Journal of
Soil Science and Environmental Management

  • Abbreviation: J. Soil Sci. Environ. Manage.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2141-2391
  • DOI: 10.5897/JSSEM
  • Start Year: 2010
  • Published Articles: 274

JSSEM Articles

May 2013

Evaluation of the effect of Ficus thonningii (blume) on soil physicochemical properties in Ahferom district of Tigray, Ethiopia

A study to evaluate the effect of Ficus thonningii (Blume) on soil physicochemical properties was conducted in Ahferom district of Tigray, Ethiopia. For the soil physico-chemical property study, two factors (distance from the tree trunk and soil depth from the ground level) arranged in randomized complete block design (RCBD) with six replications was involved. The distance factor had three levels viz. at half...

Author(s): Daniel Hagos Berhe, Agena Anjulo, Abdu Abdelkadir and Sue Edwards  

May 2013

Evaluation of the effect of Ficus thonningii (blume) on soil physicochemical properties in Ahferom district of Tigray, Ethiopia

A study to evaluate the effect of Ficus thonningii (Blume) on soil physicochemical properties was conducted in Ahferom district of Tigray, Ethiopia. For the soil physico-chemical property study, two factors (distance from the tree trunk and soil depth from the ground level) arranged in randomized complete block design (RCBD) with six replications was involved. The distance factor had three levels viz. at half...

Author(s): Daniel Hagos Berhe, Agena Anjulo, Abdu Abdelkadir and Sue Edwards  

January 2013

Bioremediation of Uranium in contaminated water samples of Bathinda, Punjab by Desulfovibrio genus

Soluble uranium salts enter human body through ground water and foodstuff. World Health Organization (2004) has set 15 µg/L as the "tolerated intake" of soluble uranium in drinking water.Uranium intake above this concentration is toxic to human body. The organ which are most affected are kidney and lungs leading to malfunctioning of kidneys and lung cancer. Soluble uranium is...

Author(s): Leena Parihar, Jasmeen K. Johal and Vikramjit Singh

January 2013

Nematode pests of plantain: A case study of Ashanti and Brong Ahafo regions of Ghana

A survey of plantain farms was conducted in April 2012 at four locations in two districts of Ghana. The purpose was to identify plant parasitic nematodes (PPN) associated with plantain production in Ghana. The locations were Adomakokrom and Kenyasi in the Brong Ahafo, Adanwomase and Mpobi in the Ashanti region. Demographic and sociological data of farmers, plantain root lesion scores, PPN populations per 200...

Author(s): K. Osei, P. Mintah, B. M. Dzomeku, H. Braimah, J. Adomako, M. B. Mochiah, E. Asiedu, S. Darkey and Y. Danso

December 2012

Growth of groundnut (Arachis hypogaea L.) on degraded isohyperthermic arenic kandiudult amended with Oyster shell in a university farm, Southeastern, Nigeria

We studied effect of 6 rates of ground oyster shell (GOS) on the growth characteristics of groundnut (Arachis hypogaea L.) in 2007 cropping season. It was a greenhouse experiment arranged in a completely randomized design (CRD) with 6 rates of 0, 250, 500, 750, 1000 and 1250 g/5 kg soil and replicated 4 times. Soil samples were subjected to routine laboratory analyses while growth measurements were also made on...

Author(s): E. U. Onweremadu, J. D. Njoku, B. O. A. Anene and C. Chikere-Njoku

December 2012

Spatial patterns and correlation of soil properties of a lowland soil

Soil water content (q), bulk density (rb) and associated properties greatly influence important soil and plant processes. A field experiment was carried out in Mococa, São Paulo, Brazil, in a lowland area with the objectives firstly, to assess the spatial variability of selected soil propertiesq, rb, total porosity and microporosity using classical and geostatistical techniques and secondly, to find out...

Author(s): Jerry Alfred Ngailo and Sidney Rosa Vieira

December 2012

Temporal evolution of the hydrodynamic behaviour of sandy deposits in the Sahelian part of Burkina Faso

Sahelian areas of Burkina Faso are confronted with various natural and anthropogenic processes that can lead to degraded areas where the vegetation is localized mainly in units called "sandy deposits”. Those deposits are subject to temporal dynamics that greatly impact their hydrodynamic behaviour; the initial drying crust evolves frequently to a drying crust in transition, and ultimately to an erosion crust...

