Articles

 

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Journal of Medicinal Plants Research
Phytochemical screening and antibacterial activity of dried pods of Prosopis Africana

August, 2020

Evolving resistant microbial strains have posed a great challenge on antibacterial chemotherapy in recent times. Search for novel antimicrobial agents has therefore remained a highly prospective area of research, especially those of plant origin. To this end, Prosopis africana pod used in West Africa in traditional medicine was evaluated for phytochemical constituents using standard procedures. Antibacterial activity...

Author(s): Baturh Yarkwan  

Journal of Medicinal Plants Research
Effect of Aloe resin on cell migration between Scratch and Boyden chamber assays

August, 2020

Effect of herbal medicine on cell migration is one of the therapeutic points. The objective of this study was to compare the Scratch assay with the Boyden chamber assay for evaluating cell migration with Aloe resin as the chemoattractant agent. Human gingival fibroblasts cells (2.5×105 cells/ml) were exposed to 0.02% (w/v) of Aloe resin in 6-well culture plates for the Scratch assay or in 24-transwell-culture...

Author(s): Suwanna Korsuwannawong, Ratchaporn Srichan and La-Ongthong Vajrabhaya  

Journal of Medicinal Plants Research
Determination of total phenolic compounds, antioxidant activity and nutrients in Brazil nuts (Bertholletia excelsa H. B. K.)

August, 2020

Bertholletia excelsa is native to the Amazon, and it grows in the forests that border the great rivers of the Amazon. This tree brings interest in the commercialization of its fruit, which is called the urchin and almond. Bertholletia excelsa has antioxidant properties, and it is rich in phenolic compounds. In this research, the antioxidant capacity of the Brazilian nut from the city of São João da Baliza...

Author(s): Selvin Antonio Saravia Maldonado, Ismael Montero Fernández, Ricardo Santos Alemán, Jhunior Abrahan Marcia Fuentes and María da Conceição Campelo Ferreira  

Journal of Medicinal Plants Research
Medicinal plants used in ethnoveterinary practices in the Federal Capital Territory, North-Central Nigeria

August, 2020

A survey of medicinal plants used in ethnoveterinary practices (EVP) was conducted in Federal Capital Territory, Nigeria to document the indigenous use of this plant in the management of animal diseases. Data were collected from fifty informants which included seven traditional medical practitioners and 43 pastoralists using a structured questionnaire. A total of 31 plant species from 25 families were recorded from the...

Author(s): Lateef Ariyo Adeniran, Smart Okpi, Toba Samuel Anjorin and Olatunde Peter Ajagbonna

Journal of Medicinal Plants Research
Bioprospective potential in the traditional use of herbal medicines in an institution in Central Brazil

August, 2020

Medicinal plants are important natural goods for many different peoples, especially because of their use as herbal medicines resulting from the traditional knowledge emerged from the direct contact with nature. The great experience of regional, traditional communities on the management and use of plant resources available in their regions led different populations to create and use several medicines. Even though the...

Author(s): Klaus Abdala and Sena Carlos  

Journal of Medicinal Plants Research
Ultrasonic assisted extraction of bioactive compounds from different parts of Hancornia Speciosa Gomes

July, 2020

The proper use of plants and their extracts, whether for medicine or as a food additive, requires the use of extraction and characterization methods that allow the identification and quantification of the active principles in each extract, associating them with the effect produced. With this objective, the present work was developed to  study the ultrasonic extracts of mangabeira (Hancornia speciosa Gomes),...

Author(s): Sérgio Prado Leite, Tiago Batista Adami, Thiago R. Bjerk, Michel Rubens dos Reis Souza, Claudia A. L. Cardoso, Laíza Canielas Krause, and Elina Bastos Caramão,  

Journal of Medicinal Plants Research
Effect of ethanol leaf extract of Gnetum africanum on testosterone and oestradiol induced benign prostatic hyperplasia

July, 2020

The effect of ethanol leaf extract of Gnetum africanum was studied in albino rats induced with benign prostatic hyperplasia. The animals (36) were randomly grouped into six with six rats in each group. Testosterone and oestradiol every other day for 28 days was used to induce hyperplasia. The test groups (2 - 4) were treated with 200, 400 and 800 mg/kg body weight of extract for another 28 days. Group 5 was given the...

