Journal of
Stored Products and Postharvest Research

  • Abbreviation: J. Stored Prod. Postharvest Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2141-6567
  • DOI: 10.5897/JSPPR
  • Start Year: 2010
  • Published Articles: 148

JSPPR Articles

April 2020

Re-useable plastic crates as a veritable tool for handling of fresh fruits and vegetables: Lagos State as a case study

Nigerian Stored Products Research Institute (NSPRI) developed plastic packaging crates of International standard and best practices known as reusable plastic crates (RPCs) in lieu of raffia woven baskets (RWBs) for the transportation and storage of fresh fruits and vegetables in 1986. In collaboration with Lagos State Ministry of Agriculture, Global Alliance for Improved Nutrition and Postharvest Loss Alliance for...

Author(s): Olusola B. Benson, Isaac A. Ambee, Adaora N. Osegbo and Egobude U. Okonkwo  

September 2019

Evaluation of morphometric and physiological seed quality traits of improved cowpea (Vigna unguiculata L. Walp) varieties in Sierra Leone

A study was conducted at the Seed Laboratory of the Njala Agricultural Research Centre (NARC) to evaluate the seed quality traits of five cowpea genotypes at room temperature (25 ± 2°C). The five genotypes studied were Slipeas 1, 2, 4 and 5 and local Tabe. The trial was laid out in a Completely Randomized Design (CRD) in four replicates. The results indicated that the local variety (Tabe) had the highest...

Author(s): Ernest G. Kamara, Saidu D. Mansaray, Milton K. Kabbia, Moses T. Moseray and Jigba M. Jabbie

June 2019

Determination of appropriate packaging materials for cowpea seed storage

Quality seed is an important resource for any seed-propagated crop. Cowpea (Vigna unguiculata) seed is prone to cowpea weevil (Callosobruchus maculatus) infestation during storage. This can result in 100% seed loss when stored without treatment. Smallholder farmers in Kenya use traditional methods of storage and occasionally accompanied by pesticides treatment. Due to health concerns, pesticide use is discouraged....

Author(s): Sylvia Imbuhila Buleti, Edward George Mamati and Mary Abukutsa-Onyango  

March 2019

Relative susceptibilities of different populations of Sitophilus zeamais and Prostephanus truncatus to currently registered grain protectants in Zimbabwe

Sitophilus zeamais Motschulsky and Prostephanus truncatus (Horn) are the two most destructive post-harvest insect pests of maize worldwide. Bioassays were carried out to determine the efficacy of commercially available dilute dust grain protectants (pseudonamed protectant A, B, C, D, E and F) in controlling S. zeamais and P. truncatus under laboratory conditions. The products tested were: Hurudza® (fenitrothion 1.7%...

Author(s): James Machingura  

February 2019

Degradation of postharvest applied fludioxonil in pomegranate fruit cv. ‘Wonderful’ and efficacy on the gray mould

Present study aimed to determine the effects of fludioxonil (FLU) against the gray mould disease development on pomegranate fruits; and the residue levels of FLU during 150 days of storage. Pomegranate (Punica granatum) fruits are very susceptible to postharvest decay (Botrytis cinerea Pers.) and very few chemicals are approved for the use in postharvest storage. Studies conducted with ‘Wonderful’ cultivar...

Author(s): İbrahim Kahramanoğlu, Serhat Usanmaz and Turgut Alas  

January 2019

Post-harvest losses in maize store-time and marketing model perspectives in Sub-Saharan Africa

Post‒harvest losses of maize are almost half of the produced grains in Sub‒Saharan Africa. Efforts to reverse this trend are recommended. Thus, there is a prerequisite to create a post‒harvest loss resilient strategy to guide small scale maize growing farmers in Africa. In this review, critical elements underlying post‒harvest losses in Africa such as infestation by insect‒pests, microbes, rodents, poor transportation...