Author(s): D. Niang, A. Mermoud, H. Yacouba and O. Ribolzi

December 2012

Soil physical properties during different development stage of fruit orchards

In the Mekong Delta (MD), fruit trees are usually grown on raised-beds to avoid submergence due to annual flooding. The soils are mostly alluvial and disarranged from the natural soils. The soil may be adversely impacted temporally, particularly with its physical properties. The study was conducted on 10 citrus plantations in Hau Giang province, MD, to illustrate if the covariance between clay content and age can be...

Author(s): Pham Van Quang, Per-Erik Jansson and Vo Thi Guong  

December 2012

Effect of zinc and phosphorus fertilizers application on yield and yield components of faba bean (Vicia faba L.) grown in calcaric cambisol of semi-arid northern Ethiopia

A pot experiment under greenhouse conditions to evaluate the effect of P and Zn nutrients on yield and yield components of faba bean (Vicia faba L. CS20DK) was conducted in P and Zn deficient alkaline soil at Mekelle Agricultural Research Center in 2009. A factorial combination of P and Zn fertilization with three levels of P (0, 30, and 60 kgPha-1) and with three levels of Zn (0, 15, and 25 kg Zn ha-1) was laid in...

Author(s): Yirga Weldua and Mitiku Haileb and Kiros Habtegebrielb

November 2012

Assessment of metal contamination in soil and plants from abandoned secondary and primary goldmines in Osun State, Nigeria

  Heavy metal contamination of soil, water, and crops, and their health impact on residents, is a persistent social issue, and several studies have identified health risks of residents living near abandoned mines. In this study, the heavy metal concentrations in the soil and plants of abandoned gold mines of the primary goldmine and the secondary goldmine, Ilesa-Osun State Nigeria of latitude 7°, 27’N...

Author(s): Ekwue Y. A., Gbadebo A. M., Arowolo T. A. and Adesodun J. K.

November 2012

Estimation of soil erodibility and rainfall erosivity patterns in the agroecological zones of Ghana

  In the agroecological zone of the Biemso watershed area in the Ashanti region of Ghana, an estimination of soil erodibility and rainfall erosivity patterns was conducted. The study investigated the temporal variability of rainfall erosivity using the Fournier Index Method and assessed the soil erodibility parameters of sawah site using WEPP technology. Results obtained from the study showed that soil organic...

Author(s): Harris F. Andoh, Boasiako O. Antwi, Wakatsuiki T. and Eric T. Atakora

October 2012

Spatial variation in heavy metal concentration in an arable soil along a major highway in Ikorodu-Lagos, Nigeria

  Investigations were carried out on the effect of heavy vehicular traffic on the deposition of some heavy metals, namely; Lead (Pb), Cadmium (Cd) and Zinc (Zn) on an arable soil (under vegetable cultivation) very close to a major highway using spectrophotometric technique (AAS - Perkin Elmer Analyst 400). Also investigated was the correlation between heavy metal residue in the soil and distance (10, 20 and 30...

Author(s): V. T. Sanyaolu, A. A. A. Sanyaolu and E. Fadele

October 2012

The use of analytic hierarchy process (AHP) for stakeholder preference analysis: A case study from Kasane Forest Reserve, Botswana

  Public participation in decision making on management of forest resources is crucial to the planning and sustainable development approach. Rarely, however, are efforts made to measure local stakeholder preferences for sustainable forest management outcomes. This paper intends to analyze the possibility of using analytic hierarchy process as a decision making tool in the process of choosing a preferred...

Author(s): J. P. Lepetu

October 2012

Distribution of mammals and hunting practices in Okpambe and Assam areas of the Takamanda Rainforest, South-West Cameroon

  Ecological and social surveys were conducted to determine the mammal distribution and hunting practices in Okpambe and Assam areas of the Takamanda rainforest. The results obtained show that 31 species of the mammals were encountered in the survey. Among these, 4 species are considered to be threatened on the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) Red List: Putty nose monkey (Cercopithecus...