Author(s): EBENYI Lilian N., YONGABI Kenneth A., ALI Fredrick U., OMINYI Mathias C, ANYANWU Blessing and OGBANSHI Moses E.  

Journal of Medicinal Plants Research
Separation and identification of phenolics and flavonoids from wild Pistacia palaestina extract and its antioxidant activity

July, 2020

An in-vitro evaluation of the antioxidant activities of wild Palestinian Pistacia palaestina extracts was done. In parallel, the total phenolic content (TPC) and the total flavonoids content (TFC) were measured. The antioxidant activities were determined spectrophotometrically by DPPH, FRAP, CUPRAC and the ABTS methods. The phenolic and flavonoid contents were separated and identified using LC-PDA-MS. The P. palaestina...

Author(s): Saleh Abu-Lafi, Fuad Al-Rimawi, Jehad Abbadi, Saleh. A. Naser and Khaled Qabaha  

Journal of Medicinal Plants Research
Chemical composition and antioxidant activity in the essential oil of Cinnamomum zeylanicum Nees with medicinal interest

July, 2020

Cinnamon is an evergreen tree belonging to the genus Cinnamomun; it is commonly founded in various tropical countries, consisting of more than 250 species of trees and shrubs in the Lauraceae family. This plant has had great medicinal importance in traditional medicine since ancient times. In this research, the chemical composition of the essential oil of Cinnamomum zeylanicum Nees was evaluated. The samples were...

Author(s): Ribeiro P. R. E., Montero I. F., Saravia S. A. M., Ferraz V. P., Santos R. A. , Marcía J. A. F.  and Linhares B. M.  

Journal of Medicinal Plants Research
Effects of aqueous leaf extracts of Tithonia diversifolia and Moringa oleifera on haematological, biochemical and histopathological parameters in albino rats

July, 2020

Africa is a vast reservoir of medicinal plants which need substantial research to understand their therapeutic potential for safe use. Tithonia diversifolia (TD) and Moringa oleifera (MO) are two such plants commonly used in South-west Nigeria for their therapeutic properties. This study therefore evaluated the effects of single and combined aqueous leaf extracts of both plants on hematological, biochemical and...

Author(s): Onuoha Chikaodiri H. and Ala Adeola A.  

International Journal of Genetics and Molecular Biology
Genetic analysis of twenty two selected genotypes of Jatropha curcas L. (physic nut) from Africa, Asia and America, using SSR and AFLP markers

July-December 2020

Twenty two genotypes of J. curcas L. from Africa (Senegal, Burkina Faso, Mali, Congo and Madagascar Island), Asia (Cambodia, China and India) and America (Ecuador, Dominican Republic and Brazil) selected for their vigor and their productivity were analyzed with ten SSR primer pairs and six AFLP primer combinations. The two marker approaches showed their ability to effectively reveal polymorphism among the selected...

Author(s): N’Guessan Olivier KONAN, and Guy MERGEAI  

African Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology
Antibacterial activities of Camellia sinensis plant extracts against uropathogenic E. coli in vitro and in vivo

July, 2020

This study evaluated the in vitro and in vivo antibacterial activities of methanol and ethyl acetate extracts of Camellia sinensis (Green tea) against Escherichia coli implicated in urinary tract infections. Antibacterial activities of these plant extracts were tested against 10 multi-drug resistant E. coli isolates obtained from clinical specimens of UTI patients. Forty-five (45) Wister albino rats were used for this...

Author(s): Agbom J. N., Ogbu O., Iroha I. R., Moses I. B., Onuora A. L., Kalu A. C., Nwakaeze E. A., Mohammed D. I., Oke B., Egwu I. H., Ajah P. M.,  Okorie C. C. and Okata-Nwali O. D.  

African Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology
Morbidity rate of drug-susceptible tuberculosis and its medico-economic impact

July, 2020

This assessment aims to identify the increasing number of morbidity of drug susceptible tuberculosis (TB) and its treatment outcomes, government cost of medicines as well as the economic impact on society. A retrospective observational study had been conducted in a government hospital using a patient’s record from 2013 to 2017, treated under the Direct Observed Therapy Short Course (DOTS) program in Karachi,...

