Articles

 

Page 1 of 1203, showing 50 records out of 60133 total, starting on record 1, ending on 50

Journal of Economics and International Finance
Financial inclusion: Is it a precursor to agricultural commercialization amongst smallholder farmers in Uganda? A comparative analysis between Lango and Buganda sub-regions

January-March 2021

This study examines the contributions of financial inclusion in supporting agricultural commercialization amongst smallholder farmers in Uganda in Lango and Buganda sub-regions. The researcher adopted a comparative study and cross-sectional survey design where descriptive, bivariate and multivariate data analysis was used. Chi square procedure was run to test the hypothesis that financial inclusion does not affect...

Author(s): Marus Eton, Fabian Mwosi, Mary Ejang and Sammy Godfrey Poro

Journal of Economics and International Finance
Institutional factors of inclusive growth: Evidence from Côte d’ivoire

January-March 2021

Economic growth is important but not sufficient to generate a sustainable increase in individual welfare. Inclusiveness attributes to growth, the dual virtue of widening the space of economic and social opportunities; while ensuring a better application of distributive equity. In this perspective, Ali and Son suggest that growth is inclusive when combined with high income and equity. This study tries to verify this...

Author(s): Wilfried Catin Botchuin

African Journal of Medical and Health Sciences
Uptake and reason for discontinuation of long-acting reversible contraception in a tertiary hospital: A 5 years retrospective review

December 2020

Long-acting reversible contraception (LARC) methods, including intrauterine contraceptives and subdermal implants, are some of the most effective contraceptive methods available. They are known to be convenience, cost effective and suitable for many women. The study aims to determine the trends and uptake of long acting reversible contraception in University of Maiduguri Teaching Hospital, Maiduguri, assess the...

Author(s): Bilkisu Isa, Sanusi Mohammed Ibrahim, Mairo Mandara and Babagana Bako  

African Journal of Medical and Health Sciences
Evaluating the effect of highly active antiretroviral therapy on visual acuity and intraocular pressure among HIV/AIDS patients in Kano State, Nigeria

December 2020

Highly Active Anti-Retroviral Therapy (HAART) has been effective in reducing rapidly progressive retinopathies, there are other ocular manifestations of HIV and ocular side effects of HAART which are yet to be determined and evaluated. The aim of this study was to investigate and evaluate the effect of HAART on Visual Acuity (VA) and Intraocular Pressure (IOP) among HIV/AIDS patients in Kano State, Nigeria. This was a...

Author(s): Ebisike Philips Ifeanyichukwu, Sadiq Hassan, Timothy Christopher Okechukwu, Ibrahim Usman Yuguda, Ismail Salma Mukhtar, Rabi Yahaya Sani, and Habib Saudat Garba,  

African Journal of Medical and Health Sciences
Quality of health care service assessment using Donabedian model in East Gojjam Zone, Northwest Ethiopia, 2018

December 2020

Donabedian model health care quality assessment measures the difference between expected and actual performance to identify gaps in the health care system, which would serve as a starting point for quality improvement activities. So, the aim of this study was to assess the level of quality of health care with respect to structural settings, actual process of care, and outcomes of care. Institutional based both...

Author(s): Yewbmirt Sharew, Getachew Mullu, Nurilign Abebe and Tsegaye Mehare  

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Effects of two growth hormones and three manure formulas on a variety of papaya (Carica papaya L.) in the Sudano-Sahelian zone of Mali

December, 2020

This study was conducted in the orchard of the Rural Polytechnic Institute for Training and Applied Research (IPR / IFRA) in Katibougou to assess the growth and production of solo papaya (Carica papaya L., 2n = 18) in Sudano-Sahelian zone of Mali as well as the effects of the hormone and manuring formulas. A split plot device, comprising 2 factors with 3 levels of variation each, was used. The main factor was  the...

