African Journal of
Agricultural Research

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Agric. Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1991-637X
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJAR
  • Start Year: 2006

AJAR Articles in press

Extension training for banana value addition among small holder farmers in Meru and Tharakanithi Counties.

Article in Press

Extension training is intended to increase the efficiency and performance of the human resource that acts responsibly in a society based on a communication interaction with knowledge sources. The main objective of this study was to assess the effect of training farmers on banana production value addition among smallholder farmers in Meru and Tharaka–Nithi Counties. The study adopted a pragmatic paradigm and a...

Author(s):Florence K.Kirimi, Charles O.Nyambane, Lucy K. Njeru, Hezron R.Mogaka

Wage Labor in the rice cultivation areas near Lake Victoria in Western Kenya.

Article in Press

Rice is now the most rapidly growing food commodity in sub-Saharan Africa. This growth is mainly driven by urbanization. There is substantial research on the wage labor dynamics in rice production in Asia, but in Africa, there is limited analysis of the labor used in rice cultivation—the attributes, numbers, and costs—which makes it difficult to understand the actual market, such as how products are procured. This study...

Author(s):Yuko Yamane

Constraints to banana (Musa spp) production in Beni territory of North-Kivu, Democratic Republic of Congo

Article in Press

The objective of this study was to characterize the banana production systems and to identify the constraints it faces. A questionnaire survey and field observations were carried out with banana producers. At the end of the surveys, three main banana production systems were found: monoculture (10%), banana-food crops intercropping (7%) and agroforestry (83%). In addition, four types of banana (cooking banana, plantain,...

Author(s):Balimwacha Mukulu Evariste , Kambale Muyisa Musongora , KatemboVikanza Paul

Nitrogen fertilization on soybean crop over straw of forage sorghum intercropped with Urochloa ruziziensis.

Article in Press

The experiment was carried out to evaluate the influence of N on the agronomic characteristics of soybean crop under no-tillage system over forage sorghum intercropped with U. ruziziensis and on straw degradation. Four treatments (nitrogen doses) were used: 0; 20; 40 and 60 kg of N ha-1. N were applied at V3-V4 stage, using ammonium nitrate as the N source, containing 30% N. The experimental design was a randomized block...

Author(s):Barbosa Borges Wander Luis, Letícia Nayara Fuzaro Rodrigues, Pedro Henrique Gatto Juliano, Helimar Balarone da Silva Sporch, Matheus Ribeiro Lemos

Physiological, developmental and growth responses to desiccation induced stress in four seed coat colour varieties of Vigna Unguiculata (l. Walp).

Article in Press

Cowpea (Vigna unguiculata L. Walp) is a widely grown leguminous crop in Ghana. This study was conducted using four varieties of cowpea based on the colour of the seed coat namely; Red, Brown, Black and Cream cowpea varieties. These cowpea varieties were subjected to three different watering regimes namely normal, moderate and severe water stress regimes. These different watering regimes were used as potential screening...

Author(s): Kwadwo Owusu Ayeh, Anning Kwame Peter, Adoteye Emmanuella Graceand Lewis Enu-Kwesi

Mealybugs on fruit crops in the sao franciso valley, Brazil.

Article in Press

Mealybugs are agricultural pests occurring all over the world. The San Francisco Valley is one of the most productive regions regarding the cultivation of fruit crops in Brazil, demanding a proper phytosanitary management which can be obtained through the biological control of pests. Fortnight samples of mealybugs associated with roots, trunk, leaves and fruits of grapevines, pear, apple, persimmon, guava and Barbados...

Author(s):Maria das Graças Rosa de Sá, José Eudes de Morais Oliveira, Fabiana Soares Cariri Lopes, Vitor Cézar Pacheco da Silva, Ana Lúcia Benfatti Gonzalez Peronti

Nutrients Balance Approach with Emphasis on Base Cations and Ratios Concepts as a Decisions-Support Tool in Optimizing Fertilizers Use.

Article in Press

Thirty-six soil samples collected from 24 sites were used to investigate the relationships between cation-ratio concepts and sufficiency level approaches in plant nutrition. Based on threshold values, about 25.0% of the soils had calcium:magnesium (Ca:Mg)-ratio fallen outside the favorable range, despite the sufficient levels of individual elements in soils, violating the base cation ratio concept. Similarly, 63.0% of...