Author(s): Njoh Roland Ndah, Stella Asaha, Mboh Hyacinth, Tata Yengo, Andrew Enow Egbe,Ongie Rose Mukete and Tchounke Naah

September 2012

Drainage beyond maize root zone in an Alfisol subjected to three land management systems at Minna, Nigeria

  The objective of this experiment was to estimate drainage beyond maize rooting depth of 80 cm in relation to tillage and mulch by using Darcy Buckingham’s equation for unsaturated, one-dimensional, vertical flow. Three land management systems were investigated, namely; untilled-mulched, tilled-mulched and tilled-unmulched. The three treatments were replicated three times in a randomized complete block...

Author(s): A. J. Odofin, N. A. Egharevba, A. N. Babakutigi and P. C. Eze

September 2012

Biological nitrogen fixation in sole and doubled-up legume cropping systems on the sandy soils of Kasungu, Central Malawi

  Nitrogen is the most limiting element in Malawi soils with respect to crop production. However, grain legumes that are associated with biological nitrogen fixation are commonly grown in the country. Results are reported of a study on evaluation of the effects of sole cropped and doubled-up legume systems (legume-legume intercrop) on biological nitrogen fixation on the Ultisols of Kasungu district,...

Author(s): Keston Oliver Willard Njira, Patson Cleopus Nalivata, George Yobe Kanyama-Phiri and Max William Lowole

August 2012

Effect of heavy metal and nutrient uptake by soils in Indian Cardamom Hills

  Indian cardamom hill soils were studied to understand nutrient and heavy metal uptake and consequent fertility level changes. Extensive cultivation of cardamom and conversion of forest land to cardamom agriculture resulted in decline of OM and lower pH. Application of chemical fertilizers in the recent past helped enhance the available phosphorus (P). This is surprisingly contrary to the general observation...

Author(s): Murugan Muthusamy, Bijoy K. Panigrahy, Paddu Krishnappa Shetty, Alappan Subbiahand Raju Ravi

August 2012

Quantification of macro and micro elements in selected green vegetables and their soils from Aliero agricultural fields in Aliero, Kebbi State, Nigeria

  This study was undertaken to determine the concentrations of macro and micro elements in amaranth, roselle and kenaf as well as in their soils from six different agricultural fields in Aliero, Kebbi state, Nigeria. The highest values for the concentrations of P, Mg and Zn were observed in amaranth from site A; K, Fe and Mn from site D; Na from site E; Ca and Ni from site F; and Cu and Cd from site B. In...

Author(s): Y. Yahaya, U. A. Birnin-Yauri, B. U. Bagudo and S. S. Noma

July 2012

Effects of different culture media on rooting of Urtica dioica L. stem cuttings

  In the present study, the rooting behavior was evaluated for stem cuttings of one of medicinally important plant, Urtica dioica L. Among four treatments of rooting media which includes field soil, sand, small sand and water, average of rooting in field soil was highest. There were no differences in root production between macro sand and water treatments. The same patterns occurred with root weight...

Author(s): Ammarellou, Ali, , Kazemeitabar, Kamal, Najafei, Hamid Zarreinei, Mortazavei, Najmaddin and Ammarellou, Nasimeh

July 2012

Evaluation of fertility status and irrigation potentials of selected Fadama soils in Adamawa State, North-eastern Nigeria

  The study was conducted to determine the fertility status and irrigation potentials of selected Fadama soils in Adamawa State, North-eastern Nigeria. An area of about 54 ha of Fadama land was randomly selected within each site based on their usage for intensive irrigation agriculture. Three transects that are 300 m apart were cut in each of the Fadama areas. Four sampling points that are 150 m apart...

Author(s): Jamala G. Y. , Shehu H. E., Musa A. M. and Abraham P.

