Journal of
Soil Science and Environmental Management

  • Abbreviation: J. Soil Sci. Environ. Manage.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2141-2391
  • DOI: 10.5897/JSSEM
  • Start Year: 2010
  • Published Articles: 274

JSSEM Articles

November 2010

Status and distribution of extractable micronutrients in Haplustults in Yamaltu-Deba Local Government Area, Gombe state, Nigeria

A study was conducted to determine the status and distribution of extractable Zn, Cu, Fe and Mn in Haplustults in Yamaltu-Deba Local Government Area (LGA) of Gombe State, Nigeria. Composite soil samples representative of the soils in the LGA were collected from 0 - 15 and 15 - 30 cm depths of five locations (Hinna, Kanti, Jangargari, Gidan Waya and Dadin Kowa) and analyzed. Results indicate that the soils were...

Author(s): S. Mustapha, H. K. Mamman and N. A. Abdulhamid

  • Article Number: 292B23410167

November 2010

Effects of tillage and manure application on soil physicochemical properties and yield of maize grown on a degraded intensively tilled alfisol in southwestern Nigeria

Intensive tractorised tillage practices especially in the tropical and subtropical climate produces compaction in crop root zone (20 to 30 cm depth), degradation of soil quality, loss of organic matter and declining soil and crop productivity. The effects of tillage and manure application on soil physical and chemical properties, growth and yield of maize grown on an intensively mechanized and degraded Alfisol was...

Author(s): Adeyemo A. J. and  Agele S. O.

  • Article Number: 517324210178

November 2010

Analysis of the effects of kraal manure accumulation on soil nutrient status through time

This study investigated the influence of the accumulation of animal wastes on the soils of active kraal sites through time. This investigation involved the sampling and analysis of the soils of kraals that had been in use for periods ranging from 2 to over 45 years. Soil sampling and analysis were done both in the dry and wet seasons for comparative purposes. The properties of the kraal soils were compared with those of...

Author(s): S. Kizza and O. Areola

  • Article Number: BB7B46410184

September 2010

A review of non-conventional energy systems and environmental pollution control

The massive increases in fuel prices over the last years have however, made any scheme not requiring fuel appear to be more attractive and to be worth reinvestigation. In considering the atmosphere and the oceans as energy sources, the four main contenders are wind power, wave power, tidal and power from ocean thermal gradients. The renewable energy resources are particularly suited for the provision of rural power...

Author(s): Abdeen Mustafa Omer

  • Article Number: BD68C2B10132

September 2010

Effect of quantity and placement distances of inorganic 15-15-15 fertilizer in improving soil fertility status and the performance and yield of maize in a tropical rain forest zone of Nigeria

The high cost of mineral fertilizer in crop production had necessitated an investigation into the optimum fertilizer rate for profitable maize production. The study was conducted in Akure (7°15’N, 5°12’E) in Nigeria in 2007 and revalidated in 2008. The experimental design was a split plot method in a randomized complete block with fertilizer quantity as the main plot and fertilizer placement distance...

Author(s): F. O. Adekayode and M. O. Ogunkoya

  • Article Number: 09671DA10136

September 2010

Assessment of integrated soil and water conservation measures on key soil properties in South Gonder, North-Western Highlands of Ethiopia

Land degradation caused by erosion was an environmental threat that hampered agricultural production and the causes include: over cultivation, overgrazing, overpopulation and deforestation. Loss of productive land undermined rural livelihoods and national food security. The major factors discouraged farmers adoption of soil conservation measures were labour shortage, land tenure uncertainty, fitness of structures and...

Author(s): Mulugeta Demelash and Karl Stahr

  • Article Number: 74AD93810140

September 2010

A fractal approach for estimating soil water retention curve

Direct measurement of soil water retention curve (SWRC) is time consuming and expensive, therefore many empirical models have been developed to describe it. Also fractal models have been proposed in the last decades for estimating SWRC. In this study, the fractal dimension of SWRC (DSWEC) and the mass fractal dimension of soil texture for 30 soil samples (with a spread range of soil texture) were determined. Fractal...

Author(s): M. Fazeli, M. Shorafa, D. Namdar Khojasteh and A. R. Pilevar Shahri

  • Article Number: A45F1CA10147

August 2010

Balanites aegyptiaca, a potential tree for parkland agroforestry systems with sorghum in Northern Ethiopia

Balanites aegyptiaca tree is preferred by farmers in Tigray Region of Ethiopia for fuel wood, provision of shade, fodder and as a medicinal plant. This study was conducted to assesssoil properties and sorghum yields on farm fields (Limat, Goblel and Korbebite and Endakeshe), where B. aegyptiaca are traditionally retained. At each site, six...

