Journal of
Soil Science and Environmental Management

  • Abbreviation: J. Soil Sci. Environ. Manage.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2141-2391
  • DOI: 10.5897/JSSEM
  • Start Year: 2010
  • Published Articles: 287

JSSEM Articles

Studies on sub-soil characteristics of sand deposits in some parts of Bayelsa State, Eastern Niger Delta, Nigeria

February 2011

Sub-surface investigation was undertaken by drilling boreholes within and along the Nun River Channel covering three communities of Kaiama, Opokuma and Sabagreia, Bayelsa State, Nigeria. The route extent was over 5 km long and the study was necessitated to provide materials as structural fills for road construction purposes. Eight boreholes were drilled in the three locations to a maximum depth of 14 m from the river...

Author(s): P. O. Youdeowei and H. O. Nwankwoala

A model for solid waste management in Anambra State, Nigeria

February 2011

Indiscriminate dumping of solid wastes along the streets and roads corners causes a lot of deadly infectious diseases which could be responsible for the large proportion of morbidity and mortality in Nigeria. A deterministic model needed for short and long term waste management and management information system in Anambra State sanitation and environmental protection agency (ANSEPA) is considered in this paper. A...

Author(s): Otti V. I.

Abundance and distribution of large mammals in the Bakossi landscape area, Cameroon

February 2011

A survey was conducted in the Bakossi landscape area during the wet season to determine the species richness and distribution of large mammals within the three conservation sites.Results show that 10 species of large mammals (Red duikers, Blue duikers, Red river hog, Chimpanzees, Drill, Putty-nosed monkey, Mona monkey, Black-fronted duikers, Bushbuck and Sitatunga) were present in the Bakossi landscape. Of these,...

Author(s): Nguedem Sylvie Fonkwo, Tsi Evaristus Angwafo and Mpoame Mbida

Distribution of cyanide in a cassava-mill-effluent polluted eutric tropofluvent soils of Ohaji area, South-eastern Nigeria

February 2011

This study investigates on the distribution of cyanide on a cassava- mill- effluent polluted eutric tropofluvent soil in Ohaji Southern Nigeria. Three morphological land units were marked out namely, the background unit (pedon A), discharged point unit (pedon B) (the effluent receiving unit) and downstream unit (pedon C). Soil sample collection was carried out in five replicates in May 2007 adopting a randomized...

Author(s): Uzoije Atulegwu Patrick, Nnamdi Egwuonwn and Onunkwo-A, Augustine

Spatial variability mapping of some soil properties in El-Multagha agricultural project (Sudan) using geographic information systems (GIS) techniques

February 2011

Soil surveying and mapping is an important operation, since it plays a key role in the knowledge about soil properties and how it can be used for agriculture, irrigation, urbanization and other land uses. This study was carried out in order to map out some soil characteristics in the Northern State in resettlement projects associated with the newly established Merowe Dam. Some physical and chemical properties of the...

Author(s): M. Y. Mohamed and B. M. Abdo

The physical and chemical characteristics of soils of Northern Kenya Aridlands: Opportunity for sustainable agricultural production

January 2011

Biophysical characterization was carried out in the mountain and oasis areas within the Northern Kenya Arid Lands with a view of identifying, soil constraints and opportunities for sustainable agricultural production in the area. The soil aspects were studied through desk-top analysis of the existing databases and collection of secondary data at regional scale, site evaluation surveys at site level and detailed soil...

Author(s): E. M. Muya, S. Obanyi, M. Ngutu, I. V. Sijali, M. Okoti, P. M. Maingi and H. Bulle

Comparative study of different organic manures and NPK fertilizer for improvement of soil chemical properties and dry matter yield of maize in two different soils

January 2011

A pot experiment was conducted to compare different organic manures with NPK fertilizer for improvement of chemical properties of acid soil from farmer’s field in coastal area of Epe and nutrient depleted soil from research field of Institute of Agricultural Research and Training, Moor Plantation, Ibadan. Maize was planted for 12 weeks and dry matter yield was determined. Results showed that application of 5...

Author(s): Adeniyan O. N., Ojo A. O., Akinbode, O. A. and Adediran J. A.