July 2012

Mapping and screening risk assessment of heavy metals concentrations in soils of the Bahr El-Baker Region, Egypt

  Mapping the spatial distribution of soil pollutants is essential for delineating contaminated areas ofBahr El-Baker Soils, Egypt. Geostatistical interpolation and kriging was used to estimate pollutant levels in soils. The X- Ray Fluorescence (XRF) and X- Ray Diffraction (XRD) analyses results showed similarity of the studied soils in the most of chemical and mineralogical (dominant montmorillonite)...

Author(s): El-Sayed E. Omran and Afaf A. Abd El Razek

June 2012

Performance studies of free-living tomato (Lycopersicon exculentum L.) rhizospheric Bacillus for their multiple plant growth promoting activity

  The present investigation is based on the study of the diversity of Bacillus spp. isolated from tomato rhizosphere and their evaluation as plant growth promoter. A total of twenty eight rhizospheric gram positive rod-shaped bacteria (DPNSB-1 to DPNSB-28) were isolated on nutrient agar and confirmed as Bacillus spp. on the basis of phenotypic characterization. Carbon source utilization...

Author(s): D. Praveen Kumar, Anupama P. D, Rajesh Kumar Singh, R. Thenmozhi, A. Nagasathya, N. Thajuddin and A. Paneerselvam

June 2012

Productivity index rating of some soils in the Tolon/Kumbungu district of the Northern region of Ghana

  Productivity indices (PI) provide a single scale on which soils may be rated according to their suitability for crop production. The study was to assess the productive potentials of selected soil series in the Northern region of Ghana viz, Nyankpala series (NS), Changnayili series (CS) and Kpelesawgu series (KS), to evaluate the current and future suitability of these soils and to suggest possible amendments...

Author(s): Imoro Abukari Ziblim, Daniel Okai-Anti and E. Augustine Asmah

June 2012

Effect of the soil moisture variation on apparent resistivity profiles and a method of correction

  In order to get an apparent resistivity map of quite a large area which required a considerable amount of time (months) and because of the occasional availability of equipment and bad weather conditions causing postponing of certain campaigns, the area was divided into adjacent sub-areas which were mapped in a considerably separated measuring days. Because of the rainfall changes from one campaign to another,...

Author(s): Miloud Chermali, Mohand ou Abdallah Bounif and Amar Boudella

June 2012

Root and leaf changes in Salix nigra cuttings in response to increasing soil temperature

  Salix nigra, black willow, is used for wetland restoration and streambank stabilization and like other wetland species has the ability to develop aerenchyma tissue to avoid root anoxia. Root aerenchyma development could be affected if the temperature of the rhizosphere increases as a result of climatic change. Root porosity (used as an indication of aerenchyma tissue) of S. nigracuttings grown under...

Author(s): D. R. Baud and S. R. Pezeshki

June 2012

Short term effects of cassava processing waste water on some chemical properties of loamy sand soil in Nigeria

  The short term changes in the concentration of some of the major constituents of cassava waste water and their corresponding effects on some of the soil exchangeable cations were studied following surface application of cassava waste water. The leaching experiment with de – ionized water was carried out on soil inside column under conditions of saturated flow. Samples of leachate were taken at 10 cm...

Author(s): Jimmy Akinfemi OSUNBITAN

May 2012

Assessment of sand encroachment in El-Qutaynah area, Sudan using remote sensing and geographic information system

This study focused on the assessment and evaluation of land degradation and desertification in El-Qutaynah area, White Nile State, Sudan. Through monitoring and mapping of the changes that occurred in the land use, land cover (LU/LC) due to drought and sand encroachment in the study area was the main goal of this research. The study covered the period between 1986 to 2006. The research was based on the data and...

Author(s): Wedad Fadol, Mohammed Salih, Elhag A. M. H. and Amna A. Hamid

May 2012

Digital elevation models obtained by contour lines and SRTM/Topodata, for digital soil mapping

In the last decade, the quantitative models for digital mapping of soils have experienced rapid development of new methods, more efficient and economic. One reason is due, mainly, to the increase of auxiliary information of physical environment, especially, the images from remote sensing and terrain attributes derived from digital elevation models. Thus, this study aimed to evaluate the quality of digital elevation...