Author(s): Hailemariam Kassa, Kindeya Gebrehiwet and Charles Yamoah

  • Article Number: 6E86A669846

August 2010

Environmental port management: Conceptual model development and use of tools to evaluate and monitor dredging activities in the Port of Rio Grande, Brazil

This work concerns assessing and monitoring of dredging activities in the Port of Rio Grande, Brazil. The subject is presented to address the major problems related to the dredging process itself and sediment disposal options. From the dredging works carried out in 1998, 2000 and 2003 on the Port of Rio Grande, different data were gathered and used to develop a preliminary conceptual model of this process. The...

Author(s): J. Ronaldo Torres and L. Antônio Philomena

  • Article Number: 1BF1F889852

August 2010

Morphogenetic characterization of soils formed from basement complex rock in the humid tropical rainforest of Nigeria

The morphogenetic and physico-chemical properties of four soil units occupying different slope facets on a rolling landscape were studied to understand distribution of soils on a typical landscape. The soil colours range from dark brown to reddish brown (10YR3/3-5YR3/3) in the surface and strong brown (7YR4/6) to yellowish red (5YR5/8) in the sub soil. The texture varies from loam/sandy clay loam in the surface to...

Author(s): O. T. Ande

  • Article Number: 41D06519868

July 2010

Environmental impact assessment of oil and gas sector: A case study of Magurchara gas field

This study focuses on the environmental impact assessment of Magurcherra gas field through environmental, socio-economical and meteorological study. The major activities involved are seismic activities, drilling activities, exploration and production. In the case of Magurcherra gas field, improper planning and drilling activities have created explosion and caused huge environmental damage. In order to evaluate the...

Author(s): J. B. Alam, A. A. M. Ahmed, G. M. Munna and A. A. M. Ahmed

  • Article Number: BF0BB299701

July 2010

Manure application setback effect on phosphorus and sediment in runoff

Surface application of animal manure increases nutrients at the soil surface with increased potential for nutrient loss in runoff. Non-application setbacks are often required with the intent to reduce nutrient loss to surface water. The objective of this research was to determine the effect of setback distance on phosphorus and sediment in runoff. The research was conducted in eastern Nebraska on 24 ha of a terraced...

Author(s): Ahmed Al-wadaey, , S. Charles Wortmann, A. Charles Shapiro, G. Thomas Frantiand E. Dean Eisenhauer

  • Article Number: D3AE0569710

July 2010

Characterizing sites for the design and restoration of Kalacha irrigation scheme, Chalbi district, Kenya: Socio-economic and biophysical considerations

Site characterization was carried out in Kalacha irrigation scheme for the design and restoration of the scheme. Detailed soil survey was carried at the scale of 1:2,000, through systematic observations, where the soils were described in terms of depth, texture, structure and consistence. Based on these characteristics, four soil units were identified and designated as block A, B, C and D, covering 23, 18, 17 and 42% of...

Author(s): E. M. Muya, K. Gitau, S. Obanyi, M. Ngutu, S. Kuria, H. Sharfi, D. G. Dub, H. Bulle, D. M. Miano, J. Muriethi, G. Keya, I. V. Sijali, S. Mamo, P. M. Maingi, M. Okoti and Eng. M. J. Omedi and A. Esilaba

  • Article Number: 71DC3F79718

June 2010

The potential of four non traditional legumes in suppressing the population of nematodes in two Ghanaian soils

Most African farmers could not afford the purchase of pesticides to control crop pest, alternatives such as the use of phytochemicals are most useful. For best results, sound recommendations are needed on the use of different antagonistic plants in controlling pest. In Ghana few reliable data are available on the potential of antagonistic plants to control nematode population. A field trial was conducted in the forest...

Author(s): K. Osei, J. O. Fening, S. R. Gowen and A. Jama

  • Article Number: BE997089614

June 2010

Enhancement of steel sheet-piling quay walls using grouted anchors

Steel sheet-pilings are one of the most common types of quay walls used in the construction of ports and harbors facilities, especially for berths of small crafts which have small dimensions and capacity. Due to the growing market of marine traffic around the world, an increasing number of these berths are required to be upgraded to meet the requirements of permanently growing dimensions and capacity of vessels. Several...

Author(s): Mohamed E. El-Naggar

  • Article Number: 60088679624

June 2010

Application of queuing theory to the container terminal at Alexandria seaport

This paper describes a methodology designed to support the decision-making process by developing seaport infrastructure to meet future demand. In order to determine an optimum number of berths at a sea port, the queuing theory is applied in the light of port facilities and activities. The aim is to avoid inadvertent over and under-building. Within this methodology, the movements in port should firstly be analyzed....