Author(s): SIDIBE Abdoulaye, TRAORE Bakary Mamourou and YAHAYA Tassiou  

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Estimation of magnitudes of heterosis for grain yield and yield contributing traits of conventional maize (Zea mays L.) single cross hybrids

December, 2020

This study was initiated with the objective of estimating magnitude of heterosis of selected conventional maize inbred lines. Ten elite inbred lines were selected based on over per se performances. The crosses were done in a 10 x 10 half-diallel mating design to produce 45 F1 single crosses hybrids during 2016. The experiment was conducted at Bako National Maize Research Center in 2017 main cropping. The experimental...

Author(s): Zelalem Tafa, Gudeta Nepir and Girum Azmach  

African Journal of Business Management
The social side of IPOs: Twitter sentiment and investors’ attention in the IPO primary market

December 2020

Despite in recent years the impact of market sentiment on the performance of listing firms has gained increased attention from academics and professionals, a research question that remains uncovered deals with how the retail investor sentiment and attention might impact the IPO pricing in the primary market. This analysis proposes a stochastic frontier model approach on a sample of 412 US firms listed between 2010 and...

Author(s): Gian Luca Gregori, Luca Marinelli, Camilla Mazzoli and Sabrina Severini

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Limestone application effects on common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) yield and grain iron and zinc concentration on a Ferralsol soil in Uganda

December, 2020

Soil acidification has major ramifications on crop production because low pH soils are less productive. The objective of this study was to determine the effect of limestone application on yield and grain iron (Fe) and zinc (Zn) concentration in newly released high iron and zinc, drought resilient varieties of common bean (NAROBEAN 1 and 3). Using a split-plot in time design, an experiment was set up using three common...

Author(s): Rosemary Bulyaba, Andrew W. Lenssen, Kenneth J. Moore and Onesmus Semalulu  

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Use of unmanned aerial vehicles (UAV) as an innovation in agriculture

December, 2020

Facing up with the effects of climate change, increasing human population, reduction of natural resources, and degradation of soils the agricultural sector has the challenge of meeting the world's demand for food. In this scenario, the interest of scientific communities for the use of Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAV) in the agricultural sector has increased in recent years. The aim of this article is to provide a...

Author(s): Eduardo Cornejo-Velazquez, Hugo Romero-Trejo, Otilio-Arturo Acevedo-Sandoval, Alfredo Toriz-Palacios, and Mireya Clavel-Maqueda  

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Managed bees as pollinators and vectors of bio control agent against grey mold disease in strawberry plantations

December, 2020

Pollination by bees and other animals significantly increase both crop yields and quality. Bees also support the transfer of bio-control agents for suppression of crop pests and diseases through bio-vectoring technology that has not been applied in Africa. Two farms were set up to test the ability of managed bees to disseminate Trichoderma harzianum to control Botrytis cinerea, on strawberries. At on-station farm, three...

Author(s): Jane Muthoni Macharia, Mary Wanjiku Gikungu, Rebecca Karanja and Sheila Okoth  

Journal of Soil Science and Environmental Management
Effect of rhizobial inoculation combined with phosphorus fertilizer on nitrogen accumulation, growth and yield of soybean in Benin

October-December 2020

The objective of this study was to determine the amount of phosphorus application needed for the Bradyrhizobium inoculation to improve soybean N uptake and grain yield. Two factors were investigated: inoculation with Bradyrhizobium diazoefficiens strain USDA 110 and application of phosphorus fertilizer with different doses (0; 50; 100 and 150 kg ha-1 P2O5). Trials were carried out in two agro-ecological zones (ZAE) in...

Author(s): Houngnandan H. B., Adandonon A., Akplo T. M., Zoundji C.C., Kouelo A. F., Zeze A., Houngnandan P., Bodjrenou R., , Dehoue H., and Akinocho J.,  

Journal of Agricultural Extension and Rural Development
Effects of soil organic resource management practices on crop productivity and household income in Chipata district of Zambia

October-December 2020

Soil organic resource management practices such as use of green manure, cover crops, improved fallows, mulch, animal manure, compost and residue retention are options that promote the environment and potentially increase farmer crop yields and income. However, there have been low levels of adoption of most of these practices, and their ability to improve crop yields and farmer income has come into question. The...