Author(s): Marina R. Bilich Neumann, Henrique L. Roig and André Luiz F. de Souza  

May 2012

Evaluation of geotechnical properties and structural strength enhancing road pavement failure along Sylhet-Sunamganj highway, Bangladesh

The study looks at the impact of poor soil properties and improper design on highway pavement failure on critical locations along Sylhet-Sunamganj road, Bangladesh. The entire study was conducted in the month of June to July, 2011 which was usually rainy season in Bangladesh. Pavement structural condition was evaluated by Dynamic Cone Penetrometer (DCP) test and sub-grade soil properties were obtained by laboratory soil...

Author(s): M. Y. Ahmed, A. H. Nury, F. Islam and M. J. B. Alam

April 2012

Effect of mining on farming in Jos South Local Government Area of Plateau State

  Excavation involved in mining destroys useful soil for farming activities. Hence, this study was carried out to investigate the effect of mining on farming in Jos South Local Government Area of Plateau State. Random sampling technique was used to select 120 respondents from the area. The result reveals that 54.2% of the respondents identified low crop yield as the major consequence of mining on arable land in...

Author(s):   Michael Adejare Adegboye

April 2012

Comparative studies of soil characteristics in Shea parklands of Ghana

  An assessment of soil physical and chemical properties was carried out in Shea parklands of northern Ghana, selected along a North-south climatic gradient in 2011. The study sites were Paga, Nyankpala and Kawampe, which are located in the transitional and Guinea savannah zones of Ghana. For each site, 9 fallows and 9 cultivated fields were used, a total of 18 plots per site. Soil samples were collected at a...

Author(s):   Abubakari A. H., Nyarko G., Yidana J. A., Mahunu G. K., Abagale F. K., Quainoo A., Chimsah F. and Avornyo V.      

April 2012

Assessment of soil quality improvement under Teak and Albizia

Author(s):   Ziblim Abukari Imoro, Damian Tom-Dery and Kingsley Arnold Kwadwo

March 2012

Improving the productivity of lowland soils for rice cultivation in Ghana: The role of the ‘Sawah’ system

  Lowlands constitute one of the largest and appropriate environments suitable for rice cultivation in  Ghana. However, environmental degradation and declining soil productivity, leading to low crop yields  are major concerns. Some reasons leading to such concerns may be traced to lack of proper  management of our soil resources and possible unsuitable...

Author(s):   Buri M. M., Issaka R. N., Wakatsuki T. and Kawano N.

March 2012

Drought and happiness in rural Iran

  The place of positive emotions such as happiness and its relationship with natural disasters like drought is ambiguous; therefore, the purpose of this research was to explore the impact of drought on happiness in rural Iran using a causal-comparative research design. The findings revealed that drought significantly reduced the happiness of rural people, and variables such as; intensity of drought, perceived...

Author(s):   Marzieh Keshavarz and Ezatollah Karami      

February 2012

Microbial biofiltration technology for odour abatement: An introductory review

  Odour is a serious complaint associated with waste air emissions that creates nuisance due to its malodorous behaviour. Its treatment process ranges from physical, chemical to biological means. A biological treatment system has several advantages over the physical and chemical technologies in being ecofriendly, more efficient with low operational cost and characterized by high flow rates of waste gas with low...

Author(s):   Sonil Nanda, Prakash Kumar Sarangi and Jayanthi Abraham  

February 2012

Preparing of the soil salinity map using geostatistics method in the Qazvin Plain

  In land evaluation, soil salinity is a limiting factor of plant growth in most suitable land systems. In order to prepare map salinity of south Qazvin Plain with sampling topsoil sample of 0 to 30 cm, electrical conductivity (EC), clay and pH of soil samples were measured. Finally, to provide the salinity map of topsoil, the accuracy of the several common methods of interpolation including Kriging, CoKriging,...

Author(s):   M. T. Nezami and Z. T. Alipour      

February 2012

Response of maize to different organic and inorganic fertilization regimes in monocrop and intercrop systems in a Sub-Saharan Africa Region

  Soil fertility decline is a major constraint to crop production in sub-Saharan Africa due to continuous cropping of maize without an adequate fertilization. The main objective of the present study was to evaluate the effectiveness of several fertilization regimes in monocrop and intercrop systems in a Sub-Saharan Africa region. The study was carried out in a savannah region in D.R. Congo at two locations. The...