Author(s):Assefa Menna

Analysis of Genetic Diversity of Coffee (Coffea arabica L.) Based on Genetic Parameters, Phenotypic and genotypic correlations.

Article in Press

Ethiopia is the homeland and center of genetic diversity of Arabica coffee (Coffea arabica L., Rubiaceae). Getting more information on genetic variability is a prerequisite for further improvement of coffee (Coffea arabica L.).A field experiment was conducted at Awada Agricultural Research Sub-Center, Ethiopia, to study the magnitude of phenotypic diversity among southern coffee (Coffea arabica L.) germplasm accessions...

Author(s):Meseret Degefa, Sentayehu Alamerew, Ali Mohammed, Adeba Gemechu

Assessment of Cypress Aphid (Cinara cupressivora) Infestation and Its Natural Enemies on Cypress Plantation; The Case of Jibat and Chaliya Districts, Oromia region, Ethiopia.

Article in Press

The Cypress aphid (Cinara cupressivora) is considered as one of the most important invasive pests in the world attacking Cupressaceae family. In Ethiopia it has caused over US$10 million worth of damage to Cypress plantations across the country. The recent study was done on assessment of Cypress aphid infestation and its natural enemies on cypress plantation of Jibat and Gedo district, Oromia region, Ethiopia. The general...

Author(s):Alemineh Diro, Merkuz Abera, Adane Tesfaye

Cattle feed resource, Water sources and Housing system in the East Shoa and West Arsi Zones of Oromia, Ethiopia

Article in Press

The study was conducted in Adami Tulu Jidokombolcha (ATJK), Bora, Dodola, Shala and Negele-Arsi districts with objective to assess main cattle feed resources, water sources and housing systems. A pretested, semi-structured questionnaire was used to conduct survey. About 240 respondents were identified using random sampling techniques. Collected data was analyzed by SPSS statistical software version 24. Study result...

Author(s):Aman Gudeto, Sandip Banerjee, Tadele Mirkena, Tesfaye Alemu Tucho

Nitrate concentration and nitrate/ammonium ratio on lettuce grown in hydroponics in Southern Amazon.

Article in Press

Lettuce has a predisposition to nitrate accumulation and it has led many researchers to develop research to reduce this accumulation. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of nitrate concentration (NO3-) and nitrate/ammonium ratio (NO3-:NH4+) on growth, production and accumulation of these nitrogen compounds in lettuce grown in a hydroponic system in southern Amazon. There were performed two experiments...

Author(s):Daiane de Souza Lauton Wenceslau, Daniele Fátima de Oliveira, Hudson de Oliveira Rabelo, Guilherme Ferreira Ferbonink, Luiz Antônio Augusto Gomes, Érica Carina Aparecida Leonel, Gustavo Caione

Effect of Eucalyptus Globules Woodlot Plantation on Selected Soil Physico-Chemical Properties and Wheat Yield in Wogera District, Amhara Region, Ethiopia.

Article in Press

Currently, a Eucalyptus globulus is a common smallholder plantation species in the Wogera district. The species is significantly expanding on marginal and fertile farmlands. The objective is to analyze the effects of Eucalyptus globulus woodlots plantation and their directions on selected soil physicochemical properties and yield of wheat crop. Three woodlots with similar site conditions were selected for this particular...

Author(s):Kassegn Asnakew Seyoum, Bekalu Melis Alehegn, Asmamaw Alemu Abtew

Effect of Intercropping and Pruning on Chilli Production in Farmer’s Raised Bed and Modified Raised Bed Techniques under Rain-fed farming.

Article in Press

Chilli in Bhutan is an indispensable cash crop, commonly consumes as vegetable. However, chilli in commercial scale is the rain-fed farming due to which farmers are not able to produce sufficient amount. Moreover, limited landholding with confine cultivation attributes less yield. Therefore, intensive farming using intercropping of chilli with beans and pruning of chilli in two raised bed techniques were assessed for...

Author(s):Zangmo, Det Wattanachaiyingcharoen, Wanwisa Pansak and Tulsi Gurung

Assessing Genetic Variability in Malt Barley (Hordeum distichon L.) Genotypes in Southeastern Ethiopia.

Article in Press

A total of twenty malt barley genotypes were evaluated using complete Block Design in four replications at two locations in Southeastern Ethiopia during 2015 main cropping season, which lapses from July to December. The study was conducted to assess the total variability present within the evaluated genotypes. The combined analysis of variance showed there were significant differences observed among the tested genotypes...