Author(s): Rida Masood, Iyad Naeem Muhammad, Sidra Kanwal Ali, Madiha Mushtaque, Tuba Siddiqui, Farah Khalid and Aatka Ali,  

Journal of Medicinal Plants Research
Ethno-medicinal study of plants in Boricha district: Use, preparation and application by traditional healers, Southern Ethiopia

July, 2020

Plants have been used as a source of traditional medicine in Ethiopia. However, this valuable ethnobotanical knowledge is not formally documented and thus the objective of this study was to investigate ethno-medicinal plants, their preparation and application in treating ailments in humans and livestock in the boricha district of Sidama Zone, Ethiopia. Forty two traditional healers (37 male and 5 female) of different...

Author(s): Sintayehu Tamene, Dagne Addisu and Etana Debela    

Journal of Medicinal Plants Research
Chemical composition and larvicidal activity of Citrus limonia Osbeck bark essential oil

July, 2020

Aedes aegypti mosquito arouses the interest of public authorities, as it is a vector for four diseases (dengue, zika, chikungunya, and yellow fever) and one of the ways to combat it is through insecticides. In this study, the main constituent, the predominant class of essential oil extracted from the husks of Citrus limonia Osbeck was identified and evaluated to know if it has biological activity against larvae in the...

Author(s): Paulo Roberto Barros Gomes, Dionney Andrade de Sousa, Gustavo Oliveira Everton, Maria Alves Fontenele, Jucilane Novais Lopes e Marques, Adriana Crispim de Freitas, Virlane Kelly Lima Hunaldo, Hilton Costa Louzeiro, Maria do Livramento de Paula, Jonas Batista Reis, Andréa Vasconcelo Melo, Helson Souza de Lima and  Victor Elias Mouchrek Filho

African Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology
Prescribing errors among family and community medicine center in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia

July, 2020

Prescribing errors are common. Available data on these errors, particularly in family community centers in Saudi Arabia, presents a problem that must be addressed. The aim of this study is to investigate the rate and types of prescribing errors at an ambulatory care setting in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. Data were collected to cover a 12-month period. A prospective review of hand-written prescriptions was made by a trained...

Author(s): Norah Abanmy, Fatimah Alrowibah, Lobna Al Juffali, Ebrahim Assiri and Mostafa Kofi  

African Journal of Microbiology Research
A Malian native Azospirillum sp. Az6-based biofertilizer improves growth and yield of both rice (Oryza sativa L.) and maize (Zea mays L.)

July 2020

The objective of this study was to improve rice and maize yields using native Azospirillum-based biofertilizer. To reach this objective, samples of rhizosphere soil, non-rhizosphere soil and roots of maize plants were collected from the particular locations of Samanko and Bamako of the south Mali. Thirty-three different colonies of bacteria were isolated from the different samples. Based on their better growth in...

Author(s): Ibrahima Mallé, Adounigna Kassogué, Amadou Hamadoun Babana, Christiane Abreu de Oliveira Paiva and Ivanildo Ivodio Murriel  

African Journal of Microbiology Research
Isolation and characterization of haloalkaliphilic bacteria from the hot springs of Lake Magadi

July 2020

The Magadi Lake located in the Southern Rift Valley in Kenya is a hypersaline and alkaline lake. The lake’s pH ranges from pH 9 to 11 whereas the salinity can reach saturation during the dry Season. Little studies have previously been done on Lake Magadi as compared to other soda lakes from Kenya. This study concentrated on isolating and characterizing haloalkaliphilic bacteria found in the hot springs of Lake...

Author(s): Eunice Mulango, Remmy Kasili, Romano Mwirichia, Anne-Kelly Kambura and Christabel Muhonja  

Journal of Plant Breeding and Crop Science
Genetic progress for tuber yield and related traits of potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) in Ethiopia

July-September 2020

Little work has been done to evaluate the progress made in potato improvement in Ethiopia during the past three decades and information about traits most contributing to progress in yield is scarce. Hence, this experiment was conducted to estimate rate of genetic improvement made over time in yield and to determine traits most contributing to progress in tuber yield. Twenty varieties of potato released in Ethiopia...