Author(s): Henry Nkhuwa, Elias Kuntashula, Thomson Kalinda and Benson Chishala  

International Journal of Vocational and Technical Education
Effect of students’ industrial work experience scheme on students’ readiness for world of work

July-December 2020

The research on effect of students’ industrial work experience scheme on students’ readiness for world of work in Nigeria was undertaken to find out whether students’ industrial work experience scheme (SIWES) has any significant effect on students learning and readiness for life of work with respect to knowledge, skill and attitude improvement while on internship in the industry. The study was designed...

Author(s): Henry Osimabale Auru and Longshal Markus Wakili

Journal of Agricultural Extension and Rural Development
Modernizing extension services to improve rice productivity: Lessons from Ghana’s planting for food and jobs program

October-December 2020

The Government of Ghana introduced Planting for Food and Jobs (PFJ) program in 2017 to help raise farm productivity, improve food security, create jobs and modernize agriculture. Among the core pillars of PFJ program include the provision of modernized extension service to farmers. This study analyzed the productivity difference between beneficiaries and non-beneficiaries of the modernized extension service among rice...

Author(s): Augustine T. Zoogah and Tekuni Nakuja

Journal of Agricultural Extension and Rural Development
Survey on indigenous knowledge of farmers in identifying enset varieties at Labu Koromo Kebele in Dore Woreda, Sidama Zone

October-December 2020

Enset is a multipurpose plant, of which every part is thoroughly utilized, cultivated, as a food and crop only in Ethiopia, particularly in the southern and southwestern parts of the country. The main objective of this research is to assess the indigenous knowledge of farmers for identifying the different enset varieties grown in Labu Koromo kebele, Dore woreda. The data were collected using open and close ended...

Author(s): Tiruha Karssa and Huwatu Darebo  

Journal of Development and Agricultural Economics
Economic resources utilisation in maize production: Evidence from Central Region, Ghana

October-December 2020

This study was undertaken to improve the efficiency of maize farming in the Central Region of Ghana. A stochastic frontier cost function, applied to cross-sectional data, was used to analyse firm level cost efficiency of production and its determinants. Efficiency of resource utilization was analysed using marginal value product of inputs. Results from the Cobb-Douglas stochastic cost frontier model and a farm-specific...

Author(s): Kwaku Asuako Tabiri and Selorm Akaba  

Journal of Development and Agricultural Economics
Analyzing the determinants for the adoption of good practices as regards climate change adaptation in the Northern region of Burkina Faso

October-December 2020

Unfavorable agro-climatic and edaphic conditions have led to the development of many adaptation strategies to climate change in the northern region of Burkina Faso. This study analyzed the determinants of goods practices adoption as regards adaptation to climate change (GPACC). It used panel data (2016-2018) collected from a sample of 1,221 women and 335 men within the operational farmer’s organizations in the...

Author(s): Arahama Traoré, Souleymane Ouédraogo and Patrice Toé  

Journal of African Studies and Development
Re-examining the philosophy of constitutionalism and Governance in the Gadaa Republic of the Oromo People in the Horn of Africa

October-December 2020

Constitution and government are the different faces of the same coin in any political ideology; since a constitution is an instrument through which a government governs its citizens. However, a constitution may be either a democratic one; or an undemocratic one. Accordingly, the legitimacy of a constitution is based on its making process, contents, and practices in a certain state. Thus, if its making process is...

Author(s): Solomon Gutema

Journal of the Nigeria Society of Physiotherapy
Health policy development and implementation in Nigeria: The role of physiotherapists

December 2020

This article discussed the historical context of health policy development in Nigeria and the roles physiotherapists can play in its implementation. It also proposed a conceptual framework on the connection between physiotherapy and health policy development and the plausible physical therapy services within the Nigerian national health policy agenda. The issues raised are a call to action for Nigerian physiotherapists...