The effects of soil density on the vegetation of the Umfolozi catchment in South Africa

January 2011

The effects of soil compaction on plant productivity were studied in the dry season of September 2008 in Umfolozi catchment, South Africa. This study used 10 paired plots each measuring 20 x 20 m and 1 x 1 m quadrats randomly located within the study plots in both degraded and undegraded sites. Soil samples were collected on the outer edge of the quadrats within the study plots. Soil moisture (%) in the soil samples...

Author(s): Clifford Tafangenyasha, Amos T. Mthembu, Hector Chikoore, Nothile Ndimande, Sifiso Xulu and Nonkululeko Gcwensa

The importance of Turkish hazelnut trace and heavy metal contents for human nutrition

January 2011

The trace and heavy metal concentration of eighteen different varieties of hazelnut were studied for variety and geographical region discussed for human nutrition and health. These results showed that average Al, As, B, Cr, Co, Cd, Cu, Fe, Mn, Mo, Ni, Se, Pb, and Zn  concentrations in the varieties varied in the following ranges 0.91-9.74, 0.02-0.27, 14.60-29.90, 0.02-0.04, 0.07-0.61, 0.01-0.03, 13.76-21.71,...

Author(s): Faruk Özkutlu Yusuf Ziya Doğru Nedim Özenç Gizem Yazici Metin Turan and Fatih Akçay

Effects of crop rotation on soil macronutrient content and pH in potato producing areas in Kenya: Case study of KARI Tigoni station

December 2010

Proper crop rotation might help to conserve soil fertility among small scale potato farmers in Kenya. A study was carried out at KARI Tigoni station between April 2007 and May 2010 to evaluate the effect of crop rotation on soil pH and macro nutrient levels. Rotations involved maize, potatoes and cabbages. Results showed that, soils at KARI Tigoni station are generally acidic with pH ranging from 4.3 (extreme acidity)...

Author(s): Jane Muthoni and Jackson N. Kabira

Comparative influence of benomyl on rhizosphere and non-rhizosphere bacteria of cowpea and their ability to solubilise phosphate

December 2010

Six concentrations of benomyl (g/ml): 0.00 (control), 0.05, 0.10, 0.20, 0.40 and 0.80 were assayed by using 1.5 kg of top soil collected from nursery of Federal University of Technology, Akure, Ondo State, Nigeria. Cowpea (IT - 93K - 452 - 1) seeds were planted in the soil sample in different polyethylene bags. Harvesting of cowpea seedlings was done on 5, 10, 15, 20, 25 and 30 days of germination. Nodule and soil...

Author(s): Ekundayo F. O.

Changing weather and introduction of pigeon pea intercrop in formerly cold pyrethrum zone

December 2010

Pyrethrum is a, herbaceous perennial crop grown commercially for extraction of pyrethrins, which is used in pesticides formulation. Through out the years, it has been grown in a pure stand due to its poor performance as intercrop with other crops that do well in pyrethrum growing areas. A trial was carried out on introduction of a short pigeon pea variety at different line spacing within the pyrethrum crop in randomized...

Author(s): Mwangi, J. A., Waweru, S. N., Oeba, V. O. and Wepukhulu, S. B.

Characterizing soils of Delbo Wegene watershed, Wolaita Zone, Southern Ethiopia for planning appropriate land management

November 2010

The soils of the Delbo Wegene watershed of Southern Ethiopia were characterized along toposequence for the development of land management plan for sustainable soil management practices. Four pedons along toposequence were studied. Delbo Wegene watershed is located between 06°52’ 45.9’’ and 06°53’34.8’’ N latitude and between 37°48’ 10.5’’ and...

Author(s): Ashenafi Ali, Abayneh Esayas and Sheleme Beyene

Status and distribution of extractable micronutrients in Haplustults in Yamaltu-Deba Local Government Area, Gombe state, Nigeria

November 2010

A study was conducted to determine the status and distribution of extractable Zn, Cu, Fe and Mn in Haplustults in Yamaltu-Deba Local Government Area (LGA) of Gombe State, Nigeria. Composite soil samples representative of the soils in the LGA were collected from 0 - 15 and 15 - 30 cm depths of five locations (Hinna, Kanti, Jangargari, Gidan Waya and Dadin Kowa) and analyzed. Results indicate that the soils were...