Author(s): Tessema Lemma Gebrehanna, Wassu Mohammed Ali and Tesfaye Abebe Desta  

Journal of Horticulture and Forestry
Quality of tree seedlings across different nursery ownerships in Central Gondar Zone, Ethiopia

July-September 2020

Qualities of planting stocks are critical factors for the success of forest plantations. Despite the huge number of annual seedling production in tree nurseries, awareness on quality of seedlings is very limited. This study evaluates the seedling quality across nursery ownership types in terms of morphological attributes and examines the effect of seedling quality on early growth and survival. Three nursery ownerships...

Author(s): Tesfaye Sisay, Asmamaw Alemu and Yohanes G. Mariam  

Journal of Diabetes and Endocrinology
The burden of infection in diabetic patients living in sub-Saharan region: Case of Yaoundé Central Hospital, Cameroon

July-December 2020

Diabetes and its complications are responsible for premature death. However, mortality linked to diabetes remains under-estimated because many developing countries do not have data related to this affection. This study aimed to determine  the causes of death in hospitalized diabetic patient in our context. We carried out a retrospective study in the Endocrine and Metabolic Disease Unit of the Yaoundé Central...

Author(s): Martine Claude Etoa Etoga, Mesmin Dehayem, Anne Ongmeb Boli, Eliane Ngassam, Arianne Nkamgna, Jean-Claude Katte, Jean Claude Mbanya, and Eugene Sobngwi,  

African Journal of Medical and Health Sciences
Assessment of the causes of mortality among HIV patients admitted in Morogoro Regional Referral Hospital, Tanzania

July 2020

 Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) affects immune system, thereby impairing the normal functions of immune system. Causes of mortality among HIV patients have become more diverse and deaths from AIDS-related diseases have continued to change over the years. This study aimed to assess causes of death among HIV patients admitted in Morogoro Regional Referral Hospital, Tanzania. A retrospective hospital-based study...

Author(s): Ebenezer Abimbola Morolahun, Frank Moshi Ndayeza, Happyfania Primi Kilenga, Flora Marwa Magige, Hidaya Rashid Matata, Mathew Shileka Samwel and Senga Kali Pemba  

African Journal of Medical and Health Sciences
Computed tomography angiographic evaluation of vascular pathology in a Nigerian tertiary hospital

July 2020

Computed Tomography Angiography has progressively replaced the invasive conventional angiography, and has now become the preferred modality for the diagnosis and characterization of most cardiovascular abnormalities. Computed Tomography Angiography (CTA) alone is mostly sufficient to adequately evaluate vascular lesions in various disease conditions. This study reports the institutional evaluation of various vascular...

Author(s): Adekanmi Ademola Joseph and Osobu Babatunde Ebenezer  

African Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology
Jatropha dioica, an Aztec plant with promising pharmacological properties: A systematic review

July, 2020

Few pharmacological and toxicological studies have been conducted to demonstrate the usefulness and safety of using the Jatropha dioica extract. The aim of this study was to update the state of the art on the chemical composition, pharmacology, and toxicology of the species J. dioica, to find new possible applications. A search of different databases was carried out on the internet, specifically in Science Direct,...

Author(s): Agustina Ramírez-Moreno,, Dealmy Delgadillo-Guzmán, Verónica Bautista-Robles, Jolanta E Marszalek, Hady Keita,, Ansoumane Kourouma, Sergio Alberto Ramírez García, Jesús Rafael Rodríguez Amado, and José Carlos Tavares-Carvalho  

Journal of Plant Breeding and Crop Science
Sorghum mutation breeding for tolerance to water deficit under climate change

July-September 2020

This study aimed at creating genetic variability by induced mutagenesis in farmers’ preferred sorghum variety (ICSV1049) to breed mutant lines for water deficit tolerance. Sorghum seeds were irradiated by gamma rays and sown as one panicle-to-one progeny method. Putative lines M5 (143) and parent were screened under water deficit stress. Data analysis showed that leaf senescence (LS) was positively correlated to...