Author(s): Pascal O. Mogbo and Joseph A. Balogun  

Journal of Medicinal Plants Research
Myrothamnus flabellifolius attenuates streptozotocin-high energy diet-induced type 2 diabetes in male sprague dawley rats

December, 2020

Several medicinal plants have anti-diabetic properties and can be considered as an alternative therapy because of their actions which are like those of conventional antidiabetic drugs. In this study, we investigated Myrothamnus flabellifolius (MF) ethanol: water (70:30) extract for its possible anti-diabetic potential in streptozotocin-high energy diet (STZ-HED) induced type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) rats and its...

Author(s): Tebogo Elvis Kwape, Padmaja Chaturvedi, Goabaone Gaobotse, Kabo Masisi, Keagile Bati and Runner Majinda  

Educational Research and Reviews
Performance rankings in education: Implications for policy and practice

December 2020

In recent decades, school performance ranking (or ‘league table’) have become a common feature of many education systems in the world. The ranking is usually published by government and news agencies in an attempt to measure and compare the relative performance of individual schools against a number of criteria, including academic performance. This paper reports parts of larger case study that set out to...

Author(s): Samson Murithi Njiru, Simon Karuku and Milcah Nyaga

Journal of Physical Education and Sport Management
Knowledge on doping among football athletes, coaches and sponsors in Malawi

July-December 2020

The use of banned performance enhancing substances (PES) among athletes continues to be a major challenge in sport. This study evaluated the knowledge of football athletes, coaches and sponsors about doping in Malawi. The specific aspects of knowledge investigated included types of doping substances, sources of information on doping substances, reasons for doping, and consequences of doping on football athletes. The...

Author(s): John M. C. Kaoche, Elijah G. Rintaugu, Janet Kamenju and Francis M. Mwangi

Journal of Engineering and Technology Research
Tractor fuel consumption dependence on speed and height of ridging on a sandy loam soil

July-December 2020

The effect of tractor forward travel speed and ridge height on the amount of fuel consumed by a tractor during ridging operation on a sandy loam soil in a humid tropical environment was investigated. The investigation was the Agricultural Development Programme farm at Rumuodumanya, Rivers State, Nigeria. The experimental plot of 160 by 32.5 m, totaling 5,200 m2, was divided into three major blocks; and further...

Author(s): Asinyetogha H. Igoni, Raymond A. Ekemube and Silas O. Nkakini  

Journal of Development and Agricultural Economics
Relative profit efficiency of Anchor Borrowers Programme (ABP) beneficiary and non-beneficiary rice farmers in Kebbi State, Nigeria

October-December 2020

Profit efficiency refers to the extent at which a firm makes not only profit but its ability to maximize profit. A comparative analysis was conducted to evaluate the profit efficiency of Anchor Borrowers Programme (ABP) beneficiary and non-beneficiary rice farmers in Kebbi State, Nigeria. Multistage sampling technique was used to select 499 ABP beneficiary and non-beneficiary rice farmers each giving a sample size of...

Author(s): Gona A., Alhaji I. O. and Kaka Y.  

International Journal of Nursing and Midwifery
Factors associated with intention to use epidural analgesia during labour among pregnant women attending antenatal clinic of a tertiary health institution in Southwestern Nigeria

October-December 2020

Childbirth is perhaps, the most painful experience encountered by most women and just like other forms of pain, the experience of labour pain is unique to individual women, so it is only the woman in labour who can describe the extent of pain she is going through. This study assessed the perceptions, attitude, intention to use, also predict factors that influence intention to use epidural analgesia among pregnant women...