Author(s): Jennifer Swai, Ernest R. Mbega, Arnold Mushongi and Patrick A. Ndakidemi  

January 2019

Postharvest loss assessment of maize (Zea mays) along its value chain in Nigeria

Maize is the third most important cereal and staple globally. Poor agricultural policies and funding are the major problems of agriculture in Nigeria. This work was aimed at studying maize postharvest losses through identification of causes and sources. Data were gathered via Commodity Systems Assessment Methodology which includes 26 components, structured interviews and protocols for measuring quantity, quality and...

Author(s): Kitinoja Lisa, Dandago Munir Abba and Abdullahi Nura  

December 2018

Selection, characterization and identification of smokes from different biomass materials as a medium for modifying the atmosphere for stored grain

In developing countries, losses of stored grains due to insect pests are significant. Modified atmosphere (MA) storage is one of the strategies to minimize impact of the pests. This work aimed to identify a biomass material for generating smoke having high concentrations of CO and CO2 to create a MA in stored grains. Smokes from seven biomass were characterized in terms of CO, CO2, NO and O2 composition. Results showed...

Author(s): Yetenayet B. Tola, Obsuman D. Muleta and Werner C. Hofacker

October 2018

Evaluation of four variant diatomaceous earths and a commercial DE Insecto® against Callosobruchus maculatus F. (Coleoptera:Chrysomelidae) on two varieties of stored cowpea in Nigeria

Nigerian Stored Products Research Institute (NSPRI) has patented a Diatomaceous Earth, a non-toxic pesticide NSPRIDUST® Patent No. 000744 for storage of grains with Trade Marks Section of the Federal Ministry of Trade and Investment, Abuja, Nigeria. Efficacy of four Nigerian Diatomaceous Earths (DEs): Bularafa, Abakire, Share and Kwami as grain protectants of stored cowpea against cowpea bruchid were compared to a...

Author(s): Egobude U. Okonkwo, Adaora N. Osegbo, Michael A. Omodara, Moses O. Ogundare, Grace I. Abel, Samuel I. Nwaubani, Grace O. Otitodun, Oluwatoyin A. Atibioke, Oluwaseun D. Olagunju and Olufemi Peters  

October 2018

Evaluation of the storage and drying processes of Melissa officinalis L. leaves

Melissa officinalis L. (Lamiaceae), medicinal plant used as sedative commercialized in natura and as dry plant in Brazil. The aim of this study was to determine the postharvest life and drying processes of Melissa leaves in function of essential oil contents. Leaves (10 g) were stored at room temperature (RT=19.6°C) and refrigeration temperature (10°C, AR), measured daily loss of fresh mass. In the evaluation,...

Author(s): Rosana Gonçalves Rodrigues-das-Dores, Juliana Cristina Santos Almeida Bastos, Viviane Flores Xavier, Fernanda de Souza Marques, Fernando Luis Finger and Vicente Wagner Dias Casali  

September 2018

Laboratory evaluation of six new cassava genotypes to Tribolium castaneum (Herbst) (Coleoptera: Tenebrionidae) infestation

Two products, chips and flour, processed locally from six new cassava genotypes; 98/0505, 01/1368, 05/1636, 05/0473, 01/1371 and 01/1412 obtained from National Root Crops Research Institute (NRCRI), Umudike, Abia State, Nigeria were evaluated for losses (qualitative and quantitative) caused by rust red flour beetle Tribolium castaneum under storage conditions (25 to 30°C and 70 to 90% RH) in the General Laboratory,...

Author(s): Zakka U., Lale N. E. S., Onoriode A. H. and Ehisianya C. N.  

September 2018

A study on the causes of apple (Malus Domestica) fruit loss at Chencha Woreda of Gamo Gofa Zone, Southern Ethiopia

Apple (Malus domestica) is a temperate climate fruit tree grown in the highland climates. Specifically, it is widely and largely cultivated in the Gamo Gofa administrative zone at Chencha woreda in Ethiopia. Although there is inadequate information regarding the cause of fruit loss, some other details reveal the production status of the fruit in the area. This study was aimed at assessing the causes of apple fruit loss...