Author(s): Minimassom P. Nikièma, Nofou Ouédraogo, Hamidou Traoré, Mahamadou Sawadogo, Ljupcho Jankuloski, Mukhtar Ali Ghanim Abdelbagi and Djibril Yonli  

Journal of Dryland Agriculture
Crops residue trade-offs between livestock feed and soil amendment in no-till system in Moroccan dry area

July 2020

In the dry zone of Morocco, the production of biomass is irregular while the agricultural and animal production systems are matted. As a result, the crop residues use gives rise to tradeoffs which mainly translate into competition. This research aims to characterize the tradeoffs around cereal residues use between livestock feed and soil amendment in a no-till system. This study relied on a literature review, focus...

Author(s): El Koudrim M. and Hilali S.  

International Journal of Nursing and Midwifery
Implementation of a novel obstetric triage tool in the tertiary maternity hospital of Sierra Leone: A quality improvement project

July-September 2020

Triage tools have been shown to increase efficiency and accuracy of obstetric triage, but no published tools exist for low income settings. A novel guideline was developed and implemented in the tertiary maternity hospital of Sierra Leone. A triage system was implemented using a quality improvement approach. A novel triage guide, mentorship, improved patient flow and training were introduced. Prospective data was...

Author(s): Rebecca Best and Jariatu Turay Nee Sesay  

Journal of Soil Science and Environmental Management
Shea waste slurry as an organic soil amendment of tropical soils in the Tamale Metropolis, Northern Ghana

July-September 2020

Infertile and less productive soil due to continuous cropping, poor soil management and other forms of land exploitation are mostly amended using inorganic fertiliser. Shea waste slurry (SWS) as an organic soil amendment material was applied to soils in two locations and its effect on plant primary and secondary nutrients evaluated. One-way diagonal method was employed in sampling soil from fields measuring 25...

Author(s): Abagale F. K., Alazuga I. N. A. and Osei A. R.  

Journal of Development and Agricultural Economics
The on-farm diversity of maize cultivars and landraces in the Lacandon region of Chiapas, Mexico

July-September 2020

The loss of maize landraces is of major global concern. Landraces provide the genetic building blocks for the development of high yielding pest- and drought-tolerant maize varieties, and their loss reduces the capacity to adapt to changing environmental conditions. The extinction of maize landraces is an incidental effect of the planting decisions of farmers. Although maize landraces are important both as a staple food...

Author(s): Gustavo Leopoldo Garduño and Charles Perrings  

Journal of Soil Science and Environmental Management
Effect of biochar application on selected soil properties in Southwestern Nigeria

July-September 2020

This study investigated the effect of biochar on dispersible clay and soil chemical properties. The treatments consisted of four rates of milled biochar (0, 450, 900 and 1344 kg/ha) arranged in a Completely Randomized Design with four replicates. Surface (0-15 cm depth) soil of Iwo (Sandy loam) and Egbeda (Loamy sand) soil series were collected from the Teaching and Research Farm, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife,...

Author(s): Olakayode A. O., Akinde B. P. and Egbebi I. A.  

Journal of Horticulture and Forestry
Morphometrics of Pinus patula crown and its effect on cone characteristics and seed yield in Kenya

July-September 2020

Pinus species and other conifers have cones as an essential unit for seed production. Cone production in pines is not uniform and often varies among compartments and sectors within the crown. Many countries experience challenges in seed production from orchards due to poor practices. The present study aimed to evaluate within-crown cone production patterns, cone characteristics, and seed yield in a Pinus patula clonal...

Author(s): Peter Murithi Angaine, Alice Adongo Onyango, and Jesse Omondi Owino  

African Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology
Bioactivities of stem bark of Albizia chinensis Osbeck. Merr., Chakua Koroi of Bangladesh

July, 2020

Albizia chinensis Osbeck. Merr. (Family: Fabaceae) is quite abundant in Bangladesh. The plant has a history of its traditional use in scorpion and snake bite. This investigation was designed to analyze the analgesic, anti-diarrheal and anti-inflammatory potentials along with sleep inducing property of the crude methanol extract of stem bark of Albizia chinensis Osbeck. Merr. Peripheral analgesic activity was evaluated...