Author(s): Oyebanji Olufemi Oyediran, Joel Olayiwola Faronbi, Olufemi Emmanuel Ayandiran,  Mathew Idowu Olatubi and Oladele Dare Akinyoola  

African Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology
Notice of Retraction: Preparation and characterization of crosslinked and non-crosslinked polycaprolactone fumarate (PCLF) NPs as carriers for doxorubicin HCl

November, 2020

The editors of the African Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology (AJPP) are retracting the article, “Preparation and characterization of crosslinked and non-crosslinked polycaprolactone fumarate (PCLF) NPs as carriers for doxorubicin HCl” published in 2011 (Vol. 5(7), pp. 797-805, July 2011). This is based on evidences of text overlap (in figures and tables) between the article and those published in two...

Author(s): Narges Shokri, Hamid Akbari Javar, Shamileh Fouladdel, Ali Khalaj, Rasoul Dinarvand, and Ebrahim Azizi

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Technical efficiency of pineapple production in Republic of Benin

November, 2020

Assessing the technical efficiency of pineapple producers is essential to avoid waste of resources and above all to target advices for improving the productivity of the pineapple producers. For this, a survey was carried out among 365 randomly selected producers from five major pineapple-producing Communes. Using the meta-border stochastic production model, technical efficiency scores of pineapple producers are...

Author(s): Félix C. BIAOU  

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Growth, nodulation and yield response of green bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) to plant population and blended NPS fertilizer rates at Alage, Central Rift Valley of Ethiopia

November, 2020

Recently Green bean production and demand is increasing in Ethiopia due to its fast maturity and nutritional value. However, various constraints are reported for its low productivity, including inappropriate uses of plant population and fertilizer rates. The objective of this study was to determine the optimum plant population and NPS rate for quality and economically feasible yield of Green bean. The experiment was...

Author(s): Adugna Sori Shanko, Andargachew Gedebo and Ashenafi Haile Gebeye  

Educational Research and Reviews
Influence of cultural values on rural girls’ education in Zambia: A pairwise case of the Bemba and Tonga ethnic groups

November 2020

The aim of the study was to profoundly gain understanding into specific cultural values that underlie traditional practices which pose as barriers to rural girls’ education in Zambia. A pairwise case study approach was used to identify and describe types of cultural values prevalent in the Bemba and Tonga ethnic groups of Zambia. A total of 28 interviews (16 focus group discussions and 12 key informant interviews)...

Author(s): Tina Nanyangwe-Moyo, Nkuye Moyo, Xiaoying Zheng and Chao Guo

African Journal of Environmental Science and Technology
Assessment of the heavy metal - levels in the incinerators bottom-ash from different hospitals in Dares Salaam

November 2020

Understanding content of bottom ashes from incinerator especially toxic heavy metals is an important step towards ash utilization. The aim of this paper was to evaluate heavy metals levels of in bottom-ash from hospital waste incinerators in four different hospitals in Dar es Salaam city (Muhimbili National Hospital and three regional referral hospitals Mwananyamala Ilala and Temeke) in Dar es Salaam city, Tanzania. It...

Author(s): A. Honest, S. V. Manyele, J. A. Saria and J. Mbuna

African Journal of Food Science
Pesticide residues in locally produced grape wine in Tanzania: a case study of Dodoma urban and Bahi districts

November 2020

The aim of this study was to assess the level of pesticide residues in locally produced grape wine in Tanzania. Fifty samples of grape wine from different locations in Dodoma urban and Bahi district were analyzed to determine the presence of 49 pesticides using the quick, easy, cheap, effective, rugged and safe (QuEChERS) multi-residue extraction, followed by gas chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (GC-MS/MS)....

Author(s): Sifa S. Chamgenzi and Jovin K. Mugula  

African Journal of Food Science
Biochemical composition of Saba senegalensis fruits from Burkina Faso

November 2020

The aim of this study was to determine the biochemical characteristics of the fresh pulp and the dried hulls of Saba senegalensis fruits collected in seven localities of Burkina Faso. The biochemical composition of the samples was determined using standards methods. Results showed that the pulp presented mean values of 83.23%, 18.74%, 2.83 and 4.48 for moisture, Brix, pH and titratable acidity, respectively. Based on...