Author(s): Behailu A. and Kebede J.  

September 2018

Monitoring the changes in chemical properties of red and white onions (Allium cepa) during storage

Effects of postharvest storage conditions and varietal differences on the chemical properties of onion bulbs were demonstrated. Fresh red and white onion varieties were stored for two months under three different storage conditions: ambient temperature (28-30ºC), refrigeration (5-7ºC) and control cupboard temperature storage (45-50ºC). Main and interaction effects of the two factors (storage and variety)...

Author(s): Olusola Samuel Jolayemi, Sanusi Shamsudeen Nassarawa, Oluranti Mopelola Lawal, Mopelola Ajoke Sodipo and Isaac Babatunde Oluwalana  

August 2018

Aflatoxin B1 contamination in raw peanuts sold in Maputo City, Mozambique and associated factors

Peanut seeds (Arachis hypogaea L.) are consumed worldwide including Mozambique, due to good taste, high nutritional value and easy accessibility. When found in suitable conditions of humidity and high temperature, a fungus of the genus Aspergillus can contaminate peanuts and produce toxic secondary metabolites called "aflatoxins" (AFs) which are not destroyed by usual thermal processes, causing aflatoxicosis...

Author(s): Delfina Fernandes Hlashwayo  

July 2018

Influence of postharvest treatments on the proximate composition and sugar contents of fresh maize

Freshly harvested maize is highly perishable and it rapidly losses its sweetness within 3 days of harvest. This study investigated the influence of steeping on the proximate composition and sugar content of fresh maize stored at tropical ambient conditions (28 ± 2°C and 70% RH). The solutions used for steeping were salt (8%), sugar (10%), combination of the salt-sugar solution (2:3 v/v) while the control had...

Author(s): Isaac Babatunde Oluwalana, Matthew Kolawole Bolade, Olusola Samuel Jolayemi, Olumuyiwa Adekanmi Babarinsa, Olumuyiwa Abidemi Jeje and Toyin Paulina Ojo  

June 2018

Drying characteristics and antioxidant properties of Java plum seed and skin waste

Java plum seeds and skin wastes recovered after passing fruits through a pulper were separated manually and dried in tray/fluidised bed drier at 50, 70 and 90˚C or in freeze drier at -55°C at 4.4 torr. Drying behaviour of java plum seeds and skin followed falling rate period and described adequately by Page's model. Drying rate constant was higher for fluidized bed drier varying from 0.00163 to 0.255406 h-1 for...

Author(s): Amritpal Kaur, Dilpreet Singh, Harpreet Kaur and Dalbir Singh Sogi  

June 2018

Application of NIR-Spectroscopy to predict the harvesting maturity, fruit ripening and storage ability of Ca-chitosan treated baby kiwifruit

In this study, near infrared (NIR) spectroscopy was performed to establish a non-destructive method to predict the harvesting maturity, fruit ripening and storage ability of Ca-chitosan treated baby kiwifruit. Destructive measurements of firmness, dry matter (DM), soluble solids content (SSC), and acidity was performed. The calibration range investigated for dry matter content (DM) and SSC using NIR reflectance...

Author(s): J. G. Kim, Y. Park, M. H. Shin, S. Muneer, R. Lerud, C. Michelson, D. Il Kang, J. H. Min and H. M. P. Chamidha Kumarihami,  

May 2018

Post-harvest evaluation of selected hybrids to maize weevil Sitophilus zeamais resistance

Sitophilus zeamais has been identified as one of the most destructive pests of maize stored in tropical regions. While most maize hybrids are being developed, it is necessary to evaluate their resistance to this pest. This study determined the resistance of selected maize hybrids to infestation by S. zeamais. Twenty two hybrids with varying resistance to weevil infestation and two checks DUMA 41-suceptible and...