Author(s): Tasnuva Sharmin and Mohammad A. Rashid  

Journal of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Health
Factors influencing survival of BALB/c mice and their effects on immune efficacy in an experiment of hepatitis B immunization

July-September 2020

There was an accidental death of BALB/c mice in the course of the experiment about hepatitis B immunization. The reasons of the mice breeding failure were analyzed in order to provide some experience for future animal preparation about hepatitis B immunization. Items of all mice including sex, age, dose of hepatitis B vaccine (HepBVac), dose of hepatitis B immunoglobulin (HBIG), immunization route, vaccination schedule...

Author(s): Tao Wei, Ling Li, Weihong Lv, Shanjuan Tan, Fenghai Liu, Jiaru Su, Xiaona Xu and Lei Zhang  

Journal of Fine and Studio Art
Quality of pottery products produced in Kenyan women prisons

January-June 2020

The purpose of the study was to assess quality of pottery products produced in Kenyan prisons. The quality of products produced in Kenyan prisons shows lack of standardization. Descriptive research design guided the study. The study areas were Lang’ata and Kisii women prisons with a population of 480 respondents. Purposive sampling technique was used to sample 30 inmates who engage in pottery, thus leaving a total...

Author(s): Otieno Jane, Abong’o Susan and Wagah Mical Ongachi  

African Journal of Pure and Applied Chemistry
Health risk assessment on humans by contamination of heavy metals in some edible crops and fish at Galena mining area of Nahuta, Alkaleri Local Government Area, Bauchi State, Nigeria

July-September 2020

This work investigated the human health risk effects of heavy metal contamination at Galena mining area. 10 elements were identified in both irrigated and wet season edible crops and fish were collected from five sampling locations at Galena mining area. Wet season crops held higher concentrations of heavy metals than irrigated crops. Study showed carcinogenic heavy metals Pb (1.42 E +08), Cd (1.36 E +14), Cr (1.31E...

Author(s): Usman Y. M., Nasiru Yahaya P. and Modibbo U. U.  

Educational Research and Reviews
Evaluation of impact of fine arts high school music department program on students’ piano playing skills

July 2020

The research is aimed to evaluate the impact of fine arts high school music department program on the piano playing skills of students. In this context, it was determined to what degree fine arts high school students thought the school program contributed to their piano playing skills and differentiation of student opinions as per their gender and class was also examined. A cross sectional descriptive design was...

Author(s): Jale Deniz  

ISABB Journal of Health and Environmental Sciences
Factors associated with irregular consumption of fruits and vegetables among health professionals in Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso

January-June 2020

Fruits and vegetables (F&Vs) are an essential food group for humans and prevent non-communicable diseases (NCDs). The objective of this study is to know the level of consumption of F&Vs by health professionals in Ouagadougou and their determinants. This is a descriptive cross-sectional study conducted from May to August 2016 in the Central Region of Burkina Faso. It included 442 health workers according to...

Author(s): Yewayan Larba Berenger KABORE, Jean TESTA, Aristide Romaric BADO, Anyovi FOLLY and Souleymane KABORE  

Journal of Development and Agricultural Economics
Analysis of economic efficiency among smallholder sorghum producers in Kenya

April-June 2020

This study used Cobb-Douglas Stochastic Profit Frontier to analyze economic efficiency of sorghum farmers in Tharaka Nithi County, Kenya. Using a multi-stage stratified sample of 259 farmers, results depicted a wide range of profit efficiency between the best (0.96) and the worst (0.12) farmer with a mean of 0.17. The actual and potential profit was USD 164.88 ha-1 and USD 969.87 ha-1 respectively. This indicates that,...

Author(s): Backson Mwangi, Ibrahim Macharia and Eric Bett  

Journal of Medicinal Plants Research
Control of papaya fruits anthracnose by essential oils of medicinal plants associated to different coatings

June, 2020

Chemical pesticides have been commonly used for the control of various plant diseases. Although pathogens can be controlled with the application of these products, there are hazardous impacts in human health and environment. In parallel, essential oils have been shown to be effective in plant diseases management and can be safely incorporated as suitable alternatives for synthetic fungicides. Therefore, the aim of this...