Author(s): Salamata TIENDREBEOGO, Leguet GANOU, Clarisse S. COMPAORE, Fidèle W. TAPSOBA and Mamoudou H. DICKO

African Journal of Food Science
Changes in physicochemical properties and bioactive compounds of tomato pulp submitted to different processing techniques

November 2020

Tomato is a vegetable/fruit highly consumed all other the world. This study was to assess the effect of some postharvest processing such as thermal treatment, microwave, ultrasound and ultrasound combined with heat treatment on some physicochemical characteristics as well as nutrients content of tomato pulp during storage at room temperature. Results showed that the pulp samples submitted to ultrasonic and microwave...

Author(s): Edwige Bahanla Oboulbiga, Charles Parkouda, Boubacar Savadogo, Aimée W. D. B. Guissou, Korotimi Traore, Alfred S. Traore, Hagrétou Sawadogo-Lingani and Mamoudou H. Dicko

Journal of Medicinal Plants Research
Phytochemical screening and antimicrobial activity of methanol extract of Garcinia Kola Heckle fruit mesocarp

November, 2020

The phytochemical screening and antimicrobial activities of the methanol extract of Garcinia kola fruit mesocarp were investigated against four bacteria and two fungi in the study. The extract was investigated for the presence of phytochemicals using standard phytochemical screening methods. The results revealed the presence of flavonoids, tannins, alkaloids, terpenoids, cardiac glycosides, and reducing sugar. The...

Author(s): Ali Ibeabuchi Jude, Adonu Cyril Chekwube and Okorie Ndidiamaka Hannah

Journal of Medicinal Plants Research
Inhibitory effects of Anadenanthera colubrina (Vell.) Brenan stem bark extract on α-glucosidase activity and oxidative stress

November, 2020

In this study, we investigated the promising potential of Anadenanthera colubrina bark extract (BEAc) as a product to combat diabetes mellitus (DM). We evaluated the inhibitory effects of BEAc on α-glucosidase and the oxidation of biomolecules, as well as its main phytoconstituents. In terms of free radical scavenging, BEAc exhibited a dose-effect relationship. BEAc was more efficient than rutin and butylated...

Author(s): Odelio Joaquim da Costa, Robson dos Santos Barbosa, Ilsamar Mendes Soares, Eber Euripedes de Souza, Luís Fernando A. Gellen, João Pedro Pereira P. Lemos, Raimundo Wagner S. Aguiar, Adão Lincon B. Montel and Sérgio Donizeti Ascêncio  

Journal of Medicinal Plants Research
Lavandula angustifolia aqueous extract ameliorates anxiety and depressive-like behaviors in chronic mild stress-treated male rats

November, 2020

The study aims to show the possible anxiolytic and antidepressant-like properties of an oral lavender’s flower aqueous extract (LAE) in chronic mild stress (CMS) model of rats. Test and control rats received LAE (200 or 400 mg/ kg) and distilled water respectively. Tests of Sucrose preference (SP), elevated plus maze (EPM), and open field (OFT) were used to evaluate rats’ behavioral changes.  The...

Author(s): Mir Behrad Aghazadeh Ghadim, Asma Neisy, Mohsen Sisakht and Zahra Khoshdel ⃰  

African Journal of Food Science
Conceptualization and designing of a beef quality determination framework based on beef supply chain in Tanzania

November 2020

A framework for determining the quality of beef was developed based on the assessment of Beef Supply Chain (BSC) between the slaughter and retail points. In this respect, slaughtering, distribution, retailing and consumer preferences models were developed for assessing the beef processing designed features (BPDFs) across the BSC specifically in Slaughtering Facilities (SFs), Beef Distributing Facilities (BDFs), and Beef...