Author(s): Khakata S., Nzuve F. M., Chemining’wa G. N., Mwimali M., Karanja J., Harvey J. and Mwololo J. K.  

May 2018

Efficacy of solvent extracts of Calpurnia aurea (Ait.) Benth and Milletia ferruginea (Hochest) Baker leaves against maize weevils, Sitophilus zeamais (Motsch.) of stored maize in Ethiopia

Distilled water, acetone and ethanol (polar solvent) extracts from 20 g/100 ml and 30 g/100 ml levels of extraction of Calpurnia aurea and Milletia ferruginea were tested as protectant against maize weevils in maize grains under laboratory condition. They were applied at a rate of 10 and 15% (w/v) in admixture bioassays from both of the aforementioned extraction levels. Parental weevil’s mortality, F1 progeny...

Author(s): Berhanu Hiruy, and Emana Getu  

March 2018

Efficacy of integration of three management tactics relative to unitary tactics against Maize weevil, Sitophilus zeamais (Motschulsky) (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) of stored maize in Ethiopia

Five and ten percentage rates of leaf powder of Calpurnia aurea (Ait.) Benth and Millettia ferruginea (Hochst) Baker as well as red and white local inert dusts each and their integration with resistance varieties of maize were evaluated as protectant against Sitophlus zeamais under laboratory condition. All treatments of the tested management tactics induced significantly (p < 0.05) higher adult mortality of weevils...

Author(s): Berhanu Hiruy and Emana Getu  

February 2018

Efficacy of two locally available inert dusts against Sitophilus zeamais (Motschulsky) (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) of Stored Maize in Ethiopia

Dosage rates of 1.25, 2.5, 5 and 10% (w/w) of red and white locally available inert dusts were evaluated as protectants against maize weevils, Sitophilus zeamais in maize grain under laboratory conditions. Parental adult mortality, F1 progeny emergence, percent protection, percent grain damage and weight loss were measured as efficacy determining parameters. Mortality of the weevils was observed only after 4 days post...

Author(s): Berhanu Hiruy and Emana Getu  

October 2017

Insecticidal activity of four essential oils on the survival and oviposition of two sympatric bruchid species: Callosobruchus maculatus F. and Callosobruchus subinnotatus PIC. (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidea: Bruchinae)

Callosobruchus maculatus F. and Callosobruchus subinnotatus Pic. are two pest species of stored cowpeas and bambara groundnuts. Methods of controlling their populations remain the use of chemical insecticides that have ecotoxicological effects. The aim of this work is to look for alternative methods using essential oils extracted from four aromatic plants (Bidens borianiana, Chromolaena odorata, Cymbopogon giganteus and...

Author(s): Seth W. Nyamador, Abla D. Mondédji, Boris D. Kasseney, Guillaume K. Ketoh, Honoré K. Koumaglo and Isabelle A. Glitho

September 2017

Management of insect pests of stored sorghum using botanicals in Nigerian traditional stores

Sorghum is a security crop widely grown in arid and semi-arid ecologies. Nigeria produces 30 to 40% of Africa’s sorghum. Sorghum in Nigeria is mostly produced and stored by rural farmers at the farm/village level after harvest. The prominent storage structures existing in rural areas in northern Nigeria are the mud rhumbus, thatched rhumbus and underground pits. During storage, different species of insect pests...

Author(s): Suleiman M., and Rugumamu C. P.

August 2017

Inventory of farmers’ indigenous innovations for primary processing and storage of selected food legumes in Uganda: Implications to food safety and storage bruchids management

Cowpea (Vigna unguiculata), Chickpea (Cicer arietinum) and Pigeon pea (Cajanus cajan) are among important food legumes in African small scale agricultural systems and livelihoods of many rural poor. High volumes of these food legumes are lost during storage, mostly to a group of beetles called bruchids. To be able to develop safe, sustainable and effective practices of managing storage bruchids, it was critical to first...

