review of Cannabinoid hyperemesis syndrome: Implications for Puerto Rico

July-September 2020

In recent years in the United States there has been a shift towards legalization of marijuana for medical and recreational purposes. The medical use of cannabis is legalized in 33 states, 4 territories and the district of Columbia. Medical marijuana use was legalized in Puerto Rico in 2015.  Cannabinoid Hyperemesis Syndrome (CHS) is one of the effects of the use of cannabis.  This paper will attempt to...

Author(s): Carlos Omar Nesbeth⊃, Mina Ossei, Jonathan Vélez Hernández⊃, Pedro J, De Jesús⊃,  Ruben Ruiz Zapata⊃  and Humbierto Olivencia Rabell⊃  

Journal of Public Health and Epidemiology
Birth defects among immigrants: Impact of exposure to a new environment, a 20 year population-based study

July-September 2020

Birth defects remain a global health issue. With increasing rates of migration, it is important to explore the role of immigration and the impact of new environments, especially food fortification, on birth defect prevalence. The prevalence of birth defects in the first year of life was compared between children born to immigrant and non-immigrant mothers in Ontario, Canada. Data on country of origin and arrival date...

Author(s): Agha, M. M.,, Glazier, Richard H.,, and Moineddin R.,,  

Page 1 of 1196, showing 50 records out of 59765 total, starting on record 1, ending on 50