Author(s): J. T. Mwashiuya, G. Mwaluko and S. V. Manyele  

African Journal of Business Management
Health service in Brazilian private and public hospitals: Budgetary participation, feedback and performance from clinical managers’ perception

November 2020

Budgetary control is pointed as a managerial mechanism suitable for cost reduction and control as well as performance evaluation of institutions. In health organizations, budget is used for funds allocation, coordination, control and communication of the institutions’ strategies.  In this context, the research will observe the phenomenon of budgetary process from the perspective of Health Service managers of...

Author(s): Gisele Cristina dos Santos, Carlos Alberto Grespan Bonacim and Luiz Eduardo Gaio

African Journal of Business Management
Sunday consumer behavior: A case study in retail marketing

November 2020

The Sunday opening of shops is a very debated topic on both international and national levels. On a European level, the regulation of Sunday work is varied, with most Member States that, like Italy, do not impose restrictions on openings and working hours. The present work aims to analyze the European reference framework of Sunday openings, focusing on the Italian situation, which is currently experiencing proposals for...

Author(s): Pierluigi Passaro, Paola Perchinunno and Dario Schirone

African Journal of Environmental Science and Technology
Qualitative and quantitative analysis of the pollutant load of effluents discharged Northwestern of Lake Tanganyika, in the Democratic Republic of Congo

November 2020

The qualitative and quantitative analysis of pollutant loads from effluents discharged into Lake Tanganyika has been studied, with a view to evaluate remediation strategies. The discharge of effluents into Lake Tanganyika calls for concern as it poses serious threats to the biological wealth of the lake. Physico-chemical and microbiological parameters were evaluated for pollution from the effluent source to Lake...

Author(s): Lumami Kapepula, Théophile Ndikumana, Musibono Dieu-Donné, Patricia Luis Alconero, Njoyim Estella Buleng Tamungang, Irene Tarimo and Bart Van der Bruggen  

African Journal of Food Science
Physical properties of selected groundnut (Arachis hypogea L.) varieties and its implication to mechanical handling and processing

November 2020

The physical properties of agricultural materials are functional in solving many glitches associated with machine design during handling and mechanical processing. Physical properties of five groundnut varieties (“Obolo”, “Yenyawoso”, “CRI Nkatie”, “Agbeyeyie” and “Pion”) and their relations to the design of food processing equipment were studied. Obolo variety...

Author(s): Hayford Ofori, Francis Amoah, Isaac Kojo Arah, Mohammed-Kamil Abukari Piegu, Isaac Albert Aidoo and Eric Donald Nii Akpen Commey,

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Effect of on-farm water management practices and irrigation water source on soil quality in Central Ethiopia

November, 2020

Soil salinity is the major factor that limits agricultural productivity in arid and semi-arid regions. The use of improved farm management practices in such areas is becoming a highly concerning issue to sustain agricultural productivity. This study, therefore, was conducted to evaluate the effect of on-farm water management practices and irrigation water sources on soil quality. The experiment was conducted on 16...

Author(s): Demelash Wendemeneh, Mekonen Ayana, Partap Singh and Amare Haileslassie    

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Determinants of fish consumption in the state of Qatar: Post blockade

November, 2020

This study used a count data model to analyse the factors that affect fish consumption in Qatar after the blockade; aiming for effective evaluation, formulation and implementation, of policies for the fishery sector. To achieve this, the community of Qatar is divided into three groups based on their fish consumption rate: high, moderate, and low consumer. The determinants of fish consumption were confirmed using the...

