Al-Mahram International Journal

  • Abbreviation: Al-Mahram Int. J.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 0794-3318
  • DOI: 10.5897/AIJ
  • Start Year: 2020
  • Published Articles: 10

Full Length Research Paper

The travails of insurgency on heritage sites and relics in Sub-Saharan Africa

A. Garba
A. H. Girei
A. B. Hamid

  • Article Number - D61263367297
  • Vol.9(1), pp. 1-16 , November 2020
  •  Received: 20 January 2020
  •  Accepted: 01 April 2020
  •  Published: 30 November 2020


The whole of sub-Saharan Africa over the years have witnessed several instances of insurgency which resulted in killing, maiming, displacement and migration of the affected populace to areas where they will have solace. These displaced populations are today internationally recognized with the acronym IDPs (internally displaced persons). This paper in essence will attempt to examine on a wholistic scale the travails of insurgency in the Sub-Saharan region of Africa. The sub-Sahara is geographically defined to include “areas of Africa that lie south of Sahara desert,” and politically it consists of “African countries that are fully or partially located south of the Sahara such as Somalia, Djibouti, Comoros and Mauritania” ( This paper was predicated due to the current travails the sub-Saharan Africa faces as a theatre of conflict, religious or otherwise devastating the larger portion of our local, national and global heritage enshrined in monuments, sites, manuscripts and several relics, which if not safeguarded will amount to lost of history and heritage on a world scale. These information were derived from newspaper reports, personal communications and on the site inspection.

Keywords: Travail, Insurgency, Sub-Sahara, Manuscripts, Relics Heritage