Author(s): Bruna Leticia Dias, Priscila Fonseca Costa, Mateus Sunti Dakin, Dalmarcia de Souza Carlos Mou rao, Felipe Rocha Dias, Rosangela Ribeiro de Sousa, Ped ro Raym undo Argiielles Osorio, Talita Pereira de Souza Ferreira, Fabricio Souza Campos and Gil Rod rigues Dos Santos  

Journal of Medicinal Plants Research
The effects of aqueous extract of Bowdichia virgilioides Kunth in the immune functions of thymocytes and B-lymphocytes

June, 2020

Bowdichia virgilioides Kunth (Fabaceae) is a tree species used in folk medicine against inflammatory disorders, and it is still unclear whether consumption of the B. virgilioides stem bark extract has any effect on immune cells. Thus, this study aimed to evaluate the effects of B. virgilioides stem bark extract (AEBv) on the functions of the thymus and B lymphocytes. The AEBv was obtained by decoction and administrated...

Author(s): Maria Danielma dos Santos Reis, Larissa Fernanda de Araújo Vieira, Altair Rogério Alves Brandão, Emiliano Barreto, and Salete Smaniotto,  

Journal of Medicinal Plants Research
Hydroethanolic stem bark extract of Vernonia amygdalina Del. (Asteraceae) suppresses yeast-induced pyrexia and Plasmodium berghei malaria in murine models

June, 2020

Vernonia amygdalina has been widely utilized in Ghana and other West African states for numerous parasitic infections, diabetes and some inflammatory conditions. In this study we evaluated the antipyretic and antimalarial properties as well as in vitro antioxidant activities of an ethanolic stem bark extract of V. amygdalina (VAE). The antipyretic effect of VAE was assessed using Baker’s yeast-induced pyrexia and...

Author(s): Anna Kwarley Quartey, Yakubu Jibira, Arnold Forkuo-Donkor, Isaac Ayensu, Adwoa Agyakoma Oduro-Kwarteng, Sussana Emi-Reynolds Asuamah and Patience Noah  

Journal of Medicinal Plants Research
Antibacterial, cytotoxic, and schistosomicidal activities of the methanolic extract from Cassia grandis L.f. (Fabaceae) stem bark and its fractions

June, 2020

Cassia grandis L. (Fabaceae), a native tree from Amazon Forest, has been used in folk medicine against worms and intestinal parasites, and to treat stomach and respiratory problems, blood diseases, among others uses. This study aimed to evaluate the antioxidant, cytotoxic, antimicrobial, and schistosomicidal activities of the methanolic extract from C. grandis stem bark (CgME) and to elucidate the chemical profile of...

Author(s): Luciméri Paulino Machado Magalhães, Bárbara Azevedo Ramos, Márcia Vanusa da Silva, Maria Tereza dos Santos Correia, Kêsia Xisto Fonseca Ribeiro de Sena, Túlio Diego da Silva, André de Lima Aires, Mônica Camelo Pessôa de Azevedo Albuquerque, Gardênia Carmen Gadelha Militão, Teresinha Gonçalves da Silva, Renata Mendonça Araújo, Julianna Ferreira Cavalcanti de Albuquerque and Rafael Matos Ximenes  

Journal of Medicinal Plants Research
Biological properties and therapeutic applications of cannabidiol

June, 2020

Cannabis sp. has important pharmacological activities, so it has been the focus of attention of the scientific community. Through the search for new drugs, it was found that cannabinoids present in the plant can modulate transient potential receptors (TPR). Cannabidiol (CBD), also known as “medical marijuana”, represents the second most abundant phytocannabinoid of the Cannabis plant and it is widely used in...

Author(s): Elanne Costa Glória, Adriana Idalina Torcato de Oliveira, Juliana Fonseca Moreira da Silva and Raphael Sanzio Pimenta,  

Journal of Medicinal Plants Research
Chemical composition and biological potentials of Lebanese Cupressus sempervirens L. leaves’ extracts

June, 2020

The essential oils and defatted ethanolic extracts isolated from Cupressus sempervirens L. leaves collected from two geographically distinct regions in Lebanon; Beit El-Dein (mountain) and Jbeil (sea-side) were analysed for their chemical composition by GC/MS and qualitative phytochemical screening, respectively. These were then tested for their in-vitro antioxidant and antibacterial activities. Fourteen and eighteen...