Author(s): Muhumuza, J. B., Muyanja, C. and Muzira, R.

July 2017

Understanding postharvest practices, knowledge, and actual mycotoxin levels in maize in three agro-ecological zones in Tanzania

Maize is a major cereal crop in Tanzania and it is grown in diverse agro-ecological zones. Like other sub-Saharan countries, postharvest losses of maize during storage in Tanzania remain significantly high, especially for smallholder farmers. Unpredictable weather and poor postharvest practice contribute to rapid deterioration of grain and mold contamination, and subsequent production of mycotoxins. The purpose of this...

Author(s): Suleiman R. A., Rosentrater K. A., and Chove B.

June 2017

Microbial contamination and polyethylene packaging of some fruits and vegetables retailed at Akure and Ado Ekiti, South Western Nigeria

This study was carried out to reveal microbial contaminants on some selected ready-to-eat fruits and vegetables (eggplant, apple, tiger nut, bitter kola, cola nut, date and carrot) vended at motor parks, busy roads and local markets in Akure and Ado Ekiti metropolis (South Western Nigeria). It also evaluated the effectiveness of polyethylene packaging in controlling microbial contamination of these foods using product...

Author(s): Akomolafe O. M. and Awe T. V.

May 2017

Preliminary observations on a hot - water equipment for disinfesting maize grain from larger grain borer, Prostephanus truncatus (Horn) and greater rice weevil, Sitophilus zeamais (Motschulsky) (Coleoptera: Bostrichidae): A tool for rural farmers

The present study describes and evaluates a new tool for disinfesting maize grain from weevils using heat from boiling water. In developing countries, rural farmers lose huge amounts of grain due to weevils. Cost of insecticides and resistance of grain weevils to current insecticides are major threats. The grain losses affect the nutritional status and general quality of life of rural communities. Most grain is infested...

Author(s): Moses Zimba

April 2017

Determination of the appropriate doses of promising botanical powders against maize weevil, Sitophilus zeamais Mots (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) on maize grain

The present laboratory study was carried out in the entomological laboratory the Department of plant science, Ambo University. The experiment was carried out using randomized complete block design with three replications to evaluate the efficacy of four locally available botanicals. The botanicals evaluated were: Neem (Azadirachta indica) leaf and seed, hop bush (Dodonae angustifolia) fresh leaf, Pyrethrum...

Author(s): Tadele Shiberu and Mulugeta Negeri

March 2017

Management of Bean bruchids (Accanthoscelides obtectus Say.) (Coleoptera: Bruchidae) using botanical oils in Western Amhara, Ethiopia

Faba bean, Vicia faba L. is an important legume crop that substitute animal proteins especially in developing countries. Bean bruchids or bean weevil, Accanthoscelides obtectus Say is a major insect pest of the faba bean grains mainly in the store. An experiment was conducted in Debremarkose University to screen effective botanical oils for the management of bean bruchids on faba bean grains. The tested oils were from...

Author(s): Mihret Alemayehu and Emana Getu

March 2017

Comparative studies of fish smoking and solar drying in the Sierra Leone artisanal fishing industry

“Energy efficient rural food processing utilizing renewable energy to improve rural Livelihoods” known as the “RE4Food” project is a three year effort by researchers in Sierra Leone, Ghana, Kenya, South Africa, Germany and the UK, funded by the Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC). It takes its objectives from the observation by the World Health Organization (WHO) that...

Author(s): Andrew Kallon, Aiah Lebbie, Barbara Sturm, Tommy Garnett and Richard Wadsworth

February 2017

Assessment of sesame Sesamum indicum grain storage loss due to Indian Meal Moth Plodia interpunctella (Lepidoptera) for small scale-farmers in western zone of Tigray, North Ethiopia

Sesame (Sesamum indicum L.) is one of the world’s oldest oil seed crop grown mainly for its seeds. Insect pests are one of the most important factors affecting production and storage of sesame grain affecting both its quality and quantity. In order to assess and determine storage grain loss due to Plodia interpunctella, an assessment was conducted in western zone of Tigray (13°45’ to 14°28’ N...