Author(s): S. Mustapha, H. K. Mamman and N. A. Abdulhamid

Effects of tillage and manure application on soil physicochemical properties and yield of maize grown on a degraded intensively tilled alfisol in southwestern Nigeria

November 2010

Intensive tractorised tillage practices especially in the tropical and subtropical climate produces compaction in crop root zone (20 to 30 cm depth), degradation of soil quality, loss of organic matter and declining soil and crop productivity. The effects of tillage and manure application on soil physical and chemical properties, growth and yield of maize grown on an intensively mechanized and degraded Alfisol was...

Author(s): Adeyemo A. J. and  Agele S. O.

Analysis of the effects of kraal manure accumulation on soil nutrient status through time

November 2010

This study investigated the influence of the accumulation of animal wastes on the soils of active kraal sites through time. This investigation involved the sampling and analysis of the soils of kraals that had been in use for periods ranging from 2 to over 45 years. Soil sampling and analysis were done both in the dry and wet seasons for comparative purposes. The properties of the kraal soils were compared with those of...

Author(s): S. Kizza and O. Areola

A review of non-conventional energy systems and environmental pollution control

September 2010

The massive increases in fuel prices over the last years have however, made any scheme not requiring fuel appear to be more attractive and to be worth reinvestigation. In considering the atmosphere and the oceans as energy sources, the four main contenders are wind power, wave power, tidal and power from ocean thermal gradients. The renewable energy resources are particularly suited for the provision of rural power...

Author(s): Abdeen Mustafa Omer

Effect of quantity and placement distances of inorganic 15-15-15 fertilizer in improving soil fertility status and the performance and yield of maize in a tropical rain forest zone of Nigeria

September 2010

The high cost of mineral fertilizer in crop production had necessitated an investigation into the optimum fertilizer rate for profitable maize production. The study was conducted in Akure (7°15’N, 5°12’E) in Nigeria in 2007 and revalidated in 2008. The experimental design was a split plot method in a randomized complete block with fertilizer quantity as the main plot and fertilizer placement distance...

Author(s): F. O. Adekayode and M. O. Ogunkoya

Assessment of integrated soil and water conservation measures on key soil properties in South Gonder, North-Western Highlands of Ethiopia

September 2010

Land degradation caused by erosion was an environmental threat that hampered agricultural production and the causes include: over cultivation, overgrazing, overpopulation and deforestation. Loss of productive land undermined rural livelihoods and national food security. The major factors discouraged farmers adoption of soil conservation measures were labour shortage, land tenure uncertainty, fitness of structures and...

Author(s): Mulugeta Demelash and Karl Stahr

A fractal approach for estimating soil water retention curve

September 2010

Direct measurement of soil water retention curve (SWRC) is time consuming and expensive, therefore many empirical models have been developed to describe it. Also fractal models have been proposed in the last decades for estimating SWRC. In this study, the fractal dimension of SWRC (DSWEC) and the mass fractal dimension of soil texture for 30 soil samples (with a spread range of soil texture) were determined. Fractal...

Author(s): M. Fazeli, M. Shorafa, D. Namdar Khojasteh and A. R. Pilevar Shahri

Balanites aegyptiaca, a potential tree for parkland agroforestry systems with sorghum in Northern Ethiopia

August 2010

Balanites aegyptiaca tree is preferred by farmers in Tigray Region of Ethiopia for fuel wood, provision of shade, fodder and as a medicinal plant. This study was conducted to assesssoil properties and sorghum yields on farm fields (Limat, Goblel and Korbebite and Endakeshe), where B. aegyptiaca are traditionally retained. At each site, six...

Author(s): Hailemariam Kassa, Kindeya Gebrehiwet and Charles Yamoah

Environmental port management: Conceptual model development and use of tools to evaluate and monitor dredging activities in the Port of Rio Grande, Brazil

August 2010

This work concerns assessing and monitoring of dredging activities in the Port of Rio Grande, Brazil. The subject is presented to address the major problems related to the dredging process itself and sediment disposal options. From the dredging works carried out in 1998, 2000 and 2003 on the Port of Rio Grande, different data were gathered and used to develop a preliminary conceptual model of this process. The...