Author(s):Workineh Mekasa Buli, Hussein Mohammed Ali

Seed germination and morphological characterization of traditional leafy vegetables.

Article in Press

Traditional leafy vegetables provide affordable sources of micronutrients to many people in Zimbabwe. They are produced by smallholder farmers with limited knowledge on the agronomic value of high-quality seed and the seed is rarely tested to determine its quality. This study was therefore conducted to evaluate the germination of seeds of three traditional leafy vegetables sourced from five different farmers and the...

Author(s):Praxedis Dube, Paul C. Struik

Effect of Spatial Arrangements of Faba Bean Varieties Intercropped With Bread Wheat on Productivity of Component Crops at Kulumsa, South-eastern Ethiopia.

Article in Press

A field experiment was conducted in 2019 main cropping season at Kulumsa Agricultural Research Center, Southeastern Ethiopia to select suitable varieties of faba bean in intercropping and to assess the economic profitability of intercropping faba bean with bread wheat in the area. The treatments were three faba bean varieties (Ashebeka, Hachalu and Tumsa) intercropped with bread wheat (variety Hulluka) in three different...

Author(s):Debela Bekele, Ketema Belete, Wogayehu Worku

Profitability Analysis of Smallholder Cocoa Production in South West Region of Cameroon

Article in Press

Over the years, cocoa production in Cameroon has served as a source of employment for many smallholder farmers. However, aging trees amongst other factors is a limiting factor in the productivity of cocoa. The study compared the economic performances of different crop ages of smallholder cocoa production using primary data obtained by means of semi-structured questionnaires. Multistage random sampling was adopted to select...

Author(s):Norbert N. Ngwang, Majory O. Meliko

About fish, tilapia, and shigellosis: a review.

Article in Press

Foodborne diseases are considered a relevant issue in health around the world due to their incidence, mortality and negative effects on the economic and productive sector. Fish is considered a food of high nutritional quality, being of global production, distribution and commercialization mainly for human consumption. Among the fish worldwide obtained from capture fisheries and mainly aquaculture for human consumption is...

Author(s):Alejandro De Jesús Cortés-Sánchez, Luis Daniel Espinosa-Chaurand, Raquel Garcia-Barrientos, Alejandra Lorena San Martin-Azocar

Evaluation of phenotypic and biochemical responses of Pteris vittata during growth in arsenic contaminated soil and its effect on selected soil enzymes activity

Article in Press

Experiments were conducted with arsenic-hyperaccumulator, Pteris vittata, and non-hyperaccumulator, Pteris ensiformis, subjected to various arsenic toxicity levels (0 mg to 1500 mg As kg-1) in peat-moss or soil for up to 14 weeks, to evaluate phenotypic responses and total lipid with fatty acid profiles, and P. vittata influence on rhizosphere enzyme activities. Pteris ensiformis exhibited significant phenotypic toxicity...

Author(s):Osagie Idehen, Marceline Egnin, Ramble Ankumah, Raymon Shange

Impacts of Farmer Field Schools on Food Security and Environmental Conservation in Western Kenya.

Article in Press

This study assessed the impacts of Farmer Field Schools (FFS) on household food security and environmental conservation in the Western Province of Kenya. The outcome variables were: maize yield per acre, income per acre, household food insecurity score and environmental conservation score. Principal component analysis and propensity score matching techniques were used for analyses and regression method to test the...

Author(s):Laurine Kithi, Amin Mugera

Measuring the sustainability of poultry farms in the region of Biskra, case : Sidi Okba.

Article in Press

Two farms in the Sidi Okba region were investigated to collect information on their structure, land use, labor and economic management of the farm.The sustainability of these farms was assessed using 37 indicators describing the agro-environmental, socio-territorial and economic scales. This study shows the influence of the production system on the parameters contributing to the estimation of the sustainability of farms....

Author(s):Bachar mohamed Farouk, Slimani Selma

Adoptable formula for estimating testicular volumes using ultrasound method in Red Sokoto Goat Bucks

Article in Press

The purpose of this study was to determine the adoptable formula for estimating testicular volume by ultrasound in the Red Sokoto Goat (RSG) bucks. Sixteen RSG bucks comprising of eight pubertal and eight post-pubertal bucks were used for this study. With the aid of the ultrasound electronic caliper, the bucks’ testicular length, height and width were measured. These parameters were used to estimate Testicular Volumes...