Author(s): Zenawi Gebregergis Gebremichael

February 2017

Managing evolving insecticide resistance in stored grain pests within Avon Region, Western Australia

The requirement that all Australian grain exports are insect-free relies on phosphine fumigation to control stored grain pests such as the lesser grain borer (Rhyzopertha dominica).The value of the current infrastructure in the grain storage, transport and handling network depends on the efficacy of phosphine fumigation. However, the biosecurity of the grain supply network is threatened by the emergence of Strong-Form...

Author(s): Hoda R. Abougamos, Rohan Sadler and Ben White

January 2017

Evaluation of efficacy of a long lasting insecticide incorporated polypropylene bag as stored grain protectant against insect pests on cowpea and maize

Efficacy of long-lasting polypropylene storage bags incorporated with deltamethrin insecticide  developed by Vestergaard Frandsen SA. to protect grains (cowpea and maize) from stored products insect damage was compared to grains admixed with Permethrin at 2.5 ppm stored in Polypropylene (PP) bags and untreated grains stored in PP bags investigated in the laboratories of Nigerian Stored Products Research Institute,...

Author(s): Egobude U. Okonkwo, Samuel I. Nwaubani, Olufunke G. Otitodun, Moses  O. Ogundare, Georgina V. Bingham, Joshua O. Odhiambo and Joseph O. Williams

October 2016

The need for short term training on sesame seedbug (Elasmolomus Sordidus Forsk) control to farmers and agricultural extension workers: A case study at Kafta-Humera Seasame fields, Northern Ethiopia

For many years, Sesame producing farmers in Kafta–Humera, northern Ethiopia had been trying to protect their Sesame crop from infestation. However, it was not effective because of re-infestation by pest within a few days after pesticide spray. As a result. in the area, where this research was conducted, the infestation and damage level of the pest were increasing year after year. This study assessed farmers’...

Author(s): Muez Berhe and Berhanu Abraha

September 2016

Effect of hot water treatment on reduction of chilling injury and keeping quality in tomato (Solanum lycopersicum L.) fruits

Chilling injury is a physiological disorder caused by the exposure of fruits and vegetables to low temperature above the freezing point. Chilling can delay fruit ripening in tomato fruits. The objective of this study was to determine the effect of hot water treatment on reduction of chilling injury and keeping quality of tomato fruits. The experiment was done in post-harvest physiology laboratory of Jimma University...

Author(s): Tigist Nardos Tadesse and Wosene Gebreselassie Abtew

September 2016

Insecticidal activity of plant extracts and essential oils of bleed water against the bean weevil

This study was aimed to evaluate the toxicity of semi-purified fractions (FS) (Hexane - FH, ethyl acetate - FAE, ethanol/water - FEA) and the essential oils of the bark and leaves of Croton urucurana against the bean weevil (Callosobruchus maculatus). The insects were subjected to concentration-mortality bioassays of the FS, to determine the LC50. Subsequently, the effect of the FS was evaluated, through the method of...

Author(s): Gabriel dos Santos Carvalho, Luciana Barboza Silva, Leonardo Santana da Silva, Mayra Layra dos Santos Almeida, Eliane Carneiro, Ana Carina Silva Cândido and Marize Terezinha Lopes Pereira Peres

August 2016

Use of recycled containers for hermetic maize storage In East Africa

Affordable, pesticide-free, and reliable maize storage containers for seed and food purposes are not available in many subsistence farming cultures. As a result, subsistence farmers lose their crop to pests and are forced to dispose of their maize for a low price right after harvest thus, robbing them of profit and food for the rest of the year. The objective of this research was to develop information to enable...