Author(s): J. Ronaldo Torres and L. Antônio Philomena

Morphogenetic characterization of soils formed from basement complex rock in the humid tropical rainforest of Nigeria

August 2010

The morphogenetic and physico-chemical properties of four soil units occupying different slope facets on a rolling landscape were studied to understand distribution of soils on a typical landscape. The soil colours range from dark brown to reddish brown (10YR3/3-5YR3/3) in the surface and strong brown (7YR4/6) to yellowish red (5YR5/8) in the sub soil. The texture varies from loam/sandy clay loam in the surface to...

Author(s): O. T. Ande

Environmental impact assessment of oil and gas sector: A case study of Magurchara gas field

July 2010

This study focuses on the environmental impact assessment of Magurcherra gas field through environmental, socio-economical and meteorological study. The major activities involved are seismic activities, drilling activities, exploration and production. In the case of Magurcherra gas field, improper planning and drilling activities have created explosion and caused huge environmental damage. In order to evaluate the...

Author(s): J. B. Alam, A. A. M. Ahmed, G. M. Munna and A. A. M. Ahmed

Manure application setback effect on phosphorus and sediment in runoff

July 2010

Surface application of animal manure increases nutrients at the soil surface with increased potential for nutrient loss in runoff. Non-application setbacks are often required with the intent to reduce nutrient loss to surface water. The objective of this research was to determine the effect of setback distance on phosphorus and sediment in runoff. The research was conducted in eastern Nebraska on 24 ha of a terraced...

Author(s): Ahmed Al-wadaey, , S. Charles Wortmann, A. Charles Shapiro, G. Thomas Frantiand E. Dean Eisenhauer

Characterizing sites for the design and restoration of Kalacha irrigation scheme, Chalbi district, Kenya: Socio-economic and biophysical considerations

July 2010

Site characterization was carried out in Kalacha irrigation scheme for the design and restoration of the scheme. Detailed soil survey was carried at the scale of 1:2,000, through systematic observations, where the soils were described in terms of depth, texture, structure and consistence. Based on these characteristics, four soil units were identified and designated as block A, B, C and D, covering 23, 18, 17 and 42% of...

Author(s): E. M. Muya, K. Gitau, S. Obanyi, M. Ngutu, S. Kuria, H. Sharfi, D. G. Dub, H. Bulle, D. M. Miano, J. Muriethi, G. Keya, I. V. Sijali, S. Mamo, P. M. Maingi, M. Okoti and Eng. M. J. Omedi and A. Esilaba

The potential of four non traditional legumes in suppressing the population of nematodes in two Ghanaian soils

June 2010

Most African farmers could not afford the purchase of pesticides to control crop pest, alternatives such as the use of phytochemicals are most useful. For best results, sound recommendations are needed on the use of different antagonistic plants in controlling pest. In Ghana few reliable data are available on the potential of antagonistic plants to control nematode population. A field trial was conducted in the forest...

Author(s): K. Osei, J. O. Fening, S. R. Gowen and A. Jama

Enhancement of steel sheet-piling quay walls using grouted anchors

June 2010

Steel sheet-pilings are one of the most common types of quay walls used in the construction of ports and harbors facilities, especially for berths of small crafts which have small dimensions and capacity. Due to the growing market of marine traffic around the world, an increasing number of these berths are required to be upgraded to meet the requirements of permanently growing dimensions and capacity of vessels. Several...

Author(s): Mohamed E. El-Naggar

Application of queuing theory to the container terminal at Alexandria seaport

June 2010

This paper describes a methodology designed to support the decision-making process by developing seaport infrastructure to meet future demand. In order to determine an optimum number of berths at a sea port, the queuing theory is applied in the light of port facilities and activities. The aim is to avoid inadvertent over and under-building. Within this methodology, the movements in port should firstly be analyzed....

Author(s): Mohamed E. El-Naggar

The utilization of wood ash as manure to reduce the use of mineral fertilizer for improved performance of maize (Zea mays L.) as measured in the chlorophyll content and grain yield

May 2010

The increasingly high cost of mineral fertilizers and a preferred economic disposal of wood ash had necessitated a research in the use of wood ash to reduce the rate of fertilizer application for maize production. The comparative effects of wood ash and NPK 15-15-15 on maize were investigated in Akure (7015’N, 5015’E), Nigeria in 2008. The four treatments investigated were 4 t/ha wood ash, 300 kg/ha NPK...