Author(s):Lukman Oladimeji RajI, Uchebuchi Ike Osuagwuh, Sadudeen Adetayo Amid, Rashida Abimbola Mustapha

Evaluation of the On-Farm Dairy Technologies in Ethiopia: A Review

Article in Press

The objective of this review is to provide an overview of the major achievements of on-farm dairy technologies in Ethiopia by reviewing a variety of documents from proceedings, articles, journals, and original research papers. Following the on-station generation and evaluation of dairy technologies, on-farm participatory verification of improved dairy cattle production packages has started. Since then, there are available...

Author(s):Endale Yadessa, Ulfina Galmessa, Lemma Fita, Temesgen Jembere

Soybean Quality preferences by the Beninese small-scale soy food processors using conjoint analysis.

Article in Press

Soybean is a food crop with a growing interest in Benin. This study aims to provide insight about the main quality characteristics of the grain preferred by small-scale soy processors and the main socio-economic factors which drive their preferences. 116 small-scale processors related to three main soy food products - “Soy Amon” (soy cheese), “Soy Afitin” (soya fermented condiment) and “soymilk” - were asked to...

Author(s):Mênouwesso H. Hounhouigan, Ken M.G. Kounouewa, Martial R. N. Ablo, Paul T. M. Ingenbleek

Screening and evaluation of bread wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) genotypes resistance to stripe rust.

Article in Press

Stripe (yellow) rust caused by Puccinia striiformis f.sp.tritici, is one of the major diseases of wheat in the world. Development and use of resistant wheat cultivars is the most economical and environmentally friendly solution in combating wheat stripe rust. Field experiments were carried out at two sites in Ethiopia (Kulumsa and Meraro) and seedling tests were conducted at KARC green house during the 2015 cropping...

Author(s):Yewubdar Shewaye, Hussein Mohammed

Effect of rootstocks and scions on nutrient concentration of selected apple (Malus domestica l. borkh) cultivars at Gircha, southern Ethiopia

Article in Press

Selection of appropriate scion rootstock combination is an important practice for increasing yield of apple (Malus domestica L. Borkh). However, the effect of rootstocks and scion on leaf nutrient content of apple varieties was not widely studied and recommended that optimize the leaf nutrient concentration which eventually leads to maximum yield and quality of apple at the study area. Therefore, field experiment was...

Author(s):Kamelo Kando, Kebede Jobir, Derebew Belew

The effect of planting density on yield and yield components of lettuce (Lactuca sativa L.) at two agro-ecologies of Ethiopia

Article in Press

A field experiment was conducted to assess the responses of lettuce varieties to different plant spacing treatments in the year 2018/19 at Debrezeit and Holeta Agricultural Research Centers, Ethiopia. Nine treatment combinations of three levels of inter-row (30, 40 and 50cm) and three levels of intra-row spacing (20, 30 and 40 cm) were studied on yield and some yield components of two lettuce varieties (Great Lakes and...

Author(s):Fekadu Gebretensay Mengistu, Getachew Tabor, Zebenay Dagne, Gizachew Atnafu, Fasil Taddese. Debre Zeit, Holeta

Demographic profiling and characterization of cattle and cattle farmers in Botswana

Article in Press

Most published data on Botswana’s cattle population neither represent demographics of cattle and cattle ownership nor capture political and gender factors that affect cattle farming. Decline in cattle population has largely been attributed to unthrifty climatic conditions of the predominantly semi-arid desert terrain of the nation. This demographic and characterization study estimated cattle population, its spread and...

Author(s):Goodhead Okechukwu Uchendu, Njoku Ola Ama, Andrew Olatunbosun Aganga, Othusitse, Rick. Madibela

On Station Performance Evaluation of Borana Cattle under Rangeland Conditions of Borana Zone, Southern Oromia, Ethiopia

Article in Press

The study was conducted at Yabello Pastoral and Dry land Agriculture Research Center from 2007-2018 for 12 years to evaluate the performance of Borana cattle breed and suggest appropriate husbandry practices. The mean birth weight was 22.81±0.34 kg for males and 21.02±0.36 kg for females, and the average weaning weight at 7 months was 102.07±1.26 kg for males and 93.81±1.16 kg for females. Mean yearling weight for...