Author(s): Yakubu A., Wilson L. A., Bern C. J. and Brumm T. J.

May 2016

Post-harvest losses and handling practices of durable and perishable crops produced in relation with food security of households in Ethiopia: Secondary data analysis

This secondary data analysis was conducted to assess post-harvest losses and handling practices. The postharvest section of the Living Standard Measurement Survey (LSMS) data set of the Ethiopian Rural Socio-economic Survey (ERSS) was used as a data source. The analysis result showed losses of 153.29 kg of cereal crops (7.7% households), 120.16 kg of pulses (5.5% households), 320 kg of oilseeds (4.1% households), 102.19...

Author(s): Abadi Gebre Mezgebe, Zemenu Kerie Terefe, Tafese Bosha, Tilku Desalegn Muchie and Yosef Teklegiorgis

April 2016

Ozone to control Rhyzopertha dominica (Coleoptera: Bostrichidae) in stored wheat grains

Alternatives for the control of insect pests in grain processing and storage units are necessary to maintain the characteristics of the product and decrease environmental impact. Although the toxic effects of ozone on some insect pests of stored products are already known, there is little information about their effects inside the grain column. This study aimed to evaluate Rhyzopertha dominica (Fabr.) (Coleoptera:...

Author(s): Gutierres Nelson Silva, Lêda Rita D’Antonino Faroni, Paulo Roberto Cecon, Adalberto Hipólito de Sousa and Fernanda Fernandes Heleno

March 2016

Response of cucurbitacin B concentration in Nemafric-BL phytonematicide to increasing storage period

Nemafric-BL phytonematicide, produced from fermented fruit of wild watermelon (Cucumis africanus), had been consistent in suppressing root-knot (Meloidogyne species) nematode population densities. However, due to the biological nature of Nemafric-BL phytonematicide, quality could be compromised during increasing storage period. A study was, therefore, conducted to determine the response of cucurbitacin B concentration...

Author(s): Kagiso Given Shadung, Phatu William Mashela and Maboko Samuel Mphosi

February 2016

Cashew apple utilization in Nigeria: Challenges and prospects

Cashew apple, a juicy fruit, rich in vitamins and minerals, is still a highly underutilized fruit in Nigeria. Cashew apple can be processed into a variety of products, such as juice, quash, syrups, jam, candy, wine alcohol, vinegar and dietary fiber. Although various research works have been carried out on cashew apple, and its nutritional qualities, a number of challenges may still be responsible for it’s under...

Author(s): Nwosu C., Adejumo O. A. and Udoha W. N.

January 2016

Exploring value chain and post-harvest losses of Teff in Bacho and Dawo districts of central Ethiopia

This study was made with the aim of exploring Teff value chain and postharvest-losses in Ethiopia. Semi-structured survey questionnaire and interview of key informants were used to collect primary data. Characterizations, descriptive statistics, Probit, and Tobit regression models were used to analyze data collected. SPSS and Microsoft Excel were used to analyze the data. The result identified major chain actors in the...

Author(s): Tadesse Kenea Amentae, Efa Gobena Tura, Girma Gebresenbet and David Ljungberg

January 2016

Measured and predicted temperature of maize grain (Zea mays L.) under hermetic storage conditions

The physical properties of grain, such as temperature and moisture content are two key factors in grain storage. Temperature and relative humidity are two crucial factors for stored grain. In this study, three different storage conditions (room temperature at , 25°C; cooling at , 4 °C; and freezing at , -20°C) were investigated. Yellow dent corn (Zea mays L.) maize(variety Blue River 571136) from Iowa,...

Author(s): Rashid, A., Suleiman, and Kurt, A, . Rosentrater

December 2015

Effects of different treatments for the control of Callosobruchus chinensis L. on proximate composition of Chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.), in Meskan district, Ethiopia

Chickpea, Cicer arietinum L. is one of the major pulses grown in Ethiopia and provides an important source of food and nutritional security for the rural poor. However; chickpea seeds are heavily damage by bruchids and suffer heavy loss in quantity and quality. This study was conducted to determine the effects of different storage treatments on proximate properties of stored improved and local chickpea varieties over...