Author(s):   G.M. Muyayabantu, B. D. Kadiata and K. K. Nkongolo      

February 2012

Evaluating sustainable cropping sequences with cassava and three grain legume crops: Effects on soil fertility and maize yields in the semi-deciduous forest zone of Ghana

  Declining soil fertility has become a major constraint to crop productivity in the semi-deciduous forest agro-ecological zone of Ghana. We evaluated six crop sequences: pigeonpea, cassava variety ‘Ex-Subi’, cassava variety ‘Boakentemma’, cowpea-maize, groundnut-maize and maize-maize in 2007/2008 and 2008/2009 cropping seasons to determine their effects on soil chemical properties and...

Author(s):   S. Adjei-Nsiah    

January 2012

Effects of Phanerochaete chrysosporium on biologic activity of soil amended with olive mill wastewaters

Effects of the untreated olive mill wastewater (UOMW) and the bioaugmented olive mill wastewater (BOMW) with the fungus Phanerochaete chrysosporium (P. chrysosporium) for the amendment of soil were investigated. Results showed that UOMW inhibited the soil respirometric activity, while BOMW exhibited significantly higher respiration levels compared to the unamended and the UOMW amended soils. The ratio of...

Author(s): Ali Mekki, Fathi Aloui, Abdelhafidh Dhouib and Sami Sayadi      

January 2012

Simulation of resource-conserving technologies on productivity, income and greenhouse gas GHG emission in rice-wheat system

The Rice-wheat (RW) cropping system is one of the major agricultural production systems in four Indo-Gangetic Plains (IGP) countries: India, Pakistan, Bangladesh and Nepal of South Asia covering about 32% of the total rice area and 42% of the total wheat area. The excessive utilization of natural resource bases and changing climate are leading to the negative yield trend and plateauing of Rice-wheat (RW) system...

Author(s): Y. S. Saharawat, J. K. Ladha, H. Pathak, M. Gathala, Neelam Chaudhary, M. L. Jat  

January 2012

Influence of organic matter on the adsorption of sodium dodecylbenzene sulfonate on volcanic ash soil

  Sodium dodecylbenzene sulfonate (DBS), an anionic surfactant, is used as an important content of detergent. Its discharge without treatment causes environmental problem and its adsorptive behavior in soils is not fully understood. In this study, the adsorption behavior of DBS of linear carbon chain on volcanic ash soil was investigated before and after removing most of the organic matter from...

Author(s):   Farook Ahmed, Munehide Ishiguro and Takeo Akae

December 2011

The effect of waste polypropylene fibre inclusion on the mechanical behaviour of sand generated from the aggregate industry

During the last decades, the rising demand for land reclamation and the utilization of soft or unstable soils led to a great advance in the ground amelioration techniques as a major part of civil engineering around the world. Within this framework, this paper presents the results of an experimental program based mainly on direct shear tests on sand generated from aggregate industry, with and without waste polypropylene...

Author(s): Choura .M , Khelif .N , Mnif .T  and Menaa .L  

  • Article Number: F37D7663890

December 2011

Carbon accumulation and aggregate stability in an Acrisol under different fallow management in Ghana

Soil organic carbon (SOC) in relation to aggregate stability, plant biomass accumulation and other properties of a Ferric Acrisol under different fallow management practices was determined to ascertain their potential for sequestering carbon. Three minor season fallow treatments replicated four times were natural and burning (T1), natural and plough-in (T2), pigeon pea (T3), bare land (T4), cowpea (T5), mucuna (T6) and...