Author(s):Birhanu Bekele Hordofa, Beshir Husien Melua

Evaluation of the physiological quality of quinoa seeds

Article in Press

The variations in seed quality and scarcity vigor studies have been limiting factors in crop establishment at different regions of its Andes origin. The present study aimed to evaluate the physiological quality of quinoa seeds, from cultivars of Brazil, Colombia and Ecuador. The research was conducted in the Seeds Technology Laboratory of the University of Brasília, Brazil, through the tests of germination, hypocotyl and...

Author(s):Wilson Anchico Jojoa, José Ricardo Peixoto, Carlos Roberto Spehar, Michelle Souza Vilela, Marcelo Fagioli, Daiane Nobrega, José Cruz,Antônio Oliveira

Agricultural zoning and recommendations for the seeding of wheat (Triticum spp.) in the Central-southern Mesoregion of Parana state in Brazil

Article in Press

Wheat is one of the most cultivated cereals and is essential for human and animal feeding. Since it is a sensible species to the meteorologic conditions, the climate changes can alter all its cultivation areas and practices known in the present agriculture. This paper aims to make the zoning of climatic risk for agriculture for the wheat crop (Triticum spp.) and recommend the planting window for the central-southern...

Author(s):Ana Paula Ferreira Dominoni, Nathan Felipe da Silva Caldana, Leonardo Rodrigues, Bruno Wismeck Negrão, Vitor Rampazzo Favoretto, Victor Ricardo Bodnar, Marcelo Augusto de Aguiar e Silva

Importance and diversity of Mycorrhizae under plantain cultivation in the slash-and-burn and the non-burn cropping systems in the forest region of Kisangani (Tshopo Province, D.R. Congo)

Article in Press

Mycorrhization is known to have beneficial effects on growth vigour and protection against certain pathogens in several plant species including plantains, which has so far been little studied in the Kisangani forest region. The objective was to determine the importance and biodiversity of mycorrhizae under plantains in the slash-and-burn and the non-burn cropping systems. This research was carried out in two experimental...

Author(s):Kasaka D., Onautshu O., Muliwambene K., Lebisabo B., Baert G., Swennen R., Haesaert G., Dhed'a D.

Factors influencing choice of milk market outlets among smallholder dairy farmers in Kuresoi North Sub-County, Kenya

Article in Press

Kuresoi North Sub-County has experienced a rapid expansion in milk production and there exist both formal and informal milk market outlets. With these abundant opportunities, much of the produced quantities of milk are expected to enter the market and farmers’ livelihoods be improved. However, it is not clear whether the smallholder milk producers are exploiting the existing and emerging market opportunities through...

Author(s):Kibet Richard Kurgat , Job Kibiwott Lagat, Edith W. Gathungu

Diversity and distribution of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi in maize (Zea mays) cropping fields in South Kivu, Democratic Republic of Congo.

Article in Press

Arbuscular Mycorhizal Fungi (AMF) occur naturally in agroecosystems and interact symbiotically with crops, facilitating nutrition. This study aimed at studying the occurrence, abundance and diversity of AMF communities in the maize cropping system and their relation to soils properties in two agroecological zones in South Kivu, eastern DR Congo. Soil samples were collected from eight sites, with 4 sites in highland at...

Author(s):Réussite Bugale Malembaka, Richard Onwonga, Joyce Jefwa, Fredrick Ayuke, Leon Nabahungu

Evaluation and Adaptation trial of Coriander (Coriandrum sativum L.) varieties in the mid land areas of Guji zone, Southern Ethiopia

Article in Press

Coriander (Coriandrum sativum L,) is one of the most important spice and cash crop produced in Ethiopia. However, information related to potential of the midland areas of Guji zone for Coriander production is limited. This experiment was conducted in the Kiltu sorsa, Gobicha and Dole areas at three farmers’ field to evaluate the growth and yield performance of Coriander varieties and to select and recommend high yielding...

Author(s):Arega Amdie, Solomon Teshome, Beriso Wako

Identification, Characterization and Evaluation of Honeybee floras in Kafa, Sheka and Benchi Maji Zones of Southern Nations Nationalities and Peoples Region (SNNPR), Ethiopia.