Author(s): Sana Abusin, Noor Al-Emadi and Engi Elmaghraby  

International Journal of Fisheries and Aquaculture
Socio-economic and cultural values of two species of crabs (Cardisoma armatum Herklots and Callinectes amnicola Rochebrune) in Southern Benin, Africa: Management of post-harvest losses and exoskeletons

July-December 2020

Crabs play an important economic and bio-ecological role in most aquatic ecosystems and occupy an important place in the variety of trophic niches. Callinectes amnicola Rochebrune and Cardisoma armatum Herklots are two edible species widely exploited in Benin. The present work aims to i) evaluate the socio-economic and cultural importance of those two crab species, ii) analyze the dynamics of the value chain, and iii)...

Author(s): Toussaint Mikpon, Durand Dah-Nouvlessounon, Nadège Adoukè Agbodjato, Halfane Lehmane, Olaréwadjou Amogou, Christine N’Tcha, Wassiyath Mousse, Haziz Sina, Hyacinthe Ahissou, Adolphe Adjanohoun and Lamine Baba-Moussa  

African Journal of Medical and Health Sciences
Status and perception of intestinal parasitosis among students of a health professional institution in N’Djamena, Chad

November 2020

Intestinal parasitic diseases remain an epidemiology a real problem in Chad, but little research has been done in this area. The purpose of the study is to determine the status of intestinal parasites infection among students in a health professional training institution and to assess their level of perception of this health problem. This prospective and descriptive study took place between June and July 2018. A total...

Author(s): Hamit M. A., , Fombotioh N., , Nack J., Noumga H. ; Issa R. A., , Kemba S., , Brahim B. O., Zenaba M. K. and. Bilong Bilong C. F.  

African Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology
Wrong time medication administration errors: Frequency and their causes at Adult University Teaching Hospitals in Zambia

November, 2020

Wrong-time medication administration errors (WTMAEs) can have serious consequences for medication safety. The study was a cross-sectional study that employed a prospective observation technique and was conducted from 4th June to 20th July 2018 at Adult University Teaching Hospital (AUTH) in the Internal Medicine and Surgery departments. A total of 1749 doses were observed being administered to 325 inpatients and the...

Author(s): Martin Kampamba, Tilolele Mwanza, Kennedy Saini, Hanzooma Hatwiko, Luke Biete and Christabel Nangandu Hikaambo  

African Journal of Mathematics and Computer Science Research
A focus on the Riemann's hypothesis

July-December 2020

Riemann's hypothesis, formulated in 1859, concerns the location of the zeros of Riemann's Zeta function. The history of the Riemann hypothesis is well known. In 1859, the German mathematician B. Riemann presented a paper to the Berlin  Academy of Mathematic. In that paper, he proposed that this function, called Riemann-zeta function takes values  0 on the complex plane when s=0.5+it. This hypothesis...

Author(s): Jean-Max CORANSON-BEAUDU  

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Drivers and restrictions of range pasture improvement by agro-pastoralists in Kiruhura District, Uganda

November, 2020

Range pastures provide the basic ruminant feeds resource for livestock production in semi-arid areas despite ruminant nutrition remaining a challenge affecting productivity. Different livestock development interventions have been promoted to improve livestock nutrition with low farmer adoption rate. A cross sectional exploratory study was conducted between March and July 2018 to identify the drivers of range pastures...

Author(s): Twinamatsiko Robert, Nalule Agnes Sarah and Okello Samuel  

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Evaluation of ten botanical insecticides against the sweet potato Weevil, Cylas formicarius (Fabricius, 1798) (Coleoptera: Brentidae)

November, 2020

The sweet potato weevil, Cylas formicarius (Fabricius) (Coleoptera: Brentidae), is a destructive insect pest that damages sweet potatoes both in the field and during storage. To identify new environmentally friendly insecticides to control this insect pest, three assays (olfactory test, anti-feeding assay, and toxicity assay) were conducted to evaluate the efficacy and mode of action of 10 botanical insecticides against...

Author(s): Liyun REN, Ganghui ZHENG, Bimei CHEN, Longfei He, Yongmei LIAO and Baoshan CHEN,  

Page 1 of 1203, showing 50 records out of 60133 total, starting on record 1, ending on 50