Author(s): G. N. N. Dowuona, E. T. Adjetey, E. K. Nartey, T. A. Adjadeh, R. Heck

  • Article Number: BB7A3173962

December 2011

Biodegradation and dissipation of 14C-carbofuran in clay soil from Loukkos perimeter, Northwestern Morocco

Mineralization and dissipation of 14C-ring labeled carbofuran (2, 3-dihydro-2, 2-dimethylbenzofuran-7-yl-methylcarbamate), one of the highly toxic N-methyl carbamate pesticides,  in an untreated Vertisol Moroccan soil used for sugar beet cultivation was studied under laboratory conditions over a period of 63 days. The experiment was conducted in flooded and non-flooded conditions. Carbofuran mineralization was...

Author(s): BENICHA Mohamed , MRABET Rachid  and AZMANI Amina 

  • Article Number: A2487C74001

December 2011

Soil water content profiling using EnviroSMARTTM in Northern Ghana

Soil moisture is very important in crop cultivation. Farmers in Ghana usually cultivate crops by guessing the available moisture content of the soil by means of observation and feeling. Major drawbacks with these methods are that estimation is subjective and not exact. These methods normally lead to either soil water deficits or water logging on crop fields. The need for soil moisture profiling to understand the...

Author(s): F. K. Abagale and G. A. Tetteh

  • Article Number: BF3059C4022

November 2011

Soil classification and micromorphology: A case study of Cholistan Desert

Cholistan Desert is an extension of the Great Indian Desert and covering an area of 26,330 km2. The desert can be divided into two main geomorphic regions: Northern region, known as Lesser Cholistan, constitutes the desert margin and consists of a series of saline alluvial flats alternating with low sand ridges/dunes; and Southern region, known as Greater Cholistan, a wind resorted sandy desert comprising of a...

Author(s): Farooq Ahmad

  • Article Number: F5628723570

November 2011

Sources and distribution of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in post flooded soil near Afam power station, South East Niger Delta, Nigeria

Post flooded forest soil profile samples obtained near Afam power station, contiguous to Imo River were analysed for quantitative determination of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs). Relatively moderate bulk density (1.17 g/cm3), permeability (1.79 cm3/s) and macro-porosity (60%) values indicate that fluid flow through the soil profile would be unimpeded. PAHs content for the top soil horizon appeared similar to...

Author(s): Orok E. Oyo-Ita, Inyang O. Oyo-Ita and Samuel U. Ugim

  • Article Number: E07825F3599

November 2011

Bacterial retention in three soils of the Rolling Pampa, Argentina, under simulated rainfall

Bacterial retention by soils is a key factor in predicting bacterial transport through surface runoff into water bodies. The objective was to evaluate biological, soil and hydrologic factors that affect bacterial retention in three soil types of the Rolling Pampa, Argentina. Simulated rainfall was applied on field plots previously inoculated with Escherichia coli and simultaneously biological variables such as...

Author(s): Filipe Behrends Kraemer , ,  Celio Ignacio Chagas, Carlos Irurtia and Lucas Alejandro Garibaldi,  

  • Article Number: E3345103619

November 2011

Determinants of adoption of conservation tillage practices in maize-cowpea cropping systems: The case of Makueni District, Kenya

The low soil moisture cannot support productive agriculture to meet the increasing population in the low rainfall tropical areas. Ripping and tied-ridging are some of the recent technologies introduced by the Food and Agricultural Organization of the United Nations, and is used to conserve moisture in the semi-arid areas. Although farmers are aware of the technical gains of these technologies, the adoption rates have...

Author(s): Jane Mutune, John Mburu, Rose Nyikal and Geoffrey Kironchi  

  • Article Number: D7864FE3649

November 2011

Effect of tillage practices on the soil carbon dioxide flux during fall and spring seasons in a Mediterranean Vertisol

In this study, we assessed the effect of conventional tillage (CT), reduced (RT) and no tillage (NT) practices on the soil CO2 flux of a Mediterranean Vertisol in semi-arid Morocco. The measurements focused on the short term (0 to 96 h) soil CO2 fluxes measured directly after tillage during the fall and spring period. Soil temperature, moisture and soil strength were measured congruently to study their effect...

Author(s): R. Moussadek, R. Mrabet, R. Dahan, A. Douaik, A. Verdoodt,  E. Van Ranst and M. Corbeels

  • Article Number: 080BB3B3692

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