Article in Press

The study was conducted with an intention to identify and characterize honeybee plants and their flowering seasons in south western parts of the country particularly in Kafa, Sheka and Benchi maji zone of Southern Nation Nationalities and Peoples Region (SNNPR). All the relevant data were collected through conducting questionnaire survey, focus group discussions, field observations and lab analysis of pollen and honey...

Author(s): Tesfu Shegaw, Dawit H/giorgis, Tewabe Edimew,Tegbaru Gebre Sillasie, Zelalem Abate

A comparative analysis of agrochemical use among agroforestry and non-agroforestry practicing farmers in south west Cameroon: the examples of insecticides, fungicides, and herbicides

Article in Press

The abusive use of toxic agricultural chemicals (insecticides, pesticides, fungicides and herbicides in particular) by farmers has attracted a lot of attention from environmentalists, scientists and policy makers. The use of these toxic agricultural chemicals not only contributes to environmental deterioration but equally poses major health risks to farmers and the general public. It is therefore incumbent on policy...

Author(s):Azembouh Roshinus Tsufac, Nyong Princely Awazi, Bernard Palmer Kfuban Yerima

Contribution of soil macro-fauna to soil fertility improvement in cocoa-based (Theobroma cacao) agroforestry systems in the Littoral Region of Cameroon: examining cocoa farmers’ indigenous knowledge

Article in Press

Soil macro-fauna play an important role in soil fertility improvement in different agricultural systems. However, limited research has been done to assess the role played by soil macro-fauna to soil fertility enhancement in cocoa-based agroforestry systems. This study was therefore initiated to fill this knowledge void. A mixed research approach was used during data collection, and data analysis was done using descriptive...

Author(s):Azembouh Roshinus Tsufac, Nyong Princely Awazi, Bernard Palmer Kfuban Yerima, Roger Kogge Enang

The Amino Acid and Polyamines Profile Modification of Tomato under Saline Stress Using Differential Nitrogen Nutrition.

Article in Press

High-quality resources are targeted by the horticultural industry for its success in performance and earnings. Toearnings. To achieve these goals, nitrogen is used, which is an essential nutrient for the growth of plants and quality crops.Nitrogen is the essential nutrient required to achieve these objectives for the quality of product and growth of plants. Investigation has been done on the impacts of the provision of ...

Author(s):Naser Ahmadi, Elnaz Akbari

Evaluation of okra [Abelmoschus esculentus (L.) Moench] genetic variability at Melkassa, Central Ethiopia

Article in Press

Background: Okra [Abelmoschus esculentus (L). Moench] is one of the indigenous genetic resources of western Ethiopia. However, only a few studies were carried out to assess its genetic diversity and performance throughout the country, and specifically, no research was conducted to assess the diversity of okra genotypes from/within a regional state. Therefore, this study was conducted to determine the genetic divergence of...

Author(s):Nesru Temam, Wassu Mohammed, Dire Dawa

Cocoa farmers’ perceptions of Soil Organic Carbon effects on fertility, management and climate change in the Ashanti region of Ghana.

Article in Press

Farmers can play an important role in climate change mitigation through sustainable soil management practices. Semi-structured interviews were conducted in the Atwima Nwabiagya municipality of Ashanti region, Ghana, to explore farmers' knowledge and perceptions of their soils, soil fertility, applied management practices, and climate change on soil organic carbon. The interviews included topics related to farmers’ access...

Author(s):F. Adiyah, M. Fuchs, E .Michéli, E. Dawoe, E. Kovács

Performance of selected tillage implements on sandy loam soil

Article in Press

Performance data from various tractors and implements under different soil conditions are essential for farm machinery management. A field experiment was conducted at the Demonstration Farm of the Faculty of Natural Resources, University of Alsalam, El fula with the objective to observe the performance of selected tillage implements in sandy loam soil. The treatments consisted of three types of tillage implements namely...

Author(s):Ayman Hassan Suliman, Amir Bakheit Saeed, Moayad Mohamed Balel

Fixed mode technology support for eco boosted cultivation of Cassava for multiple benefits

Article in Press

Erect long plant, stem cut planted tuber crop cassava produces flour, which on account of its low content of non carbohydrate constituents might well be called a starch, is known in world trade as tapioca flour. The production system of cassava did not receive adequate research attention to make it still higher productivity that existing low level. Many efforts have come up for revamping the productivity of crops and...

Author(s):R.C.Yadab, Jaya Yadav

Assessment on Production, Processing and Marketing Status of Beeswax in Kafa Zone, Southern Nations Nationalities and Peoples Region (SNNPR), Ethiopia.