Author(s): Mohamed E. El-Naggar

  • Article Number: 9840A4C9629

May 2010

The utilization of wood ash as manure to reduce the use of mineral fertilizer for improved performance of maize (Zea mays L.) as measured in the chlorophyll content and grain yield

The increasingly high cost of mineral fertilizers and a preferred economic disposal of wood ash had necessitated a research in the use of wood ash to reduce the rate of fertilizer application for maize production. The comparative effects of wood ash and NPK 15-15-15 on maize were investigated in Akure (7015’N, 5015’E), Nigeria in 2008. The four treatments investigated were 4 t/ha wood ash, 300 kg/ha NPK...

Author(s): F. O. Adekayode and M. R. Olojugba

  • Article Number: 523F8BE9571

May 2010

Chicken manure-enhanced soil fertility and productivity: Effects of application rates

The utilization of chicken manure as an organic fertilizer is essential in improving soil productivity and crop production. We carried out the study to assess the effects of chicken manure on soil chemical properties and the response of application rate on the yield of spinach (Spinacia oleracea) as well as the uptake of nitrogen and phosphorus nutrients. To quantify these effects, we added chicken manure to samples of...

Author(s): Oagile Dikinya and Namasiku Mufwanzala

  • Article Number: F47E1839575

May 2010

Optimization of key parameters for chromium (VI) removal from aqueous solutions using activated charcoal

Commercial activated charcoal was investigated for removal of Cr(VI) from aqueous solutions. The effects of altering the initial Cr(VI) concentration, pH, contact time and amount of activated charcoal were studied. Maximum adsorption of Cr(VI) was achieved between pH 1 - 3 and after a contact time of 120 min. The percentage of Cr(VI) removed decreased from 99.99 - 90.83% when the initial Cr(VI) concentration was...

Author(s): M. Seyf-laye Alfa-Sika, Fei Liu and Honghan Chen

  • Article Number: E33F8A79582

March 2010

The effect of irrigation by domestic waste water on soil properties

To investigate the beneficial impacts of domestic waste water on soil properties, we conducted an experiment in the lysimeter by measuring certain features essentially related to soil characteristics. The objectives in this study were (i) the domestic waste water in filtration by soil and (ii) the effect of domestic waste water on soil properties. In this experiment, we had 15 lysimeters that 1...

Author(s): Hossein Hassanpour Darvishi, Mohammad Manshouri and Hossein Aliabadi Farahani

  • Article Number: F5D39679558

March 2010

Soil management strategies for rubber cultivation in an undulating topography of Northern Cross River State

This study was conducted to evaluate the soil fertility status of an undulating topography of a young rubber plantation located at Ikot-Ukpora, Biase Local Government Area of Cross Rivers State and its implication for rubber cultivation. The result showed that the soils of the area ranged from loamy sand to sandy loam on the surface overlying a slightly heavier textured sub-soil ranging from sandy loam to sandy clay...

Author(s): J. R. Orimoloye, I. K. Ugwa and S. O. Idoko

  • Article Number: 316F2E49563

February 2010

Fractionation profile and mobility pattern of trace metals in sediments of Nomi River, Tokyo, Japan

This study provides a geochemical partitioning and mobility pattern of Iron (Fe), Manganese (Mn), Cadmium (Cd), Copper (Cu), Chromium (Cr) and Nickel (Ni) in sediment samples collected from Nomi River, Tokyo, Japan. For the partitioning of particulating trace metals, a widely used 5-step sequential extraction procedure was employed and the concentrations were measured in the liquid extracts by inductively coupled plasma...

Author(s): Shaila Sharmin, H. M. Zakir and Naotatsu Shikazono

  • Article Number: 40602169545

February 2010

Yield and nitrogen accumulation in five cassava varieties and their subsequent effects on soil chemical properties in the forest/savanna transitional agro-ecological zone of Ghana

We evaluated five varieties of cassava for yield, N accumulation and their effect on soil chemical properties. Soil phosphorus content increased drastically after 14 months of crop growth while soil organic carbon, N and exchangeable K contents reduced during the same period. Fresh root yield ranged from 17 t ha-1 to 35.9 t ha-1, while total dry matter production also ranged from about 18 t ha-1 to about 25 t...

Author(s): S. Adjei-Nsiah

  • Article Number: F92B8889550

February 2010

Reducing compaction effort and incorporating air permeability in Proctor testing for design of urban green spaces on cohesive soils

It is well established that compaction negatively affects agronomic productivity, that air permeability is a sensitive measure of the degree of soil compaction and therefore a good indicator of soil productivity impairment from compaction. Cohesive soils in urban settings are often heavily compacted by the common engineering practice to compact sub-grades of urban construction sites to 95% or more of the optimum density...

Author(s): A. M. Ibrahim, N. Persaud, R. W. Zobel and A. Hass

  • Article Number: 8D5CE429553

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