African Journal of
Agricultural Research

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Agric. Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1991-637X
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJAR
  • Start Year: 2006
  • Published Articles: 6859

Table of Content: 13 August 2015; 10(33)

August 2015

The effect of swine raising wastewater in the development of millet (Pennisetum glaucum L.), soil and leachate

The experiment was conducted in a protected cultivation in the Marechal Cândido Rondon, PR, Brazil. The experimental design was constituted of randomized blocks with six piggery wastewater doses (0, 25, 50, 100, 200 and 400 m³ ha-1) in four repetitions. The variables evaluated were: number of tillers, plant height, dry matter, leaf area, leaf number, potassium content, phosphorus content and crude protein in...

Author(s): Vanessa Aline Egewarth, Jonas Francisco Egewarth, Maritane Prior, Edmar Soares de Vasconcelos, Marcos Vinícius Mansano Sarto, Kaian Albino Corazza Kaefer, Gustavo Moratelli, Hugo Franciscon, Andressa Strenske and Caroline Thais Eckert

August 2015

Do desiccation and storage of Campomanesia adamantium (Cambess.) O. Berg (Myrtaceae) seeds affect the formation and survival of seedlings?

The objective of study was to verify if desiccation and storage of the seeds affect the morphoanatomy and histochemistry of the seedlings of Campomanesia adamantium. The fruits were processed and seeds were subjected to desiccation to 30, 20, 15, 10 and 5% water contents in laboratory conditions and subsequently subjected to the following storage conditions: In the laboratory (LAB) (25 ± 2°C, 35% RH), cold...

Author(s): D. M. Dresch, S. P. Q. Scalon, R. M. Mussury and T. E. Masetto

August 2015

Biological parameters and parasitism capacity of Telenomus remus Nixon (Hymenoptera: Platygastridae) reared on natural and factitious hosts for successive generations

Factitious hosts are largely used in parasitoid production. However, changes in parasitism capacity may happen when hosts are switched. Therefore, the ability of a parasitoid species to be reared on factitious host and still keep high level of parasitism on the natural target pest after successive rearing can determine parasitoid quality and must be investigated. Thus, we evaluated Telenomus remus parasitism on Corcyra...

Author(s): A. Pomari-Fernandes, A. F. Bueno, A. P. Queiroz and S. A. De Bortoli

August 2015

Effect of Silicon and Nitrogen nutrition on major pest and disease intensity in low land rice

Nutrition management is one of the most important factors for enhancing yield, but it may affect the response of rice plants to pests and diseases due, in part, to the change of microclimate under the rice plant canopy. Therefore, knowledge of the relationship of nutrition management and pests and diseases is an important component in setting up a high yield production system. The pest and disease control procedures...

Author(s): J. K. Malav and V. P. Ramani

August 2015

Some agroforestry potential for two tree legumes in the dense rainforests of Côte d'Ivoire: Characteristics of seed germination

The Ivorian forest area has been declining because of his abuse. To reduce the negative impact of forest loss on natural resources, various reforestation projects are undertaken. The species used in these programs are usually rapidly growing exotic legumes. Unfortunately, these plants are very poorly adapted to the prevailing conditions and targets are rarely achieved. Hence, replacing them with native species should be...

Author(s): Adjoua Adèle KOUASSI, Lydie Marie Dominique ADOU, Joseph IPOU IPOU and Awa TOURE

August 2015

Study of potential environmental risk of trace metallic elements in mine tailings: Case of Draa Lasfar functional mine in Marrakech - Morocco

Mining activity is one of the most important sources of heavy metals in the environment. In Marrakech region, functioning or abandoned mines represent a great hazard due to huge amounts of waste deposited in waste dumps and tailings often with high concentration of heavy metals pollution. In this study, the chemical forms of four heavy metals in mine tailings of Draa Lasfar in north-west of Marrakech city (Morocco) were...