Article in Press

The study was conducted in the three districts of Kafa Zone of Southern Nations Nationalities and Peoples Region being; Chena, Gimbo and Gesha and three peasant associations (PAs) from each district. The main intention was to identify the production, processing and marketing status of beeswax. The districts were purposively selected based on their potential for honey and beeswax production and marketing. The survey data...

Author(s):Tesfu Shegaw, Tewabe Edimew

Profiling cassava leaf nutrients for quality and safety for human consumption in coastal Kenya

Article in Press

Cassava leaves are nutritionally rich, but only moderately consumed in Coastal Kenya. Enhanced leaves’ utilization could reduce nutrients’ insecurity in this region of Kenya. Nutritional and safety information availability could popularize them. This study determined nutrients levels of the varieties Tajirika, Karembo and Kibandameno, at 3, 6, and 9 months after planting. Leaves harvested were analyzed for Moisture /...

Author(s):Christine Kasichana Masha, Michael Wandayi Okoth, George Ooko Abong, Solomon I. Shibairo

Mapping of Smallholder Dairy cattle feed resources and milk yield for Shashemene Dilla Milkshed area, Ethiopia: A review

Article in Press

The objective of this review was to map dairy feed resources and milk yield in Shashemene to Dilla milkshed area. Shashemene to Dilla milkshed area include West Arsi zone, Sidama zone, Gedio Zone (includes Dilla town), Shashemene and Hawassa towns. This milkshed area is a smallholder mixed crop–livestock dairy production system that concentrates in the mid and high altitude agro-ecologies where cereals and cash crops are...

Author(s):Tsedey Azeze Tebo, Mitiku Eshetu Guya

Comparative study of the effects of Herbal and chemical Coagulants in the clarification of raw water

Article in Press

The use of aluminum sulphate in clarifying raw waters raises many concerns about its impact on human health. Thus, the present study was initiated to compare the effects of Moringa oleifera and aluminum sulphate besides evaluating the association between Moringa oleifera or aluminum sulphate with Opuntia ficus-indica or syntofloc for water treatment. The essays were carried in Jar Test using waters of 352.80 Nephelometric...

Author(s):Anderson Frédéric Konkobo, Mamounata Diao, Paul W. Savadogo, Jean Diarra, Mamoudou H. Dicko.

Overcoming dual challenges for maize cropping under high plant density: stalk lodging and kernel abortion

Article in Press

Increased optimal plant density is necessary in ensuring future food security by increasing crop productivity. However, maintaining relatively high plant density has to overcome two challenges i.e. Kernel kernel abortion and stalk lodging. This paper reviewed the maize response to increased plant density and the impacts of increased plant density on maize productivity. Increased plant density induces elevated plant height,...

Author(s):Alam Sher, Muhamad Nadeem, Mudassar Maqbool, Muhammad Saleem, Muhammad Assad, Abdul Qayum, Noor Hafiz, Muhammad Sarwer, Xiangyang Yuan, Guo Pingyi

Screening of Rice Endophytic Natives Biofertilizers with Plant Growth-Promoting Characteristics

Article in Press

In Mali, rice cultivation is faced with declining yields due to insufficient soil nutrients and diseases with yield losses of up to 80%. The use of endophytic bacteria and fungi is a more ecological and effective alternative compared to chemicals. This study aims to select at least one endophytic rice bacterium in combination with mycorrhizal fungi to improve the rice production in Mali and effectively control the growth...

Author(s):Amadou Hamadoun Dicko, Djeneba Nantoume, Djeneba Ouattara, Adounigna Kassogue, Rokiatou Fane, Ibrahima Malle, Bakaye Doumbia, Amadou Hamadoun Babana , Linda L Kinkel

Effect of various pre-treatments for breaking the dormancy of Ricinus communis Linn.

Article in Press

In the present investigation, seeds of Ricinus communis were subjected to various treatments to achieve early germination by breaking dormancy. At the end of 17th day, highest germination (82%) was achieved in the seeds subjected to mechanical injury followed by IAA treated seeds (79%). The germination percentage was 28, 48, 54, 23, 40, 17, 37, 4, 27, 38, 43, 27, 30 and 77 respectively in the seeds...

Author(s):Mudasir Qadir, Fatima Khan, Shaukat Saeed Khan

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