African Journal of
Medical and Health Sciences

OFFICIAL PUBLICATION OF THE FEDERAL TEACHING HOSPITAL, ABAKALIKI, NIGERIA
  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Med. Health Sci.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2384-5589
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJMHS
  • Start Year: 2017
  • Published Articles: 28

Full Length Research Paper

Assessment of the causes of mortality among HIV patients admitted in Morogoro Regional Referral Hospital, Tanzania

Ebenezer Abimbola Morolahun
  • Ebenezer Abimbola Morolahun
  • Department of Human Physiology, Faculty of Medicine and Surgery, St Francis University College of Health and Allied Sciences, Ifakara, Tanzania.
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Frank Moshi Ndayeza
  • Frank Moshi Ndayeza
  • Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Songea Regional Referral Hospital, Tanzania.
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Happyfania Primi Kilenga
  • Happyfania Primi Kilenga
  • Department of Internal Medicine, Morogoro Regional Referral Hospital, Tanzania.
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Flora Marwa Magige
  • Flora Marwa Magige
  • Department of Internal Medicine, Mwananyamala Hospital, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania.
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Hidaya Rashid Matata
  • Hidaya Rashid Matata
  • Department of Internal Medicine, Singida Regional Hospital, Tanzania.
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Mathew Shileka Samwel
  • Mathew Shileka Samwel
  • Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, St Francis Referral Hospital, Ifakara, Tanzania.
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Senga Kali Pemba
  • Senga Kali Pemba
  • Department of Public Health, Faculty of Medicine and Surgery, St Francis University College of Health and Allied Sciences, Ifakara, Tanzania.
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  •  Received: 06 December 2019
  •  Accepted: 04 June 2020
  •  Published: 31 July 2020

Abstract

 Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) affects immune system, thereby impairing the normal functions of immune system. Causes of mortality among HIV patients have become more diverse and deaths from AIDS-related diseases have continued to change over the years. This study aimed to assess causes of death among HIV patients admitted in Morogoro Regional Referral Hospital, Tanzania. A retrospective hospital-based study involving 164 HIV patients admitted in the medical wards of Morogoro Regional Referral Hospital from January to September, 2018. Information concerning the causes of death were accessed through the medical records and copies of death certificates. The results showed that out of the 164 HIV patients admitted in Morogoro Regional Referral Hospital from January to September, 2018, 98(59.76%) died due to Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia, 31(18.90%) died due to Cryptococcal meningitis, 26(15.85%) died due to tuberculosis, 04(2.44%) died due to toxoplasmosis, and 05(3.05%) died due to opportunistic diarrhea. This study has found that the leading cause of mortality among the HIV patients admitted in Morogoro Regional Referral Hospital from January to September, 2018 was P. carinii pneumonia followed by C. meningitis.

Key words: HIV patients, retrospective, immune system, mortality.