Author(s): Barkouch Yassir, El Fadeli Sana, Khadiri Mohy Edine and Pineau Alain

August 2015

Wood ash as corrective of soil pH and as fertilizer in ornamental sunflower cultivation

Wood ash, as having required nutrients by plants, can be an alternative in fertilization and soil acidity correction in agricultural crops. This study aimed to evaluate the development of the sunflower ornamental cultivar (Helianthus annuus L.) Sunflower F1 Sunbright Supreme when subjected to wood ash fertilization into of Cerrado Oxisol. The experiment was conducted in a greenhouse, in the municipality of...

Author(s): Edna Maria Bonfim-Silva, Danityelle Chaves Freitas, Éder Rodrigues Batista and Maurício Apolônio de Lima

August 2015

Investigation of morphological indices of different rice varieties (oryza sativa) in relation to insect-pest attack under shallow and semi-deep land condition during Kharif Season

Totally 23 different rice cultivars were analyzed for pest attack and varying morphological studies from Chinsurah, West Bengal, India. The individual rice cultivars were planted in both shallow and semi-deep conditions, maintaining the two replicated yield trail (RYT) with randomized block design (RBD) pattern. It was observed that the dead heart (DH) disease caused by Scirpophaga incertulas affects mostly NDR 8027...

Author(s): Sitesh Chatterjee, Durairaj Thirumurugan and Sourik Ghosh

August 2015

Obtaining physical-chemical analysis of the alcoholic distillate of cajarana (Spondias sp) in semiarid Paraiba

This study aimed to produce, and consequently create physical-chemical analysis of alcohol distilled from the fruits of Spondias sp. The study was carried out at the Federal University of Campina Grande - Campus de Patos-PB (UFCG). 36.85 kg of cajarana and 1100 ml (869 g) of distilled alcohol, with a yield of 2.36% were collected, the cajarana used for this study presents equal 11.02° brix. This occurs with pH...

Author(s): Ednaldo Queiroga de Lima, Elisabeth de Oliveira, Hedilberto de Oliveira Alves and Carla Fernanda de Silva Leite

August 2015

Delineation and geographic information system (GIS) mapping of soil nutrient status of sugarcane growing tracts of Theni district, Tamil Nadu

A global positioning system (GPS) based soil survey was conducted during September 2011 in the sugarcane dominant tracts of Theni district, Tamil Nadu to map the soil fertility status using GIS software and link with different cane yield potentials. The soil samples were taken from 400 spatially distributed locations from a depth of 0 to 30 cm and analyzed for texture, pH, EC, organic carbon, available nitrogen,...

Author(s): M. Vijaya Kumar, Bakiyathu Saliha, B., Kannan, P. and Mahendran P. P.

August 2015

Effect of date of sowing and crop geometry on growth and yield parameters of forage mustard (Var. Chinese Cabbage)

A field experiment was conducted during rabi 2011-2012 at Forage Management and Research Centre, National Dairy Research Institute, Karnal to study the “Effect of date of sowing and crop geometry on seed yield and quality of forage mustard (var. Chinese cabbage)”. The soil texture of the experimental site was clay loam with available nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium were 212, 20 and 256 kg/ha, respectively....

Author(s): S. C. Gawariya, N. K. Chopra, N. Chopra and A. S. Harika

August 2015

Effect of defoliation from the bottom to the top on the yield of Brazilian soybean cultivars

Among the factors that may cause decreases in soybean yield there are the foliar diseases that despite control it can limit grain yield. The Asian soybean rust (Phakopsora pachyrhizi) is considered the most important disease of soybean in Brazil. The aim of this work was to simulate the progress of Asian rust in Brazilian soybean cultivars by removal of trifoliate leaves from the bottom to the top. The experimental...

