African Journal of
History and Culture

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Hist. Cult.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2141-6672
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJHC
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 166

Muslim settlement in a Christian environment in the city of Dolisie (Republic of Congo) from 1937 to 2007

Martin Pariss Vounou
  • Martin Pariss Vounou
  • École Normale Supérieure (ENS), the Teachers Training College of Marien Ngouabi University, Congo-Brazzaville, Congo.
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Célestin Désiré Niama
  • Célestin Désiré Niama
  • École Normale Supérieure (ENS), the Teachers Training College of Marien Ngouabi University, Congo-Brazzaville, Congo.
  • Google Scholar


  •  Received: 01 November 2018
  •  Accepted: 29 November 2018
  •  Published: 31 December 2018

Abstract

Dolisie is the third largest city of Congo, located at the enterance of the Mayombe forest. This city became an urban center when, in 1933, the colonial administrator Blanchet set Chemin de Fer Congo-Océan (CFCO) in the center for the construction and management of the country’s main railways. At that time, Protestant and Catholic missionaries had settled there for a longtime. But at the end of the CFCO works in 1934, a great number of Muslims - that were traveling-companions of explorers such as Pierre Savorgnan De Brazza for the purpose of valuing the Middle-Congo-settled there as farmers and tradesmen. Therefore, culturally speaking, the city of Dolisie is a Christian city. It is in such a Christian milieu, in the village of colonization that Muslim cult settled itself, with the construction of the city’s first mosque in 1937. One of the well-known Muslim at that time was Sy Biranti Kao, born in about 1892 in Tuabu, Eastern Senegal, where he went back and died in 1974. It appears that there had been no religious troubles between such a settlement and Christendom. It was the beginning of an endlessly renewed migration, and also the beginning of fraternization between Muslims and Christians in an urban milieu.

 

Key words: Settlement, Muslim cult, Dolisie, Christian milieu, fraternization.