Biotechnology and Molecular Biology Reviews

  • Abbreviation: Biotechnol. Mol. Biol. Rev.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1538-2273
  • DOI: 10.5897/BMBR
  • Start Year: 2006
  • Published Articles: 101

Review

Emerging infections and bioterrorism emergencies: Where do we go from here?

I. O. Okonko1*, M. O. Ojezele2, E. T. Babalola3, J. C. Nwanze4, O. K. Mejeha5and T. A. Amusan6
1Department of Biochemistry and Microbiology, Lead City University, Ibadan, Nigeria. 2Department of Nursing Science and Public Health, Lead City University, Ibadan, Nigeria. 3Department of Microbiology, Crawford University, Igbesa, Ogun State, Nigeria. 4Department of Pharmacology and Therapeutics, Igbinedion University, Okada, Edo State, Nigeria. 5Department of Microbiology, Federal University of Technology, Owerri, Imo State, Nigeria. 6Medical Laboratory Unit, Department of Health Services, University of Agriculture, Abeokuta, Ogun State, Nigeria.
Email: [email protected]

  •  Accepted: 18 November 2010
  •  Published: 28 February 2011

Abstract

Emerging infectious disease outbreaks and bioterrorism attacks warrant urgent public health and medical responses. Response plans for these events may include use of medications and vaccines for which the effects on pregnant women and fetuses are unknown. Recent experiences with outbreaks of severe acute respiratory syndrome, monkey pox and anthrax, as well as response planning for bioterrorism and pandemic influenza, illustrate the challenges of making recommendations about medical interventions for victims. Experience with bioterrorism attacks (anthrax), viroterrorism attacks (arena viruses) and emergency response preparedness (smallpox vaccination) has been gained. Understanding the physiology of the body, the factors that influence the teratogenic potential of medications and vaccines and the infection control measures that may stop an outbreak will aid planners in making recommendations for care during large-scale infectious disease emergencies.

 

Key words: Bioterrorism, emerging infections, emergence preparedness, pathogens, viroterrorism.