Author(s): Amilton Ferreira da Silva, Tuneo Sediyama, Francisco Charles dos Santos Silva, André Ricardo Gomes Bezerra, Danieli Piano Rosa, Cosme Damião Cruz and Luiz Antônio dos Santos Dias

August 2015

Effect of foliar application with salicylic acid on two Iranian melons (Cucumis melo L.) under water deficit

Scarcity of water is a severe environmental constraint to crop production in arid and semi arid region. Salicylic acid (SA) plays an important role in the regulation of plant growth in response to environmental stresses. In this study, the effect of SA (0, 70 and 100 ppm) was investigated on growth and yield of two Iranian melons (Khatooni and Ghasri cultivars) under drought stress (W100%, W80% and W60%). Experimental...

Author(s): Hossein Nastari Nasrabadi, Hossein Nemati, Mohammad Kafi and Hossein Arouei

August 2015

Determination of grazing time with relationships between grass layer height and biomass change in natural pastures

This research work was  conducted in Karahisar village of TekirdaÄŸ city during the years of 2010 and 2011. The basic purpose of this study was to determine the starting dates of grazing in pastures, and the relationships between grass layer height and biomass change in protected, as well as, the grazed areas of natural pastures of the said village. In pastures, 16 different points had been marked in 4 rangelands...

Author(s): Mustafa GÜR, Murat ALTIN and Ahmet GÖKKUÅž

August 2015

Effect of N fertilization on NPK content in castor bean under saline stress

The high concentrations of salts in water, especially in semiarid regions, increase salt concentration in the soil and plant with the consequent decrease in NPK contents. Current study evaluates the influence of irrigation with water of different salinities, associated to nitrogen (N) fertilization, on NPK contents in castor bean cv. BRS Energia. An experiment was conducted for four months, in lysimeters under the ...

Author(s): Geovani Soares de Lima, Reginaldo Gomes Nobre, Hans Raj Gheyi, Lauriane Almeida dos Anjos Soares, Claudivan Feitosa de Lacerda

August 2015

Milk production function and resource use efficiency in Jaipur District of Rajasthan

The study was undertaken during 2013 and 2014 in Jaipur District of Rajasthan with the objectives to examine the input-output relationships and assess the resource use efficiency in milk production. The study covered 100 commercial dairy farms. The results of Cobb-Douglas production function revealed that expenditure on dry fodder and green fodder for small category of herd size were found to be positive and...

Author(s): Sushila Vishnoi, Pramendra, Vijay Gupta and Raju Pooniya

August 2015

Predicting grain yield of maize using drought tolerance traits

Two experiments (field and pot) were conducted to evaluate the ability of partial least square regression (PLSR) using physiological and root traits to predict grain yield of maize. The genetic materials used for the experiments were six maize genotypes. Data was recorded on some growth, physiological and root traits. Data was analyzed using PLSR model of XLSTAT. There was a good prediction of grain yield of maize using...

Author(s): Shaibu A. S., Adnan A. A. and Umar I. R.

August 2015

Deployment of indigenous wild Ganoderma lucidum for better yield on different substrates

Ganoderma lucidum is a medicinal mushroom growing on angiospermous trees that has been used in the Orient medicine for more than 2000 years. Since now studies have been almost entirely limited to laboratory scale and much more understanding on the growth morphology and mass production is necessary to develop economical large scale processes. In this study, domestication of wild isolate of G. lucidum was done, which was...

Author(s): Renu Thakur and Brij Mohan Sharma

August 2015

Sample scaling in soil compaction assessment experiments with motorized penetrometer

The objective was to estimate the sample size (number of points by experimental plot) to estimate soil resistance to penetration in different depth ranges and for different animal stocking density rates. The data was obtained from a factorial experiment in a randomized block design, three replicates, consisting of two grazing intensity levels (canopy heights: 10 and 20 cm) and two levels of nitrogen fertilization...

Author(s): Lindolfo Storck, Betânia Brum, André Brugnara Soares, Tangriani Simioni Assmann, Alcir José Modolo, Sarha Giovana Kazue Kobata and Wilson Henrique Tatto