Author(s): Layal Anka, Hassan Rammal, Ahmad Kobeissi and Hamid Bou Saab  

International Journal of Livestock Production
Comparative effects of Moringa oleifera powder and soybean meal on the zootechnical parameters of the ISA Brown pullet

April-June 2020

Poultry farming is an important sector of the Beninese agriculture. But this sector is facing economic difficulties. The aim of this study is to evaluate the effects of Moringa oleifera powder and soybean meal on zootechnical parameters in the ISA Brown pullet. For this purpose, the experiment was carried out on a total of 250 day-old chicks with an initial average weight of 40 ± 1 g. Among these chicks, 25...

Author(s): Jacques S. Adouko, Bienvenu O. M. Koutonin, Kévin S. Kassa, Arnaud S. S. Soha, Fréjus O. H. Ohouko and Jacques T. Dougnon  

International Journal of Livestock Production
Effect of nutritional flushing on reproductive and body weight performance of Abergelle goat does

April-June 2020

This study was aimed to evaluate the effect of flushing on the reproductive and body weight change on Abergelle breed does. The study indicated that a mix of 300 or 450 g wheat bran (WB) with 50 g noug seed cake (NSC) flushed per day improved the does’ conception rate (70 to 80%) and kidding rate (70%); while does flushed with low concentrate level (150 g WB plus 50 g NSC) or those not flushed had poor and reduced...

Author(s): Minister Birhanie, Mulalem Zenebe and Hailai Hagos  

International Journal of Livestock Production
The last of us? An online survey among German farm veterinarians about the future of veterinary training, livestock farming and the profession in general

April-June 2020

This online survey investigated how German farm veterinarians perceive the future of their profession. According to the participants, the following topics should play a greater role in veterinary training: Economics, herd health management, practical education, agricultural knowledge and animal welfare issues. The top answer indicates that knowledge about entrepreneurship is seen as a crucial competence of...

Author(s): Christian Dürnberger  

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Production of liquid fertilizer by fermented livestock liquid and application on crops

June, 2020

The livestock liquid commonly contains humic acid, amino acids and minerals; hence, it can be used for the fertilization of crops. These studies were conducted to examine the use of livestock fermented liquid in producing liquid fertilizers and irrigation application on two kinds of crops (tomato and wax apple). The experiments were designed as common liquid fertilizer and diluted by groundwater (CF), fermented...

Author(s): Yong-Hong Lin, Yi-Lang Wei, Juei-Yu Chiu, Tai-Yuan Chen and Chih-Hang Chang  

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Effects of combined salt and flooding stresses on the growth and physiological behavior of alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.)

June, 2020

The present work focused on evaluation of the physiological and metabolic behavior of alfalfa (Medicago sativa L., var. Siriver), when faced with two important ecosystems constraints, namely salinity and flooding-associated hypoxia. After germination, seedlings in symbiosis with Sinorhizobium meliloti were grown on different salt concentrations (0, 20 and 50 mM NaCl). At four weeks post-germination, plants were...

Author(s): Hajer Sghaier, Achref Aloui, Ayda Khadri, Samira Aschi-Smiti and Renaud Brouquisse  

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Promotion of rice growth and productivity as a result of seed inoculation with Azospirillum brasilense

June, 2020

The present study refers to the results obtained in four experiments carried out in the 2015/2016 crop: Toledo/PR; Palotina/PR; Cascavel/PR; and São Miguel do Iguaçu/PR. The objective of the present study was to evaluate the agronomic efficiency of Azospirillum brasilense (pest strains Ab-V5 and Ab-V6) in four distinct rice culture regions (Oryza sativa L.). The tests were performed to meet the...

Author(s): Vandeir Francisco Guimarães, Jeferson Klein, Marcos Barbosa Ferreira and Débora Kestring Klein  

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