Author(s): Kebebush Tessema, Fikre Teferra Tadesse and Henok Kurabachew

September 2015

Preservation of mature green tomatoes using controlled atmosphere storage under tropical conditions

Preservation of mature green tomatoes in a controlled atmosphere (CA) was studied under semi-arid condition in Nigeria. Mature-green tomatoes were held in 5-litre glass jars filled with 4% oxygen and 96% nitrogen at ambient temperature of 24 to 29°C for 5 days or 10 days. The fruits were thereafter exposed to normal atmosphere and compared with fruits that were stored in normal air (control).. Fruits held in CA for...

Author(s): Babarinsa F. A., Omodara M. A. and Okanlawon S. O.

September 2015

Use of modified atmosphere on packaging cut flower gladiolus Gladiolus grandiflorus Hort

The effect of use of modified atmosphere packaging technology (MAP) for increased shelf life of the Cut spikes of gladiolus grandiflorus Hort were studied. Three mixtures gas were evaluated, in two temperature conditions. The best condition was in the mixture with 70% N2, 15% CO2, 15% O2. Modified atmosphere packaging allowed conservation of cut spikes gladiolus by six days in polyethylene bag median barrier a 5°C....

Author(s): Lopez-Puc Guadalupe and Rodriguez-Buenfil Ingrid Mayanin

August 2015

Eco-friendly management of chickpea storage pest, Callosobruchus chinensis L. (Coleoptera; Bruchidae) under laboratory conditions in Eritrea

Bruchid (Callosobruchus chinensis L) is the most important insect pest of pulses in store. Loss assessment study due to Bruchids in store on chickpea was conducted from October 2004 to March 2005 under laboratory conditions (25-27°C and 61% RH) in the College of Agriculture Asmara University. The treatments used were: Control, (with no treatment), mixture of sand, taff, ash, Malathox 1% and sesame oil. Monthly data...

Author(s): Adugna Haile

July 2015

Performance evaluation of termite-mound clay, concrete and steel silos for the storage of maize grains in the humid tropics

Inadequate storage facilities have contributed to severe postharvest losses in maize in many developing countries. This study determined the potential of termite mound clay (TMC), a readily-available material in Nigeria for constructing on-farm storage silos. 3 tonnes of maize at 11.2% moisture content (MC) was loaded into each silo for an 8-month storage period. Performance evaluation was done in comparison to...

Author(s): Mobolaji Omobowale, Yahaya Mijinyawa, Paul Armstrong, Joseph Igbeka and Elizabeth Maghirang

June 2015

Aflatoxin management in Northern Ghana: Current prevalence and priority strategies in maize (Zea mays L)

The production and utilization of maize have increased tremendously across all regions of Ghana in recent times. However, aflatoxin (AF) contamination in grain maize has remained a critical food safety concern. The study was conducted in 6 districts in the Upper East and Upper West regions of Ghana to assess farmers’ knowledge on AF, and determine AF levels under farmer storage conditions. A total of 240...

Author(s): Issah Sugri, Moses Osiru, Asamoah Larbi, Samuel S. J. Buah, Stephen K. Nutsugah, Yahaya Asieku and Salim Lamini

May 2015

Safe storage guidelines for black gram under different storage conditions

India is the leading producer and importer of pulse in the world. Post-harvest loss is very high in India with losses during storage around 5 to 10%. This situation demands the development of storage guidelines for pulses to provide information to farmers on how long storage is possible without deterioration. Black gram is selected for this study as it is an important pulse used in many traditional specialty products in...

Author(s): M. Esther Magdalene Sharon, C. V. Kavitha Abirami, K. Alagusundaram and J. Alice Sujeetha

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