Author(s): F. O. Adekayode and M. R. Olojugba

Chicken manure-enhanced soil fertility and productivity: Effects of application rates

May 2010

The utilization of chicken manure as an organic fertilizer is essential in improving soil productivity and crop production. We carried out the study to assess the effects of chicken manure on soil chemical properties and the response of application rate on the yield of spinach (Spinacia oleracea) as well as the uptake of nitrogen and phosphorus nutrients. To quantify these effects, we added chicken manure to samples of...

Author(s): Oagile Dikinya and Namasiku Mufwanzala

Optimization of key parameters for chromium (VI) removal from aqueous solutions using activated charcoal

May 2010

Commercial activated charcoal was investigated for removal of Cr(VI) from aqueous solutions. The effects of altering the initial Cr(VI) concentration, pH, contact time and amount of activated charcoal were studied. Maximum adsorption of Cr(VI) was achieved between pH 1 - 3 and after a contact time of 120 min. The percentage of Cr(VI) removed decreased from 99.99 - 90.83% when the initial Cr(VI) concentration was...

Author(s): M. Seyf-laye Alfa-Sika, Fei Liu and Honghan Chen

The effect of irrigation by domestic waste water on soil properties

March 2010

To investigate the beneficial impacts of domestic waste water on soil properties, we conducted an experiment in the lysimeter by measuring certain features essentially related to soil characteristics. The objectives in this study were (i) the domestic waste water in filtration by soil and (ii) the effect of domestic waste water on soil properties. In this experiment, we had 15 lysimeters that 1...

Author(s): Hossein Hassanpour Darvishi, Mohammad Manshouri and Hossein Aliabadi Farahani

Soil management strategies for rubber cultivation in an undulating topography of Northern Cross River State

March 2010

This study was conducted to evaluate the soil fertility status of an undulating topography of a young rubber plantation located at Ikot-Ukpora, Biase Local Government Area of Cross Rivers State and its implication for rubber cultivation. The result showed that the soils of the area ranged from loamy sand to sandy loam on the surface overlying a slightly heavier textured sub-soil ranging from sandy loam to sandy clay...

Author(s): J. R. Orimoloye, I. K. Ugwa and S. O. Idoko

Fractionation profile and mobility pattern of trace metals in sediments of Nomi River, Tokyo, Japan

February 2010

This study provides a geochemical partitioning and mobility pattern of Iron (Fe), Manganese (Mn), Cadmium (Cd), Copper (Cu), Chromium (Cr) and Nickel (Ni) in sediment samples collected from Nomi River, Tokyo, Japan. For the partitioning of particulating trace metals, a widely used 5-step sequential extraction procedure was employed and the concentrations were measured in the liquid extracts by inductively coupled plasma...

Author(s): Shaila Sharmin, H. M. Zakir and Naotatsu Shikazono

Yield and nitrogen accumulation in five cassava varieties and their subsequent effects on soil chemical properties in the forest/savanna transitional agro-ecological zone of Ghana

February 2010

We evaluated five varieties of cassava for yield, N accumulation and their effect on soil chemical properties. Soil phosphorus content increased drastically after 14 months of crop growth while soil organic carbon, N and exchangeable K contents reduced during the same period. Fresh root yield ranged from 17 t ha-1 to 35.9 t ha-1, while total dry matter production also ranged from about 18 t ha-1 to about 25 t...

Author(s): S. Adjei-Nsiah

Reducing compaction effort and incorporating air permeability in Proctor testing for design of urban green spaces on cohesive soils

February 2010

It is well established that compaction negatively affects agronomic productivity, that air permeability is a sensitive measure of the degree of soil compaction and therefore a good indicator of soil productivity impairment from compaction. Cohesive soils in urban settings are often heavily compacted by the common engineering practice to compact sub-grades of urban construction sites to 95% or more of the optimum density...

Author(s): A. M. Ibrahim, N. Persaud, R. W. Zobel and A. Hass

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